NISO Webinar:
The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2:
Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
March 12, 2014
Speakers:
...
The Infrastructure of Open Access
APC Workflow Needs
NISO
March 12, 2014
Authors
Universities Publishers
Funders
Individual Solutions
APC Solution Components
Key Areas of Focus for CCC
• Publisher-oriented solution that integrates with adjacent technologies:
– Manuscript tracking...
Key Areas of Focus for CCC (cont’d)
• Leveraging standard author and manuscript metadata web
services , eg, ORCID, FundRef...
Thank You!
Roy S. Kaufman
Managing Director of New Ventures
Copyright Clearance Center
rkaufman@copyright.com
Managing Open Access Content in a
Hybrid Business Environment
Kristin McNealy
March 2014
Overview
4
3
2
1 Market Landscape
Wiley and Open Access
Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities
The Future…
5%
0
200,000
400,000
600,000
800,000
1,000,000
1,200,000
1,400,000
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Papers Indexed in JCR
OA ...
• Hybrid
• Gold
• Sponsored
• Society pays
• No one pays
Models
Wiley Open Access Journals
Wiley-published Hybrid Journals
Increasing hybrid activity at Wiley
Number of hybrid articles per year
Range of activity per journal
- Many with no OA con...
SUBSCRIPTION
Collection
Consumption
Pay for Access
Library
Copyright transfer
Journal Usage
OPEN ACCESS
Article
Creation
P...
• 6 licenses
• CC-BY associated
with full OA
• Author retains
copyright
Facilitating Easy
Payment of Article
Publication Charges
Delivering the
correct license
agreement to
authors
Alternative Metrics
The Future..
5
4
3
2
1
A mixed economy
Innovation/experimentation
A new demand for quality assurance
More Open Science
Inc...
Thank You!
Questions?
Feel free to contact me.
Kristin McNealy
kmcnealy@wiley.com
Managing a (Different) Data Deluge
Cameron Neylon – NISO Webinar
12 March 2014
http://www.flickr.com/photos/fraz5356/47544...
Growth of Open Access Publishing
Wellcome Trust Funded Research Papers
29
400
300
200
100
0
PublishedArticles
2012201120102009200820072006
Year
PLOS ONE
PL...
Scale of PLOS ONE
100 papers
Scale of PLOS ONE
100 papers a day
Scholarly
Communication
Services
Traditional
Subscription
Business
Readers/Institutions
Advertising and
reprint funded
Thirdparties
APC-funded
Open Access
Business
Funders/Infrastructure
Authors/Institutions
Readers/Institutions
eLife
PDB
Genbank
Funders/Infrastructure
Scholarly
Communication
Services
Scholarly
Communication
Services
You used to sell
(buy) content…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/daquellamanera/5916937992 CC-BY
You now sell
(buy) services…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/benzado/3968712449 CC-BY
Scholarly
Communication
Services
Funders/Infrastructure
Authors/Institutions
Readers/Institutions
Thirdparties
42
http://www.flickr.com/photos/drachmann/327122302 CC-BY-SA
And the customer has questions.
What did my
institution publish
last year?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nauright/7396770362 CC BY-SA
…and how
confident of that
number are you?
44
http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattymatt/3017263513 CC-BY-SA
Who funded them?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/mukumbura/4052671706 CC BY-SA
http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/3044867827 CC-BY
…and can a
publisher guarantee
compliance?
Is it in the right
repositories?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/manc/1427691715 CC BY-SA
…how much
did we pay?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/59937401@N07/5857426536 CC BY-SA
Quality of service...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/62337512@N00/3958637561 CC BY
…compliance guarantees
How much of
this can you
determine?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3209939998 CC-BY
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY
100 a day
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY
500 a week...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY
1000 institutions...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY
1000 funders...
Who funded it?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/mukumbura/4052671706 CC BY-SA
http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/3044867827 CC-BY
…and can a
publisher guarantee
compliance?
Is it in the right
repositories?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/manc/1427691715 CC BY-SA
Volume matters…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jugglerpm/2591493036/ CC BY
Wellcome Trust Funded Research Papers
61
400
300
200
100
0
PublishedArticles
2012201120102009200820072006
Year
PLOS ONE
PL...
The market is
being commoditised
Shared infrastructure…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/71401718@N00/3175521546 CC BY
Identifiers, systems, transf
er protocols
Standards.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/mjmalone/2225883547 CC BY
…capturing up front
…at the core of systems
http://www.flickr.com/photos/71401718@N00/3175521546 CC BY
…but all that…
…is still not enough
http://www.flickr.com/photos/60057912@N00/4699834026 CC BY
Shared
systems, ids, infrastructur
e…which can be updated
over time
Scholarly
Communication
Services
Scholarly
Communication
Services
You now sell
(buy) services…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/benzado/3968712449 CC-BY
!
!
Figure%1.!Difference!between!grant!end!date!and!publication!date.!The!distribution!shows!
that!most!papers!published!b...
Data is core to your value
proposition to the customer
A question of architecture…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/yakobusan/2436481628 CC-BY
…which needs foundations
81
http://www.flickr.com/photos/56380734@N05/7852142720 CC-BY-SA
Author as customer
changes the balance…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/snowpeak/8538918661/ CC BY
Institution as customer
changes the balance…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/snowpeak/8538918661/ CC BY
Funder as customer
changes the balance…
http://www.flickr.com/photos/snowpeak/8538918661/ CC BY
http://www.flickr.com/photos/swanksalot/5120308569 CC BY-SA
@cameronneylon
http://cameronneylon.net
cneylon@plos.org
NISO Webinar • March 12, 2014
Questions?
All questions will be posted with presenter answers on
the NISO website following...
Thank you for joining us today.
Please take a moment to fill out the brief online survey.
We look forward to hearing from ...
NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
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NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem

