Welcome to NISO’s                         Bibliographic                       Roadmap Meeting                        This ...
Why are we here                           today?Monday, April 15, 13
The expected outcomes                 of this meeting will be:Monday, April 15, 13
1) Identify and prioritize                    topics for further                       explorationMonday, April 15, 13
2)Identify gaps             in our collective       understanding of the future        of bibliographic exchangeMonday, Ap...
3) Provide a forum for             sharing data exchange          efforts and in turn, expose               them to a broa...
4) Organize next steps                            to advance                       understanding of these                 ...
A very rough Agenda                       (subject to change!)Monday, April 15, 13
Day 1 – Monday, April 15              10:00              Welcome              Round the Room Introductions              10...
13:00             Breakout of first round of discussion groups             The groups will have an open discussion of thei...
Day 2 – Tuesday, April 16              8:00              Continental Breakfast              9:00              Meeting reco...
13:15             Gathering of and description of community engagement points/action items from Day 1             & 2 brea...
So let’s get started....Monday, April 15, 13
Bibliographic Infrastructure                       Moving toward an interoperable                          bibliographic e...
About                       •   Non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI                           with 150...
The NISO CommunityMonday, April 15, 13
32% Libraries/Library                 35 % Publishers/Publishing                            Organizations                 ...
NISO Internationally                       Actively participate internationally with ISO, EDItEUR,                       I...
Technical Committee (TC) 46                       Information & Documentation                                Subcommittees...
Our Dear Old Friend, MARC                                                                   01386cam 2200301 a            ...
Our Dear Old Friend, MARC       (formatted for your viewing pleasure)Monday, April 15, 13
MARC Components                          Encoding Structure                                 Z39.2            ISO 2709:2008...
Photo: Minneapolis College                   of Art and Design LibraryMonday, April 15, 13
Why is MARC so efficient? It had to be.                       Photo: Computer History Museum   Data: Memory Prices (1957-2...
Why is MARC so efficient? It had to be.                                       1 2                                    ,4   ...
How much computer technology pre-dates this?Monday, April 15, 13
Unfortunately, quite a bit...Monday, April 15, 13
Monday, April 15, 13
Why?Monday, April 15, 13
We avoid improving infrastructureMonday, April 15, 13
Billions and billions of records                       Photo: dfulmerMonday, April 15, 13
Massive installed base                       Photo:from I Love LibrariesMonday, April 15, 13
If you were building a network today                would you string copper everywhere?Monday, April 15, 13
If you building a metadata ecosystem,                  would you start here?                                              ...
“MARC Must Die!”                         -Roy Tennant (2002)Monday, April 15, 13
Monday, April 15, 13
Monday, April 15, 13
Movement toward                          linked data                         datahub.io - 5107 data stores                ...
But is it sufficient?Monday, April 15, 13
Organizations will not move away from a legacy system    unless the new system:    a) Is demonstrably cheaper    b) Is dem...
Can we say a new             metadata management system                   based on linked data             will be/do one ...
What can we learn from IETF?Monday, April 15, 13
2001 : 0db8 : 3333 : 4444 : ccc : 0ab9 : c0a8 : 9898Monday, April 15, 13
Monday, April 15, 13
A good specification is                            necessaryMonday, April 15, 13
A good specification is                              necessary                        but it is not sufficientMonday, April ...
Monday, April 15, 13
The point at which most standards                          fail is not prior to consensus                       	  It	  is...
Monday, April 15, 13
How can we assure that we      are doing the right things?             For everyone?        That will save resources?     ...
NISO’s Bibliographic                  Roadmap InitiativeWith gracious thanks to the Andrew W. Mellon FoundationMonday, Apr...
Meeting Goals:                        Identify/Discuss active projects                           Brainstorm existing gaps ...
Initiative coordination                         Gap identification                         Economic analysis               ...
Defining what you are                        by what you are not         Not designing a spec       Not picking winners/los...
What we are trying to avoidMonday, April 15, 13
The world                makes way for                the man who                knows where                 he is going. ...
“If you dont know where                   youre going, you might not                            get there.”               ...
Questions?                       Comments?                       Thoughts?                       DiscussionMonday, April 1...
Thank you!                            Todd Carpenter, Executive Director                        Nettie Lagace, Associate D...
