1. The European Union
THE EUROPEAN UNION
50 Years of Peace, Prosperity and Partnership
PRESENTED BY :- BABASAB PATIL
2. The European Union
Celebrating the European Union:
A Half Century of Change and Progress
• Since the creation of the EU half a century ago,
Europe has enjoyed the longest period of
peace in its history.
• European political integration is unprecedented
• EU enlargement has helped overcome the
division of Europe – contributing to peace,
prosperity, and stability across the continent.
• A single market and a common currency
conditions for companies and consumers.
• EU has united the citizens of Europe – while
preserving Europe’s diversity.
United in diversity
3. The European Union
What is the European Union?
• Shared values: liberty, democracy, respect
for human rights and fundamental freedoms,
and the rule of law.
• Largest economic body in the world.
• World’s most successful model for advancing
peace and democracy.
• A unique institution – Member States
voluntarily cede national sovereignty in many
areas to carry out common policies and
• Not a super-state to replace existing states,
nor just an organization for international
• World’s most open market for goods and
commodities from developing countries.
Percent of world’s
Percent of combined
4. The European Union
• 27 Commissioners, representing the European
perspective, each responsible for a specific policy area.
• EU’s executive branch proposes legislation, manages
Union’s day-to-day business and budget, and enforces
• Negotiates trade agreements and manages Europe’s
multilateral development cooperation.
Council of the European Union
• EU’s main decision-making body, comprised of
ministers of 27 Member States, representing Member
State’s point of view.
• Decides on foreign policy issues.
• Council presidency rotates among Member States
every six months.
European Commission President
José Manuel Barroso
5. The European Union
• Voice of European citizens – members elected for
• With the Council, passes EU laws and adopts EU
• Approves EU Commissioners.
European Court of Justice
• Highest EU judicial authority.
• Ensures all EU laws are interpreted and applied
correctly and uniformly.
• Can act as an independent policy maker but unlike
the U.S. Supreme Court, the ECJ can only deal
with matters covered by the Treaties.
European Parliament in session
6. The European Union
European Central Bank
• The European Central Bank (ECB) is the
central bank for Europe's single currency,
• The ECB’s main task is to maintain the
euro's purchasing power and thus price
stability in the euro area.
• The euro area comprises the 15 European
Union countries that have introduced the
euro since 1999.
• The ECB operates independently from
Member State governments.
The euro was introduced in 1999
7. The European Union
United in Diversity - The €uro
8. The European Union
In 1999, the euro area was established as a
currency in eleven of the then fifteen EU
Of the 27 EU Member States today, fifteen
have adopted the euro.
One of the striking benefits of a single
European currency are low interest rates due
to a high degree of price stability.
The euro is as stable and credible as the best-
performing currencies previously used in the
euro area countries.
9. The European Union
• In the aftermath of World War II, the aim was to
secure peace among Europe’s victorious and
vanquished nations and bring them together as
equals, cooperating within shared institutions.
• Based on a plan by French Foreign Minister
• Six founding countries – Belgium, the Federal
Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg
and the Netherlands – signed a treaty to run heavy
industries (coal and steel) under common
European Coal and
Jean Monnet and other leaders with
the first “European” ingot of steel
10. The European Union
Treaty of Rome
• The six founding countries
expanded cooperation to other
economic sectors, creating the
European Economic Community
(EEC) – or “common market.”
• As a result, people, goods,
services, and capital today
move freely across the Union.
Signing of the Treaty of Rome
11. The European Union
12. The European Union
13. The European Union
14. The European Union
15. The European Union
Fall of the
16. The European Union
17. The European Union
18. The European Union
19. The European Union
Republic of Macedonia
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Serbia including Kosovo
under UN Security Council
20. The European Union
50 Years of EU Integration
• Inspired reforms and consolidated common
principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human
rights, fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, and
• Enhanced the EU’s weight in the world and made it
a stronger and more attractive international
“Enlargement has been a
success story for the
European Union and
Europe as a whole. It has
helped to overcome the
division of Europe and
contributed to peace and
stability throughout the
Dec. 15, 2006 1957 2007
Member States 6 27
Population 174 million 493 million
Languages 4 23
21. The European Union
The EU is a global player.
Its soft power promotes
democracy and human
rights, delivers concrete
results in the fight to
eradicate poverty, and in
development.UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, High Representative
for the Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana,
and EU Commissioner Benita Ferrero-Waldner
The EU in the World
22. The European Union
Addressing Global Challenges
• Peace & Security
– Works for global peace and security alongside the
United States and multilateral organizations –
including NATO and the United Nations.
