WEB ARCHIVING: THEORIZED PRACTICES
Prof. Richard Rogers
University of Amsterdam
WEB ARCHIVING: THEORISED
PRACTICES
1. The Crisis in Web archive use
2. Addressing the crisis - Approaches to Web archive u...
WEB ARCHIVING: THEORISED
PRACTICES
>1. The Crisis in Web archive use
2. Addressing the crisis - Approaches to Web archive ...
WEB ARCHIVING: THEORISED
PRACTICES
1. The Crisis in Web archive use
>2. Addressing the crisis - Approaches to Web archive ...
WRITING (WEB) HISTORY
FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES
>1) Single website history - Capture history of website, and
playback as scree...
WEBSITE ARCHIVE USE: HOW
TO STUDY WHAT THEY OFFER
Follow Wayback Machine's interface - Privileges single-site
histories.
C...
WRITING (WEB) HISTORY
FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES
1) Single website history - Capture history of website, and
playback as screen...
STUDYING A WEBSITE
COLLECTION
"This newspaper made an inventory of right-wing and extreme
right-wing sites.... The newspap...
WRITING (WEB) HISTORY
FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES
1) Single website history. Capture history of website, and
playback as screenc...
The Archived Blogosphere: the EatonWeb Directory in the Internet Archive
Digital Methods and the Internet Archive: DMI Sum...
slashdot.org
wired.com
obscurestore.com
robotwisdom.com
zdnet.com
flutterby.com
cybereditions.com
amazon.com
facto.org
scr...
WRITING (WEB) HISTORY
FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES
1) Single website history - Capture history of website, and
playback as screen...
WRITING WEB HISTORY FROM
THE WEB ARCHIVES
Concluding remark:
With Web archives, study content, but also website features,
...
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013
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Richard Rogers' slides from Digital Conversations event on 26/09/2013

  1. 1. WEB ARCHIVING: THEORIZED PRACTICES Prof. Richard Rogers University of Amsterdam
  2. 2. WEB ARCHIVING: THEORISED PRACTICES 1. The Crisis in Web archive use 2. Addressing the crisis - Approaches to Web archive use ('Repurposing' web archive machines and building atop them) Web archive use
  3. 3. WEB ARCHIVING: THEORISED PRACTICES >1. The Crisis in Web archive use 2. Addressing the crisis - Approaches to Web archive use (From the study of content to features, digital objects and code) Web archive use
  4. 4. WEB ARCHIVING: THEORISED PRACTICES 1. The Crisis in Web archive use >2. Addressing the crisis - Approaches to Web archive use ('Repurposing' web archive machines and building atop them) Web archive use
  5. 5. WRITING (WEB) HISTORY FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES >1) Single website history - Capture history of website, and playback as screencast documentary (time-lapsed photography) 2) Collection making. Build collections from _already_ archived websites (e.g., right-wing extremist sites) 3) Reconstruct periods of web history. Early blogosphere. Show what is missing from archive. Also give missing sites context. 4) Reconstruct history of the web. Tracker and cookie use by the New York Times. Study code, not content. Researcher usage of web archives - Amsterdam Digital Methods (digitalmethods.net)
  6. 6. WEBSITE ARCHIVE USE: HOW TO STUDY WHAT THEY OFFER Follow Wayback Machine's interface - Privileges single-site histories. Capture a site's history. What does it tell? How else to study it? As an archived object, awaiting use.
