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Listening in cammunication
 

Listening in cammunication

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Listening in cammunication

Listening in cammunication

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  • Multimedia Lecture Support Package to Accompany Basic Marketing Lecture Script 6-
  • Multimedia Lecture Support Package to Accompany Basic Marketing Lecture Script 6-
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Listening in cammunication Listening in cammunication Presentation Transcript

  • Business Communication Effective Listening
    • Effective vs ineffective listening
    • Types of listening
    • How to become an effective listener
    Objectives
  • Introduction
    • According to studies, within 24 hours, people are able to recall only about one-fourth of what they heard
  • Introduction
    • WRONG!!!
    • Listening is easy
    • Listening comes naturally
    • Hearing and listening are the same
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Deciding in advance that the subject is uninteresting
      • Poor listeners learn what the talk is about and decide immediately that the subject is of no interest to them. Instead of listening they think of something else, write meaningless things on their notepad etc.
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Focusing on the poor delivery of the speaker
      • Poor listeners focus on the appereance or delivery of the speaker. Inappropriately dressed speakers, as well as the ones that punctuates their speech with “uh” or “er” distracts ineffective listener
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Becoming overexcited and anxious to make your own point
      • Poor listeners want to run ahead of the conversation. Especially if it is a subject that they have some knowledge, their minds race ahead to plan their own sentences.
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Focusing only on facts
      • Poor listeners listens only for the facts, but later when they try to remember them, they often missed the less concrete but more important concepts and ideas behind the facts.
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • A tendency to outline everything
      • Poor listeners tend to outline lectures or speeches. However if these talks are not well organized by the speaker, when later reviewed, these notes provide little insight to what was said
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Pretending to pay attention
      • Poor listeners are often tired, lazy or bored. They pretend to listen in an attentive posture and then mentally drift away.
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Allowing distractions to interfere
      • Distractions can be a noise that interferes with one’s ability to hear, or a visual done that attract’s one’s attention away from the listener. Poor listeners take a very passive role and allows distractions to interfere with the listening process
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Avoiding difficult material
      • Poor listeners do not try to listen to material that seems difficult for them
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Responding emotionally to certain words or phrases
      • There are certain terms, phrases and words that affect people in an emotional way which makes some individuals block out the rest of the conversation
  • Ineffective Listening Habits
    • Daydreaming because of difference between speech speed and thought speed
      • People speak about 150 words per minute. Listeners are capable of processing 500-700 words per minute. Poor listener often becomes involved in a daydrean and forgets to tune back in
  • Effective Listening Habits
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Accepting the challenge to get something of worth out of every situation
      • Good listeners may find the subject boring, but they accept the challenge and make the most of the situation by focusing on the speaker’s message, and try to derive something from the encounter
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Focus on what is being said rather than how it is being said
      • Effective listeners simply ignore a speaker’s poor delivery or annoying mannerisms and focus on what is being said
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Waiting for the entire presentation before beginning evaluation
      • Effective listeners do not jump to conclusions about what is being said, instead wait for the presentation to conclude before beginning their overall evaluation
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Focusing exclusively on the main ideas
      • Good listeners look for the main ideas. Once the overall ideas of the talk are understood, the facts can be remembered as logical components
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Limiting their notetaking
      • Good listeners sit back and listen before picking up a pencil.
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Listening actively
      • Listening requires energy and attention. The good listener not only hears effectively but also observes the nonverbal signs of the speaker
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Avoiding distractions or at least controlling them
      • Effective listeners try to control their environment by screening out distractions.
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Listening to challenging material
      • The good listener occasionally seeks out the difficult subjects to challenge his/her listening skills
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Filtering out emotion-laden words to challenging material
      • Effective listeners examine those words and phrases that have an emotional effect on them, and being aware of this problem helps them to overcome the listening barrier
  • Effective Listening Habits
    • Spending extra time on thoughts related to the material being heard
      • Effective listeners spend their extra thoughts on materials related to the talk to fill in the extra time between speech speed and thought speed.
  • Types of Listening
    • Appreciative
    • Discriminative
    • Comprehensive
    • Critical
    • Active
  • Types of Listening
    • Appreciative: An individualized form of listening that obtain enjoyment through the words or experiences of others; like listening to one’s favourite music or watching tv...
  • Types of Listening
    • Discriminative: Happens when people try to distinguish one sound from everything else; like stopping work to hear if the phone is ringing
  • Types of Listening
    • Comprehensive: Happens when people listen for understanding. Involves trying hard to remember what the person is saying and to interpret the meaning as precisely as possible.
  • Types of Listening
    • Critical: Help the listener sift through what he/she has heard and make a decission
  • Types of Listening
    • Active: Also called empathic listening, involves more than just paying attention or listening carefully. It also entails empathic and supportive behaviours that tell the speaker “I understand. Please go on”
  • Listening Response Modes
    • Directing / Judgemental
    • Advising / Solving
    • Interpreting
    • Supportive
    • Questioning
    • Empathic / active
  • Responding Skills
    • Directing / Judgemental
      • – say what is right or wrong, good or bad, passes judgment
      • Ex. “That was stupid!” “That’s right!”
      • A dvising/solving – shares advice/offers a solution
      • Ex. “If I were you I would…” “Why don’t you…”
  • Responding Skills
    • Interpreting
      • Analyze, explain or teach the sender about the cause
      • Ex. “She probably did this because…”
    • Supporti ve
      • Reassure, pacify or comfort
      • Ex. “If there is any way I can help…”
  • Responding Skills
    • Questioning
      • Probes, clarifies, inquires or seeks more info
      • Ex. “What makes you think that?” “Where were you?”
      • Open questions – require more than a yes or no answer
      • Closed questions – can be answered with yes or no
  • Using Response Styles
    • 80% of your feedback will use 1 of 5 styles
    • Directing / Judgemental
      • Doesn’t help unless sender asks for advice
    • Interpreting
      • Works best when your intention is to offer insight into the problem’s causes
  • Using Response Styles
    • Supporting
      • Works best when the sender has determined the problem and needs encouragement
    • Questioning
      • When your need for additional info is genuine
    • Paraphrasing
      • This reveals a desire to understand the sender’s thoughts and feelings
  • Becoming an active listener
    • Listen for total meaning
    • Respond to feelings
    • Note all cues
    • Take time to listen
    • Be attentive
  • Becoming an active listener
    • Employ only three kinds of verbal reactions:encouraging sounds such as uh-huh; restating what has been said; and silence with a nod of head
    • Avoid probing for additional facts
    • Always give positive feedback