Adam J. Schubert, PhD

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  • Biofuels are the leading short-to-medium term route for reductions of carbon dioxide emissions from transport fuels. ‘ We assume that the quantity of biofuels in the total worldwide gasoline and diesel pool rises steadily, reaching one-third by 2050. Conventional biofuels (biofuels yielding a 20% CO2 unit efficiency benefit) are capped at 5% of the total pool. The balance is assumed to be advanced biofuels (those yielding at least an 80% CO2 unit efficiency benefit).’ SMP p116
  • Biobutanol has a number of properties which make it attractive It can easily be blended into existing grades of gasoline and can use the existing fuel supply and distribution infrastructure without major modification It has the potential to be used at higher blend concentrations than ethanol in unmodified vehicles It has an energy content closer to that of gasoline than ethanol – reducing the impact on fuel economy and improving the proposition for the consumer Biobutanol can also enhance the performance of ethanol blends in gasoline and can thus be used together with ethanol as a complementary biocomponent Can be used together with ethanol It can enhance the performance of ethanol blends in gasoline It can be produced from the same feeds as ethanol Long term, we will develop feedstocks and processes to create ‘advantaged’ molecules - so called because they: Have high energy content Can be blended into fuel in higher proportions Can use as feedstock low-cost crops that are non-edible, abundant and not intensively cultivated Use more of the plant, not only the seeds Are made through conversion technologies that release minimal carbon dioxide Other Advanced biofuels will be explored through Biomass gasification
  • BP has already announced establishment of a new biofuels business within R&M and is now announcing a partnership with DuPont to develop advanced biofuels BP will invest in a new biofuels business to commercialise new biofuel products. BP will partner with science company DuPont to develop and market new advanced biofuels to meet the increasing global demand for renewable transportation fuels. The first of the next generation of biofuels to market will be biobutanol – a gasoline biocomponent. Initial production is targeted in the UK during 2007 where BP & DuPont are collaborating with British Sugar to convert the UK’s first ethanol fermentation facility to produce biobutanol Plant capacity is expected to be 30,000 tonnes/yr using sugar beet. Initial use of existing technology to speed market introduction in UK.
  • BP has already announced establishment of a new biofuels business within R&M and is now announcing a partnership with DuPont to develop advanced biofuels BP will invest in a new biofuels business to commercialise new biofuel products. BP will partner with science company DuPont to develop and market new advanced biofuels to meet the increasing global demand for renewable transportation fuels. The first of the next generation of biofuels to market will be biobutanol – a gasoline biocomponent. Initial production is targeted in the UK during 2007 where BP & DuPont are collaborating with British Sugar to convert the UK’s first ethanol fermentation facility to produce biobutanol Plant capacity is expected to be 30,000 tonnes/yr using sugar beet. Initial use of existing technology to speed market introduction in UK.
  • I am happy to speak with you today about BP and Biofuels. BP announced its formation of a Biofuels Business Unit last month. This business unit was formed in order to coordinate all of our existing global activities with biofuels and provide a mechanism for bringing new developments to market. Today is an introduction I will talk about our view of the landscape surrounding biofuels I will talk about what we are already doing And I will talk of initiatives we have recently announced

Transcript

  • 1. Biofuels for Consumers Adam J. Schubert Florida Farm to Fuel Conference - July 19 th 2007
  • 2. All roads lead to biofuels Increasing demand for transport fuel A growing market for the agriculture sector Increasing concern over environment Increasing concern over security of supply Biofuels
  • 3. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction
    • Transport energy demand is projected to double by 2050
    • Transport comprises 21% of CO2 emissions
    • A variety of technologies can reduce GHG emissions in the future
      • Vehicle efficiency
      • Biofuels and other renewable fuels
      • Demand reduction
    Combined Technology Case
  • 4. Biofuels for Consumers
    • Deliver Policy Objectives
      • Diversity of Supply
      • GHG Benefits
      • Indigenous Supply
    • Functional and Reliable
      • Meets the needs of existing vehicles
      • Supplied consistently
      • Quality Assured
    • Meet Consumer Needs
      • Reliable vehicle operation
      • Vehicle performance and range
      • Cost
    • Economically Viable
      • Delivery to market at competitive cost across the value chain
  • 5. The biofuels value chain Feedstock Production Conversion Primary Transport Storage & Blending Secondary Transport Retail End Use
    • Develop Sustainable Production
    • Diversify Supply
    • Maximize Yields
    • Minimize Diversion of Food Crops
    • Minimize Local Air Quality Impacts
    • Minimize CO2 Emissions
    • Focus on Existing Fleet
    • Meet Consumer Needs
      • Reliability
      • Performance
      • Cost
    • Minimize Carbon Footprint
    • Maximize use of Existing Infrastructure
    • Provide room for industry to find cost efficiencies
  • 6. Next generation Biofuels
    • Advanced biofuels respond to all drivers - deliver on GHG, security of supply & support agriculture sector
    • Biobutanol has a number of attractive properties:
      • Produced from same feedstocks as ethanol with minimal process modifications
      • Easily blended into gasoline
      • Can use existing fuel infrastructure without major modification
      • Potential to be used at higher blend concentrations than ethanol in unmodified vehicles
      • An energy content closer to that of gasoline than ethanol – reducing the impact on fuel economy for the consumer
    • Biobutanol is complementary to ethanol and can enhance the performance of ethanol blends in gasoline
    • Second generation biofuels are expected to be even less carbon intensive because they will be manufactured using non-food crops (lignocellulosic) and with a different processing technology
  • 7. BP’s Biofuels Business
    • Formed a new Biofuels business in June 2006
    • Investing $500 M in new Energy Biosciences Institute (UC-Berkley, Lawrence-Berkley Labs, U Illinois) to provide a pipeline of biofuels technology for the business
    • Partnering with DuPont to develop advanced biofuels-the first introduction is biobutanol.
    • BP / DuPont / British Sugar investing in a world-scale wheat-based ethanol production in the North of the UK
      • Site will also host a biobutanol demonstration facility and will convert the ethanol plant when technology becomes economic.
      • BP to do limited fleet testing of biobutanol (produced in China at an existing facility) by end of 2007
    • BP partnering with D1 to commercialize a non-food crop, Jatropha, as a source of biodiesel. Jatropha grows in Southeast Asia, Africa, South and Central America.
  • 8. Public Policy Framework
    • Focus on goals
      • Give the market room to develop innovative solutions
      • Flexibility provides space for quicker response to changing conditions
    • Emphasize solutions that can be used in existing vehicles and delivered through existing infrastructure
      • These will provide the quickest results at the lowest cost
      • These will minimize logistics requirements
    • Make room for innovation
      • Yesterday’s molecules may not be the best answer for today’s vehicles
      • Research can produce improved solutions for tomorrow – but only if they are allowed room to compete in the marketplace
  • 9.
    • Climate change and energy supply diversification will continue to underpin increased use of biofuels
    • Conventional biofuels are a positive first step in use of biomass
      • GHG reductions modest, not all biofuels are equal
      • Land use and competition for food crops are serious issues
    • Standards are needed for carbon certification of biofuels and to ensure sustainable biomass production
    • BP is working in partnerships to develop processes for production of second generation biofuels
    • If Biofuels are to make a significant impact of the two key drivers of energy supply security and climate change, then in the longer term, we will need:
      • Better feedstocks
      • Better processes
      • Better fuel molecules
    Biofuels – Summary
  • 10. Presentation title second line if required
    • BP Bio fuels
    • a growing alternative