0
Integrated People-Driven
Reconstruction in Indonesia
POST TSUNAMI ACEH RECONSTRUCTION
Tsunami Aceh in Figures
26 December 2004

635,384 people displaced

07.59 am local time,

127,720 people killed

9.3 on th...
Temporary shelter construction from tsunami debris (wood
blocks, planks, nails, tin sheet)
Participatory mapping: community sketch to identify land
ownership, borders, digitized and used for village planning
and l...
HOUSE CONSTRUCTION METHOD
1. Construction by house owners, or
a group of owners, no contractor
2.

Owners choose house typ...
MATERIAL CARD SYSTEM FOR HOUSE
OWNER
PROCEDURE OF MATERIAL REQUEST CARD
HOUSE OWNER/OWNER GROUP

UPLINK INFORMATION & DATA...
New Technologies Introduced to
the Community
Biofil System (Biological
Filter Septic Tank), made
of fiberglass, installed ...
SELF-MANAGED VILLAGE
INFRASTRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION
FULL SUPPORT FROM COMMUNITY
PROJECT MANAGER TEAM TRUSTED BY THE COMMUNITY...
Vegetable growing and selling
introduction of mushroom
farming skill

INTRODUCTION OF ORGANIC
FARMING

ECONOMIC RECOVERY:
...
Advocacy on land tenure, certification, housing rights
Together with JUB Change of coastal free-zone policy to safety meas...
VILLAGE SOLIDARITY NETWORK (JUB)
Giving inputs for house design (size, rooms arrangement)

•Deciding choice of house model (5 options; 3 stilt houses, 2
gr...
RESULTS
One of fastest, most satisfactory results (UN Habitat study, 2006)
One of four world finalist in the UN Habitat 20...
8 YEARS AFTER
LOOKING BACK AT THE RECONSTRUCTION PROJECT
• Economic challenge: high number of unemployment, low cash flow
...
Research Findings
User Satisfaction
Positive Points
1.
2.

3.

Safety within the home resulted from the
strength of the ho...
Beneficiary Targeting
• Large majority of the beneficiaries are still living in the house.
• Few cases of the houses are b...
Replication
•
•

•

•

The structure of the additional building do not follow the Uplink’s standard
due to economic constr...
Technical Performance
•
•
•

Good structural performance, easy to extend, easy to maintain
Need special attention on windo...
Livelihood
• Some of the economic recovery program during the project are still
run by the community ex. pedicab driver an...
Lesson Learned
Reconstruction is not only about rebuilding physical aspect such but
also reconstructing the life. The conc...
UPLINK - Aceh, Indonesia post-tsunami reconstruction
UPLINK - Aceh, Indonesia post-tsunami reconstruction
UPLINK - Aceh, Indonesia post-tsunami reconstruction
UPLINK - Aceh, Indonesia post-tsunami reconstruction
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

UPLINK - Aceh, Indonesia post-tsunami reconstruction

4,069

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,069
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
24
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "UPLINK - Aceh, Indonesia post-tsunami reconstruction"

