0
Standards: 	

Who is developing 	

what, where, and why?
Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO	

American Association o...
Image: DanTaylor Image: Joel Washing
Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice
A US-baed non-profit industry trade association accredited by
ANSI with 200+ members	

Mission of developing and maintainin...
NISO’s Community
35 % Publishers/Publishing
Organizations
32% Libraries/Library
Organizations
36 LSA Members
(non-voting)
...
Technical Committee (TC) 46
Information & Documentation
Subcommittees (SC):
4 – Systems Interoperability
8 – Performance M...
• IDEAlliance - Magazine industry, PRISM	

• Library of Congress - MARC, PREMIS, SRU/SRW	

• ALA - AACR2, RDA	

• IDPF - E...
• Image:	
  Mark	
  Bide	
  (EDITEUR)
12
13
• Image:	
  Mark	
  Bide	
  (EDITEUR)
14
• Image:	
  Mark	
  Bide	
  (EDITEUR)
One Ring to Rule Them All?
Photo: Minneapolis College

of Art and Design Library
June 20, 2014
16
Photo: OSU Thompson Library Stacks” by Kristin Six
June 20, 2014
17
18
June 20, 2014
You	
  can’t	
  walk	
  the	
  stacks	
  	
  
in	
  a	
  digital	
  library
19
June 20, 2014
19
June 20, 2014
Some NISO Work in these areas
Open	
  Discovery	
  Initiative
Knowledgebases	
  &	
  

Related	
  Tools
Open	
  Access	
  ...
A Few Key Concepts 	

In identification & description 

(identifiers & metadata)
The thing
being
identified
The Referent
The string
identifying
the referent
The Identifier
The data
that
describes
the referent
The Metadata
Identifiers can be but are not necessarily names
(often better if they aren’t)	

IDs can be but need not be human-readable....
Functional Granularity
Functional Granularity
Functional Granularity
Functional Granularity
Functional Granularity
Functional Granularity
Functional Granularity
You identify and describe
an item at the level

at which it makes sense
for your business needs
to identify that item
Func...
A lesson in functional granularity
Functional Requirements for
Bibliographic Records (FRBR)
<indecs> description model
How it fits together in a
complex media ecosystem
ISWC
ISRCISTC
ISBN
ISSN
CSI
ISMN
ISAN
ISAN
IPI
IPI
ISNI
VIAF IPDA
DOI
DOI
Making the
Theoretical
Practical
So are
these things
the same
or not?
Revising the ISBN
Managing metadata well
is expensive
Managing metadata
poorly
is more expensive
(often in ways you can’t measure)
On the horizon
Non-­‐Textual	
  Content
Linked	
  Open	
  Data
Scientific Data
Digital Preservation
Altmetrics
We all want our own
Thank you!
Todd Carpenter, Executive Director	

tcarpenter@niso.org	

National Information Standards Organization (NISO)	
...
Carpenter - AAUP Conference - "Intro to Metadata"
Carpenter - AAUP Conference - "Intro to Metadata"
Carpenter - AAUP Conference - "Intro to Metadata"
Carpenter - AAUP Conference - "Intro to Metadata"
Carpenter - AAUP Conference - "Intro to Metadata"
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Carpenter - AAUP Conference - "Intro to Metadata"

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"Standards for Metadata: Who is developing What, where and why" Presented by Todd Carpenter at American Association of University Presses (AAUP) Annual Conference in New Orleans, LA on June 22, 2014

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Transcript of "Carpenter - AAUP Conference - "Intro to Metadata""

  1. 1. Standards: Who is developing what, where, and why? Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO American Association of University Presses Conference New Orleans, LA • • • June 23, 2014
  2. 2. Image: DanTaylor Image: Joel Washing Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice
  3. 3. A US-baed non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI with 200+ members Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials & media Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world Represent US interests to ISO TC 46 & subcommittees
 Also serve as Secretariat for ISO TC46/SC9 - Identification & Description Responsible for standards like ISSN, DOI, Dublin Core metadata, DAISY digital talking books, OpenURL, MARC records format, and ISBN About
  4. 4. NISO’s Community 35 % Publishers/Publishing Organizations 32% Libraries/Library Organizations 36 LSA Members (non-voting) 33% Library Systems Suppliers, Publishing Vendors & Intermediaries ISO ANSI Other SDOs
  5. 5. Technical Committee (TC) 46 Information & Documentation Subcommittees (SC): 4 – Systems Interoperability 8 – Performance Measurement 9 – Identification & Description 11 – Records Management NISO manages the Secretariat of ISO TC 46, SC 9
  6. 6. • IDEAlliance - Magazine industry, PRISM • Library of Congress - MARC, PREMIS, SRU/SRW • ALA - AACR2, RDA • IDPF - EPUB, E-books • ARMA-International - Records Management • OASIS - XML Standards • CrossRef - DOIs, FundRef, CrossMark • IMSGlobal - Learning Management Systems • Amazon - ASIN, KINDLE Still More Standards(ish) Organizations
  7. 7. • Image:  Mark  Bide  (EDITEUR) 12
  8. 8. 13 • Image:  Mark  Bide  (EDITEUR)
  9. 9. 14 • Image:  Mark  Bide  (EDITEUR)
  10. 10. One Ring to Rule Them All?
  11. 11. Photo: Minneapolis College
 of Art and Design Library June 20, 2014 16
  12. 12. Photo: OSU Thompson Library Stacks” by Kristin Six June 20, 2014 17
  13. 13. 18 June 20, 2014 You  can’t  walk  the  stacks     in  a  digital  library
  14. 14. 19 June 20, 2014
  15. 15. 19 June 20, 2014
  16. 16. Some NISO Work in these areas Open  Discovery  Initiative Knowledgebases  &  
 Related  Tools Open  Access  Metadata  
 and  Indicators Some NISO work in these area
  17. 17. A Few Key Concepts In identification & description 
 (identifiers & metadata)
  18. 18. The thing being identified The Referent
  19. 19. The string identifying the referent The Identifier
  20. 20. The data that describes the referent The Metadata
  21. 21. Identifiers can be but are not necessarily names (often better if they aren’t) IDs can be but need not be human-readable. They also may or may not be human understandable. Not every attribute need be described An ID & its metadata
  22. 22. Functional Granularity
  23. 23. Functional Granularity
  24. 24. Functional Granularity
  25. 25. Functional Granularity
  26. 26. Functional Granularity
  27. 27. Functional Granularity
  28. 28. Functional Granularity
  29. 29. You identify and describe an item at the level
 at which it makes sense for your business needs to identify that item Functional Granularity
  30. 30. A lesson in functional granularity
  31. 31. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)
  32. 32. <indecs> description model
  33. 33. How it fits together in a complex media ecosystem ISWC ISRCISTC ISBN ISSN CSI ISMN ISAN ISAN IPI IPI ISNI VIAF IPDA DOI DOI
  34. 34. Making the Theoretical Practical
  35. 35. So are these things the same or not? Revising the ISBN
  36. 36. Managing metadata well is expensive
  37. 37. Managing metadata poorly is more expensive (often in ways you can’t measure)
  38. 38. On the horizon
  39. 39. Non-­‐Textual  Content
  40. 40. Linked  Open  Data
  41. 41. Scientific Data
  42. 42. Digital Preservation
  43. 43. Altmetrics
  44. 44. We all want our own
  45. 45. Thank you! Todd Carpenter, Executive Director tcarpenter@niso.org National Information Standards Organization (NISO) 3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302 Baltimore, MD 21211 USA +1 (301) 654-2512 www.niso.org
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