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Social and Psychological Impact of social media Freddy p.v email/facebook id : firstname.lastname@example.org
What is social media?• “Social” – refers to instinctual needs humans have to connect with other humans• “Media” – what we use to make connections with other humans• “Social Media” – Media used for social interaction• 2 way communication - interactive dialogue
Types of Social Media• Written word• Telegraph• Telephone• Radio• Television• Email• Websites• Photographs• Audio• Video• Mobile phones (cell phones)• Text messaging
Some facts• Online social networking is being used by people across the age range• 70% of survey respondents report spending less than two hours a day on sites• 28% have had a ‘bad experience’ using social networking sites• 53% feel social networking has increased contact with friends and family• 26% report increased participation in social activities as a result• Patterns of ‘sociability’ that occur in real life appear to be replicated online• 25% of 31–50 year old respondents have had a date with someone met online• 21% of these have gone on to form an intimate relationship
Social Media is a recent phenomenon. It is studied by psychologist, sociologists, and anthropologists alike. Since these types of activities have recently become very popular, social scientists want to find out the long-term effects. Is social media harmful? Does it help people? Is it addictive? What is a healthy balance?
The BAD• Teens who use Facebook more often show more narcissistic tendencies.• Young adults who have a strong Facebook presence show more signs of other psychological disorders, including antisocial behaviors, mania and aggressive tendencies.
• Daily overuse of media and technology has a negative effect on the health of all children, preteens and teenagers by making them more prone to anxiety, depression, and other psychological disorders• Facebook can be distracting and can negatively impact learning. Studies found that middle school, high school and college students who checked Facebook at least once during a 15-minute study period achieved lower grades.
• Attention spans are decreasing because of exposure to excessively stimulating and fast- paced media. A direct link between exposure to media stimulation and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) has surfaced from research.• Violence in media causes desensitization to violence. It may facilitate violent acts. Violence may be contagious by observational learning and social agreement.• Media-assisted crimes like identity theft and child pornography are taking new forms.
• Average number of sleep hours per night decreases in inverse proportion to the average number of hours per day of Internet use.Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) is increasingly diagnosed by professionals.
THE GOOD MEDIA EFFECTS:• IQs are rising, according to the Education Testing Service. Much of the increase is due to advances in media assisted learning and interactive game playing.• Girls are advancing in the field of science. Some studies attribute this to increased numbers of females engaging in interactive game play.• The nexus between media and learning is increasingly popular and we are learning more about learning.• Communication is increasing across cultures.• Media has helped foster public understanding of many crucial issues.
The top 7 psychological disorders social media helps promote Schizophrenia:“a mental disorder characterized by abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. Distortions in perception may affect all five senses, but most commonly manifest as auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking with significant social or occupational dysfunction”.
• Insomnia & Sleep Disorders: insomnia is “difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or both”• Sexual Problems & Deviation: sexual deviation is “a term used to describe sexual arousal to objects or situations that are not part of normative stimulation and that can cause distress or serious problems for the paraphiliac or persons associated with him or her”.• ADHD: ADHA is primarily characterized by “the co-existence of attentional problems and hyperactivity, with each behavior occurring infrequently alone.”
• Addiction: is a “term used to is used in many contexts to describe an obsession, compulsion, or excessive psychological dependence”.• Anxiety & Depression: refers to “a state of low mood and aversion to activity” which is highly correlated with anxiety.• Eating Disorders: “is a condition in which an individual eats, or avoids eating, in a manner which negatively affects both one’s physical and mental health.”
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