A project reprot on awareness of labour laws at gokak mills
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A project reprot on awareness of labour laws at gokak mills

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A project reprot on awareness of labour laws at gokak mills

A project reprot on awareness of labour laws at gokak mills

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A project reprot on awareness of labour laws at gokak mills A project reprot on awareness of labour laws at gokak mills Document Transcript

  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSTABLE OF CONTENTS Sr. Index Page no no 1 Executive summary 1-1 2 Company profile 2-27 3 Conceptual study 28-40 4 Research methodology 41-43 5 Statistical analysis and interpretation 44-69 6 Findings 70-71 7 Suggestions 72-73 8 Conclusion 74-75 9 Bibliography 76-77 10 Annexure 78-81 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 1
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSEXECUTIVE SUMMARY It matter of great honor and pride to under take my course in such anestimated organization, Gokak Textiles LTD (Gokak Mills Division) Gokak. It was myprivilege to do the study on “Awareness of labour laws at Gokak textiles ltd. Gokak textiles ltd is one of the reputed organization and is the secondlargest employment provides in India next to agriculture. It is an ISO 9000 CertifiedCompany in the year 1994 & ISO 14001Certified Company in the year 2000 for no. 7Mill. Main purpose of the study is to study the existing labour laws, voluntarybenefits providing by the organization and satisfaction rate of the workers to the existinglaws. The purpose of study is to find the awareness of labour laws among the workers. Both primary and secondary data has been used in order to achieve theobjectives. Primary data is collected through questionnaire and personal interaction.Secondary data colleted through books and company manual. Findings from the survey is: Most of the workers are satisfied with clanliness,lightings, drinking water, canteen facility, safety precaution, first aid, gratuity, ESI andPF benefits provided by the organization. Suggestions: The company should arrange for session on labour laws so that it makes them all the employees aware of it and the company should make the employees aware of calculation of PF, gratuity and it should also tell the workers how they are benefited from it. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 2
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSCOMPANY PROFILEINTRODUCTION Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 3
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS Indian cotton textile acquires a key and important position in the economyof our country because of its contribution to the industrial output employment generation& foreign exchange earning. At present, the contribution of the textile industry to GDP isabout 4%. The textile industry provides direct employment to about more than 30millionpeople & is the second largest employment provides in India next to agriculture. It has good labour strength & adopted very modern technology. Theindustry apart from being one of the agro based industries is also labour intensive &produces one of the most important day to day customer items essential for the people.Cotton is main raw material use for production of yarn and cloth. When the mill feelslack of cotton by local areas it imports the cotton from Australia & South Africa. Thetextile industry is a self reliant industry from the production of raw materials to thedelivery of final products with considerable value addition at each stage of processing. It is an ISO 9000 Certified Company in the year 1994 & ISO 14001CertifiedCompany in the year 2000 for no. 7 Mill & this Certification is being issued for the firsttextile unit in the south of Vindhya.LOCATION Gokak Mills, is situated in the foothills of Sahyadri Hills on the bank ofRiver Ghataprabha, 70kms from “Belgaum city” and 6km away from “Gokak town” andnear to Ghataprabha & Gokak Road railway station on the Bangalore-Miraj broad gaugesouth central line. The height of the waterfalls is about 170ft. It is believed that GokakFalls resembles that of Niagara in the general features of fall and its height. There is ahanging bridge across the river measuring about 210mts long and height above bed is14mts. “The beauty of the area is beyond expression”.HISTORY Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 4
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS A Gokak mill was registered in the year 1885 by Ritche Stewart Ltd, underthe name of Gokak water power and manufacturing company Ltd (GWPCL). On the 5 thOctober 1887 the first power house of the country was commissioned and with the helpof 250 HP of mechanical power generated by pelton wheel, which was transmitted to thespinning mills run by Gokak waterpower and manufacturing company ltd. Theextraordinary length of the line of transmission and speed attained by the huge pulleywheels were said to surpass only thing as the kind in the world.646.42 hectors is the totalland location of the mill dividing area including village afforestation and area listed in thetotal property. In the year 1887 1 st mill was started with 6000 spindles and in the year 1890spindles were increased to 29525. In the year 1913 1 st time in Asia started Hydro powergeneration by using turbine. In the year 1919 the company was registered in India as “Gokak Mills Ltd”then it becomes a rupee company. Ritche Stewart and company limited, united with M/s.Forbes and company to becomes Forbes Campbell of $ 100000. The company startedwith 3 turbines of 250 HP each. In the year 1924 a waste processing unit was started. In the year 1973 GokakMill merged with Gokak Volkart Ltd, and the Gokak Mill became division of thiscompany. In the year 1992 Gokak Volkart merged with Forbes Campbell Ltd, and thenew company named as Forbes Gokak Ltd. In the year 2007, Gokak Mills came out and made a separate textilescompany as Gokak Textiles Ltd consisting of Gokak Mills, Campbell knitwear and ptGokak, Indonesia.COMPANY PROFILE Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 5
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSCompany Name : Gokak Textiles Ltd. (A Gokak Mills Division)Address : Gokak Mills Gokak – Falls 591308(Belgaum). Ph: 08332-225004, 225154. Fax no: 08332- 225354.Year Establishment : 1887Products : Cotton and Blended yarn Grey Cotton and Blended fabric Dyed yarn Terry towelInstalled capacity : 90tones of yarns per dayNature : Textile BusinessNo. of Spindles : DTA - 89208 7th Mill - 25200Number of Employees : 4265(As on 30/7/2008)Capacity of power Generation : Hydro - 6.3 MW Diesel - 5.6 MW H.F.O - 6.2 MWCorporate office :(i) Gopalkrishna Comlpex, Residency Road, Bangalore.560 025 Tel.No 91-80-25588079 Fax No 91-80-41232267. :(ii) Chandivali Estate, Saki Powai Road, Chandivali, Andheri (E) Mumbai.-400 072 Tel.No.91-22-28471861/28471864. Fax No.91-22-28575904.BOARD OF DIRECTORS Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 6
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSMr. Shapoorji Pallonji Mistry-ChairmanMr. Pallonji Shapoorji MistryMr. Cyrus Pallonji MistryMr. Ashok Debabrata BaratMr. Govind Dasu PrasadMr. H.S.Bhasker-Executive Director & CEOMr. Chandrakanth Girdharalal ShahMr. Hoshang shavaksha BillmoriaMr. Ram GoyalLAND DETAILSSI ITEMS Area in HaNO1 Total factory land in Gokak 127.002 Undeveloped land A) Konnur 214.34 B) Gokak 311.353 Developed land 315.02 Total area 968WORKING HOURSHIFT HOURSI Shift 1.00am to 8.00amII shift 8.00am to 4.30pmIII shift 4.30pm to 1.00amCOMPANY’S GOAL1. Leadership in quality.2. Satisfied customer.3. Consistent growth. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 7
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS4. Reasonable profit.5. Happy communityKEY MESSAGES OF GOKAK MILLS1. Result Oriented2. Quick Response3. Continuous improvement4. Team wok5. Development of skills6. Respected works7. Display ability develops self-confidenceMISSION “WE are dedicated to provide quality product and services .we will continue todevelop quality to suit specific customer needs in line with changes in demand .Being aleading exporter, we will consolidate and enlarge manufacturing facility to meetcustomer’s quality standards at reasonable prices”.VISION1. Customers delight through quality products and services.2. Sustain and continuously enhance all stakeholders’ interest.3. Create working environment to make all employees produces as a member of team.4. Creation of clean and healthy environment.KEY BUSINESS FACTORS OF GOKAK MILLS1. Highly competitive, wide spread market.2. Continuous changes in customers needs, which is fashion led.3. Labour oriented hence high Labour force. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 8
