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BOOK PRES Kathleen Ryan

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Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities …

Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities
by: Hermann Kuhn

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  • Preface:The book discusses works of art and artifacts made out of (or mainly from) organic materials. Part 1: Discusses the avoidable damages in each media, mainly those caused by environmental conditions. This section describes the methods of conservation and restoration to educate and familiarize the reader with the technical foundation and other considerations involved in the process. Part 2: Discusses the theoretical foundation to understanding the environmental factors, and advice on how to provide and maintain correct environmental conditions to a work of art or artifact to prevent damage.Part 3: Discusses the preparation, manufacture, properties and behavior of popular materials in art works and also those used in conservation and restoration.
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  • Page:- Aging is caused my exposure to oxygen, humidity and other factors in the environment“The mass of water contained in a given volume of air, measured in grams per cubic meter, is known as absolute humidity.” -137“Relative humidity is the degree of saturation of the air”-p137“ The weight of water vapor needed to saturate a cubic meter of air depends of the air temperature” –p137
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Transcript

  • 1. Kathleen RyanAnthropology 377: Museum Studies
    Ball State UniversityApril 26, 2010
  • 2. Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities – Volume 1
    Hermann KuhnButterworths1986Page Count: 235
  • 3. ThesisPart I: Works of Art and AntiquitiesPart II: EnvironmentPart III: Material ScienceThesis
    Part I: Works of Art and Antiquities
    Part II: Environment
    Part III: Material Science
  • 4. Ivory and Bone
    Objects made of Leather
    Objects made of Amber
    Objects made of Wax
    Objects made of Tortoiseshell and Horn
    Easel Paintings
    Wood Sculpture
    Furniture
    Prints and Drawings
    Watercolors
    Books
    Papyrus and Inscribed Bark
    Textiles
    Part I: Works of Art and Antiquities
  • 5. Part 1: Easel Paintings
    The Support
    Treatment and restoration of the support
  • 6. Part 1: Easel Paintings
    Canvas Supports
  • 7. Part 1: Easel Paintings
    The Paint Layers and Damage
  • 8. Types of Damage and Examination Methods
  • 9. Part II: Environment
    Climatic Conditions
    Temperature
    Humidity
    Light
    Pollution
    Atmospheric pollution
  • 10. Temperature
    Humidity
    As temperature increases, the amount of water vapor needed to saturate the air increases
    Hygroscopic organic materials absorb and release moisture until equal to that of their environment
    High temperatures speed up chemical processes of aging
    Fungi, bacteria and insects favor higher temperatures
    Sudden or extreme temperature changes can damage works
    Climatic Conditions
  • 11. Part 2: Temperature and Humidity
  • 12. Destructive effects of light
    Ultraviolet Radiation
    Limitation of lighting
    Part 2: Light
  • 13. Atmospheric pollutants:
    Cleaning the Air
    Sulfur dioxide
    Hydrogen sulfide
    Ammonia
    Nitrogen oxides
    Ozone
    Carbon monoxide
    Dust and soot
    Water sprays
    Electrostatic precipitators
    Cyclone precipitators
    Air intake
    Recirculation
    Part 2: Atmospheric Pollution
  • 14. Amber
    Binding Media, Adhesives
    Ivory, bone, Antler
    Pigments and Dyes
    Leather
    Solvents
    Paper
    Papyrus
    Parchment
    Pearls, and Beads
    Tortoiseshell and Horn
    Soap and Synthetic Detergents
    Textile Fibers
    Wax
    Part III: Material Science
  • 15. Binding Media and Adhesives
    Binding media and adhesives have similar compositions
    Divided into groups based on:
    Origin (i.e. animal, vegetable, mineral or synthetic)
    Composition (oils, resins, proteins etc.,)
    Whether they are soluble in water or organic solvents
    How they dry or harden (there are 5 distinctions for this)
  • 16. Different Types of Binding Media and Adhesives
    Oils
    Natural Resins
    Wax
    Synthetic Materials
    Proteins
    Plant Gums
    Starch, Dextrin, Flour
  • 17. Professional Use and Others
    Explains the foundation of terms, methods, materials, scientific examination and other concerns in conservation and restoration.
    Helps amateurs understanding of treatment and care of works
    Not “do it yourself” step-by-step information!
    Warns against untrained alterations of original objects
    To inform professional conservator on available treatments
  • 18. In Conclusion
    Part I: Works of Art and Antiquities
    Part II: Environment
    Part III: Material Science
    Professional use and use of others
    Questions?