Linked Data Efforts at the Bibliotheque Nationale de France


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Presentation given by Francoise Bourdon a t the NISO Bibliographic Roadmap Meeting, Baltimore, April 16, 2013

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Linked Data Efforts at the Bibliotheque Nationale de France

  1. 1. Françoise Bourdon, BnF - NISO Bibliographic Roadmap - April 2013
  2. 2. objectives Getting more visibility  Generation of Web pages about authors, works, themes, dates • from existing data in heterogeneous BnF databases (MARC, EAD, DC) • stuctured according to the FRBR principles • usable by search engines and human beings Creation of landing pages easy to find and to understand
  3. 3. objectives Building on the high value of BnF metadata authority records & bibliographic records are linked together since the 1980s records are maintained with permanent URIs (ARK Identifiers)Automatic transformation of existing datasets is « easy » following the Semantic Web standards
  4. 4. objectives Contributing to the Semantic Web  Linking both ways • in : providing some « glue » between heterogeneous BnF datasets • out : linking to external datasets present on the Web such as VIAF, WorldCat, Sudoc, Wikipedia, etc.  Facilitating the re-use of data • Providing a range of advanced functionalities (filter by type, export, quote on social networks, etc.) Rich contents, links and services are present on each web page
  5. 5. objectives Open the data  Technically • Actionable URIs • Standardized vocabularies (SKOS, FOAF, RDA, etc.) • RDF serialization  Legally • Open licence : free to re-use even for commercial purpose , but the mention of the source and the date of last update are mandatory
  6. 6. How it works ? Web pages for human beingsBnF Archiveset Manuscrits Regroupings Data for engines Alignments External links
  7. 7. Referentiels
  8. 8. DEMO :
  9. 9. DEMO : Visibility on the search enginesMémoires dun médecin by Alexandre Dumasémoires+dun+médecinGoogle search : Correspondance François CoppéOn the web page « François Coppé » (, choose the activity« destinataire de lettres » to be directed to BnF archives etmanuscrits.
  10. 10. Visibility on the search engines
  11. 11. Visibility on the search engines
  12. 12. WORK PAGE
  13. 13. WORK PAGE
  14. 14. AUTHOR PAGE
  15. 15. AUTHOR PAGE
  16. 16. AUTHOR PAGE
  17. 17. DEMO : « the long train »« Jacquemart Gielée » (poète XIIIe s.)« Thomas Cajetan » (théologien XVe s.)« Jacques de Révigny » (juriste XIIIe s.)
  18. 18. DEMO : re-use the information : the dumpsDump :  dump of each page    Complete dump is available from the folowing web page
  19. 19. «How public libraries may re-use theopen linked data produced by BnF » An experimentation : OpenCat
  20. 20. Objectives of the prototype• Re-use the work done in in a local catalogue : clusters by works, alignments, links• Add bibliographic information coming from other sources• Display external contextual information• Link to other types of contents
  21. 21. Catalogue of Catalogues of BnF a public library ( ( Local data (holdings, shelmark Authors availability) Bibliographic information (FRBR) Bibliographic additions OpenCat External (advice, critical online lecturescomments from CNLJ) (Canal-U) Other resources from BnF Biographic (virtual exhibitions, lectures, educative material) additions (Wikipedia) Digitized items Cover art (complete books, Portraits manuscripts, images, (Gallica, Wikipedia) sound recordings from Gallica)
  22. 22. An experimentation• French Ministry of Culture Call for projects to create « Services numériques culturels innovants »• Funding by BnF et the Ministry• 3 partners : – BnF – Public Library of the Fresnes city – Logilab• Prototype elaborated as a proof of concept