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS4. Too many controls by Government and trade.5. High variable raw materials with fluctuations in price.6. Appropriate technology to meet global competition.MILLS ACCTIVITIES MILL NO. AREA OF ACTIVITY I Spinning---100% Cotton Carded and Combed II Spinning and doubling --- Cotton blends Carded and Combed III Open end spinning, reeling and waste recovery units IV Spinning, doubling and weaving --- Cotton and blends V Yarn mercerizing and dyeing VI Weaving--- Terry towels and Canvas VII Spinning--- 100% Cotton Carded and Combed EOUMAN POWER: - as on 31/05/2008Manager 24Supervisors 174Clerks 48Permanent workers 1955Badli workers 2064Multi skill trainee NilITI trainee NilTotal 4265QUALITY POLICY We strive for achieving complete customer satisfaction by supplying quality productsand services by exceeding customer requirements. We are committed to continualimprovement in product quality and services based on customer feed back. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 9
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSBUSINESS POLICY Gokak Mills will strive to improve quality and skill to world standard. We willmanufacture products of consistent quality and price viable to our customers .We willspecialize in certain products for certain selected customers .We will adopt a policy ofcontinuous learning and improvement to retain our premier status. Exports will receivepriority.ENVIRONMENTAL POLICYGokak Mill No 7(EOU) is engaged in manufacturing of cotton yarns Combed and Cardedis Committed to • Comply with relevant Legislative, Regulatory and other requirements applicable to its activities and its products. • Prevention of pollution by following good management practices, minimizing and reuse of solid waste wherever possible and conserve natural resources and Bio- diversity by planting more trees within the mills premises and surroundings areas by providing saplings. • Continual improvement in its environmental performance by periodically reviewing its objectives and targets.The above policy is well implemented and communicated to all the employees. The copyof the policy will be made available to the regulatory authorities and public on request.ENERGY CONSERVATION POLICY “We commit to save energy by means of systematic and scientific approachin identifying real opportunities which are economically viable. Ultimate objective is toreduce cost/ unit of production and also save Fuel, Water and Compressed Air”.HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 10
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS It is the policy of company which that its activities should be conducted so toensure that health and safety of its employees as well as other persons, in the factorypremises to ensure that environment around is not damaged. The Company attaches as great important to the above objectives as it do itsprimary business objectives. The Company believes that restricted to the Health and Safety in themanufacturing and allied activities are controllable and it will take all reasonable stepstowards this End. While compiling with all relevant rules and regulations the companywill also provide all necessary inputs by ensuring that: • The plant installed is designed, maintained and operated in such a way that it is safe and without risk to health. • All necessary arrangements are made in the mill to ensure safety and health of the workers during the use, handling, storage and transport of articles and substances & disposal of trade waste & effluents out side the mill premises. • Adequate arrangements are made for fire fighting emergency exists. • Workers are properly informed, instructed & trained for the job they handle. Pre-employment training is given.SUCCESSIVE FACTORS OF THE COMPANY1. Product Quality: As required by the customer delivery on time.2. Productivity: Improvement and real growth.3. Cost of manufacture: Reduction in cost high realization. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 11
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS4. Finance: Economically managed funds and shorter cycle time.5. Appropriate technology: To have an edge in the market.6. Customer relation and satisfaction.7. Supplier performance: Consistency in supply and delivery.8. Effective support service.9. Skilled and satisfied employees with empowerment.10.Community support.PRODUCT COMPITITORS:Grey yarn for knitting: EOU like Amit, Indocount, Eurotex, Mahaveer, Nahara spinning mills.Grey yarn for weaving: Vardhaman, welspun, JamshreeTerry towels: Vardhaman, Mahaveer, Arunodaya, Nahar etc.Dyed yarns: Vardhaman Sundraj.LIST OF EXPORTING COUNTRIES: India is one of the leaders in the world cotton market .The main competitorsof India are Pakistan, Italy, Korea, Indonesia , Turkey, Brazil and USA. 1. China 11.Dubai 21.South Africa 2. USA 12.Korea 22.Canada 3. UK 13.Magnolia 23.Israel Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 12
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS 4. Belgium 14.Jordan 24.Lebanon 5. Turkey 15.Nepal 25.New Zealand 6. Egypt 16.Bangladesh 26.Mauritius 7. Saudi Arabia 17.Hong Kong 8. Brazil 18.Japan 9. Colombia 19.Taiwan 10. Argentina 20.AustraliaVARIOUS DEPARTMENTS AT GOKAK MILLS LTD. Are: • Research and development • Production • Finance • Purchase • Stores • Engineering • Chemical processing • Marketing • Dispatch • Project and development • Information technology • Human resource developmentRESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT DEPT: The main activity of this department is monitoring the qualityassurance activities. Its functions start from testing of raw materials to quality approvalof end products. It guides the cotton purchase department to procedure-desired quality of Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 13
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSraw materials for production of required products by considering the process involved.Quality testing is done at each stage of manufacturing process and relative reportsprepared. It always keeps in touch with production department. The reports anddocuments are prepared here as per the ISO requisitions. Few of them are:- • Process control studies. • Testing reports. • Quality assurance reports. • Yarn testing reports.RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES: • Monitoring the quality to meet customer needs. • Preparing guidelines for quality acceptance. • Designing process control studies to prevent market complaints. • Compiling data for competitive performance evaluation. • Compiling statistics to study trends for continuous improvement. • Conducting studies for reduction of waste and costs.QUALITY OBJECTIVES • Revising process control and testing based on market feedback. • Making internal quality acceptance criteria more rigid. • Compile market request and study trends. • Region wise market complaint is analyzed. • Conduct training program. • Plan daily activities to cover areas at a period of time. • Device testing plans to suit product needs.PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT: Gokak Mills is involved in manufacturing cotton yarns of both grey anddyed. Gokak Mill also manufactures a small quantity of terry towel and canvas fabrics. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 14
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSAs earlier mentioned Gokak Mills is integrated with seven different mills. No. 5 mill is aDyeing Plant and is managed separately by chemical processing department.1. MIXING:-It is first step in production process of No. 4 Mill here various fibers likecotton and polyesters are mixed together.2. BLOWROOM:-In the Blow room, Machine, Opens the cotton and cleans them bypassing through various openers and beaters various impurities like seeds bit, stonesleaves etc, are removed here and cleaned and cotton is passed to carding Department.3. CARDING:-Carding Department is called as “Heart of Spinning” because withoutCarding can’t spin good yarn. In this process the materials through five wires point, hereimpurities remaining in Cotton and Short immater fibers are removed. The Card producesa continuous stand of fibers called as “Sliver”.Comber Department:-1. Sliver Lap: To Convert carding sliver into lap from which is suitable for Ribbon Lap.2. Ribbon Lap: Is later fed in the Comber. Here short fibers are extracted along with dust (if present).4. DRAWING:-Here work is done as making the sliver uniform and also makes thefibers parallel to the axis of the Sliver it becomes parallel by improve blending of fibersby drafting several as slivers to require thickness. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 15
