BRT oriented development in China, opportunities and challenges
BRT-oriented Development in China:Opportunities and Challenges Yang Jiang Zhigao Wang Ruishan Zheng China Sustainable Transportation Center BRT Centre of Excellence General Assembly, Washington DC 15th Jan, 2013
BRT Status in China (2012)• 980 km in operation in 16 cities• 26 cities has BRT planned/ in construction BRT Corridor Length in China 2012 (Provincial level) 300 256 250 206 200 147 km 150 101 92 100 55 42 50 30 23 22 14 0
BRT Status in China ? ? Source: http://www.gzbrt.org
Context Matters? An Empirical Study Corridor 3 Corridor 2 Corridor 1 JIANG Yang, ZEGRAS Christopher. MEHNDIRATTA Shomik (2012). Walk the Line: Station Context, Corridor Type and Bus Rapid Transit Walk Access in Jinan, China. Journal of Transport Geography. 20: 1–14
Context Matters? An Empirical StudySome implications:1. A walking-friendly transit corridor can enlarge catchment area significantly. => i.e.,The “Integrated-boulevard “ lengthens BRT access walk distance by 150-170m controlling for confounding factors.2. Accounting for corridor type and station context may improve transit ridership demand analysis in China.3. Stop building superblocks and learn from the old typologies. => More mixed use, less building setback, traffic calming measures, parking restrictions, etc.
Brtod Principals for China- A Broader Vision1. Start with good DNAs: Small block instead of superblock2. Develop walking & biking friendly neighborhoods and streets3. Integrate BRT with other transit systems4. Zone for mixed use5. Match density to transit capacity6. Create compact regions with short commutes7. Increase mobility by regulating parking and road use