Brian MaassISLT 9410 Emerging Technologies Slideshare version (No animations/photos)
A technology related to RFID that allows wireless data transfer between devices, or between a device and a tag. Embedded in Tags Laptops Phones Embedded MicroSD add-on
Information links (like QR codes), Social media check-ins, Smart posters Peer-to-peer transfers – photos, contact info, files
Access – doors, computers, car ignitions, Public transportation, event ticketing Quick set-up of other services – Wi-Fi or Bluetooth pairing Mobile paymentsMissouri State has selected an NFC system to replace magnetic strip cards for campus IDs
13.56 MHz Low power. Operates at close proximity only – up to 10 cm, but in practice averages 4 cm max Can be read-only or read-write. One-way or two-way communication. Only one side of the connection needs to be powered. Other side uses induction (like wireless charging) Can store/exchange up to 1MB of data Tags currently run approximately $0.50 each
Fast connection Simple to use Low power consumption Shorter distance than RFID means more security Exchanges data in two directions (RFID is one way) Compatible with some existing RFID tags Faster set-up than Wi-Fi or Bluetooth Can be used to speed up their connection process
NFC Tags can hold up QR codes hold 7,089 to 1MB of data characters NFC can be passive or QR codes are passive active – Allows two- only – One-way data way exchange of data QR codes are NFC tags can be ugly/jarring embedded in anything QR codes can currently (unobtrusive) be read by most phones, Active NFC currently but user must open app limited to certain and scan the code phones
FOR AGAINST Verifone (dominant maker of point-of-sale hardware) PayPal/eBay Phones makers – Samsung, Square Nokia, Blackberry, HTC Retalix Google Wallet and Nexus ISIS – AT&T, Verizon, and UNDECIDED T-Mobile Visa/Mastercard Apple Bank of America/Citibank Gaming – Angry Birds and Fruit Ninja Objecs – NFC gravestones
Library card replacement Payments Reservations One touch setup of Wi-Fi access Self checkout - http://youtu.be/2C_bvyqJVfU Near term - Powered NFC checkout device – tap card, tap book, walk out As more patrons have NFC phones – tap phone to book, walk out
Information tags on books/media Bibliographic info Reviews Author info “You might also like” Information tags on displays/signs “More info on this subject” tag Related books/materials in this library Instant e-book download from poster/display
Security and Privacy Concern about spoofing tags, snooping on data exchange, activating tags at greater distances Can be Pin number protected Can be encrypted Can be shut down remotely Critical data can be kept on separate secure chip in phone MasterCard has said it is as secure as any credit/debit card.
Digital divide We could still issue the NFC-enabled library cards to provide much of this functionality to users without mobile phones Mobile phones are becoming ubiquitous 6 billion phones in the world Some countries over 100% mobile phone penetration http://mobithinking.com/mobile-marketing-tools/latest-mobile-stats
Ayre, L.B. (2012). Moving your RFID system to the new US data profile. Library Technology Reports, 48(5), 27-35. Becker, B. W. (2012). Get smart: Raising the intelligence of DIY library smart objects. Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian, 31(1), 80-83. Miraz, G.M., Ruiz, I.L., and Gómez -Nieto, M.Á. (2009). University of things: Applications of near field communication technology in university environments. The Journal of E-working, 3(1), 52-64. McHugh, S. and Yarmey, K. (2012). Near field communication: Introduction and implications. Journal of Web Librarianship, 6(3), 186-207. Retrieved from Taylor & Francis Online database. Rose, C. (2012). Close contact: An examination of the future of near field communications. International Journal of Management & Information Systems, 16(1), 95-100. Retrieved from EBSCOhost database.