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS5. INTER:-Making the sliver in to a bobbin by giving some amount of twist to rovingwhich will stand in ring frame.6. SPINNING:-In this process the rove is to get the required liniest density and twist isgiven to get the required strength and effect. The yarns are wounded on cops (spindles)form the section, the cops are sent to post spinning section with the spinning Advice Slip.7. WINDING: - (Post Spinning Section) In the process bobbin caps are on large cones.Which are suitable for markets? Yarn are cleaned and sent on large packages uniformly.The weight of the cones package varies as per customer requirement. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 16
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS8. DOUBLING AND TWISTING:-Doubling is the process in which two or more singleyarns are spiraled uniformly with each other by delivering them to get here a pair of rollerand twisting them together, by means of revoking spindle. This is done to get *higherstrength resistances increased, and *reduced careless of yarns and *fancy effect. The processed cones are sent to packing section with a slip to counts detailsadvice but cone specification called “Winding details from post spinning.”9. PACKING:-The cones are passed through ultra-violet rays cabin for checking if anydefects, then they are checked for weight. The approved cones are packed in cartons bagsas on pallets and carton are used for exports and bags for domestic sales.FINANCE AND ACCOUNTS DEPARTMENT: This section looks after the allocation of funds for various activitiesaccounting of the transactions in monitory terms and manage the cash flow. All the majorfinancial decision is taken at the head office. This department at Gokak maintainsaccounts for various transactions and works and costing.MAJOR ACTIVITIES: • Cost accounting – Financial Accounting • Cotton Godown Inventory • Stores Godown Inventory Management • Central Excise, Sales Tax, Customs, Insurance, Logistic activities etc.OBJECTIVES: • To maintain the clear-cut information of the transaction and maintain the records and the books of accounts. • To show records to Government offices. • To show profit, expense, assets & liabilities details at any time. • To ensure endurance to accounting principles. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 17
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSTHE ACCOUNTS MAINTAINED ARE: • Cotton Purchase Accounts. • Stores Purchase Accounts. • Cash or Bank Accounts. • Scrap Waste Sales Accounts. • Sales Accounts. • Different Assets Accounts.BANKERS: • Union Bank of India • State Bank of India • Punjab National Bank • Standard Chartered BankCOSTING SECTION:The operations of this section are: • To maintain production records and reports from every mill • To calculate cost of production • Maintenance of cost audit reports • Preparation of monthly / yearly budgets. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 18
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSPURCHASE DEPARTMENT: This section looks after the purchase of required spares, consumables, dyes,chemicals, etc. This department ensures that right material of right quality and quantity isavailable at right time. • Identification and development of vendor. • Timely placement of order. • Follow up of orders for supply. • Timely payment to suppliers. • Periodic review of purchase activitiesSEVEN DIFFERENT FILES MAINTAINED HERE ARE: • Spares Material. • Material Engineering. • Material Packing. • Material General. • Material Miscellaneous. • Material Dyeing. • Import.STORES DEPARTMENT: Stores Department or Management refers to the management andcontrol of stores materials and related activities. In other words, it refers to the planning,storing, issuing and controlling stores inventory. Other than cotton all other materials are Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 19
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSstored like packing material, capital goods, engineering inputs, machinery spare parts,electrical etc. In Stores Department, “Weighted Average Method” is followed for issuingthe materials.Functions: • Identification of all materials stored. • Receipts of incoming stores materials. • Inspection of all receipts. • Storage and preservation of goods. • Issue and dispatch. • Maintenance of stores records. • Inventory control. • Stock taking, i.e. physical verification of goods. The main activities of this department are storing and issuing of spares and general stores. Approximately around 70,000 different items are stored at Gokak Mills. They are classified into six categories: • General Stores. • Engineering. • Spares. • Dyeing stores. • Packing.STORES OBJECTIVES: • Confirm supply as per Purchase Order. • Ensure quantity and correctness. • GRN preparation and approval in time. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 20
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS • Verification of bills and Purchase Order amount. • To satisfy user and issuing material in time. • To co-ordinate with purchase department, suppliers, users and accounts department.ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT: This department is responsible for all engineering activities and to ensurethat all machines and equipment’s are in good working conditions.There are five sections in this department: Section Functions Mechanical Workshop Repairing activities, humidification systems, boilers, and automobile maintenance. Electrical Maintenance of electrical equipments. Civil Maintenance of building, roads, etc. and maintenance of effluent treatment and sanitation. Power Generation Generation of power, Hydro D.G set / HFO maintenance. Electronics Maintenance of electronic equipments.OBJECTIVES OF ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT: • Planning and maintaining the maintenance schedule and use of genuine spares. • Reduction of inventory in stores Department. • Reduce machine down time by regular monitoring. • Conduct training program and regular emphasis to reduce waste. • Identifying place for improvement. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 21
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS • Maintain the machine condition in order to produce good quality products at minimum costs. • To provide in time services to the customer to produce within planned period. • Conducting studies and educating the concern to reduce waste.CHEMICAL PROCESSING DEPARTMENT: This department receives the sample from customer for shadematching. It develops the shade in laboratory to match party’s sample. Developed shadewill send to the party for approval. After approval of the shade customer will give therequirement to the marketing department with count, shade number, quality & deliverydata. Marketing department passes above details to production department. Productionplanning & control department prepares a production plan & arranges for grey yarn,colour & chemicals.THE PROCESS OF DYEING AT MILL NO 5:Dye packing winding:-when the yarn is to be dyed/bleached the first process shall to bewind the yarn from a common cone to a preformatted tube with low tension. So that thesame can be processed further.Scouring:-This is process of removing the natural was present in the cotton. So that thesame can be bleached/dyed (using some chemical).Bleaching:-This is the process of removing the natural color of cotton & making white.Dyeing:-This is a process of giving required color to the yarn. This is done with variouscolor combination & chemicals.Finishing:-This is a process of imparting the required properties of the yarn to havesoftness, good feel etc. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 22
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSSingeling:-This is a process of removing the protruding hairs from the yarn by burning it.This is done very carefully so that it will not harm the yarn.Drying:-Here wet processed material is dried.Final winding:-After the wet processes the yarns are wound on cones with tension. Sothat they can be fed to either knitting or weaving machines.MARKETING DEPARTMENT: Marketing department is located in Mumbai. All activities aregoverned and controlled in Mumbai itself. It is having three divisions mainly:EXPORTS: The division concentrates on all export and the marketing of Terry Towel inboth export and domestic market.DOMESTIC SALES: It looks after sales of Terry Yarns and Grey Fabrics in domesticmarkets through its branch offices located in various centers all over IndiaVALUE ADDED TEXTILE: It concentrates on processed yarns for both export anddomestic markets. It has agents for offering better service and to collect information onmarketsDISPATCH DEPARTMENT: Under this department packed goods are sent to the respective parties. Herepacked production is 90 tones per day and sent to the parties according to theirspecification i.e. through ship or road transport. Under this process, finished goods are first sent to the “Packing Department”,here goods are packed and sent to the “Finished Goods Godawan”. According to thecontract, goods are sent or dispatched to the respective parties. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 23
