The nursing process is based on a nursing theory developed by Ida Jean Orlando . She developed this theory in the late 1950's as she observed nurses in action. She saw "good" nursing and "bad" nursing.
From her observations she learned that the patient must be the central character.
Nursing care needs to be directed at improving outcomes for the patient, and not about nursing goals.
The nursing process is an essential part of the nursing care plan.
The nursing process has an ordered sequence of activities and each activity depends on the accuracy of the activity that precedes it and influences the activity following it.
The nursing process has great interaction and overlapping among the activities and each activity is fluid and flows into the next activity
The nursing process ensures that nurses are client-centered rather than task-centered and encourages them to work to enhance client’s strengths and meet human needs
The nursing process is a means for nurses and clients to work together to identify specific goals (wellness promotion, disease and illness prevention, health restoration, coping and altered functioning) that are most important to the client, and to match them with the appropriate nursing actions
e. Universally applicable
The nursing process allows nurses to practice nursing with well or ill people, young or old, in any type of practice setting
The nursing process involves looking at the whole patient at all times. It personalizes the patient. He is not "the CVA in 214B."
It also forces the health care team to observe and interact with the patient, and not just the task they are performing such as a dressing change, or a bed bath. The process provides a roadmap that ensures good nursing care and improves patient outcomes.