Positioning UCG for Energy Independence
 Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission
            Kentucky, 25 May 2010
Potential of UCG

“The Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory (USA) has estimated variously;
that recoverable reserves cou...
Potential of UCG

     “The Clean Air Task Force recommends the
     rapid development and deployment of
     Underground ...
About Us
Our Technology
Our Assets and Projects
Desired Regulatory
Environment (USA)
In Summary

                         ...
About Linc Energy
•   At the forefront of the development of
    Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) for cleaner
    power...
About Us
Our Technology
Our Assets and Projects
Desired Regulatory
Environment (USA)
In Summary

                         ...
Coal Gasification Simplified

Coal +     Water +   Heat +     Pressure =   Synthesis Gas

    C      H2O                  ...
The UCG Process
UCG Requirements
•   Mid to low rank coal at depth – typically not
    suitable for mining
•   Minimum seam thickness – no...
Controlling UCG Impacts
•   PREDICT > CONTROL > MONITOR                                                                   ...
Angren, Uzbekistan




  Mining related footprint
  UCG related footprint


UCG - Smaller Footprint, Lower Impact
UCG Benefits
•   Small footprint
•   Increases available resources
•   Compatible with many other
    land users
•   Less ...
Environmental Benefits:
UCG for Power Generation
•   Efficiency improvements:
    •   Coal gasification technology is the
...
UCG and GHG Emissions:
Power




                         14
Syngas for Fuels
FT Diesel Tailpipe
    Emissions
     •   % change relative to conventional diesel (US2).




Source: CSIRO
Chinchilla Demonstration
Facility
UCG Development
•   Significant developments in UCG
    modelling, design and resource
    building
•   New generation of ...
GTL Technology Progress
•   GTL production from UCG
    gas
•   Advancement in Fischer-
    Tropsch technology
•   Modific...
About Us
Our Technology
Our Assets and Projects
Desired Regulatory
Environment (USA)
In Summary

                         ...
Global Snapshot
Countries with Coal
                     The United States




Coal has to be part of the solution.
Linc Energy and UCG of...
UCG: A$20 Trillion Value
   in USA




PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2008-2007 Survey of Energy Resources (2007), World Energy C...
Entry into the USA
•   Linc Energy holds over 296,000 acres in coal,
    oil and gas leases across the Cook Inlet,
    Pow...
About Us
Our Technology
Our Assets and Projects
Desired Regulatory
Environment (USA)
In Summary

                         ...
Desired Regulatory
Environment
•   UCG participants:
    •   Coal explorers
    •   Gas producers.
•   Australian regulato...
Desired Regulatory
Environment
Key aspects of effective regulation of UCG:
1.   Clarity regarding the responsible agency o...
About Us
Our Technology
Our Assets and Projects
Desired Regulatory
Environment (USA)
In Summary

                         ...
In Summary
•   UCG offers a significant opportunity for
    environmentally responsible and cleaner energy
    solutions
•...
Questions?
Craig Ricato & Matthew Buchanan
Linc Energy Ltd
32 Edward Street
Brisbane QLD 4000

Office: +61 7 3229 0800
www.lincenergy...
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Positioning UCG for Energy Independence

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Positioning UCG for Energy Independence

