The Industrial Revolution changed the way people worked. From farming to Factories From hand tools to machine More goods, more quickly!
It began in England.They didn’t want other countries to know how tobuild the machines so they made it illegal to leave England if you had worked in a factory!!
It made its way to America when Samuel Slater memorized how to build them machines and then sailed to America in disguise! No, I’m not Samuel Slater!! The name is John Doe!
New England was a good place to set up factories because of….
Rivers for water power Willing workers (subsistence farmers) Seaports for exporting Wealthy investors
The first factories were spinning mills thatturned cotton fibers into yarn and employed children between the ages of 7 and 12.
Later Francis Cabot Lowell opened a factory that could spin yarn and weave it into cloth. He began to hire young farm girls who lived in company owned boarding houses. They became known as the “Lowell Girls”
Cotton became the #1 crop – most valuable crop
Native Americans are driven offland to make room for plantations.
Slavery became even moreimportant to the Southern economy
Slave Quarters at Mount Vernon, George Washington’s Plantation
Spirituals became an important part of slave and African American culture.
Nat Turner was a Virginia slave who led a rebellion against slave owners…. 55 whites were killed Turner and his followers were caught/hanged Spread fear in the South Harsh laws passed for African Americans
Although slaves made up about 1/3 of the South’s population by 1840, most Southerners did not own slaves!!! Only about 1/3 of white Southerners owned slaves…only 1/10 of those owned 20 or more
Monroe’s administration was called the “Era of Good Feeling”. Nationalism /patriotism: War of 1812 Only one political party Federalist Party died out
Two Supreme Court cases strengthened the federal govt. during Monroe’s admin. McCullough v. Maryland state cannot tax a national bank Gibbons v. Ogden interstate (between states) commerce can only be regulated by federal govt
US settled disputes with Britain in the early 1800s by signing treaties…… Rush-Bagot Agreement – limited both navies on Great Lakes Convention of 1818 – 49th parallel as US/Canadian Border
Relations were tense between US and Spain over….. LA Purchase boundary Seminoles from Spanish Florida were raiding GeorgiaAndrew Jackson was sent to Georgia by Monroe to….. Stop Seminoles from raidingHe overstepped his authority by…. Claiming Florida for the USThe US finally acquired Florida by…. Adams-Onis Treaty
Economic changes contribute to sectionalism because eachsection of the country wanted to protect its economic interests…….
West – Food Farmers:wanted cheap land andgood transportationNortheast – Factory owners/workers:wanted to protect the interests offactory’sSouth –Cotton Plantations:wanted to protect the interest ofplantation and slave owners
A problem arises when Missouri wants to become a state in 1817…. Adding a slave state would disrupt the balance of free/slave states in Congress 1 81 7 C ongre s sS lave S tate s F re e S tate s 11 11
How to settle it?? Missouri Compromise Henry Clay – “Great Compromiser” I’ve got an idea….. Lets compromise!
Missouri entered as a slave state & Maine entered as a free state Slavery Allowed Slavery
and…… Slavery was prohibited in most of Louisiana Territory It will be a temporary solution to an increasing problem between the North and South! m ise o m pr i Co ur isso M
Foreign policy changed during this time with the “Monroe Doctrine” after someEuropean monarchies started planning toregain their colonies in Central and South America…