– Undertakes humanitarian and peacekeeping
missions and has provided military forces for crisis
management around the globe.
• Counterterrorism & Homeland Security
– Taken steps to improve intelligence sharing,
enhance law enforcement and judicial cooperation,
curtail terrorist financing.
– Boosts trade and transport security to support the
struggle against terrorism.
23. The European Union
• Democracy & Human Rights
– Works globally for free elections and open
– Fights racism and intolerance at home and
– Campaigns globally against capital punishment.
• Development Assistance & Humanitarian
– The EU and its Member States are the world’s
largest aid donor, providing 55% of total official
– Provides billions of dollars in humanitarian aid
to more than 100 countries in response to
crises and natural disasters.
Addressing Global Challenges
24. The European Union
– European Commission represents all 27 EU
Member States before the World Trade
– Supports free trade and open markets, within
the rules-based structure of the WTO, to
promote growth and jobs in both industrialized
and developing countries.
– The world's most open market for products and
commodities from developing countries – 40%
of all EU imports are from developing countries.
Addressing Global Challenges
25. The European Union
• Environmental Protection
– A leader in global efforts to protect the
environment, maintaining rigorous and
comprehensive systems at home.
– Plays a key role in developing and
implementing international agreements,
such as the Kyoto Protocol on Climate
– Executing a “cap and trade” system to
reduce greenhouse gas emissions
– Takes the lead in the fight against global
warming with the adoption of binding
energy targets (cutting 20% of the EU’s
greenhouse gas emissions by 2020).
Addressing Global Challenges
Source: German Information Center USA
26. The European Union
The European Union and the United States
“Our strong friendship is
essential to peace and
prosperity around the globe.
No temporary debate, to
among nations, no power
on earth, will ever divide us.”
President George W. Bush
“The relationship between the
United States and Europe is the
world’s strongest, most
partnership. The United States,
and a united Europe – this is
really the indispensable
President of the
José Manuel Barroso
27. The European Union
Partners in Global Leadership
• EU and U.S. work together to develop
– Fighting terrorism and transnational crime
– Advancing global trade liberalization
– Combating piracy and intellectual property
– Spreading benefits of globalization
• EU and its Member States are helping restore
peace and stability in Afghanistan.
• EU and U.S. work together in the Middle East
Quartet to advance the peace process.
• When the EU and U.S. agree, others tend to
EU Commissioner Benita Ferrero-
Waldner & U.S. Secretary of State
28. The European Union
Shared Values and Responsibilities
• Freedom & Democracy
Support free elections, good governance, human rights,
and the rule of law around the world.
Cooperate to fight terrorism, limit the spread of nuclear
weapons, and work for global peace.
Together, EU and U.S. provide 80% of global
development assistance and an even larger share of
global humanitarian aid in times of disaster and
29. The European Union
• EU and U.S. together account for 40% of total
global trade (more than $1.5 billion in
transatlantic trade every day).
• The $3 trillion EU-U.S. transatlantic economy
employs 14 million workers on both sides of the
• In 2005, Europe accounted for roughly two-
thirds of total global investment flows into the
U.S. – by far the most significant source of
foreign investment in the U.S. economy.
30. The European Union
• European companies are the leading
foreign investors in the U.S.
– The UK, Germany, France, and the
Netherlands – top four sources of
jobs created by foreign investment
in the United States.
• American companies invest far more in
EU countries than in Asia.
– U.S. businesses make 5 times the
profit in the Netherlands - alone -
as they make in China.
– In 2005, EU investments in Texas
alone surpassed all U.S.
investments in China and Japan,
BMW’s assembly plant is South Carolina’s
largest private sector employer.
31. The European Union
Future of Transatlantic Relations
• EU and U.S. face common challenges that are global in
origin and impact. With global challenges, come global
• EU and U.S., with our shared values and common
interests, are natural partners to give a lead in four
– Promote peace, human rights and democracy
– Confront global challenges, including security and
– Foster prosperity and opportunity.
– Advance strategic cooperation on energy security,
climate change and sustainable development.
32. The European Union
“Since no single nation can efficiently
and effectively deal with global
challenges such as climate change,
pandemics and natural disasters on its
own, we commit ourselves to
strengthening our cooperation to
address these challenges.”
EU-U.S. Summit Declaration
Vienna, July 2006
33. The European Union
Education & Research
• EU and U.S. cooperate on science and
technology education through:
– Exchange programs
– More than 700 institutional
– Vocational training
– Scholarship programs
– R&D cooperatives
• EU and U.S. provide joint or dual
higher educational degree programs.
• EU funds Centers of Excellence at
leading U.S. universities.
EU supports R&D to
growth and global