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About the Webinar

Standards are an important element of scaling up any business process. As Open Access is rapidly growing, the need to improve the business models and relationships to create a functional ecosystem becomes more critical. The past economic models and workflows were established based on a subscription model. OA revenue models are typically based on author publication charges, creating a more complicated workflow, and it is questionable whether the new OA business practices can sustain themselves at the scale of expected article output. Invariably, third-party processors will need to help manage the institutional relationships, the billing and payment processing necessary, and likely other elements of the required business ecosystem for Open Access.

The second part of NISO’s two-part series on the Infrastructure of Open Access will discuss how to create a Functioning Business Ecosystem. Speakers will explore the infrastructure elements that some community members are putting into place, discuss what is working and what isn't, and identify problems that remain to be solved.

Agenda

Introduction
Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO

Copyright Clearance Center: Open Access & APC Management
Roy S. Kaufman, Managing Director of New Ventures, Copyright Clearance Center (CCC)

Managing Open Access Content in a Hybrid Business Environment
Kristin McNealy, Ph.D., Senior Product Manager, Wiley Author Services, John Wiley & Sons

Managing a (Different) Data Deluge
Cameron Neylon, Advocacy Director at the Public Library of Science (PLOS)

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  • Integrate into editorial office systems such as Aries, homegrown, etc. Reprints, color and page charges, submission fees, member dues.
  • NISO Two-part webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem