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Welcome presentation during NISO Bibliographic Roadmap meeting, April 15-16 in Baltimore, MD. This meeting was supported by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

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NISO Bibliographic Roadmap Meeting - Carpenter welcome and overview of bibliographic infrastructure copy

  1. 1. Welcome to NISO’s Bibliographic Roadmap Meeting This project is generously supported by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Todd A. Carpenter, NISO Executive Director April 15, 2013 - Baltimore, MDMonday, April 15, 13
  2. 2. Why are we here today?Monday, April 15, 13
  3. 3. The expected outcomes of this meeting will be:Monday, April 15, 13
  4. 4. 1) Identify and prioritize topics for further explorationMonday, April 15, 13
  5. 5. 2)Identify gaps in our collective understanding of the future of bibliographic exchangeMonday, April 15, 13
  6. 6. 3) Provide a forum for sharing data exchange efforts and in turn, expose them to a broader international communityMonday, April 15, 13
  7. 7. 4) Organize next steps to advance understanding of these issuesMonday, April 15, 13
  8. 8. A very rough Agenda (subject to change!)Monday, April 15, 13
  9. 9. Day 1 – Monday, April 15 10:00 Welcome Round the Room Introductions 10:30 Background and what we hope to achieve Todd Carpenter 11:00 Brainstorming: Identification of topics for discussion Participation of all attendees including virtual attendees Exercise to include noting topics of interest from attendees and posting problems/issues/ gaps/challenges/themes on post-it notes followed by collective grouping and prioritizing of themes. Initial themes will be surfaced in the discussion paper shared with the group prior to the event. 12:00 Creation of first round of discussion groups based on prioritized brainstorming themes 12:15 Lunch Tables organized by discussion groupsMonday, April 15, 13
  10. 10. 13:00 Breakout of first round of discussion groups The groups will have an open discussion of their selected topic and how it plays into a future ecosystem. Depending on the topic, this could include identification of related projects, potential solutions, ongoing pilot projects and gaps in community activity related to the theme. Each group will come up with 3-6 action items related to the topic for prioritization later. 14:00 Reporting out of first round of discussion groups & all-attendee discussion of reports Each group will report on its discussions, highlighting necessary actions, gaps, or areas where more information is needed. 14:45 -- Break 15:00 First Round of Lightning Talks on related projects Speakers invited, but also in-advance signup and impromptu 6+/- projects of 5-10 minutes each. 16:00 Discussion of Lightning talk activities, implications 16:30 Second round of brainstorming to add new themes, discuss Day 1 outcomes, action items and suggestions Prioritize topics for second round of discussion groups. 16:45 Summary discussion of Day 1 activities Tweaks necessary for Day 2 agenda? 17:00 Day 1 adjournment 17:30 Reception/Happy Hour 18:30 Group dinners (Dutch)Monday, April 15, 13
  11. 11. Day 2 – Tuesday, April 16 8:00 Continental Breakfast 9:00 Meeting reconvenes, welcome back 9:15 Second round of Lightning Talks on related projects Speakers invited, but also in-advance signup and impromptu 6+/- projects of 5-10 minutes each. 10:00 Discussion of Lightning talk activities, implications 10:15 Revisiting the second round of brainstorming topics 10:30 -- Break 10:45 Creation of second round of discussion groups based on prioritized brainstorming themes Same process as Day 1. 11:00 Breakout of second round of discussion groups 12:00 Reporting out of second round of discussion groups and group discussion of results 12:30 -- LunchMonday, April 15, 13
  12. 12. 13:15 Gathering of and description of community engagement points/action items from Day 1 & 2 breakout discussions 13:30 Group prioritization exercise Discussion of prioritization results. 14:00 Brainstorming: Identification of potential next steps and who should be engaged The goal is to identify 3-5 work stream ideas for follow-up after the meeting. These work streams will meet a few times over the ensuing months to provide more detail and context to each of those themes? What exactly needs to be accomplished? Who should participate in them? Who are the key players? What additional research needs to be done? Can coordination be achieved? 15:30 Wrap up & reporting next steps 16:00 Meeting adjournsMonday, April 15, 13
