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Disclaimer: This presentation is prepared by trainees of
baabtra as a part of mentoring program. This is not official
docu...
Week Target Achieved
1
2
3
Typing Speed
Jobs Applied
Week Company Designation Applied Date Current Status
1
2
3
Stored Procedures, Cursors and
Transactions
Muhammed Ajmal
mhdajmalik@gmail.com
www.facebook.com/userna
me
twitter.com/use...
Overview
• Stored Procedure
• Structure of stored procedure
• Cursor
• Example-cursor
• Transaction
• Example-transaction
Stored Procedure
• A stored procedure is a set of SQL statements.
• Allow for variable declarations, flow control and
othe...
Stored Procedure contd..
Structure of storedprocedure
CREATE PROCEDURE proc_name
@parameter data type
AS
BEGIN
//defnition of the sp
END
Example for Stored Procedure
CREATE PROCEDURE test
AS
Begin
select course_description,department_name,SUM(fph_amount)
Amou...
Stored Procedure contd..
• EXEC Or EXECUTE
• Example :
– EXECUTE test;
Advantage
• Improve performance
• Share logic
• Reusability
• Reduce network traffic
Cursor
Cursor
• Cursor is used to iterate through a set of rows
returned by a query and process each row.
Cursor contd..
DECLARE cursor_name CURSOR FOR SELECT_statement
OPEN cursor_name
FETCH next from cursor_name INTO variables...
Cursor contd..
Cursor Example
Cursor Example
Cursor Example
• declare @id int
• declare @total int
• declare cursor_grade Cursor for select pk_int_id,Total_mark from
t...
Example contd..
• else if(@total>=80)
• begin
• update tbl_student set grade='A' where pk_int_id=@id
• end
• else if(@tota...
Example contd..
• else
• begin
• update tbl_student set grade='failed' where pk_int_id=@id
• end
• fetch next from cursor_...
Example contd..
Transaction
Transaction
• A transaction is a logical unit of work that contains
one or more SQL statements
• Executes as a unit.
Transaction Control
BEGIN TRANSACTION
//logics…
If error
ROLLBACK TRANSACTION
Else
COMMIT TRANSACTION
Example Transaction
create stored procedure
@ac_no1 int,
@ac_no2 int
As
BEGIN
BEGIN try
BEGIN transaction;
select balance ...
Example Transaction contd..
update Account set balance=balance+900
where Account_Number=ac_no2;
COMMIT TRANSACTION
END try...
ACID Property
• Atomicity
• Consistent
• Isolation
• Durability
Thank You
Questions??
If this presentation helped you, please visit our
page facebook.com/baabtra and like it.
Thanks in advance.
www.baabtra.co...
Contact Us
Emarald Mall (Big Bazar Building)
Mavoor Road, Kozhikode,
Kerala, India.
Ph: + 91 – 495 40 25 550
NC Complex, N...
• Create a View to list out courses, department
name, Department Head ,the total fee
collected for that course and total n...
Stored procedure
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Stored procedure

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Transcript of "Stored procedure"

  1. 1. Disclaimer: This presentation is prepared by trainees of baabtra as a part of mentoring program. This is not official document of baabtra –Mentoring Partner Baabtra-Mentoring Partner is the mentoring division of baabte System Technologies Pvt . Ltd
  2. 2. Week Target Achieved 1 2 3 Typing Speed
  3. 3. Jobs Applied Week Company Designation Applied Date Current Status 1 2 3
  4. 4. Stored Procedures, Cursors and Transactions Muhammed Ajmal mhdajmalik@gmail.com www.facebook.com/userna me twitter.com/username in.linkedin.com/in/profilena me 1234567890
  5. 5. Overview • Stored Procedure • Structure of stored procedure • Cursor • Example-cursor • Transaction • Example-transaction
  6. 6. Stored Procedure • A stored procedure is a set of SQL statements. • Allow for variable declarations, flow control and other useful programming techniques. • stored in the server.
  7. 7. Stored Procedure contd..
