ERA Principles(Educational Robotic Applications)Dave CatlinDave@valiant.co.ukMike Blamires@Mike_Blamires
Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
ButInRealityAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
What or who are they?Photo: 20th Century Fox
Gove’s new generation of TeachingAssistants perhaps?Between 2000 and 2010 the number offull-time equivalent teachers incre...
Reform Think Tank on impact ofTAs http://reformthinktank.uberflip.com/i/131374Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike...
Imagined classrooms of the futureAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
Imagined classrooms of the futureAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
So bring on the RobotTeachers?Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
Projo @ ColumbiaAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013Source: Wall Street journal
Marvin the Paranoid Android“What me? With a brainthe size of a planet.You want me to teachbasic number bonds?”After AdamsA...
“The scheme is also a step beyond traditionalCSR programmes such as volunteering andphilanthropy. “SK aims to create share...
SK Telecom Smart Robots© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Source: Huffington Post
Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
Richard Millward’s L.T. MapAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
But we have history:The first floor turtlesA JessopTurtleCirca 1982Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Roamer®Educational RobotSystemsTurtle1983ClassicRoamer 1989Roamer 2010
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Classifying RobotsBuildingRobotsUsingRobots
Safe Places for AFOLShttp://reiber.org/nxt/bin/view/Robots/Groups/WebHomeAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blami...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational TechnologyTechnology Education is about learningtechnology and educational technology i...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Classifying RobotsUsing RobotsRoamerBuilding RobotsLegoUsing RobotsRoamer
TechnologyTechnology can control children and what theylearn or children can be led to interesting placesand ideas through...
Why the ERA Principles?The Principles present a framework that:1. Explains:a. How robots help students learnb. The benefit...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010ERA PrinciplesEducational RobotApplications
What is the link to robots?Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013 Model and photo byAdam Cadwell@adamc...
What is the link to robots?Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013 Model and photo byAdam Cadwell@adamc...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational Robots can have a range ofintelligent behaviours that enable them toeffectively partici...
Goal Focussed Capability to Act in Unstructured Environments Task Specific
Task Specific Intelligence
EmbodimentStudents learn by intentional andmeaningful interactions witheducational robots situated in thesame space and ti...
Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013Size of the Solar SystemMercury 57,910,000 kmVenus 108,200,000 km...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Students are active learnerswhose multimodalinteractions with educationalrobots takes place via ava...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Semiotics: The study of signs and theiruse, focussing on the mechanisms andpatterns of human commun...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Road Safety
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010A wide range of effective pedagogicalmethods is available for using educationalrobots in powerful l...
Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013Twenty-Eight MethodsCatalyst Engagement MemorisationChallenges Ex...
Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013Robot Rally Race Challenge Experimentation Problem Solving Ga...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational Robots can facilitatelearning and assessment in traditionalcurriculum areas by supporti...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Number Line Activities
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational Robots can enhance learning inthe longer term through the development ofmeta-cognition,...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Sustainable Learning
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Through engagement Educational Robots canfoster affirmative emotional states andsocial relationship...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Engagement: Emotional Aspects
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational robots support principles of equityof age, ability, race, culture and gender.Equity
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Dancing Roamers
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational robots personalise the learningexperience to suit the individual needs ofstudents acros...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010What is Personalisation? Giving each child the chance to fulfil theirpotential The fulfilment of ...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational robots meet the practical issues involvedin organising and delivering education in both...
© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010With thanks to Dave Catlin of ValiantTechnology
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The Principles of Educational Robotics (ERA) Catlin and Blamires

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This is a presentation given at Digibury in Canterbury based on the work of Catlin and Blamires on the principles of educational robotics. Any unattributed photos are from Valiant Technology and are used with permission,

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The Principles of Educational Robotics (ERA) Catlin and Blamires