  13. 13. So let’s get started....Monday, April 15, 13
  14. 14. Bibliographic Infrastructure Moving toward an interoperable bibliographic ecosystem Todd A. Carpenter, NISO Executive Director Bibliographic Roadmap Meeting April 15, 2013 - Baltimore, MDMonday, April 15, 13
  15. 15. About • Non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI with 150+ members • Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media • Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world • Represent US interests to ISO TC 46 & also serve as Secretariat for ISO TC46/SC9 - Identification & Description • Responsible for standards like ISSN, DOI, Dublin Core metadata, DAISY digital talking books, OpenURL, MARC records, and ISBN (indirectly)Monday, April 15, 13
  16. 16. The NISO CommunityMonday, April 15, 13
  17. 17. 32% Libraries/Library 35 % Publishers/Publishing Organizations Organizations 36 LSA Members 72 LSA Members (non-voting) ANSI ISO Other SDOs 33% Library Systems Suppliers, Publishing Vendors & Intermediaries NISO’s CommunityMonday, April 15, 13
  18. 18. NISO Internationally Actively participate internationally with ISO, EDItEUR, IFLA, ICSTI, International STM Association, CODATA, UK Serials Group, LIBER, Standards Australia, IETF, ISO Registration AuthoritiesMonday, April 15, 13
  19. 19. Technical Committee (TC) 46 Information & Documentation Subcommittees (SC): 4 – Systems Interoperability 8 – Performance Measurement 9 – Identification & Description 11 – Records Management NISO manages the Secretariat of ISO TC 46, SC 9Monday, April 15, 13
  20. 20. Our Dear Old Friend, MARC 01386cam 2200301 a 45000010008000000050017000080080041000250350021000669060045000879550027001320100017001590200015 00176040001800191043001200209050002200221082002100243110005500264245030800319260006700627300002 50069444000540071950000290077365000600080265000580086265000730092071000430099399100480103638568 5319951219150001.4881118s1989 nju 000 0 eng 9(DLC) 88029610 a7bcbccorignewd1eocipf19gy- gencatlg aCIP ver. pv04 12-06-95 a 88029610 a0887389538 aDLCcDLCdDLC an-us---00aZ674.8b.N44 198900a021.6/5/09732192 aNational Information Standards Organization (U.S.)10aInformation retrieval service and protocol :bAmerican national standard for information retrieval service definition and protocol specification for library applications /capproved January 15, 1988 by American National Standards Institute ; developed by the National Information Standards Organization. aNew Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. :bTransaction Publishers,cc1989. axii, 50 p. ;c26 cm. 0aNational information standards series,x1041-5653 a"ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1988." 0aLibrary information networksxStandardszUnited States. 0aComputer network protocolsxStandardszUnited States. 0aInformation storage and retrieval systemsxStandardszUnited States.2 aAmerican National Standards Institute. bc-GenCollhZ674.8i.N44 1989tCopy 1wBOOKSMonday, April 15, 13
  21. 21. Our Dear Old Friend, MARC (formatted for your viewing pleasure)Monday, April 15, 13
  22. 22. MARC Components Encoding Structure Z39.2 ISO 2709:2008 -- Format for information exchange Format structure Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (2nd Edition) AACR2 Resource Description & Access Exchange System Z39.50 SRU/SRWMonday, April 15, 13
  23. 23. Photo: Minneapolis College of Art and Design LibraryMonday, April 15, 13
  24. 24. Why is MARC so efficient? It had to be. Photo: Computer History Museum Data: Memory Prices (1957-2013)Monday, April 15, 13
  25. 25. Why is MARC so efficient? It had to be. 1 2 ,4 2 B , 4 6 M 2 r $ e p Photo: Computer History Museum Data: Memory Prices (1957-2013)Monday, April 15, 13
  26. 26. How much computer technology pre-dates this?Monday, April 15, 13
  27. 27. Unfortunately, quite a bit...Monday, April 15, 13
  28. 28. Monday, April 15, 13
  29. 29. Why?Monday, April 15, 13
  30. 30. We avoid improving infrastructureMonday, April 15, 13
  31. 31. Billions and billions of records Photo: dfulmerMonday, April 15, 13
  32. 32. Massive installed base Photo:from I Love LibrariesMonday, April 15, 13
  33. 33. If you were building a network today would you string copper everywhere?Monday, April 15, 13
