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"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...
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"Building a California Ethanol Industry - Challenges and ...

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  • 1. Building a California Ethanol Industry Pat Perez, Manager Transportation Fuel Supply & Demand Office CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION [email_address] Challenges and Opportunities Modesto, California November 14, 2002
  • 2. Presentation Topics <ul><li>Research and Development Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Ethanol Demand Outlook </li></ul><ul><li>Programs to Foster an Ethanol Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges and Opportunities </li></ul>
  • 3. Research & Development Efforts - 1980s <ul><li>Ethanol Production Feasibility Studies 1980s - CEC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fresno Demonstration Project - 8 mgy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alcohol Vehicle Fleets - CEC </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol Fuel Plant Design Competition - CDFA </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel Products facility begins Operation </li></ul>
  • 4. Research & Development Efforts - 1990s to Present <ul><li>Gridley Project in Butte County </li></ul><ul><li>Collins Pine Project in Plumas County </li></ul><ul><li>Over 20 other conventional based ethanol projects are in some stage of evaluation or planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn based projects in Northern and Central California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugarcane -based projects in Imperial Valley </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. MTBE Phaseout and Ethanol Substitution <ul><li>Governor’s 1999 Executive Order… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orders end of MTBE use by 2003 (later extended to 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directs studies of ethanol use as a replacement for MTBE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directs evaluation of the potential for an in-state ethanol industry </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Ethanol Demand Scenarios
  • 7. California Gasoline MTBE Concentration
  • 8. Public Announcements to Replace MTBE With Ethanol in Early 2003 <ul><li>Phillips-Conoco - Completed </li></ul><ul><li>British Petroleum -Amoco </li></ul><ul><li>Shell Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Exxon-Mobil </li></ul><ul><li>Others California Refiners are Considering </li></ul>
  • 9. Ethanol Market Challenges <ul><li>Uncertainty in California Ethanol Market </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in Securing Project Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Status of Federal Energy Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Commercially Demonstrated Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertain Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Siting/Environmental and Permitting Issues </li></ul>
  • 10. Ethanol Market Opportunities <ul><li>Growing transportation fuel market </li></ul><ul><li>Large agricultural sources as well as cellulosic wastes and residues. </li></ul><ul><li>E-10 Blends - up to 600 MGY </li></ul><ul><li>E-85 Market </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cell Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Ethanol/Diesel Blends </li></ul>
  • 11. For More Information About Ethanol Activities... <ul><li>Visit California Energy Commission’s Web Site at: www.energy.ca.gov/ethanol </li></ul><ul><li>Other Websites : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CARB: www.arb.ca.gov/cbg/ethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imperial Bioresources LLC: www.imperialbioresources.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern CA Ethanol LLC: www.northerncaliforniaethanol.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab: www.erd-llnl.gov/ethanol </li></ul></ul>

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