  1. 1. Integrated People-Driven Reconstruction in Indonesia POST TSUNAMI ACEH RECONSTRUCTION
  2. 2. Tsunami Aceh in Figures 26 December 2004 635,384 people displaced 07.59 am local time, 127,720 people killed 9.3 on the Richter scale earthquake caused tsunami wave located 155 kilometres west of the Indonesian island Sumatra. 93,285 people missing 139,195 houses destroyed 73,869 has of agricultural lands destroyed 13,828 fishing boats destroyed 1,089 religious facilities destroyed 3,415 schools destroyed 669 government buildings destroyed 119 bridges destroyed 22 ports destroyed 2,618 kilometers of road destroyed 8 airports or airstrips destroyed Source: BRR, April 2009
  3. 3. Temporary shelter construction from tsunami debris (wood blocks, planks, nails, tin sheet)
  4. 4. Participatory mapping: community sketch to identify land ownership, borders, digitized and used for village planning and land titling supporting document.
  5. 5. HOUSE CONSTRUCTION METHOD 1. Construction by house owners, or a group of owners, no contractor 2. Owners choose house type among 5 option 3. Owners supervise the construction, Uplink provides technical field supervisor 4. House owner may purchase building materials themselves except timber, steel, cement, sand, and rock that Uplink buys in bulk for economic reason. 5. Uplink applies card system to distribute building materials HARD WORK – INTEGRITY - ANTI CORRUPTION, COLLUSION, & NEPOTISM – HONESTY – TRANSPARENCY - GENDER EQUITY
  6. 6. MATERIAL CARD SYSTEM FOR HOUSE OWNER PROCEDURE OF MATERIAL REQUEST CARD HOUSE OWNER/OWNER GROUP UPLINK INFORMATION & DATA TEAM Data team issues owner ID Number & contract UPLINK PROCUREMENT TEAM card issued after data team verified owner’s data VILLAGE SUPPLIERS/JUB MATERIALS STOCKIST UPLINK PROCUREMENT TEAM UPLINK FINANCE TEAM Inspector checks incoming item to location and signs the card Procurement team conducts site check (Monday and Thursday) to ensure materials amount and quality Finance team transfers money to supplier’s bank account on Thursdays
  7. 7. New Technologies Introduced to the Community Biofil System (Biological Filter Septic Tank), made of fiberglass, installed in villages with high table water level Solar Energy for street lamp and Meunasah in Lamawee and Lampageu, a collaboratoin with Green Peace
  8. 8. SELF-MANAGED VILLAGE INFRASTRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION FULL SUPPORT FROM COMMUNITY PROJECT MANAGER TEAM TRUSTED BY THE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY MONITOR THE WORK LOCAL LABOUR VILLAGE ROAD DRAINAGE RIVER DYKE EMBANKMENT JETTY WATER SUPPLY HOUSING SANITATION VILLAGE PUBLIC FACILITIES
  9. 9. Vegetable growing and selling introduction of mushroom farming skill INTRODUCTION OF ORGANIC FARMING ECONOMIC RECOVERY: Grants for families to start up small business (proposal based) Workshop for timber, steel, and compacted soil cement blocks Becak motor (motorised tri-cycle) Encourage the community to use the tsunami remains timber
  10. 10. Advocacy on land tenure, certification, housing rights Together with JUB Change of coastal free-zone policy to safety measures policy (especially for Banda Aceh area)
  11. 11. VILLAGE SOLIDARITY NETWORK (JUB)
  12. 12. Giving inputs for house design (size, rooms arrangement) •Deciding choice of house model (5 options; 3 stilt houses, 2 grounded houses) •Involve in Kampung Construction Team (TPK) as supervisor, book keeper, or head mason on house and road construction. •Group craft activities in kampung; rattan weaving •Kampung Economic Team: individual small capital in each kampung •Organic Farming Team: Replanting agricultural plants and (productive) garden plants individually and in group •Develop paving-block small industry •Take part as JUB Board members WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION
  13. 13. RESULTS One of fastest, most satisfactory results (UN Habitat study, 2006) One of four world finalist in the UN Habitat 2007 Scroll of Honor Winner of 2008 the Dubai International Award for Best Practices To Improve the Living Environment 3335 quake-proof houses (stilt and ground), village infrastructure, sanitation system The foundation of JUB (Jaringan Udeep Beusare/Village Solidarity Network) that links 23 villages in the stretch Change of coastal free-zone policy to safety measures policy (especially for Banda Aceh area) Strong impacts on gender balanced-participation in highly gender segregated society of Aceh UPLINK has sown seeds for social movement and change in its area of work
  14. 14. 8 YEARS AFTER LOOKING BACK AT THE RECONSTRUCTION PROJECT • Economic challenge: high number of unemployment, low cash flow • Agricultural activities has been started, it is one of the good sources for living
  15. 15. Research Findings User Satisfaction Positive Points 1. 2. 3. Safety within the home resulted from the strength of the house Sense of belongingness within the home resulted from participatory process in building the houses Easy to modify/ to extend Things could do better 1. 2. 3. Bigger size to accommodate people’s need in the future House design, need more “local touch” House lay out : pay attention to local perception/ interpretation to space (eg. kitchen, bath room)
  16. 16. Beneficiary Targeting • Large majority of the beneficiaries are still living in the house. • Few cases of the houses are being abandoned as the owner move to another city. • Some of the houses are rented or sold since the owners married to another survivors and later share one of the two properties provided to them. • Many inhabitants altered the function of houses so as to accommodate their lifestyle and needs
  17. 17. Replication • • • • The structure of the additional building do not follow the Uplink’s standard due to economic constrain. Some of the additional buildings used recycled material from the temporary shelter. People need more time and facilitation to learn new technologies/ innovation introduced during the project. Some of the innovations (eg. Solar panel, biofil sanitation system) have not been used. The organisation collaborated with the Australian Red Cross to provide a similar participatory approach on Nasi Island, of the coast of Banda Aceh, following the disaster. They are also implementing similar plans in postearthquake reconstruction in Yogyakarta.
  18. 18. Technical Performance • • • Good structural performance, easy to extend, easy to maintain Need special attention on window frame and door Maintenance : regular repaint, insect spray, applying kerosene on the floor to keep it clean and shiny, cover the wood wall metal sheeting to avoid damage caused by rain water.
  19. 19. Livelihood • Some of the economic recovery program during the project are still run by the community ex. pedicab driver and workshop, duck and chicken farming • Skills acquired during the reconstruction phase are used to earn income as small contractors • Positive impact on women’s position and power within society
  20. 20. Lesson Learned Reconstruction is not only about rebuilding physical aspect such but also reconstructing the life. The concept of people's driven, participatory, and holistic approach is a must. Some of lesson learned from the project are: •Sensitivity to Local Culture •Involving Survivors in Every Stage of Reconstruction •Post-Disaster Livelihood Programme •Allocate more time to facilitate the learning process of the community after the reconstruction phase
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×