  34. 34. If you building a metadata ecosystem, would you start here? 01386cam 2200301 a 45000010008000000050017000080080041000250350021000669060045000879550027001320100017001590200015 00176040001800191043001200209050002200221082002100243110005500264245030800319260006700627300002 50069444000540071950000290077365000600080265000580086265000730092071000430099399100480103638568 5319951219150001.4881118s1989 nju 000 0 eng 9(DLC) 88029610 a7bcbccorignewd1eocipf19gy- gencatlg aCIP ver. pv04 12-06-95 a 88029610 a0887389538 aDLCcDLCdDLC an-us---00aZ674.8b.N44 198900a021.6/5/09732192 aNational Information Standards Organization (U.S.)10aInformation retrieval service and protocol :bAmerican national standard for information retrieval service definition and protocol specification for library applications /capproved January 15, 1988 by American National Standards Institute ; developed by the National Information Standards Organization. aNew Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. :bTransaction Publishers,cc1989. axii, 50 p. ;c26 cm. 0aNational information standards series,x1041-5653 a"ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1988." 0aLibrary information networksxStandardszUnited States. 0aComputer network protocolsxStandardszUnited States. 0aInformation storage and retrieval systemsxStandardszUnited States.2 aAmerican National Standards Institute. bc-GenCollhZ674.8i.N44 1989tCopy 1wBOOKSMonday, April 15, 13
  35. 35. “MARC Must Die!” -Roy Tennant (2002)Monday, April 15, 13
  36. 36. Monday, April 15, 13
  37. 37. Monday, April 15, 13
  38. 38. Movement toward linked data datahub.io - 5107 data stores id.loc.gov British National Bibliography (BNB) VIAF OCLC WorldCat Linked Data Store Deutsche Nationalbibliografie (DNB) (Germany) datos.bne.es (Spain) W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group Many, many more...Monday, April 15, 13
  39. 39. But is it sufficient?Monday, April 15, 13
  40. 40. Organizations will not move away from a legacy system unless the new system: a) Is demonstrably cheaper b) Is demonstrably more effective in producing results (discovery, use, etc.) c) Will make the organization demonstrably more efficient (staff, management, sales, etc.) OR d) The legacy system becomes entirely non-interoperable with other, more important systems OR e) The legacy system breaks and cannot be repairedMonday, April 15, 13
  41. 41. Can we say a new metadata management system based on linked data will be/do one of those things?Monday, April 15, 13
  42. 42. What can we learn from IETF?Monday, April 15, 13
  43. 43. 2001 : 0db8 : 3333 : 4444 : ccc : 0ab9 : c0a8 : 9898Monday, April 15, 13
  44. 44. Monday, April 15, 13
  45. 45. A good specification is necessaryMonday, April 15, 13
  46. 46. A good specification is necessary but it is not sufficientMonday, April 15, 13
  47. 47. Monday, April 15, 13
  48. 48. The point at which most standards fail is not prior to consensus  It  is  in….              Adop%on                 (or  rather,  in  its  absence)Monday, April 15, 13
  49. 49. Monday, April 15, 13
  50. 50. How can we assure that we are doing the right things? For everyone? That will save resources? That will improve services? That will be adopted?Monday, April 15, 13
  51. 51. NISO’s Bibliographic Roadmap InitiativeWith gracious thanks to the Andrew W. Mellon FoundationMonday, April 15, 13
  52. 52. Meeting Goals: Identify/Discuss active projects Brainstorm existing gaps Prioritize 3-6 subtopics Plan deeper exploration of issues Diversify players in discussionMonday, April 15, 13
  53. 53. Initiative coordination Gap identification Economic analysis Engage diverse players Open processMonday, April 15, 13
  54. 54. Defining what you are by what you are not Not designing a spec Not picking winners/losers Not advancing any “agenda”Monday, April 15, 13
  55. 55. What we are trying to avoidMonday, April 15, 13
  56. 56. The world makes way for the man who knows where he is going. - Ralph Waldo EmersonMonday, April 15, 13
  57. 57. “If you dont know where youre going, you might not get there.” - Yogi BerraMonday, April 15, 13
  58. 58. Questions? Comments? Thoughts? DiscussionMonday, April 15, 13
  59. 59. Thank you! Todd Carpenter, Executive Director Nettie Lagace, Associate Director, Programs Juliana Wood, Educational Programs Manager nisohq@niso.org National Information Standards Organization (NISO) 3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302 Baltimore, MD 21211 USA +1 (301) 654-2512 www.niso.orgMonday, April 15, 13
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