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSPROJECT & DEVELOPMENT DEPT: This section looks after renovation, modernization and expansion. It alsodoes planning and execution of capital purchases and designing is done in computer.OBJECTIVES: • Updating the technology. • Modernization process, planning and execution. • New project installation. • Making technical survey from supplier. • Clearance of obsolote machinery.INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) DEPARTMENT: To identify computer application and arrange to design, develop andimplement in Gokak Mills Division, Gokak Vadodara Spinning Mills including headoffice, Branches and Depots. The main function is for the designing, developing andimplementing and maintenance of new system packages as per user’s requirements. Itshould provide necessary locking controls such that only the concerned users use therelevant data’s. It is responsible for maintenance and procuring of hardware, software andother related equipments and also to train the users for the effective use of systemsdeveloped carry out the same. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 24
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSHUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT: The function of this department is linked with all departments of theCompany to maintain good relation between management and employees leading toorganization and increase in production. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 25
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSFUNCTIONS OF HRD : • Man power planning • Recruitment and selection • Grievance handling • Industrial Relations • Performance Appraisal • Placement, training and development • Wage and salary Administration • Health and safety measures • Promotion, demotion, transfer, and retirementTYPES OF TRAINING: • Pre-employment • Refresher • Development • FunctionalTRAINING PROGRAMMES: • Creativity of managers • Energy saving and maintenance • ISO 9000 refreshers program • Fire fighting training Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 26
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS • Awareness program on Total Quality Management • Camp Awareness Programs • Leadership And MotivationWELFARE FACILITIES:HOSPITAL: • 35 bedded with modern equipment’s qualified doctors, medical facilities available around the clock. • Scholarship to children of employees • Recreational facilities • Quarters, houses for employees • School • Canteen facility • Employees co-operative credit societySAFETY DEPARTMENT: In the industries like Forbes Gokak ltd. Accidents are like very imminent. Tocore up with the same personnel department has imparted one safety in charge Mr.Sheelavant who looks after if any such accidents take place over the work place. The endeavour of the safety department is going to bring down the possibilities ofthe accidents and as such to the zero level for the companies like Forbes Gokak Ltd. It isnot enough if they put the machines and some workers to operate the same because theaccidents are very imminent during those operations. So the Gokak Textiles Ltd. Has adopted the safety department which in terms takescare of both minor and major accidents takes place. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 27
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS As per the data, I have collected the observation shows that the safety department isfunctioning properly through the accidents taken place in the industry since past indecreasing order every year.PROCEDURE OF RECRUITMENT AND SELECTIONWorkmen: A special committee, which includes managers, HRD managers, trainingofficers, chief medical officer, production manager does workmen selection. Generallyworkmen are recruited from near by areas. It is also done on the bases of list sent by theunion.Eligibility: SSLC as minimum qualification, good physical health, now recently MSKL(multi skilled trainee) has been introduced where SSLC qualification is must.After selecting the workmen following phases is to be passed throughPhase I: 12 months trainingPhase II: 6 months training In the period of 18 months training the workmen’s performance is evaluated bytop level management and then given a badli pass, considering the factors likeattendance, work practice, behaviour and punctuality. The pay given is equal to thepermanent employee. In addition to ESI is given.Clerks: Minimum qualification required is BA, BCom, or SSLC .Officers: For the officers’ post required qualification is diploma, others features lookedupon are the experience knowledge skills. Initially Advt is given in news paper for vacancies. The form is filled bythem in which contains all details of qualification, excellence, years of experience, Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 28
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSsubject knowledge, quality of experience, personality etc. Then selection is done lookingat the initial requirements & then called for the interview. After final selection is done bytop leader, they have to work for 6 months as a prohibitory period. If the management issatisfied with that employees works in 6 months duration, then his job is confirmed.Managers: Selection is done directly by personal interview by the top level management.Here the qualification and experience counts more for the final selectionCONCEPTUAL STUDY Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 29
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSFACTORY ACT, 1948 The factory act, is a social legislation which has been enacted foroccupational safety, health & welfare of workers at work places.Objectives1) To regulate working condition in manufacturing establishments.2) To ensure adequate safety, sanitation, health, working hours, leave, with wages & weekly holidays for workers employed in factories.3) It is protective legislation protecting employees from exploitation by employers.4) Act regulates employment of women and young persons in factories. ‘Factory’ means any premises where 10 or more workers are working, orworking on any day of the preceding 12 months, & manufacturing process is carried onwith the aid of power. ‘Manufacturing process’ means process of making, altering,repairing, ornamenting, finishing, packing, oiling, washing, cleaning, breaking up,demolishing or otherwise treating or adapting any articles or substance with a view to itsuse, sale, transport, delivery, disposal. ‘worker’ means a person employed in anymanufacturing process or cleaning or any work incidental to manufacturing process & italso includes person employed through contractor.Occupier of the factory: ‘occupier’ of a factory means the person who has ultimatecontrol over the affairs of the factory. It includes a partner/ member in case of firm and Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 30
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSdirector in case of company. In case of Government company, the person appointed tomanage the affairs of the factory. He has to give notice 15 days before he begins tooccupy the premises as a factory, giving details as prescribed in section 7.Duties of the occupier: Every occupier shall ensure, as for as possible, the health,safety, and welfare of all workers while they are working in the factory.Duties of manufacturer: Every person who designs, manufactures, imports or suppliesany article for use in factory shall designed and constructed as to be safe and withoutrisks to the health of the workers. Adequate safety information about the article should begiven.Health measures: The factory should be kept clean and arrangement to dispose of wasteand effluents. Adequate ventilation, lighting, drinking water, latrines, urinals andspittoons should be provided. Artificial humidification should be at prescribed standardlevel. Overcrowding should be avoided.Safety measures: All machinery should be properly fenced to protect workers whenmachinery is in motion. Safety appliances for eyes, dangerous dusts, gas and fumesshould be provided. Adequate fire fighting equipment should be available. Safety officershould be appointed if numbers of workers in factory are 1000 or more.Welfare measures: Adequate and suitable facilities for washing, sitting, storing anddrying of cloths, first aid boxes, canteen, rest rooms etc.Working hours: Adult worker cannot be employed for more than 48 hours in a week and9 hours in a day. If he is asked to work on weekly holiday, he should have full holiday onone of three days immediately or after the normal day of holiday. The worker should be Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 31