    1. 1. NISO Webinar: The Infrastructure of Open Access, Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem March 12, 2014 Speakers: Roy S. Kaufman, Managing Director of New Ventures, Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Kristin McNealy, Ph.D., Senior Product Manager, Wiley Author Services, John Wiley and Sons Cameron Neylon, Advocacy Director, Public Library of Science (PLOS) http://www.niso.org/news/events/2014/webinars/what_is_open/
    2. 2. The Infrastructure of Open Access APC Workflow Needs NISO March 12, 2014
    3. 3. Authors Universities Publishers Funders Individual Solutions
    4. 4. APC Solution Components
    5. 5. Key Areas of Focus for CCC • Publisher-oriented solution that integrates with adjacent technologies: – Manuscript tracking systems – Institutional payment systems – Production systems – Financial systems • Scalable, compliant B2C solution for authors that supports diverse business models and allows publishers to manage their relationship with authors. • Flexible pricing engine supporting a range of pricing deals, exceptions and discounts (including waivers)
    6. 6. Key Areas of Focus for CCC (cont’d) • Leveraging standard author and manuscript metadata web services , eg, ORCID, FundRef, DOIs, Ringgold, NISO when available • Publisher set rules for payment methods & channels, VAT, billing & collections, currencies, financial reporting • Downstream connection to article licensing • Expert customer service team that provides electronic and live human support in multiple languages
    7. 7. Thank You! Roy S. Kaufman Managing Director of New Ventures Copyright Clearance Center rkaufman@copyright.com
    8. 8. Managing Open Access Content in a Hybrid Business Environment Kristin McNealy March 2014
    9. 9. Overview 4 3 2 1 Market Landscape Wiley and Open Access Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities The Future…
    10. 10. 5% 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 1,400,000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Papers Indexed in JCR OA Subscription 8% 9%4% 5% 7% 10% Growth of Open Access
    11. 11. • Hybrid • Gold • Sponsored • Society pays • No one pays Models
    12. 12. Wiley Open Access Journals
    13. 13. Wiley-published Hybrid Journals
    14. 14. Increasing hybrid activity at Wiley Number of hybrid articles per year Range of activity per journal - Many with no OA content - Discounting appears to have no impact
    15. 15. SUBSCRIPTION Collection Consumption Pay for Access Library Copyright transfer Journal Usage OPEN ACCESS Article Creation Pay to publish Author/Funder Creative Commons Article metrics Transitions
    16. 16. • 6 licenses • CC-BY associated with full OA • Author retains copyright
    17. 17. Facilitating Easy Payment of Article Publication Charges Delivering the correct license agreement to authors
    18. 18. Alternative Metrics
    19. 19. The Future.. 5 4 3 2 1 A mixed economy Innovation/experimentation A new demand for quality assurance More Open Science Increased focus on author and funder preferences
    20. 20. Thank You! Questions? Feel free to contact me. Kristin McNealy kmcnealy@wiley.com
    21. 21. Managing a (Different) Data Deluge Cameron Neylon – NISO Webinar 12 March 2014 http://www.flickr.com/photos/fraz5356/4754482759 CC-BY
    22. 22. Growth of Open Access Publishing
    23. 23. Wellcome Trust Funded Research Papers 29 400 300 200 100 0 PublishedArticles 2012201120102009200820072006 Year PLOS ONE PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases PLOS Pathogens
    24. 24. Scale of PLOS ONE 100 papers
    25. 25. Scale of PLOS ONE 100 papers a day
    26. 26. Scholarly Communication Services
    27. 27. Traditional Subscription Business Readers/Institutions
    28. 28. Advertising and reprint funded Thirdparties
    29. 29. APC-funded Open Access Business Funders/Infrastructure Authors/Institutions Readers/Institutions
    30. 30. eLife PDB Genbank Funders/Infrastructure
    31. 31. Scholarly Communication Services
    32. 32. Scholarly Communication Services
    33. 33. You used to sell (buy) content… http://www.flickr.com/photos/daquellamanera/5916937992 CC-BY
    34. 34. You now sell (buy) services… http://www.flickr.com/photos/benzado/3968712449 CC-BY
    35. 35. Scholarly Communication Services Funders/Infrastructure Authors/Institutions Readers/Institutions Thirdparties
