Digitized Collections 1790 ? 2000

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Digitized Collections 1790 ? 2000

  1. 1. Digitized Collections 1790 – 2000 Frank Wilmot Government Publications Library December 13, 2006
  2. 2. Can sticking gravel up your nose really cause idiocy? Assigned causes of idiocy
  3. 3. <ul><li>History and Background: </li></ul><ul><li>New nation needed a census to </li></ul><ul><li>Apportion the House of Representatives </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>History and Background: </li></ul><ul><li>New nation needed a census to </li></ul><ul><li>Figure out how much each state owed for the war </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>History and Background: </li></ul><ul><li>Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons . The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years , in such manner as they shall by law direct. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Census Bureau – Progress </li></ul><ul><li>1790 – 1870: U.S. marshalls and assistants </li></ul><ul><li>1880 – 1900: Census Office within U.S. Dept. of Interior </li></ul><ul><li>1902: Congress authorized the President to create a permanent Census Office </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Census Bureau – Progress </li></ul><ul><li>1903: Transferred to the new Dept. of Commerce and Labor </li></ul><ul><li>1913: Dept. of Commerce and Labor split into two; Census went with Commerce </li></ul>
  8. 8. First Census – 1790
  9. 9. First Census – 1790
  10. 10. Subsequent Censuses Added in 1810 Manufactures
  11. 11. Subsequent Censuses Added in 1840 Agriculture Mining Fisheries
  12. 12. Subsequent Censuses Other social issued added in 1850 Taxes Churches
  13. 13. Subsequent Censuses Other social issued added in 1850 Pauperism Crime
  14. 14. Subsequent Censuses Spread geographically
  15. 15. Subsequent Censuses Spread geographically
  16. 16. Subsequent Censuses Spread geographically 1903 1907
  17. 17. <ul><li>Subsequent Censuses </li></ul><ul><li>1880 and 1890 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Took almost a decade to compile and publish reports </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Subsequent Censuses 1880: 22 Volumes, Compendium, etc. 1890: 15 Volumes, some with multiple parts 1910: 10 Volumes
  19. 20. <ul><li>Subsequent Censuses </li></ul><ul><li>Dropped topics reappear in later censuses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process data faster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publish faster </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Census Programs Population: 1790 to present
  21. 22. Census Programs Housing: 1940 to present
  22. 23. Census Programs Agriculture
  23. 24. Census Programs Manufactures & Mining
  24. 25. Census Programs Business
  25. 26. Census Programs Construction
  26. 27. Census Programs Governments
  27. 28. Census Programs
  28. 62. <ul><li>Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau of the Census catalog of publications, 1790-1972 </li></ul>
  29. 63. <ul><li>Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau of the Census catalog of publications, 1790-1972 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries…….30, 33, 40, 45, 57, 1656 </li></ul></ul>
  30. 64. <ul><li>Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>NINTH DECENNIAL CENSUS: 1870 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>44… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>45 Vol. I. The statistics of the population of the United States, embracing the tables of race, nationality, sex, selected ages, and occupations. To which are added the statistics of school attendance and illiteracy, of schools, libraries , newspapers and periodicals, churches, pauperism and crime, and of areas, families, and dwellings… xlix, 804p. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>46… </li></ul></ul>
  31. 65. <ul><li>Digitized Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Census Bureau Website – Publications </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.census.gov/prod/www/titles.html </li></ul>
  32. 66. <ul><li>Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau of the Census catalog of publications, 1790-1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Census Catalog and Guide (1946-1998 in print; 1995-1998 online; 1999 CD-ROM) </li></ul><ul><li>Catalog of Government Publications (1976-present online) </li></ul>
  33. 67. <ul><li>Digitized Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Government Publications Library Census Guide </li></ul>

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