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSgiven rest intervals and overtime. Total period of work inclusive of rest interval cannot bemore than 10.5 hours. Notice of period of work should be displayed.Overtime wages: If workers works more than 9 hours in a day or 48 hours in a week,overtime wages are double the rate of wages are payable.Employment of women and young person: A woman worker cannot be employedbeyond 6 a.m. and after 7 p.m. Shift change can be only after weekly or other holiday andnot in between. A child who was completed his 14 th year or an adolescent shall not berequired or allowed to work in any factory.Leave: A worker is entitled in every calendar year annual leave with wages at the rate ofone day for every 20 days of work performed in the previous calendar year, provided thathe had worked for 240 days or more in the previous calendar year. Child worker isentitled to one day per every 15 days and maternity leave up to 12 weeks and lay off dayswill be considered.Wages for OT and leave salary: Wages for leave encashment and overtime will includedearness allowance and cash equivalent of any benefit. However, it will not includebonus or overtime.Notice of accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences: Notice of any accidentcausing disablement of more than 48 hours, dangerous occurrences and occupationaldiseases should be informed to factories inspector. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 32
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSESI (EMPLOYEE STATE INSURANCE ACT-1948) The ESI act is a social security and a social insurance measure aimingtowards providing cash and medical benefit to employees in the events of sickness,maternity, employment injury, accidents, disablement or death. Every employee(including casual and temporary employees), whether employed directly or through acontractor, who is in receipt of wages upto Rs. 10,000 p.m. is entitled to be insured underthe E.S.I. Act. However, apprentices engaged under the Apprentices Act are not entitledto the E.S.I. benefits.FINANCES The scheme is primarily funded by contribution raised from insuredemployees and their employers in the implemented areas as a small but specifiedpercentage of wages payable to such employees. An employee covered under the scheme has contribute 1.75% of thewages where as employer contributes 4.75% of the wages payable to an employee.Employees earning less than Rs.40/- a day are exempted from payment of contribution.Benefits under ESI ACT-19481. MEDICAL BENEFIT Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 33
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS The scheme provides full range of medical care such as (a) Out patienttreatment (b) In patient treatment (c) Domiciliary treatment by visits at the residences (d)Specialist consultation and diagnostic facilities (e) Free supply of drugs and dressings (f)X-ray and laboratory services (g) Ambulance services or conveyance charges for going tohospitals or diagnostic centers (h) Free diet during admission in hospitals (i) Familywelfare services and other national health programme services (j) Special provisionincluding super speciality treatment (k) Free supply of artificial limbs, aids andappliances for physical rehabilitation.2. SICKNESS BENEFIT It represents periodical payments made to an insured person for the periodof certified sickness after completing nine months in insurable employment. The benefitis payable at the standard benefit rate, corresponding to his daily average wages, It’showever, not payable for any day on which the employee works, remains on leave,holiday or strike, in respect of which he receives wages. To qualify for this benefit, contribution should have been payable foratleast 78 days in the relevant contribution period. The maximum duration for availingsickness benefit is 91 days in two consecutive benefit periods. No sickness benefit shallbe payable for the first two days of sickness following, at an interval of not more than15days, after the sickness in respect of which sickness benefits were last paid. Thesickness benefit is paid at a standard rate for 28 wage slabs. The rate of payment varyfrom Rs. 14/- to Rs. 125/- per day averaging just above 50 percent of the daily wages. After exhausting the sickness benefit payable upto 91 days, an insuredperson, if suffering from tuberculosis/leprosy, mental and malignant diseases or any ofthe 34 specified long term diseases is entitled to extended sickness benefit.3. MATERNITY BENEFIT A periodical cash benefit is payable to an insured woman employee, incase of confinement, miscarriage, premature birth of a child, or sickness arising from Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 34
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSpregnancy, etc., occurring or expected to occur in a benefit period, if the contributions, inrespect of her were payable for at least (70 days) in the two immediately precedingcontribution periods. Maternity benefit is normally payable for a maximum period of 12weeks in case of confinement, 6 weeks in case of miscarriage of medical termination ofpregnancy and for one additional month in case of sickness arising out of confinementduly certified by an authorized medical officer.4. DISABLEMENT BENEFIT Disablement benefit is payable in the form of cash installments, to anemployee who is injured in the course of his employment and is, permanently ortemporarily, disabled, or contacts any occupational disease. It is sufficient if it is provedthat the injury was caused by an accident arising out of, and in the course of employment,no matter when it occurred, and where it occurred.5. DEPENDANTS BENEFIT Periodical pension is paid to the dependants of a deceased insured personwhere death occurs as a result of an employment injury or occupational disease.6. Other benefits(i) Funeral expenses are in the nature of a lump sum payment upto a maximum of Rs. 2500/- made to defray the expenditure on the funeral of deceased insured person.(ii) Rehabilitation allowance Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 35
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSTHE PAYMENT OF GRATUITY ACT,1972 ‘Gratuity’ refers to additional retirement benefit to be secured to labour forthe contribution of their services in the organization.Objects of the act1) Gratuity was considered as a provision for old age.2) It was payment given by an employer to his employees.3) It came to be paid compulsorily to employees engaged in factories, mines, oilfields, plantation, ports, railway companies, motor transport undertakings, shops & other establishment.4) It provides for rewarding employees who have served a long career in organization.5) It serve as an incentive to employees to continue sustained services in the organization for long duration. The payment of Gratuity act, 1972 came into force on 16th September 1972.The Payment of Gratuity Is Calculated By The Following Given Formula LAST DRAWN SALARY 15 NO. Of. Years (Min 5 Years) (15 DAYS) X X 26 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 36
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS1) After completing five years any of the organization(Gokak Mills ) He is eligible forthe gratuity.2) After completion of the service the employee is paid the gratuity based on theremaining years excluding the 5years.3) The employee is 15 days salary for each rest of the years, eg:- ( 5years+8years) theemployee will be paid (15days of 8years=120days salary).Employees provident funds act, 1952 The PF act is enacted to provide for the institution of provident fund,pension fund and deposit linked insurance fund for employees in factories and otherestablishment. The employees provident fund and miscellaneous provision act is a socialsecurity legislation to provide for provident fund, family pension and insurance toemployees. Employee has to pay contribution towards the fund and employers also payequal contribution.Applicability of the act: Application to factories and any other establishment or class ofestablishments employing 20 or more persons which may be specified by centralgovernment by notification in official gazette and can be made applicable by centralgovernment to establishments employing less than 20 person or if the majority ofemployees agree. Once the provision of act become applicable, it continues to beapplicable even if number of employees less than 20 person.Employees provident fund scheme: This is the main scheme under the act. Bothemployer and employee have to pay contribution to provident fund. The employer has todeduct contribution of employee from the salary of employee and has to pay both Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 37