    36. 36. 42 http://www.flickr.com/photos/drachmann/327122302 CC-BY-SA And the customer has questions.
    37. 37. What did my institution publish last year? http://www.flickr.com/photos/nauright/7396770362 CC BY-SA
    38. 38. …and how confident of that number are you? 44 http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattymatt/3017263513 CC-BY-SA
    39. 39. Who funded them? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mukumbura/4052671706 CC BY-SA
    40. 40. http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/3044867827 CC-BY …and can a publisher guarantee compliance?
    41. 41. Is it in the right repositories? http://www.flickr.com/photos/manc/1427691715 CC BY-SA
    42. 42. …how much did we pay? http://www.flickr.com/photos/59937401@N07/5857426536 CC BY-SA
    43. 43. Quality of service... http://www.flickr.com/photos/62337512@N00/3958637561 CC BY
    44. 44. …compliance guarantees
    45. 45. How much of this can you determine? http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3209939998 CC-BY
    46. 46. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY
    47. 47. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY 100 a day
    48. 48. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY 500 a week...
    49. 49. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY 1000 institutions...
    50. 50. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BY 1000 funders...
    51. 51. Who funded it? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mukumbura/4052671706 CC BY-SA
    52. 52. http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/3044867827 CC-BY …and can a publisher guarantee compliance?
    53. 53. Is it in the right repositories? http://www.flickr.com/photos/manc/1427691715 CC BY-SA
    54. 54. Volume matters… http://www.flickr.com/photos/jugglerpm/2591493036/ CC BY
    55. 55. Wellcome Trust Funded Research Papers 61 400 300 200 100 0 PublishedArticles 2012201120102009200820072006 Year PLOS ONE PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases PLOS Pathogens
    56. 56. The market is being commoditised
    57. 57. Shared infrastructure… http://www.flickr.com/photos/71401718@N00/3175521546 CC BY
    58. 58. Identifiers, systems, transf er protocols
    59. 59. Standards. http://www.flickr.com/photos/mjmalone/2225883547 CC BY
    60. 60. …capturing up front
    61. 61. …at the core of systems
    62. 62. http://www.flickr.com/photos/71401718@N00/3175521546 CC BY
    63. 63. …but all that…
    64. 64. …is still not enough
    65. 65. http://www.flickr.com/photos/60057912@N00/4699834026 CC BY
    66. 66. Shared systems, ids, infrastructur e…which can be updated over time
    67. 67. Scholarly Communication Services
    68. 68. Scholarly Communication Services
    69. 69. You now sell (buy) services… http://www.flickr.com/photos/benzado/3968712449 CC-BY
    70. 70. ! ! Figure%1.!Difference!between!grant!end!date!and!publication!date.!The!distribution!shows! that!most!papers!published!by!PLOS!are!published!prior!to!the!end!of!at!least!one!grant! associated!with!the!paper!(based!on!Financial!disclosure).!Around!10%!of!articles!are!
    71. 71. Data is core to your value proposition to the customer
    72. 72. A question of architecture… http://www.flickr.com/photos/yakobusan/2436481628 CC-BY
    73. 73. …which needs foundations 81 http://www.flickr.com/photos/56380734@N05/7852142720 CC-BY-SA
    74. 74. Author as customer changes the balance… http://www.flickr.com/photos/snowpeak/8538918661/ CC BY
    75. 75. Institution as customer changes the balance… http://www.flickr.com/photos/snowpeak/8538918661/ CC BY
    76. 76. Funder as customer changes the balance… http://www.flickr.com/photos/snowpeak/8538918661/ CC BY
    77. 77. http://www.flickr.com/photos/swanksalot/5120308569 CC BY-SA
    78. 78. @cameronneylon http://cameronneylon.net cneylon@plos.org
    79. 79. NISO Webinar • March 12, 2014 Questions? All questions will be posted with presenter answers on the NISO website following the webinar: http://www.niso.org/news/events/2014/webinars/ecosystem/ NISO Two-Part Webinar, Part 2: The Infrastructure of Open Access: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem
    80. 80. Thank you for joining us today. Please take a moment to fill out the brief online survey. We look forward to hearing from you! THANK YOU
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