Bookpres Brammer Bianaca

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  • 1. Bianaca BrammerAnthropology 377“Ball State University”April 11, 2010
  • 2. Introduction to Museum WorkG. Ellis BurcawThe American Association for State and Local History: 1983209 pages
  • 3. Introduction to Museum Work
    Written for the average student interested in museum work.
    Information on museum practices and operations.
    The most important function of a museum is its educational function and purpose.
    (pg. vii) Brammer
  • 4. Museum Terminology
    Object: a material, three-dimensional thing of any kind
    Specimen: a representative member of a class of objects
    Artifact: an object produced or shaped by human workmanship or a natural object used by humans
    Collections: objects acquired and preserved because of their potential value as examples
    Accession: acquiring one or more objects from one source
    Cataloguing: assigning an object to one or more categories
    Display: the showing of objects, depending on the viewer
    (pg. 3-5) Brammer
  • 5. What Is A Museum?
    A building or space within a building significant chiefly for preservation and/or exhibition of collections
    An institution for the safekeeping of objects and for the interpretation of these objects through research and exhibition
    An institution for the preservation of those objects which best illustrate the phenomena of nature and the works of man
    A permanent establishment, administered for the purpose of preserving, studying, and enhancing
    (pg. 9) Brammer
  • 6. The History of Museums
    Museums were perpetuated by the desire to accumulate objects and the desire to show them to other people
    The first museums created were not open to the public
    The World Fair’s created a need for museums
    Objects and exhibits from these fairs had to be housed somewhere
    The American Museum of Natural History, Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts were all created from the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
    (pg. 20) Brammer
  • 7. Museum Practices
    The American Association of Museums is the professional organization of museums and museum employees
    Principles of Good Exhibit Practice
    The exhibit must first attract the visitor’s interest
    It must inspire confidence in the exhibitor and in what they have to say or offer
    Having gained the visitor’s confidence, the exhibit must re-ward them by showing something seriously worth seeing and by enabling them to understand what the creator sees
    It must do this in a pleasing way and in good taste
    (pg. 24,26) Brammer
  • 8. Categorizing Museums
    A museum is characterized mainly by the kinds of objects it collects
    Art Museums- art plays on the senses by the selection, ordering, and arrangement of that which will produce sensation
    Fine Art, Applied Art, Folk Art
    Science Museums- Technology/Science Industry or Natural History Museums
    History Museums- objects must be collected to serve the purpose of public education
    (pg. 31-33) Brammer
  • 9. Museum Organization
    Regardless of who owns the museum it should have a board of trustees to whom the director reports
    Director- chief administrative officer of a museum; hires and fires and is in direct charge of operation
    Trustees- responsibility limited to matters of board policy and of ensuring the adequate financing of the museum
    Curator- in charge of a museum collection
    Volunteers- essential for museum operation due to their time, effort, and affordability
    (pg. 37,39) Brammer
  • 10. Collecting Theory
    Only the museum if founded on the principle that selecting and preserving objects is of importance to people today and in the future
    Museums cannot collect all objects that exist, collecting must be selective
    Collecting Theory:
    Geography- with what physical area will the museum be concerned?
    Subject- what is the museum concerned with?
    Time- what time frame will your museum be limited to?
    (pg. 47-49) Brammer
  • 11. What To Collect
    Items to eliminate:
    Lie outside the defined scope of the museum
    Are not significant and which cannot be used for research, exhibition, or loan
    Are so badly damaged or deteriorated that they are of little or no use
    Would accomplish more good in another museum
    Are duplicated many times
    (pg. 62) Brammer
  • 12. Care And Security Of Collections
    Storerooms must be provided and the collections must be organized and accessible
    Objects on public view may be less than ½ of the total collections
    Space required: 40% collections, 40% exhibits, 20% everything else (hallways, information center, etc.)
    Security involves the care of collections, insurance against severe financial loss, and physical security
    (pg. 93,98) Brammer
  • 13. Museum Interpretation
    An exhibit should be designed so as to produce a particular result
    The exhibit must possess these seven qualities:
    Safety and security
    Eye catching
    Good looking
    Attention grabbing
    (pg. 118) Brammer
  • 14. Interpretation Cont.
    Objects alone, without explanation, organization, and selection—would not support the educational aim of the modern museum
    Interpretation is a communication between the museum staff and the public, if the public does not walk away with a greater understanding of the exhibit; the museum staff has not done their job
    (pg. 135) Brammer
  • 15. Museum Visitors
    Keeping the visitor in mind, exhibits can be classified as aesthetic, entertaining, systematic, ecological, permanent, or temporary
    Every museum worker needs to understand the basic techniques of good exhibit production, as well as knowing the needs and behavior of the museum visitor
    The museum worker is required to see each exhibit from multiple sides, the side of the curator and the side of the visitor
    (pg. 115-116) Brammer
  • 16. Starting A Career In Museum Work
    Museum training:
    College and university courses for credit
    Correspondence study
    On-the-job practical training
    Short-term workshops and seminars
    Professional meetings
    Scholarships, fellowships, and internships
    Vocational training
    And more
    (pg. vii) Brammer
  • 17. Museum Professions
    A museum worker, especially one in a decision-making position, must be or become a professional
    AAM bulletins regularly list position opening
    Begin by volunteering and work your way up through the museum professions
    The student or beginner should be willing to take a job that is not exactly what he/she wants for the rest of their life
    You must feel that your work in a museum is of great importance
    (pg. viii, 184,186) Brammer
  • 18. Applied Information
    Limiting your exhibit to a specific geographical, time, and subject matter will make your museum more professional and organized
    You cannot collect everything
    A career in museum work involves experience in the field and education
    Focus on the audience is of particular importance
    Specifically what they will find most meaningful
  • 19. Any Questions?