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSemployees contribution as well as employers’ contribution by a challan in prescribedform.Benefits under the scheme: Members will get loan for education, house building, formarriage and medical treatment etc during employment.Employees’ pension scheme: This scheme is applicable to all subscribers of employers’provident fund. If employees work 10 years in a factory then only get pension.Contribution: The principal employer is liable to pay contribution of his ownemployees as well as employees employed through contractor. Contribution of bothemployer and employee is same i.e. 12% each. Employer has to pay his contribution toEPF. He cannot deduct his contribution from wages of the employee. However, he has todeduct employees share from his salary and pay the same in EPF scheme. The employers’ contribution of 8.33% will be diverted to the fund ofpension scheme and 3.67% balance will be retained in the EPF scheme. Totally 15.67%as a employees provident fund. The 8.33% is on maximum salary of Rs. 6500/-. If someemployers are paying contribution on salary in excess of Rs. 6500/-, the excesscontribution will be credited to provident fund account and not to pension scheme.Benefit under the scheme: Members will get pension on superannuation or retirementfrom service or permanent disablement during employment. Widow or widower’spension, children pension (up to 25 years) or orphan pension payable to the beneficiariesof such employees. If person is unmarried or has no family, pension is available tonominee for a specified period.Employees Deposit Linked insurance scheme: The purpose of the scheme is to providelife insurance to employees who are already covered under PF. The employee does not Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 38
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLScontribute any amount to the scheme. The salary limit for coverage of employees is sameas that of provident fund. The employer contributes 1.1% as a employees deposit linkedinsurance scheme.INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES ACT, 1947 The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 came into existence in April 1947. Itwas enacted to make provisions for investigation and settlement of industrial disputes andfor providing certain safeguards to the workers.Causes for the disputes in the organization:-1) Demand for increase in wages, dearness allowance, and bonus.2) Demand for improvement in the working conditions and to reduce working hours.3) Demand for benefit such as medical facilities, education. Recreation and convenyance arrangements.4) Faulty policies of recruitment, transfers, promotions, and lay-offs etc.5) Absence of the discipline, leadership, miss use of the existing legistation.6) Communication gap in-between and within the organization.Objects of the acts1) To promote majors for securing and preserving the smooth and harmonious relations between employers and workers.2) To promote collective bargaining between management and labour Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 39
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS3) To prevent illegal strikes and lockouts.4) Compensation arrangements in case of lay-off and retrenchment of workman.5) Prevention of unfair labour practices.6) Provision for payment of wages from date of the award till the suit pending before court of law decided.7) Reference of individual disputes to grievance settlements authorities.TRADE UNION ACT-1926 It refers to an organization of workers that is formed for the purpose ofmaintaining and improving the condition of workers. The industrial society got dividedinto two groups-workers and employers. This resulted in the revolution of trade unions. "Trade Union" means combination, whether temporary orpermanent, formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations betweenworkmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, or between employers andemployers, or employee and employee or for imposing restrictive condition on theconduct of any trade or business, and includes any federation of two or more TradeUnions;Functions of trade union1) To provide better working conditions & ensure suitable remuneration.2) To encourage workers participation, protect & promote all interests of workers in the industry in management.3) To provide financial, social, psychological & moral help to trade union members.4) To provide for facilities such as recreation areas, libraries etc for its Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 40
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS members & their facilities.7) To provide loan in times of need to union members.8) To improve educational levels of union workers through training & other programmes.9) To offers any assistance in times of need & difficulty.10) To develop political awareness among workers.11) To spread awareness amongst workers regarding their duties & responsibilities enhancing the political status of the country.Objectives of trade union1) Helping to secure better wages.2) To secure better working condition & basic needs.3) To ensure that workers receive their share due in the prosperity of the company.4) To protect the interests of workers through bargaining.5) To negate & form of exploitation by employers upon workers.6) To develop a sense of group support and backing amongst workers.7) Helpful in minimizing labour problems. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 41
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSRESEARCH METHDOLOGY Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 42
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSObjectives of the study: • To study the existing labour laws at Gokak mills. • To check the awareness of labour laws among the workers. • To study the rate of satisfaction/ dissatisfaction of the workers towards the facilities.Statement of the problem:‘To find the awareness of labour laws among the employees’Scope of the study:The survey is restricted to mill no 1,3 and engineering departments and labour laws thatare • Factory act, 1948 • Employees state insurance act, 1948 • Employees provident fund act, 1952 • Trade union act, 1926 • Industrial dispute act, 1947 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 43
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS • Payment of gratuity act, 1972SamplingPopulation: Total population size is .Sample size: The sample size is 50 workers.Sample unit: It consist of mill no 1, 3 and engineering departments.Research design: The research design used is descriptive and the primary informationcollected through questionnaire considering 50 workers as sample.Data collection method:Primary data • Questionnaire • Random sampling • Personal interactionSecondary data • Text books • Company manualMethod used for analysis: Frequency distributionGraph representation: pie chartsStatistical package: SPSS (Statistical Package for social science)Limitation of the study: • Workers were busy most of the time. • Survey was difficult in working hours. • More illiterate workers. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 44
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSProcedure: The questionnaire was personally explained to each employee and responseswere taken down.STATISTICAL ANALYSISAND INTERPRETATION Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 45
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS1. You are working in this organization as Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid permanent 32 64.0 64.0 64.0 temporary 18 36.0 36.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 46
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS temporary permanentInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that the most of workers arepermanent workers. About 36% of the workers are on temporary basis.2. Facilities provided by the organization. Light Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 49 98.0 98.0 98.0 no 1 2.0 2.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 47
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS Drinking water Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid Yes 48 96.0 96.0 96.0 No 2 4.0 4.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Rest room Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 50 100 100 100 light drinking water no no yes yes Canteen Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 49 98.0 98.0 98.0 no 1 2.0 2.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Sitting facility Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 48
