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Carpenter - AAUP Conference - "Intro to Metadata"

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"Standards for Metadata: Who is developing What, where and why" Presented by Todd Carpenter at American Association of University Presses (AAUP) Annual Conference in New Orleans, LA on June 22, 2014

"Standards for Metadata: Who is developing What, where and why" Presented by Todd Carpenter at American Association of University Presses (AAUP) Annual Conference in New Orleans, LA on June 22, 2014

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  • 1. Standards: Who is developing what, where, and why? Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO American Association of University Presses Conference New Orleans, LA • • • June 23, 2014
  • 2. Image: DanTaylor Image: Joel Washing Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice
  • 3. A US-baed non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI with 200+ members Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials & media Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world Represent US interests to ISO TC 46 & subcommittees
 Also serve as Secretariat for ISO TC46/SC9 - Identification & Description Responsible for standards like ISSN, DOI, Dublin Core metadata, DAISY digital talking books, OpenURL, MARC records format, and ISBN About
  • 4. NISO’s Community 35 % Publishers/Publishing Organizations 32% Libraries/Library Organizations 36 LSA Members (non-voting) 33% Library Systems Suppliers, Publishing Vendors & Intermediaries ISO ANSI Other SDOs
  • 5. Technical Committee (TC) 46 Information & Documentation Subcommittees (SC): 4 – Systems Interoperability 8 – Performance Measurement 9 – Identification & Description 11 – Records Management NISO manages the Secretariat of ISO TC 46, SC 9
  • 6. • IDEAlliance - Magazine industry, PRISM • Library of Congress - MARC, PREMIS, SRU/SRW • ALA - AACR2, RDA • IDPF - EPUB, E-books • ARMA-International - Records Management • OASIS - XML Standards • CrossRef - DOIs, FundRef, CrossMark • IMSGlobal - Learning Management Systems • Amazon - ASIN, KINDLE Still More Standards(ish) Organizations
  • 7. • Image:  Mark  Bide  (EDITEUR) 12
  • 8. 13 • Image:  Mark  Bide  (EDITEUR)
  • 9. 14 • Image:  Mark  Bide  (EDITEUR)
  • 10. One Ring to Rule Them All?
  • 11. Photo: Minneapolis College
 of Art and Design Library June 20, 2014 16
  • 12. Photo: OSU Thompson Library Stacks” by Kristin Six June 20, 2014 17
  • 13. 18 June 20, 2014 You  can’t  walk  the  stacks     in  a  digital  library
  • 14. 19 June 20, 2014
  • 15. 19 June 20, 2014
  • 16. Some NISO Work in these areas Open  Discovery  Initiative Knowledgebases  &  
 Related  Tools Open  Access  Metadata  
 and  Indicators Some NISO work in these area
  • 17. A Few Key Concepts In identification & description 
 (identifiers & metadata)
  • 18. The thing being identified The Referent
  • 19. The string identifying the referent The Identifier
  • 20. The data that describes the referent The Metadata
  • 21. Identifiers can be but are not necessarily names (often better if they aren’t) IDs can be but need not be human-readable. They also may or may not be human understandable. Not every attribute need be described An ID & its metadata
  • 22. Functional Granularity
  • 23. Functional Granularity
  • 24. Functional Granularity
  • 25. Functional Granularity
  • 26. Functional Granularity
  • 27. Functional Granularity
  • 28. Functional Granularity
  • 29. You identify and describe an item at the level
 at which it makes sense for your business needs to identify that item Functional Granularity
  • 30. A lesson in functional granularity
  • 31. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)
  • 32. <indecs> description model
  • 33. How it fits together in a complex media ecosystem ISWC ISRCISTC ISBN ISSN CSI ISMN ISAN ISAN IPI IPI ISNI VIAF IPDA DOI DOI
  • 34. Making the Theoretical Practical
  • 35. So are these things the same or not? Revising the ISBN
  • 36. Managing metadata well is expensive
  • 37. Managing metadata poorly is more expensive (often in ways you can’t measure)
  • 38. On the horizon
  • 39. Non-­‐Textual  Content
  • 40. Linked  Open  Data
  • 41. Scientific Data
  • 42. Digital Preservation
  • 43. Altmetrics
  • 44. We all want our own
  • 45. Thank you! Todd Carpenter, Executive Director tcarpenter@niso.org National Information Standards Organization (NISO) 3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302 Baltimore, MD 21211 USA +1 (301) 654-2512 www.niso.org

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