Religion in Indonesia
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  • 1. Islam in Indonesia• Cliff – Introduction to Islam• Ole – Local Practice of Islam• Bastian – Islamic Politics in Indonesia• Mads – Islam Through Consumerism
  • 2. “In simple terms, the expression means that descent isreckoned equally through males and females and that bothmales and females are able to enjoy equal inheritance rights.The comparable status of sexes in Southeast Asia mayexplain why an Indonesian art historian has noted the unisexappearance of gods and goddesses in Javaneseiconography, whereas sexual differences are unambiguouslyportrayed in Indian iconography.” (O. W. Wolters: 1999)
  • 3. Democracy guided by the inner wisdom in the unanimity arising out of deliberations amongst representativesJust and civilized humanity The unity of Indonesia Social justice for all of the Belief in the one and true God people of Indonesia
  • 4. 1950s Islamic State with Philosophical Shari’a in the Islamist Islamic Parties Constitution Islamist Shari’a in thePost-1998 Constitution Philosophical Islamic moral values in Islam-friendly Islam-inclusive Pragmatic the state’s policies Parties Development of Muslim society Secular-inclusive
  • 5. Seven Major Political Parties in Comparative PerspectiveBasic Information PDI-P Golkar PKB PPP PAN PBB PKS1999 votes 33,7% 22,4% 12,6% 10,7% 7,1% 1,9% 1,3%1999 legislative seat 153 120 51 58 34 13 7Percentage of Muslims in the House of 62,1% 83,3% 100% 100% 94,1% 100% 100%RepresentativesParty ideology/platform Pancasila Pancasila Pancasila Islam Pancasila Islam IslamComparative Aspect Non-1. Party base (non-regional vs. regional base) Non-regional Non-regional Regional Non-regional Non-regional Non-regional regional2. Reliance on party leader’s appeal Yes No Yes No Yes No No3. Internal party conflict (since 1999 election) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No4. Origin in the past political power Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No5. Affiliation with major religious groups None None NU None Muh. None None(Muhammadiyah vs. NU)6. Emphasis on party’s activity Populist Populist Populist Populist Populist Populist Public7. Members’ engagement in the party (allyear [AY] vs. during campaign & election [DC DC & E DC & E DC & E DC & E DC & E DC & E AY& E])8. Advocating the adoption of Shari’a into No No No Yes No Yes Nothe Constitution