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 4 8.0 8.0 8.0 no 46 92.0 92.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Latrines & urinals Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 50 100.0 100.0 100.0 sitting facility canteen no yes no yesInterpretation: From the above pie charts it is clear that the most of workers aresatisfied with the light, drinking water, and canteen facilities, but about 1% of theworkers are not satisfied with light and canteen facilities and about 2% of the workerswith the drinking water facility. Most of the employees said that there is no rest room andsitting facility provided to them.3. Are you satisfied with canteen facility provided by the organization. Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid satisfied 32 64.0 64.0 64.0 highly 6 12.0 12.0 76.0 satisfied dissatisfied 10 20.0 20.0 96.0 highly 2 4.0 4.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 49
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS dissatisfied Total 50 100.0 100.0 highly dissatisfied dissatisfied highly satisfied satisfiedInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers are satisfiedwith the canteen facility. About 20% of them are dissatisfied, 12% are highly satisfied,and 4% of the employees are highly dissatisfied by the canteen facility provided by theorganization.4. Working hour in Gokak mills is in between. Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid <8hr 10 20.0 20.0 20.0 >8hr 2 4.0 4.0 24.0 8hr 38 76.0 76.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 50
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS <8hr >8hr 8hrInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers said that theworking hours is 8 hours per day, where as 20% of them said that the working hours areless than 8 hours and 4% said that it was more than 8 hours.5. Are you aware of different kinds of leaves available in this organization? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 46 92.0 92.0 92.0 no 4 8.0 8.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 51
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers are awarebut only 8% of the workers are unaware of different kinds of leaves.6. Do you know about the overtime wages and its calculation? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 25 50.0 50.0 50.0 no 25 50.0 50.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 52
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS yes noInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that half of the workers said that theyknew about the over time wages and its calculation.7. Safety instructions displayed on dangerous machines. Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 46 92.0 92.0 92.0 no 4 8.0 8.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 53
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that 92% of the workers said thatthere is safety instructions displayed on dangerous machines, where as 8% of them saidno.8. Is there first aid provision in your organization? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 43 86.0 86.0 86.0 no 7 14.0 14.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 54
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers said there isfirst aid provision, where as 14% of them said no.9. Does the company give first aid training for the workers? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 19 38.0 38.0 38.0 no 31 62.0 62.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 55
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS yes noInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that about 38% of the employeeswere given training on first aid, but 62% of the employees said they were not giventraining on first aid.10. Does the organization give fire fighting training? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 26 52.0 52.0 52.0 no 24 48.0 48.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 56
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers were giventraining on fire fighting, but 48% of them were not trained.11. Any safety measures/precaution taken while fire accidents, injuries etc. Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 49 98.0 98.0 98.0 no 1 2.0 2.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 57
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers are satisfiedwith the safety measures/ precaution taken while fire accidents, injuries, etc., but 2% arenot satisfied.12. Are you satisfied with medical benefit under ESI act? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid satisfied 40 80.0 80.0 80.0 S highly 5 10.0 10.0 90.0 satisfied dissatisfied 4 8.0 8.0 98.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 58
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS highly 1 2.0 2.0 100.0 dissatisfied Total 50 100.0 100.0 highly dissatisfied dissatisfied highly satisfied satisfiedInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers said thatthey are satisfied with the medical benefit under ESI act, 10% of them are highlysatisfied, 8% are dissatisfied, and only 2% are highly dissatisfied.13. Are you aware of ESI benefits? Medical Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 48 96.0 96.0 96.0 no 2 4.0 4.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 59
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS Total 50 100.0 100.0 Sickness Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 45 90.0 90.0 90.0 no 5 10.0 10.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 medical sickness no no yes yes Funeral Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 45 90.0 90.0 90.0 no 5 10.0 10.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 60
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS Accidents Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 48 96.0 96.0 96.0 no 2 4.0 4.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 funeral accidents no no yes yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers are aware ofthe ESI benefits like medical, sickness, funeral, and accidents. Whereas 10% are notaware of the sickness and funeral benefits and 4% are not aware of medical and accidentbenefits under ESI act.14. Are you aware of payment of gratuity? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 38 76.0 76.0 76.0 no 12 24.0 24.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 61
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers are aware ofpayment of gratuity but 24% of the workers are unaware.15. Do you know what is EPF, EPS and its rate/amount of contribution. Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 20 40.0 40.0 40.0 no 30 60.0 60.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 62
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS yes noInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that the workers know about EPF andEPS but they don’t know the amount of contribution.16. Under provident fund act benefits provided by the organization. Education loan Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 26 52.0 52.0 52.0 Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 63
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS no 24 48.0 48.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Home loan Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 38 76.0 76.0 76.0 no 12 24.0 24.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 education loan home loan no no yes yes For marriage Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 64
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 39 78.0 78.0 78.0 no 11 22.0 22.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 Medical Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 28 56.0 56.0 56.0 no 22 44.0 44.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 medical for marriage no no yes yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers said thatthey are benefited from the provident fund act provided by the organization. Where as48% of them said they are not benefited by the education loan, 44% of them by themedical, 24% of them by home loan, and 22% of them are not benefited from marriagebenefits under PF act provided by the organization. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 65
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS17. Is there any deduction from the salary as PF.? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 50 100.0 100.0 100.0 yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that all the workers are aware ofdeduction of salary as PF. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 66
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS18. Do you know whom to approach in case of any grievance and dispute with a co-worker or with employer? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 48 96.0 96.0 96.0 no 2 4.0 4.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers know whomto approach in case of grievance and dispute with a co-worker or with employer, but only4% of the workers did not know whom to approach. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 67
