Transcript of "Seven myths of the spanish conquest"
Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest<br />B. Scott Tucker<br />
Acknowledgements<br />The number 7 has deep roots and symbolic significance in the history of the Americas, both Native American and Spanish.<br />The origin myth of the Mexica included a tale of descent from 7 lineages, who emerged from 7 caves ina mythical location in the Mexican north.<br />The medieval law code that was the basis of Spanish law during the conquest period was called Las SietePartidas(The 7 Items).<br />There was rumored to be 7 cities of gold in Cibola.<br />
Las SietePartidas (The 7 Items)Chapter 1<br />1.) The first aspect of Conquest procedure was the use of legalistic measures to lend a veneer of validity to an expedition.<br />2.) The appeal to higher authority, typically and ideally the king himself.<br />3.) The search for precious metals.<br />4.) Need to acquire native allies.<br />5.) Acquisition of an Interpreter.<br />6.) The use of display violence, or the theatrical use of violence.<br />7.)The public seizure of a native ruler.<br />
Invisible WarriorsChapter 3<br />The “invisible warriors” of this myth took an additional form, that of Africans, free and enslaved, who accompanied Spanish invaders and in later campaigns equaled or exceeded them in number.<br />Cortes was successful as well at exploiting native rivalries and divisions and gaining large number of allies.<br />In 1510 the king of Spain authorized the first large shipment of African Slaves 250- destined for Hispaniola.<br />Black slaves were originally brought for labor, but most functioned as personal auxiliaries. For the Conquistadors they were servants who were armed; by fighting and surviving they usually earned their freedom and became conquistadors in their own right.<br />
Epilogue: Cuauhtemoc’s Betrayal <br />Cuauhtemoc, surviving Aztec emperor (Tenochtitlan) and now a puppet ruler under permanent guard. Was captured and accompanied Cortes on his expedition to prevent revolt at Aztec capitol.<br />The “Foreigners”stopped outside Itzamkanac. Uninvited guests were not welcome. Strain on local resources. Upon their departure the body of Cuauhtemoc was found headless, hanging by his feet from a tree. <br />The death of the Aztec emperor has survived in sources that tell the story from 4 different sources. <br />
Epilogue: Cuauhtemoc’s Betrayal <br />Cortes and Gomara portray similar story of a discovered plot by Cuauhtemoc and other native rulers planned to kill Cortes and the the rest of the Spanish, and recapture the empire.<br />Bernal Diaz (chronicler of the Conquest) finds the actions of the Spaniards embarrassing. Thought the punishment to be unwarranted. <br />Nahua nobleman, Ixtlilxochitl, ruler of the Texcoco who was brought along on the expedition, and one of the lords hanged. Story based on oral traditions of the Texcoco.<br />Mactun Maya’s own account, written in Chontal Maya<br />
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