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Born Accessible: making e-books fully inclusive from day one
 

Born Accessible: making e-books fully inclusive from day one

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Larry Goldberg, Director, Media Access Group Director at WGBH and The Carl and Ruth Shapiro Family National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) ...

Larry Goldberg, Director, Media Access Group Director at WGBH and The Carl and Ruth Shapiro Family National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM)

Geoff Freed, Director of Technology Projects and Web Media Standards, The Carl and Ruth Shapiro Family National Center for Accessible Media NCAM

An introduction to evolving authoring and display technologies, including mobile devices and e-readers, that provide reading experiences for people with print disabilities. The presentation will include discussion of new reading systems, publishing tools and practices, the EPUB 3 standard, "smart graphics," best publishing practices, and the Content Model for accessible images. Also discussed will be Federal and state requirements for accessible textbooks and relevant public policy initiatives.

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  • 6/27/2011 Digital Image and Graphics Resources for Accessible Materials
  • 6/27/2011 Digital Image and Graphics Resources for Accessible Materials
  • 6/27/2011 Digital Image and Graphics Resources for Accessible Materials
  • 6/27/2011 Digital Image and Graphics Resources for Accessible Materials
  • 6/27/2011 Digital Image and Graphics Resources for Accessible Materials
  • 6/27/2011 Digital Image and Graphics Resources for Accessible Materials

Born Accessible: making e-books fully inclusive from day one Born Accessible: making e-books fully inclusive from day one Presentation Transcript

  • Bor n Accessible:Making e-books fullyinclusive from day one Carl and Ruth Shapiro FamilyNational Center for Accessible Mediaat WGBH (NCAM)October 19, 2012
  • NCAM is… 2 A research and development department within Boston public media leader WGBH Involved with media and technology on all platforms, especially digital publishing and online education Dedicated to leveling the playing field for people with disabilities Engaged in standards, policy, research, outreach, tech Funded by public and private grants and Strategic Partnerships (consulting)
  • 5 Part I:E-books
  • Broadly speaking… 6 E-books can be made accessible — but it’s more than just handing someone a talking device It’s all about structure… — navigation > TOC, headings, tables, lists — seeking/finding — investigating objects — reading order
  • Broadly speaking… 7 …and control — multimedia players — interactive objects — the reader itself (hardware or software)
  • What’s an accessible e-book? 8 More than just a talking book or a talking device Access to structure: — text elements (chapters, headings, paragraphs, sentences) — images (short and long descriptions) — data tables (header vs data cells; X/Y orientation) — lists (number of items; nesting) Access to controls — multimedia (player controls; captions; descriptions) — interactives (controls; Flash or otherwise) — system (menus and special features; stores; hardware)
  • E-book devices 9 Hardware — Kindle — Nook — Sony Reader — iPad/iPhone/iPod touch — Android tablets/phones — desktop/laptop computers — others
  • E-book devices 10 Software — Adobe Digital Editions (Win, Mac) — Adobe Reader (Win, Mac, iOS, Android) — Nook (Win, Mac, iOS, Android) — iBooks (iPad, iPhone, iPod touch) — Kindle (Win, Mac, iOS, Android, WinPhone, browsers, Blackberry OS) — Web browser — others
  • E-book formats 11 E-books are available in a variety of formats — EPUB 3 — PDF — HTML — AZW — DOC — TXT Not all formats provide mechanisms for delivering an accessible e-book
  • E-book formats 12 There is no such thing as push-button accessibility Author is responsible for providing an accessible document — basics: > provide a TOC and use headings > identify/describe images > mark up forms (e.g., tests) properly > mark up data tables > provide adequate contrast and clear layout — not unlike accessible-HTML basics
  • E-book authoring 13 InDesign (EPUB, PDF) iBooks Author (EPUB 3 variant (.ibooks))— exports books for iPad only— accessibility guidelines coming soon Adobe Acrobat (PDF via source files from Word, InDesign, OpenOffice, others) OpenOffice (EPUB via Writer2ePub; PDF) Pages (EPUB) Online services or converters (Calibre, Lulu, etc.)
  • E-book accessibility: hardware 14 Hardware accessibility varies — controls aren’t always clearly identified — TTS not available or may be inadequate > TTS may only allow access to text, not to system > DRM may affect TTS
  • E-book accessibility: software 15 Software accessibility also varies — may not be usable with screen readers — TTS not available or may be inadequate > may only allow access to text, not to system > DRM may affect TTS > may not identify elements such as images or tables Nook/Kindle desktop and mobile software readers not currently accessible to screen readers Adobe Reader, Adobe Digital Editions are (reasonably) accessible to screen readers iBooks is reasonably accessible on iOS devices Accessible Kindle plug-in for Windows — requires a screen reader — TTS reads book text; screen reader reads menus and controls
  • 16 Part II:Digital Talking Books
  • DAISY/DTB 17 DAISY Consortium (Digital Accessible Information System) promotes standards for digital talking books (DTB) A DTB is a multimedia representation of a print publication — DTBs can contain text, text+audio, audio only — video support in development DTBs can be read using dedicated hardware or software
  • DTB hardware readers 18
  • DTB software readers 19 AMIS AnyDaisy (older Firefox extension) EasyReader ReadHear others
  • DTB general information 20 DTB hardware readers have no visual component DTB software readers usually have a visual component DTBs are inherently accessible and are (usually) highly structured Multiple navigation modes > headings > words/sentences > paragraphs > chapters > images (with descriptions) Depending on the DTB, these modes are all available in both text and audio modes
  • 21 Part III:DIAGRAM
  • DIAGRAM Digital Image and Graphic Resources for Accessible Materials Five-year R&D project funded by Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) Began in May 2010 Awarded to Benetech along with partners: — NCAM — U.S. Fund for DAISY
  • DIAGRAM Access to images and graphics in educational content through technology Make creating and using accessible images easier, faster, more cost effective — tools — standards — best practices and guidelines
  • How best to describe…
  • Poet: crowd-sourcing descriptions Poet is a Web-based, open-source tool for adding image descriptions to DTBs For use by authors, publishers, accessibility providers Designed to: – quickly identify all images in a book – tag images needing descriptions – author and edit descriptions – provide guidance to describers (guidelines) – stand-alone or integrate with content-production tools
  • New accessible e-book reader (2013) Open-source Web-based e-book reader based on Readium — Readium is a library for rendering EPUB documents > system for building accessible e-book readers Support for variable fonts, colors Support for text-to-speech and synchronized word-by- word highlighting (initially only in Chrome) Conforms to EPUB 3 Works in conjunction with Bookshare bookshelf
  • Contact Geoff Freed geoff_freed@wgbh.orgLarry Goldberg larry_goldberg@wgbh.org