  1. 1. ERA Principles(Educational Robotic Applications)Dave CatlinDave@valiant.co.ukMike Blamires@Mike_Blamires
  2. 2. Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  3. 3. ButInRealityAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  4. 4. What or who are they?Photo: 20th Century Fox
  5. 5. Gove’s new generation of TeachingAssistants perhaps?Between 2000 and 2010 the number offull-time equivalent teachers increasedby 10 per cent and the number ofteaching assistants almost tripled.By the end of 2011, the schoolworkforce was more than 50 per centbigger than it was in 2000.Given that schools spend almost 80 percent of their revenue on staff, much ofthe additional per pupil revenuespending went on workforce costs.© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010http://www.reform.co.uk/resources/0000/0765/Must_do_better_Spending_on_schools.pdfPhoto: 20th Century Fox
  6. 6. Reform Think Tank on impact ofTAs http://reformthinktank.uberflip.com/i/131374Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013http://reformthinktank.uberflip.com/i/131374
  7. 7. Imagined classrooms of the futureAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  8. 8. Imagined classrooms of the futureAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  9. 9. So bring on the RobotTeachers?Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  10. 10. Projo @ ColumbiaAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013Source: Wall Street journal
  11. 11. Marvin the Paranoid Android“What me? With a brainthe size of a planet.You want me to teachbasic number bonds?”After AdamsAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  12. 12. “The scheme is also a step beyond traditionalCSR programmes such as volunteering andphilanthropy. “SK aims to create shared value amongstakeholders. "Our goal is to seek ways tobring mutual benefits," explained Kim, "throughmeasures that help empower and develop theability of the socially underprivileged."© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010
  13. 13. SK Telecom Smart Robots© Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Source: Huffington Post
  14. 14. Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  15. 15. Richard Millward’s L.T. MapAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  16. 16. But we have history:The first floor turtlesA JessopTurtleCirca 1982Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  17. 17. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Roamer®Educational RobotSystemsTurtle1983ClassicRoamer 1989Roamer 2010
  18. 18. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Classifying RobotsBuildingRobotsUsingRobots
  19. 19. Safe Places for AFOLShttp://reiber.org/nxt/bin/view/Robots/Groups/WebHomeAdapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013courtesy http://www.fbtb.net/2012/02/08/studs-comic-6/
  20. 20. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational TechnologyTechnology Education is about learningtechnology and educational technology isabout using technology to learn.Bill DuggerChair Technology for All AmericansITEA
  21. 21. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Classifying RobotsUsing RobotsRoamerBuilding RobotsLegoUsing RobotsRoamer
  22. 22. TechnologyTechnology can control children and what theylearn or children can be led to interesting placesand ideas through the use of technology that hasthe aim of enabling the child to take control.As Seymour Papert stated it is about childrenprogramming rather than being programmed.Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013
  23. 23. Why the ERA Principles?The Principles present a framework that:1. Explains:a. How robots help students learnb. The benefits of educational robots to teachers2. Offers a check list for those who want to:a. Design educational robotsb. Develop activities that use educational robots3. Helps justify the investment by schools in robotic technology4. Suggests underlying cognitive and developmental processes5. Provides researchers with a set of claims to evaluatehttp://www.naace.co.uk/1948
  24. 24. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010ERA PrinciplesEducational RobotApplications
  25. 25. What is the link to robots?Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013 Model and photo byAdam Cadwell@adamcadwell
  26. 26. What is the link to robots?Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013 Model and photo byAdam Cadwell@adamcadwell
  27. 27. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational Robots can have a range ofintelligent behaviours that enable them toeffectively participate in educationalactivities.Intelligence
  28. 28. Goal Focussed Capability to Act in Unstructured Environments Task Specific
  29. 29. Task Specific Intelligence
  30. 30. EmbodimentStudents learn by intentional andmeaningful interactions witheducational robots situated in thesame space and time.
  31. 31. Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013Size of the Solar SystemMercury 57,910,000 kmVenus 108,200,000 kmEarth 149,600,000 kmMars 227,940,000 kmJupiter 778,330,000 kmSaturn 1,429,400,000 kmUranus 2,870,990,000 kmNeptune 4,504,000,000 kmPluto 5,913,520,000 km
  32. 32. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Students are active learnerswhose multimodalinteractions with educationalrobots takes place via avariety of appropriatesemiotic systems.Interaction
  33. 33. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Semiotics: The study of signs and theiruse, focussing on the mechanisms andpatterns of human communication andon the nature and acquisition ofknowledge.Semiotics: The study of signs and theiruse, focussing on the mechanisms andpatterns of human communication andon the nature and acquisition ofknowledge.SemioticsCrystal, David, (1999)The Penguin Dictionary of Language (2ndEdition)
  34. 34. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Road Safety
  35. 35. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010A wide range of effective pedagogicalmethods is available for using educationalrobots in powerful learning scenarios thatintegrate them into regular lessons.Pedagogical Method
  36. 36. Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013Twenty-Eight MethodsCatalyst Engagement MemorisationChallenges Experience PacifierConceptualising Experimentation PresentationCooperation Exploration Problem SolvingCreative Focussed Tasks ProjectsCurriculum Games ProvocateurDemonstration Group Tasks PuzzlesDesign Links RelationalDeduction Modelling Transfer
  37. 37. Adapted from © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010 byMike Blamires 2013Robot Rally Race Challenge Experimentation Problem Solving GameMuseum of Science BostonNational Robotics Week
  38. 38. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational Robots can facilitatelearning and assessment in traditionalcurriculum areas by supporting goodteaching practice.Curriculum and Assessment
  39. 39. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Number Line Activities
  40. 40. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational Robots can enhance learning inthe longer term through the development ofmeta-cognition, life skills and learner self-knowledge.Sustainable Learning
  41. 41. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Sustainable Learning
  42. 42. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Through engagement Educational Robots canfoster affirmative emotional states andsocial relationships that promote thecreation of positive learning attitudes andenvironments, which improves the qualityand depth of a student’s LearningExperience.Engagement
  43. 43. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Engagement: Emotional Aspects
  44. 44. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational robots support principles of equityof age, ability, race, culture and gender.Equity
  45. 45. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Dancing Roamers
  46. 46. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational robots personalise the learningexperience to suit the individual needs ofstudents across a range of subjects.Personalisation
  47. 47. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010What is Personalisation? Giving each child the chance to fulfil theirpotential The fulfilment of excellence Being responsive to the different ways studentsachieve their bestDfES
  48. 48. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010Educational robots meet the practical issues involvedin organising and delivering education in bothformal and informal learning situations.Practicality
  49. 49. © Dave Catlin, Aug 2010With thanks to Dave Catlin of ValiantTechnology

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