Bill Duncan – Enterprise Community Partners, Inc.

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  • Wanted to re-think what fit and affordable means. Fit structurally and to live in. Affordable to purchase/lease and to operate.
  • Environmentally attributable diseases especially among children including asthma, lead poisoning and cancer cost families hundreds of dollars every year in medical bills. More than 4 million children have asthma and it is estimated that more than 40% of doctor diagnosed asthma is due to residential exposure. And asthma is more prevalent among minority children living in urban areas. Rising transportation and energy costs. Families at the poverty level pay nearly 40cents on every dollar they earn for transportation and low-income families will spend nearly 17% of their income on energy. We know the impact this has on the household budget and the tradeoffs that occur including money spent on nutrition and savings for education. The US is home to only 5 percent of the worlds population but we consume 25% of the worlds energy and generate 25% of the global warming pollution. In addition our current development practice drives good jobs farther from where many low-income people live and what this does to our quality of life: more traffic congestion, more pollution, and deteriorating health.
  • Knowledge gap among all professions on how to go green and how to work by using an integrated design approach Using an integrated design approach, assembling the right team and choosing cost effective green solutions will help with the financing gap. First costs are higher especially the first time a developer goes green but life cycle costs are lower. Starting early and using experienced green building professionals can help. Based on research, consultation with building experts and an analysis of existing Enterprise developments that contain Green Communities features, we estimate that homes may initially cost, on average, 3-5 percent more to build. Costs may vary considerably by project. Much of any increased cost will occur in the predevelopment stage, but some will occur during construction. We expect average costs to diminish as the learning curve flattens for our developer partners, as has happened already with green commercial and government buildings.
  • If design is the first signal of intent then green building signals the intent that we are designing communities to grow people, designing communities to benefit the environment Healthier homes – use building practices and materials that minimize moisture, provide proper ventilation, prevent pest infestations and avoid chemical and biological contaminants. Green Communities™ homes will be built according to key healthy homes principles, ensuring healthier and more comfortable living environments. Increased income – at least 30% more energy efficient, reducing energy bills by 100’s of dollars a year. Green Communities™ homes will be built within walkable distances to schools, jobs and services, increasing opportunities and reducing transporation costs for families. More durable materials save money in maintenance and replacement. Sustainable and smart – utilize best management practices for site improvements to minimize erosion and use stormwater management techniques to reduce polluted runoff into our streams and waterways and overburdening municipal stormwater facilities. Use recycled materials, recycle construction waste, use renewable energy where feasible and build where infrastructure exists integrating into the fabric of neighborhoods to strengthen and restore communities.
  • To make it a reality we have established a set of cost effective green building items that collectively will have the health, economic, and environmental benefits we hope to achieve for residents with low-incomes and communities. The criteria have been developed collaboratively by Enterprise and NRDC, one of the nation’s leading experts in green building and smart development, in consultation with other partners and experts in the field. Our goal was to adopt practices that are achievable today while affording significant benefits to families, communities, and the environment. They cover a wide range of building practices that can deliver these benefits, including smart siting, resource conservation, water management, proper ventilation, use of healthy materials and energy efficiency. The US Green Building Council, the national coalition of building industry leaders promoting healthy, environmentally responsible and profitable buildings through its LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Green Building Rating System ® supports the Green Communities Initiative. NRDC is a founder and longtime supporter of LEED. In addition, the Green Communities criteria reflect and are compatible with leading state and local green building programs. We would like to extend a special thank you to Gail Vittori and the Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems who provided support at a very early stage to the developement of Green Communities and the Green Criteria. We also thank Joanne Quinn and the Seattle Office of Housing who so generously allowed The Enterprise Foundation to use the SeaGreen Affordable Housing Guide as a foundation for the Green Criteria. The Enterprise Foundation would like to acknowledge our many other partners including the AIA, APA, Global Green USA, Greg Kats, Jennifer Henry, Jonathan Rose, Michael Gatto, NRDC, the National Centerfor Healthy Housing, and Southface who contributed their technical support and experience to the establishment of these Green Criteria.
  • New training: Renewable Energy
  • Bill Duncan – Enterprise Community Partners, Inc.