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS19. Causes of disputes. Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid lack of3 6.0 6.0 6.0 communication lack of18 36.0 36.0 42.0 cooperation improper 5 10.0 10.0 52.0 management wages 3 6.0 6.0 58.0 does the higher21 42.0 42.0 100.0 authority misuse their power Total 50 100.0 100.0 lack of communicatio does the higher auth lack of cooperation w ages improper managementInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers said that thecauses for disputes in the organization is because the higher authority misuse their power,36% due to lack of cooperation, 10% due to improper management, and 6% due to lackof communication and wages. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 68
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS20. Are you satisfied with the functioning of trade union? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 44 88.0 88.0 88.0 no 6 12.0 12.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers are satisfiedwith trade union functions but 12% of the workers are not satisfied with the functions ofthe trade union. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 69
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS21. Does the trade union solve the problems between the workers and the management? Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 43 86.0 86.0 86.0 no 7 14.0 14.0 100.0 Total 50 100.0 100.0 no yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that most of the workers said that thetrade union solved the problems between the workers and the management, but 14% ofthem said that the trade union did not solve the problems. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 70
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS22. Are you aware of contribution deducted from the salary for being a member of trade union. Frequency Percent Valid Cumulative Percent Percent Valid yes 50 100.0 100.0 100.0 yesInterpretation: From the above pie chart it is clear that hundred percentage of theworkers are aware of contribution deducted from the salary for being a member of tradeunion. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 71
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSFINDINGS Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 72
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS • About 99% of the workers are male and 64% of the workers are permanent workers. • The company has got a huge section of people who have been working here from the past many years. • Majority of the workers are aware of health, welfare and safety measures provided by the mill. • Most of the workers are residing in company quarters. • About 90% of the workers are paid less, but have more work load. • About 76% of the workers are working 8 hour/day. • About 92% of the workers are aware about leaves given by the organization. • About 50 % of the workers are aware about the over time wages, but they don’t know how it is calculated. • About 93% of the workers are aware of the ESI benefits. • About 66% of the workers know about the PF benefits provided by the organization. but about 37% of the workers are not satisfied by the PF benefit provided by the company. • About 76% of the workers are aware of gratuity. About 24% of the workers are not aware of the gratuity as they are temporary workers. • The major cause for dispute in the company is because of lack of cooperation among the workers and also because the higher authority misuse their powers. • About 88% of the workers are satisfied with the functioning of trade union. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 73
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSSUGGESTIONS Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 74
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS • The company should arrange for session on labour laws so that it makes them all the employees aware of it. • The company should make the employees aware of calculation of PF, gratuity and it should also tell the workers how they are benefited from it. • Employers should maintain good relationship with doctors. They need to cross check the doctors’ facility with the workers. • The workers should be told whom to approach in case of any grievance and dispute with a co-worker or with employer. • Food quality has to be improved and varieties of break fast have to be provided. • The latrines and urinals have to be cleaned and maintained properly. • Organization should provide safe drinking water to the workers in engineering department. • Safety officer should make the workers aware of the first aid facility and where it is located. • The management has to conduct health camps frequently for workers. • The management has to improve the quality of education. • Management should provide fire fighting training to all the workers. • Management should provide transport facilities to the workers. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 75
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSCONCLUSION Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 76
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS Gokak textiles ltd is one of the reputed organization in India .GTL is a producerof terry towels, suitings, fabrics, canvas etc and exporting all over world(24 countries). Workers need improvements in facilities like drinking water, canteen, cleanliness,sitting facility, rest room, leaves, and quality of education. The workers are aware of alllabour laws, but they are not satisfied with benefits provided by the organization. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 77
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSBIBLIOGRAPHY Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 78
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSBooks • Labour law by Reshma Arrora • Company documentsWebsite • www.indianlabourlaws.com • www.gokakmills.com Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 79
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSANNEXURE Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 80
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLSName : _______________________________________________Age :________________ Designation :_____________1. You are working in this organization as a) Permanent b) Temporary (Badli)2. Facilities provided by the organization Facilities Yes No Light Drinking water Canteen Rest room Sitting facility Latrines & urinals2. Are you satisfied with canteen facility provided by the organization? a) Satisfied b) Highly satisfied c) Dissatisfied d) Highly dissatisfied3. Working hour in Gokak mill is in between. a) <8hr b) >8hr c) 8hr d) 8hr+overtime4. Are you aware of different kinds of leaves available in this organization? a) Yes b) No5. Do you know about the overtime wages & its calculation? a) Yes b) No6. Safety instruction displayed on the dangerous machines. a) Yes b) No7. Is there first aid provision in your organization? a) Yes b) No8. Does the company give first aid training for the workers? a) Yes b) No Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 81
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS9. Does the organization give fire fighting training? a) Yes b) No10. Any safety measures/precaution taken while, any fire accidents, injuries etc a) Yes b) No11. Are you satisfied with medical benefit under ESI act? a) Satisfied b) Highly satisfied c) Dissatisfied d) Highly dissatisfied12. Are you aware of ESI benefits? Benefits Yes No Medical Sickness Funeral Accidents13. Are you aware of the payment of gratuity? a) Yes b) No14. Do you know what is EPF, EPS & its rate/amount of contribution? a) Yes b) No15. Under provided fund act benefits provided by the organization Benefits Yes No Education loan Home loan For marriage Medical16. Is there any deduction from the salary as PF. a) Yes b) No17. Do you know whom to approach in case of any grievance & dispute with a co-worker or with employer. a) Yes b) No18. Causes of disputes. a) Lack of communication b) Lack of co-operation c) Improper management Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 82
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS d) Wages. e) Does the higher authority misuse their power.19. Are you satisfied with the functioning of trade union? a) Yes b) No20. Does the trade union solve the problems between workers and management? a) Yes b) No21. Are you aware of contribution deducted from the salary for being a member of trade union. a) Yes b) No22. What are the other services you expect from this organization? Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 83
  • AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAWS AT GOKAK MILLS Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com 84