  1. 1. Positioning UCG for Energy Independence Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission Kentucky, 25 May 2010
  2. 2. Potential of UCG “The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (USA) has estimated variously; that recoverable reserves could be increased by at least 300% to 400% and that 1.6 trillion tons of un-mineable coal in the USA may be recoverable with Underground Coal Gasification (UCG).” “Industry Review and an Assessment of the Potential of UCG and UCG Value Added Products,” PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2008.
  3. 3. Potential of UCG “The Clean Air Task Force recommends the rapid development and deployment of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) to reduce carbon emissions and electricity prices.” Source: US Clean Air Task Force for Federal Policy addressing climate change, September, 2009.
  4. 4. About Us Our Technology Our Assets and Projects Desired Regulatory Environment (USA) In Summary 4
  5. 5. About Linc Energy • At the forefront of the development of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) for cleaner power generation and fuel production • Commenced 1996; Listed in Australia in 2006; over 13,000 shareholders; Listed on the OTCQX in USA in 2007 • Over 120 staff (46 corporate; 80 technical), in six offices across two countries • Commenced UCG in 1999. Since developed four generators, a Gas to Liquids (GTL) plant, on site laboratory, and waste water treatment plant • Strategic goal to commercialize UCG in coal rich countries around the world.
  6. 6. About Us Our Technology Our Assets and Projects Desired Regulatory Environment (USA) In Summary 6
  7. 7. Coal Gasification Simplified Coal + Water + Heat + Pressure = Synthesis Gas C H2O CO + H2 • It is not coal burning • Syngas is not natural gas • Surface gasification was once widely used as „town gas‟ • Multiple uses (power, liquid fuel, petrochemical).
  8. 8. The UCG Process
  9. 9. UCG Requirements • Mid to low rank coal at depth – typically not suitable for mining • Minimum seam thickness – nominally 20ft* • Hydrostatic and Lithostatic pressure sufficient to maintain and contain process • Favorable overburden characteristics: • Strength and/or sealing properties • Separation from overlying aquifers and coal seams • Depth of cover. • Suitable environmental conditions. * Depending on economic evaluation
  10. 10. Controlling UCG Impacts • PREDICT > CONTROL > MONITOR (a) • Linc Energy has developed excellent (b) prediction tools (c) • Groundwater flow and contaminant fate: Figure 6 Temperature distributions in the boundary of cavity • Prevention methods are well known and demonstrated • Excellent groundwater performance at Chinchilla by Linc Energy over 10 years. • Subsidence • Burn front and extinguishment.
  11. 11. Angren, Uzbekistan Mining related footprint UCG related footprint UCG - Smaller Footprint, Lower Impact
  12. 12. UCG Benefits • Small footprint • Increases available resources • Compatible with many other land users • Less infrastructure • No fugitive methane release • Less water intensive • Minimal waste • Sequestration ready.
  13. 13. Environmental Benefits: UCG for Power Generation • Efficiency improvements: • Coal gasification technology is the key to all clean coal applications • UCG is the only low cost gasification option • UCG provides efficiency advantages over solid fuel steam cycle. • Greenhouse gases: • 25% reduction over coal/steam cycles prior to any sequestration • The most „realizable‟ clean coal technology.
  14. 14. UCG and GHG Emissions: Power 14
  15. 15. Syngas for Fuels
  16. 16. FT Diesel Tailpipe Emissions • % change relative to conventional diesel (US2). Source: CSIRO
  17. 17. Chinchilla Demonstration Facility
  18. 18. UCG Development • Significant developments in UCG modelling, design and resource building • New generation of UCG: • Horizontal well technology • Adoption of oil and gas technology for reliability and repeatability • Increased resource recovery and generator life • Oxygen enrichment • Increased capital efficiency. • Generator 4 producing. • Visible progress towards commercialization.
  19. 19. GTL Technology Progress • GTL production from UCG gas • Advancement in Fischer- Tropsch technology • Modifications to GTL plant. Focus on improved conversion and reliability • Conceptual design study with Aker Solutions.
  20. 20. About Us Our Technology Our Assets and Projects Desired Regulatory Environment (USA) In Summary 20
  21. 21. Global Snapshot
  22. 22. Countries with Coal The United States Coal has to be part of the solution. Linc Energy and UCG offers one. BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2006
  23. 23. UCG: A$20 Trillion Value in USA PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2008-2007 Survey of Energy Resources (2007), World Energy Council.
  24. 24. Entry into the USA • Linc Energy holds over 296,000 acres in coal, oil and gas leases across the Cook Inlet, Powder River, and Williston Basins • Linc Energy has established USA offices in: • Anchorage, Alaska • Casper, Wyoming • Denver, Colorado. • Site selection and permitting processes are now underway for UCG pre-production trials.
  25. 25. About Us Our Technology Our Assets and Projects Desired Regulatory Environment (USA) In Summary 25
  26. 26. Desired Regulatory Environment • UCG participants: • Coal explorers • Gas producers. • Australian regulatory experience in the emerging UCG industry.
  27. 27. Desired Regulatory Environment Key aspects of effective regulation of UCG: 1. Clarity regarding the responsible agency or „lead‟ agency. 2. Certainty and predictability regarding:  leasing and permitting requirements  tax and royalty regimes. 3. Focus upon technical and operational competence of participants. 4. Processes to avoid conflict between holders of different resource rights.
  28. 28. About Us Our Technology Our Assets and Projects Desired Regulatory Environment (USA) In Summary 28
  29. 29. In Summary • UCG offers a significant opportunity for environmentally responsible and cleaner energy solutions • The USA is uniquely placed globally to benefit from the development of this energy industry sector • A regulatory environment providing certainty and predictability is required to support continued development • UCG participants must be capable of demonstrating technical and operational competence to ensure safe and environmentally responsible operations.
  30. 30. Questions?
  31. 31. Craig Ricato & Matthew Buchanan Linc Energy Ltd 32 Edward Street Brisbane QLD 4000 Office: +61 7 3229 0800 www.lincenergy.com.au linc@lincenergy.com.au This presentation contains forward looking statements that are subject to risk factors associated with the petroleum and mining businesses. It is believed that the expectations reflected in these statements are reasonable, but they may be affected by a range of variables and changes in underlying assumptions which could cause actual results or trends to differ materially, including but not limited to price fluctuations, actual demand, currency fluctuations, geotechnical factors, drilling and production results, gas commercialisation, reserve estimates, loss of market, industry competition, environmental risks, physical risks, legislative, fiscal and regulatory developments, economic and financial market conditions in various countries and regions, political risks, project delay or advancement, approvals and cost estimates.
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