    1. 1. www.greencommunitiesonline.org
    2. 2. Our mission is to see that all low-income people in the United States have the opportunity for fit and affordable housing and to move up and out of poverty into the mainstream of American life.
    3. 3. Why Green Communities Now <ul><ul><li>Run down, unhealthy housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rising transportation and energy costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprawling, unsustainable development </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Air Pollution and Equity 30% of all emergency room visits are asthma related
    5. 5. Environmental Impacts of Transportation <ul><li>30-40% of total US energy use </li></ul><ul><li>US has 4% of world population and uses 47% of world’s gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation can be the 2 nd largest expense in a low-income household </li></ul>
    6. 6. Environmental Impact of Buildings <ul><li>Use 30-40% of total US energy </li></ul><ul><li>60-70% of electricity </li></ul><ul><li>35-40% of municipal solid waste </li></ul><ul><li>25-30% of wood and raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>25% of water use </li></ul>
    7. 7. Benefits of Green Communities <ul><ul><ul><li>Healthier homes for individuals, children, and parents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased income and enhanced </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>opportunities for low-income individuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and families </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable, smart development </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Indirect (Global) Forest Protection Stemming Climate Change Direct & Indirect Benefit (Regional and Indiv/Org) Direct Benefit (Individual/Org) Waste Management/ Recycled Materials Stormwater Retention Energy Savings Improved Air Quality Reduced Maintenance
    9. 9. Green Communities Framework <ul><li>Integrated Design Process </li></ul><ul><li>Location and Neighborhood Fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Site </li></ul><ul><li>Water Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Living Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Operations and Management </li></ul>
    10. 10. National Partners Natural Resource Defense Council American Institute of Architects the American Planning Association, Bank of America Blue Moon Fund BP America Citigroup Foundation Fannie Mae Freddie Mac Global Green USA The Home Depot Foundation J.P. Morgan Chase The Kresge Foundation Merrill Lynch Community Development Company M&T Bank National Center for Healthy Housing Surdna Foundation Tides Foundation Washington Mutual
    11. 11. Grants Up to $5mm Loans (EHFS) Up to $50mm Equity (ESIC) Up to $500mm Policy and Communications <ul><li>Low Cost Loans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predevelopment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site Acquisition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Competitively Priced Equity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction / Rehab </li></ul></ul>Advocacy Research, Evaluation Publications, Symposia Project Planning Technical Assistance, Training Green Building Features Community Developers and Home Builders Increased Use of Green Practices Lower Costs to Go Green Competitive Advantages Healthier Environments Lower Life Cycle Costs Better Opportunities Policy Makers, Funders Opinion Leaders New Coalitions New Ways of Thinking New Sources of Support 8,500 Green Homes Rental, For Sale, Community Facilities
    12. 12. <ul><li>Effecting Industry Change: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing Programs and Policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introducing Green Communities Criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFQ/RFPs and NOFAs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LIHTC Qualified Allocation Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Greener Plan for Affordable Housing </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Supporting Industry Change: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Place Based Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live Online Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Assistance Hotline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>404-391-5857 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. For Projects Seeking to go Green <ul><ul><li>Must commit to Best Effort to Incorporate Green Criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must Identify a Qualified “Green” Facilitator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must Show a Plan and Budget For Use of Funds </li></ul></ul>Up to $5,000 Details on www.greencommunitiesonline.org Green Communities Charette Grants
    15. 15. Eligible Loan Properties <ul><ul><li>Rental or for-sale affordable housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land, vacant buildings, and/or occupied property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New construction or rehab </li></ul></ul>Eligible Loan Uses - $50M over 5years <ul><ul><li>Predevelopment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul></ul>Green Communities Loans
    16. 16. Financial Impact of LIHTC Equity <ul><ul><li>$500 million of the $555 million available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6,500 of the 8,500 homes </li></ul></ul>Raise the Bar for LIHTC Market <ul><ul><li>Corporate Investor “Goodwill” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prioritize Green </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Package Financial Incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggressively priced equity </li></ul></ul>Help Cover the Cost of Green Green Communities Tax Credit Equity
    17. 17. <ul><li>Incentivizing Industry Change: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grants - $5 M </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Green Charrettes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability Training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Predevelopment and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loans - $50 M </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zero Percent Pre-development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5.5% Site Acquisition and Construction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LIHTC Equity </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Incentivizing Industry Change: Year One <ul><li>$179 million in financial support </li></ul><ul><li>$1.9 M in grants awarded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$13 M in loans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$160 M in tax credit equity invested </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4,300 green affordable homes </li></ul><ul><li>23 States plus DC </li></ul><ul><li>37 national, state and local partners </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Sharing Industry Change: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessons Learned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs and Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.greencommunitiesonline.org </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. www.greencommunitiesonline.org

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