Creating Order Out of the ChaosPresentation Transcript
Creating Order Out of the ChaosNISO Content Distribution StandardsTodd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO Council of Science Editors Confernce May 20, 2012
@TAC_NISO Twitter Highlights• So excited about this panel on reducing chaos at #CSE2012 today• Very funny & convenient @TAC_NISO pre-tweeted presentation. Slides to come! #CSE2012• #NISO = 1/3 Publishers, 1/3 Libraries, 1/3 automation vendors - where communities converge to develop standards #CSE2012• ISO standards community is complex - lots of players. Weird numbering scheme. #NISO manages identiﬁers subcommittee #CSE2012• Key Elements of Identiﬁcation: Referent (thing that is ID’d), the identiﬁer (string identifying referent) & metadata (describes the attributes of the thing) #CSE2012• Are 2 copies of @The_Economist the same thing? Yet they have the same #ISSN More to IDs than just the classiﬁcation. #functionalgranularity #standards #CSE2012• More information about Journal Archiving Tag Suite JATS - http://bit.ly/KoqIJ9• More information about #NISO PIE-J project: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/piej #CSE2012• More information about #NISO Supplemental Matierals project: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/ supplemental #CSE2012• More information about #NISO KBART project: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/kbart #CSE2012• More information about #NISO SERU project: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/seru #CSE2012• Earlier this week, there was a great meeting in Boston on scholarly authorship. Check out #scholarlyattrib #cse2012• More information about ORCID project is at http://about.orcid.org or follow @ORCID_Org• Slides will be posted to SlideShare
Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice Image: DanTaylor Image: : Joel Washing
About• Non-proﬁt industry trade association accredited by ANSI• Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media• Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world
NISO Portfolio• ISSN• Paper Permanence Where the library,• RFID in Libraries publishing and• OpenURL automation suppliers converge• DOI• SUSHI Greatest focus on• KBART interoperability• SERU
32% Libraries/Library 35 % Publishers/Publishing Organizations! Organizations!36 LSA Members ! (non-voting)! ANSI! ISO! Other SDOs! 33% Library Systems Suppliers, Publishing Vendors & Intermediaries! NISO’s Community
NISO InternationallyActively participate internationally with ISO, EDItEUR,IFLA, ICSTI, International STM Association, CODATA, UK Serials Group, LIBER, Standards Australia, IETF, ISO Registration Authorities
Technical Committee (TC) 46 Information & Documentation Subcommittees (SC): 4 – Systems Interoperability 8 – Performance Measurement 9 – Identification & Description 11 – Records ManagementNISO manages the Secretariat of ISO TC 46, SC 9
Other Standards Organizations• EDItEUR - ONIX, EDI, ARROW• Book Industry Study Group - BISAC• IDEAlliance - Magazine industry, PRISM• Library of Congress - MARC, PREMIS, SRU/SRW• ALA - AACR2, RDA• W3C - html5, CSS3, mobile• IDPF - EPUB, E-books• OASIS - XML Standards• IMSGlobal - Learning Management Systems
Key Concepts inStandardization
The Referent The thing being identiﬁed
The Identiﬁer The string identifying the referent
The Metadata The data that describes the referent
An ID & its metadata• Identiﬁers can be but are not necessarily names (often better if they aren’t)• IDs can be but need not be human- readable. They also may or may not be human understandable.• Metadata describe attributes of the referent• Not every attribute need be described
Functional Granularity You ID an item at the level at which it makes sense for your businessneeds to identify that item
A lesson in functional granularity
How do these things apply in my life? Journal-speciﬁc standards
Presentation andIdentiﬁcation of E-Journals PIE-J
JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (formerly NLM DTD)
Journal ArticleSupplemental Materials Project
Indexed Discovery ServicesNISO Open Discovery initiative
Shared Electronic ResourceUnderstanding (SERU)
Issues we are facing (or about to face)with journals standards
Large Scale Data-Driven ScienceIncreasingly, scientificbreakthroughs will bepowered by advancedcomputing capabilities thathelp researchersmanipulate and exploremassive datasets.
Science data isn’t what it used to beImage: Walters Art Museum Image: Domenico, Caron, Davis, et al.
We all know how to cite something, right?
How do you cite a data set in a journal?Source: Citations for SEER Databases! Source: International Polar Year! Source: Global Land Cover Facility! Source: The Economist ! Source: ICPSR!
Thank you! Todd Carpenter, Executive Director firstname.lastname@example.orgNational Information Standards Organization (NISO) One North Charles Street, Suite 1905 Baltimore, MD 21201 USA +1 (301) 654-2512 www.niso.org