Land use planning
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  • 1. Land-Use Planning: A Shopping Center Phipps Shopping Plaza
  • 2. Introduction
    • Shopping centers are frequently constructed with inadequate total planning. Communities are quick to see the potential positive economic
    • spinoff of a shopping center being developed, but tend to downplay potential negative impacts of such development. Environmental considerations
    • are not always properly addressed, and often surface later as problems. To understand what environmental problems may arise from
    • the construction of a shopping center, it is necessary to analyze an existing or proposed facility
  • 3. I. Objectives
    • After surveying people at a local shopping mall, the student will:
    • 1. Understand that land-use decisions may not always be carefully thought through.
    • 2. Recognize that most types of land use may have unwanted or negative environmental results.
    • 3. Understand the relationship between the development of shopping centers and the decline of central business districts.
  • 4. v. Procedure
    • ure
    • 1. Decide whether the whole class will go to the mall and interview respondents, or whether students will divide up into groups, survey
    • people, and report their results during the next lab class.
    • Conducting the survey:
    • 2. Use the following questions as a basis for your survey. Add other questions that are pertinent to your situation.
    • 3. When surveying people, be polite, and ask them if they would be willing to take a few minutes to answer some questions. Regardless
    • of their answer, thank them and wish them a good day.
    • 4. Sample questions:
    • a. Did you live in this area before the shopping center was constructed?
    • b. If so, what was the area like before the shopping center was built?
    • c. What problems do you notice that are associated with the shopping center (noise, traffic, etc.)?
    • d. Is the shopping center's interior aesthetically pleasing to you?
    • e. Is the shopping center's exterior aesthetically pleasing to you?
    • 178 Part 5 Lifestyle Choices
    • f. Do you feel crime in your neighborhood has changed with the construction of the shopping center?
    • g. Were you consulted in any way before the shopping center was built?
    • h. If so, in what way and by whom?
    • 5. After the survey, construct a tally sheet with all answers, and bring this sheet to class.
    • Analysis of the shopping center:
    • 6. Sometime before the next lab class, return to the shopping center, and look around. Answer the following questions, and be prepared
    • to discuss them in the next class.
    • a. Estimate the total area of impervious (e.g., concrete surfaces, parking lots, buildings, etc.) surfaces where water cannot seep into
    • the ground.
    • b. Estimate the number and average height of trees in the shopping center.
    • c. How are the trees planted? In boxes, in beds, or in areas filled in with wood chips?
    • d. Estimate the percentage of the parking lot that is filled with cars.
    • e. Where does all the water that falls onto the shopping center drain into?
    • f. Is the area aesthetically pleasing to you? Why or why not?
    • 180 Part 5 Lifestyle Choices
    • VI. Questions
    • 1. Did your respondents seem to feel positively about the mall?
    • 2. What were some of the major problems respondents cited about having the mall in their community?
    • 3. What environmental problems did you see that were associated with the mall (e.g., water runoff, aesthetics, wildlife, loss of
    • habitat, traffic)?
    • 4. What functions does this mall play in this community?
    • 5. How can the negative environmental problems associated with malls be minimized?
    • 6. Are several small shopping centers better than one large one? Why or why not?
    • 7. If you were designing a mall, what important factors would you incorporate that weren't included in this mall?
    • Exercise 22 Land-Use Planning: A Shopping Center 179
    • g. Were the roads leading to the mall there before the construction of the mall? Were additional roads built to accommodate the
    • additional traffic? Were existing roads widened?
    • h. What types of stores are in the mall? How many stores (total) are there?
    • i. Is there evidence that the mall was constructed where a farm, residential area, or open fields used to be?
    • j. Is there evidence that large trees were removed for the shopping center? If so, how could they have been incorporated into the
    • design of the mall, rather than being removed?
    • k. What type of wildlife is present at the mall?
    • The Mall at Stonecrest is designed as a collection of buildings arranged in a continuous, curvilinear configuration that forms an interior park. Textures support the premise of a collection of buildings and help to distinguish the spaces within the project. The roof line extends out to form a canopy over each of the five primary entrances and the food court, all with full-height curtain wall glass to enhance visibility of the interior spaces.
  • 8. Pt. VI questions
    • Did your respondents seem to feel positive about the mall?
  • 9. What were some of the major problems respondents cited about having the mall in their community?
  • 10. What were the environmental problems associated with building this structure?
    • There was a dairy farm that used to be in place of the mall before it was there.
    • Said by the nice 68 year old European American lady.
  • 11. What functions does this mall play in this community?
  • 12. How can environmental problems minimized by the mall
  • 13. Are several malls better than on mall? why?
    • In miss Swain opinion yes because they are more convenient and you can get in & get out.
  • 14. How many stores?
    • There are quite a few malls even though it feels small and the types of stores are luxury and upscale all the way said by the two old ladies in Belk.
  • 15. Evidence of trees?
    • There were no evidence of trees and there were no trees in the surrounding areas to do research on.
    • Did you live this area before the shopping center was constructed ?
    • 65% said yes
    • 25% said no
    • 15% said they don’t know