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DBMS• Database is a collection of related data.• Database Management System(DBMS) is a collection of programs that enables users to create and maintain database.• It facilitates the process of • Defining • Constructing • Manipulating • Sharing database
RDBMS• A Relational database management system (RDBMS) is a database management system (DBMS) that is based on the relational model.• Features: • Provides data to be stored in tables • Persists data in the form of rows and columns • Each column is an attribute. • Provides facility primary key, to uniquely identify the rows
• Relationships are not explicit, but implied by values in specific fields (e.g., foreign keys).• Disadvantages • Do not have enough storage area to handle data such as images, audio, video. • Information must be in tables where relationships between entities are defined by values.
Object Oriented Database - OODBMSOO principles brought to databases: -New modeling power -Extensibility of systems -Code reuse -Easy maintenance of programs
• Object Identity-In object oriented databases objects are uniquely identified by OID.• Objects with the same type are grouped into classes.• Classes encompass objects having the same structure and behaviour, which is expressed by the set of methods or operations applicable to the objects they contain.
• Inheritance: Inheritance is mechanism allowing child object to inherit behavior and properties of parent object.• Encapsulation-A class corresponds to the implementation of an abstract data type (ADT). • Neither the structure of the ADT nor its implementation is visible from the outside world.
ORDBMS• object relational database management system simply puts an object oriented front end on a relational database (RDBMS).• ORDBMS was created to handle new types of data such as audio,video, and image files .• PostgresSQL is the best known OR DBMS• Supports object-oriented design.
Advantages of ORDBMS• Resolves many of known weaknesses of RDBMS• It allows users and programmers to start using object-oriented systems in parallel.
Disadvantages of ORDBMSs• Complexity.• Increased costs.• Supporters of relational approach believe simplicity and purity of relational model are lost.• Some believe RDBMS is being extended for what will be a minority of applications.• OO purists not attracted by extensions either.
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