National and Regional GrowthPresentation Transcript
What were the effects of the War of 1812?WINNER
Westward Expansion Native Americans weakened Tecumseh’s death ended unity movement No more help from British
Industry increased blockade forced us to make our own stuff
No winner (tie) no territory changed hands Before After
Nationalism Pride for USA grew – no one can beat us!! We’re #1 !!
Earned “Americanisms” patriotic things “Star Spangled Banner” White House War Hero – Andrew Jackson
Respect for America from other nations For such aWow, those youngAmericans country, they sure can sure are fight!! strong!
The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution changed the way people worked. From farming to Factories From hand tools to machine More goods, more quickly!
It began in England.They didn’t want other countries to know how tobuild the machines so they made it illegal to leave England if you had worked in a factory!!
It made its way to America when Samuel Slater memorized how to build them machines and then sailed to America in disguise! No, I’m not Samuel Slater!! The name is John Doe!
New England was a good place to set up factories because of….
Rivers for water power Willing workers (subsistence farmers) Seaports for exporting Wealthy investors
The first factories were spinning mills thatturned cotton fibers into yarn and employed children between the ages of 7 and 12.
Later Francis Cabot Lowell opened a factory that could spin yarn and weave it into cloth. He began to hire young farm girls who lived in company owned boarding houses. They became known as the “Lowell Girls”
” rls Gi w ell “Lo f or le e du hSc
Photo of early spinning and weaving machines taken atSmithsonian Museum of American History, Washington DC
Eli Whitney also impacted the Industrial Revolution with the innovation of interchangeable parts. Parts exactly alike! Faster production Easier repairs Led to assembly line
Photo of early Whitney rifle and its interchangeable parts taken at the Smithsonian Museum of American History, Washington DC
Many other inventors and their inventionsimpacted American life during this time:
Robert Fulton Improved steamboat Faster water transportation
Samuel F.B. Morse telegraph – Morse Code faster communication
John Deere steel plow for harder soil of Midwest
Cyrus McCormick mechanical reaper faster/easier harvesting
Eli Whitney also invented the cotton gin which had four major impacts American society…. Photo of early Whitney Cotton Gin taken at the Smithsonian Museum of American History, Washington DC
People moved west to begin Cotton plantations
Cotton became the #1 crop – most valuable crop
Native Americans are driven offland to make room for plantations.
Slavery became even moreimportant to the Southern economy
Slave Quarters at Mount Vernon, George Washington’s Plantation
Spirituals became an important part of slave and African American culture.
Nat Turner was a Virginia slave who led a rebellion against slave owners…. 55 whites were killed Turner and his followers were caught/hanged Spread fear in the South Harsh laws passed for African Americans
Although slaves made up about 1/3 of the South’s population by 1840, most Southerners did not own slaves!!! Only about 1/3 of white Southerners owned slaves…only 1/10 of those owned 20 or more
Nationalism and Sectionalism
nationalism pride in one’s country sectionalism putting region/state ahead of the nation
“American System” Proposed by Henry Clay (nationalist) Make America self-sufficient by: Protective tariff 2nd Bank of the US – uniform $$ Improve transportation systems
Transportation greatly improved during the mid 1800s. National Road Canals Steamships Railroads
James Monroe is elected as the 5th President of the United States
First five Presidents in order?
Monroe’s administration was called the “Era of Good Feeling”. Nationalism /patriotism: War of 1812 Only one political party Federalist Party died out
Two Supreme Court cases strengthened the federal govt. during Monroe’s admin. McCullough v. Maryland state cannot tax a national bank Gibbons v. Ogden interstate (between states) commerce can only be regulated by federal govt
US settled disputes with Britain in the early 1800s by signing treaties…… Rush-Bagot Agreement – limited both navies on Great Lakes Convention of 1818 – 49th parallel as US/Canadian Border
Relations were tense between US and Spain over….. LA Purchase boundary Seminoles from Spanish Florida were raiding GeorgiaAndrew Jackson was sent to Georgia by Monroe to….. Stop Seminoles from raidingHe overstepped his authority by…. Claiming Florida for the USThe US finally acquired Florida by…. Adams-Onis Treaty
Economic changes contribute to sectionalism because eachsection of the country wanted to protect its economic interests…….
West – Food Farmers:wanted cheap land andgood transportationNortheast – Factory owners/workers:wanted to protect the interests offactory’sSouth –Cotton Plantations:wanted to protect the interest ofplantation and slave owners
A problem arises when Missouri wants to become a state in 1817…. Adding a slave state would disrupt the balance of free/slave states in Congress 1 81 7 C ongre s sS lave S tate s F re e S tate s 11 11
How to settle it?? Missouri Compromise Henry Clay – “Great Compromiser” I’ve got an idea….. Lets compromise!
Missouri entered as a slave state & Maine entered as a free state Slavery Allowed Slavery
and…… Slavery was prohibited in most of Louisiana Territory It will be a temporary solution to an increasing problem between the North and South! m ise o m pr i Co ur isso M
Foreign policy changed during this time with the “Monroe Doctrine” after someEuropean monarchies started planning toregain their colonies in Central and South America…
The “Monroe Doctrine” stated…
The “Monroe Doctrine” showed that America considered herself as a world power!