ATS14 Parking, Parking Everywhere: What Better Management Could Mean For Active Transportation - Rick Williams
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ATS14 Parking, Parking Everywhere: What Better Management Could Mean For Active Transportation - Rick Williams

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From urban neighborhoods to suburbs to small-city Main Streets, parking is often a hotly debated topic. This is especially true in neighborhoods experiencing new infill. As cities around the country ...

From urban neighborhoods to suburbs to small-city Main Streets, parking is often a hotly debated topic. This is especially true in neighborhoods experiencing new infill. As cities around the country experiment with new ways to manage parking, how can we serve neighborhoods’ needs while accounting for the costs and impacts of parking? How do parking management strategies – from market-based to regulatory – affect active transportation and land use? Is there a potential to meet multiple goals for housing affordability, active transportation and land use through smarter parking policy? This panel will consider lessons from Northwest cities and around the nation.

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ATS14 Parking, Parking Everywhere: What Better Management Could Mean For Active Transportation - Rick Williams ATS14 Parking, Parking Everywhere: What Better Management Could Mean For Active Transportation - Rick Williams Presentation Transcript

  • Oregon Active Transportation Summit April 21, 2014 1 Parking, parking everywhere: What better management could mean for active transportation
  • Discussion Points • Numbers on parking – what is actually happening • Factors that lead to overbuilding • Implications of cost • Potential solutions 2
  • What is happening…. •Upwards of 2 Billion No. of parking Spaces in US •About 20% Urban land devoted to parking •About 3 : 1 Common suburban ratio of parking SF to building SF 3
  • Why so much parking… Overbuilding of parking High Vehicle Ownership Code requirements/Land Use Planning Single use parking facilities Market norms Lack of parking management/data Undersupply anxiety Alternative Modes Stigmatized
  • • Parking is very expensive to build. • Overbuilt parking increases development cost and negatively influences access to transit. • An oversupply of parking encourages driving and congests our roadways. WHY IS RIGHT SIZED PARKING IMPORTANT?
  • 6 • Average overbuild 25% - 40% (mostly surface parking) • Adds unnecessary cost to project development • Inefficient use of land • Surface @ $8,000 per stall can add $1.96 - $2.18 per foot to leasing cost (annual). • Garage @ $30,000 per stall can add $6.00 - $7.30 per foot to leasing cost (annual) Why we should get it right……
  • 7 Why we should get it right……
  • 8 1,400 commercial spaces 2,320 residential spaces
  • When these findings are applied to a typical suburban project with 150 units, roughly $800,000 would be spent on unused parking. On average, we found that multi- family parking is supplied at 1.4 spaces per dwelling unit but is only used at about 1 space per unit. Why we should get it right….. OLD MODEL
  • • Code drives demand. • No clear understanding of demand. • “Demand” is stalls built rather than stalls actually used. • Lack of localized true demand data – left to use national models that are severely flawed. • Self fulfilling prophecy (code and appraisal) • Transitioning to more dense parking in suburban areas will require innovation and partnership. 10 What the experts say*… * From 2012 King County Right Sizing Parking Interviews
  • Parking requirements Revisiting past practice Reliance on rule of thumb, national averages, rates of competing cities (except Portland Central City) Apparent precision with weak empirical basis Interplay of city requirements, developer expectations, community expectations Driven by lack of on-street parking management and pricing
  • What’s next…. 12 Today Tomorrow • Continued reliance on surface parking will not support suburban visions • “The market” will not support structured parking development in suburban settings. • Solution is in addressing myths, realities and initiating innovative planning
  • • “True demand” occupancy by land use type and area • Stop relying on ITE or other cities view of demand Develop local demand data base • Reduce minimums • Reduce land use categories • Eliminate credits Simplify code parking requirements • Suburban development cannot pencil garages • Tie public investment with code minimums (fee-in- lieu) Invest in District Garages 13 Moving Forward – Changing Status Quo Calibrate code to vision • Visions don’t just happen • Create coalitions, partners and educate on realities and trade-offs of adopted visions
  • Thanks