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# Logical reasoning

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### Logical reasoning

1. 1. Disclaimer:This presentation is prepared by trainees ofbaabtra as a part of mentoring program. This is not officialdocument of baabtra –Mentoring PartnerBaabtra-Mentoring Partner is the mentoring division of baabte System Technologies Pvt .Ltd
2. 2. Logical Reasoning vineethmenon18@gmail.com10/16/12
3. 3. Important Tips for Logical Reasoning Study the question carefully. A brief explanation of why each choice is correct or incorrect follows each practice question. If you understand this reasoning for the practice items, you will do well on the actual assessment. NEVER assume or use any information that the question fails to give you. This is NOT an assessment of how much you know about economics in general! Consider ONLY the information given in each reading passage when choosing among the alternative responses.
4. 4.  Read both the factual passage and the sentence completion instruction carefully. Both must be considered in making your choice. Be sure to read all the response choices carefully before choosing one. In questions that ask you to select a valid conclusion, always choose the one conclusion that must definitely follow from the information you are given. In questions that ask you to find the invalid alternative, choose the one conclusion that does not definitely follow from the information. Pay special attention to words like "all," "some," or "none" when you read the factual information each question gives you. Other qualifying words such as "other than," "only" or "unless" are important, too.
5. 5.  Pay attention to negative prefixes also, such as non-, un-, or dis-. These can be crucial to specifying the basic facts in the paragraph. Pay close attention to the word "ONLY" and to the phrase "IF AND ONLY IF." Saying "The door will open IF AND ONLY IF both keys are used" sets up a highly specific condition that must be met. There is exactly one way to open the door-you must use both keys. By contrast, if the sentence says, "The door will open if the key is used," there may be several ways to open the door besides by using the key. The questions in the assessment will vary in difficulty level, and difficult questions will be mixed in with easier ones throughout the assessment. When you encounter a question that is difficult for you, try drawing diagrams or other schematic notes on the "scratch" paper provided to support and confirm your thought processes.
6. 6. 1. A girl said, while introducing a boy, "He is the child of the daughter of the dad of my uncle." How is the boy associated to the girl?a) Husbandb) Brotherc) Uncled) Paternal unclee) None of the above 2. If E is the brother of F; F is the sister of G; and G is the father of H, how H is related to E? a)Father b)Husband c)Wife d)Sister e)None of the above
7. 7. 3) A group of three or four has to be selected from seven persons. Among the seven are two women, Ashwathy and Megha, and five men: Ram, Shyam, Freddy, Peter and Rahim. Ram would not like to be in the group if Shyam is also selected. Shyam and Rahim want to be selected together in the group. Megha would like to be in the group only if Freddy is also there Freddy, if selected, would not like Peter in the group. Ram would like to be in the group only if Peter is also there. Freddy insists that Ashwathy be selected in case he is there in the group.
8. 8. 3. Which of the following statements is true? a. Megha and Ram can be part of a group of four. b. A group of four can have two women. c. A group of four can have all four men. d. None of the above4. Which of the following is a feasible group of four?a. Ram, Peter, Ashwathy, Rahimb. Shyam, Rahim, Megha, Fredyc. Shyam, Rahim, Ashwathy, Fredyd. Ashwathy, Fredy, Ram, Peter5. Which of the following is a feasible group of three?a. Fredy, Ram, Rahimb. Peter, Shyam, Rahimc. Megha, Fredy, Shyamd. Ashwathy, Fredy, Ram