  8. 8. Structure of storedprocedure CREATE PROCEDURE proc_name @parameter data type AS BEGIN //defnition of the sp END
  9. 9. Example for Stored Procedure CREATE PROCEDURE test AS Begin select course_description,department_name,SUM(fph_amount) Amount,COUNT(distinct fk_student_id) 'no.of Student',teacher_name from tbl_course c join tbl_course_department cd on c.course_id=cd.fk_course_id join tbl_department d on d.department_id=cd.fk_department_id join tbl_student s on s.fk_dept_id=d.department_id join tbl_fee_payment_history on s.pk_student_id=fk_student_id left join tbl_teacher t on department_id=t.fk_dept_id where teacher_head_id is null group by d.department_id,c.course_description,d.department_name,teacher_name end
  10. 10. Stored Procedure contd.. • EXEC Or EXECUTE • Example : – EXECUTE test;
  11. 11. Advantage • Improve performance • Share logic • Reusability • Reduce network traffic
  12. 12. Cursor
  13. 13. Cursor • Cursor is used to iterate through a set of rows returned by a query and process each row.
  14. 14. Cursor contd.. DECLARE cursor_name CURSOR FOR SELECT_statement OPEN cursor_name FETCH next from cursor_name INTO variables list CLOSE cursor_name;
  15. 15. Cursor contd..
  16. 16. Cursor Example
  17. 17. Cursor Example
  18. 18. Cursor Example • declare @id int • declare @total int • declare cursor_grade Cursor for select pk_int_id,Total_mark from tbl_student • open cursor_grade • fetch next from cursor_grade into @id,@total • while(@@FETCH_STATUS=0) • begin • if(@total>=90) • begin • update tbl_student set grade='A+' where pk_int_id=@id • end
  19. 19. Example contd.. • else if(@total>=80) • begin • update tbl_student set grade='A' where pk_int_id=@id • end • else if(@total>=70) • begin • update tbl_student set grade='B+' where pk_int_id=@id • end • else if(@total>=60) • begin • update tbl_student set grade='B' where pk_int_id=@id • end
  20. 20. Example contd.. • else • begin • update tbl_student set grade='failed' where pk_int_id=@id • end • fetch next from cursor_grade into @id,@total • end • close cursor_grade
  21. 21. Example contd..
  22. 22. Transaction
  23. 23. Transaction • A transaction is a logical unit of work that contains one or more SQL statements • Executes as a unit.
  24. 24. Transaction Control BEGIN TRANSACTION //logics… If error ROLLBACK TRANSACTION Else COMMIT TRANSACTION
  25. 25. Example Transaction create stored procedure @ac_no1 int, @ac_no2 int As BEGIN BEGIN try BEGIN transaction; select balance from Account where Account_Number=ac_no1; select balance from Account where Account_Number=ac_no2; update Account set balance=balance-900 here Account_Number=ac_no1 ;
  26. 26. Example Transaction contd.. update Account set balance=balance+900 where Account_Number=ac_no2; COMMIT TRANSACTION END try BEGIN CATCH ROLLBACK TRANSACTION END CATCH END
  27. 27. ACID Property • Atomicity • Consistent • Isolation • Durability
  28. 28. Thank You
  29. 29. Questions??
  30. 30. If this presentation helped you, please visit our page facebook.com/baabtra and like it. Thanks in advance. www.baabtra.com | www.massbaab.com |www.baabte.com
  31. 31. Contact Us Emarald Mall (Big Bazar Building) Mavoor Road, Kozhikode, Kerala, India. Ph: + 91 – 495 40 25 550 NC Complex, Near Bus Stand Mukkam, Kozhikode, Kerala, India. Ph: + 91 – 495 40 25 550 Start up Village Eranakulam, Kerala, India. Email: info@baabtra.com IKK Road, East Hill, Kozhikode Kerala, India. Ph: + 91 – 495 30 63 624 NIT-TBI, NIT Campus, Kozhikode, Kerala, India.
  32. 32. • Create a View to list out courses, department name, Department Head ,the total fee collected for that course and total number of students studying for that course
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