  7. 7. WRITING (WEB) HISTORY FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES 1) Single website history - Capture history of website, and playback as screencast documentary (time-lapsed photography) >2) Collection making. Build collections from _already_ archived websites (e.g., right-wing extremist sites) 3) Reconstruct periods of web history. Early blogosphere. Show what is missing from archive. Also give missing sites context. 4) Reconstruct history of the web. Tracker and cookie use by the New York Times. Study code, not content. Researcher usage of web archives - Amsterdam Digital Methods (digitalmethods.net)
  8. 8. STUDYING A WEBSITE COLLECTION "This newspaper made an inventory of right-wing and extreme right-wing sites.... The newspaper found 150 of such sites that came and went over the past 10 years. The internet archive's wayback machine was used. We found that the number of right-wing and extreme right-wing sites grew after 11 September 2001, the rise of Pim Fortuyn...The growth was explosive... The difference in language use became smaller.... The internet is revealing a hardening of the Netherlands." - NRC Handelsblad (newspaper), 25 August 2007 On 20 September 2007, it fell out of the top 1,000 results. UNDERSTANDING SOCIETAL CONDITIONS WITH THE WEB
  9. 9. WRITING (WEB) HISTORY FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES 1) Single website history. Capture history of website, and playback as screencast documentary (time-lapsed photography) 2) Collection making for social research. Build collections from _already_ archived websites (e.g., right-wing extremist sites) >3) Reconstruct periods of web history. Early blogosphere. Show what is missing from archive. Also give missing sites context. 4) Reconstruct history of the web. Tracker and cookie use by the New York Times. Study code, not content. Researcher usage of web archives - Amsterdam Digital Methods (digitalmethods.net)
  10. 10. The Archived Blogosphere: the EatonWeb Directory in the Internet Archive Digital Methods and the Internet Archive: DMI Summer ‘09 Anaylsis_ Michael Stevenson and Marijn de Vries Hoogerwerf Method_ Grab screenshot for earliest archived version of each EatonWeb blog, order by date. Visualize ’missing’ blogosphere.
  11. 11. slashdot.org wired.com obscurestore.com robotwisdom.com zdnet.com flutterby.com cybereditions.com amazon.com facto.org scripting.com nytimes.com washingtonpost.com members.tripod.com mercurycenter.com mediagossip.com windowseat.org news.bbc.co.uk cnn.com salon.com julienne.com newslinx.com user.usonet.ne.jp rc3.org stuffeddog.com osnews.com dailynews.yahoo.com catless.ncl.ac.uk msnbc.com sfgate.com camworld.com pounce.vis.nu memepool.com dailygrail.com users.interport.net peterme.com my.netscape.com microsoft.com athens.net tamu.edu abcnews.go.com geocities.com refererlog.com salonmagazine.com digitalsquirrel.com news.cnet.com newscientist.com news.com theregister.co.uk ntk.net latimes.com chaparraltree.com members.xoom.com wonko.com tomalak.org bump.net usatoday.com techdirt.com us.imdb.com search.washingtonpost.com overlawyered.com boston.com rebeccablood.net researchbuzz.com thenia.com techweb.com artsjournal.com apple.com thedixons.net privacydigest.com www-personal.umich.edu web.pitas.com macronin.com gilest.org youknowwhat.com hack-the-planet.felter.org l0pht.com alchemy.openjava.org infoworld.com geeknews.net my.userland.com forbes.com nandotimes.com ultimatechaos.com newsunlimited.co.uk chicagotribune.com thestandard.com cgi.ebay.com blogger.com slate.com ltseek.ltc.vanderbilt.edu herring.com solosier.com kottke.org shmooze.com google.com cdnow.com roosh.com theonion.com worldnewyork.com mar.anomy.net bekkoame.ne.jp eatonweb.com observer.com dtheatre.com newhomemaker.com villagevoice.com whump.com byte.com computerworld.com calendarlive.com evhead.com dack.com dandot.com freshmeat.net drudgereport.com egroups.com epinions.com biz.yahoo.com cgi.pathfinder.com bradlands.com mtv.com seattletimes.com sjmercury.com suntimes.com thecounter.com pcworld.com nypostonline.com thestranger.com nospoon.org tv-99-ad.com news.excite.com underbelly.org userfriendly.org mediainfo.com magnetbox.com linkwatcher.com megnut.com yahoo.com pigdog.org alt0169.com pathfinder.com indirection.skunkworks.cxunpopular.com azstarnet.com miscmedia.comforgo.net metafilter.com bud.com zeldman.com listology.com musicinsight.com coffee-a-gogo.com pyra.com metagrrrl.com technocrat.net brainsausage.com The outlinks analyzed are directed at both archived and non-archived blogs, making it possible to estimate the latter’s position within the network. The outlink analysis produces clusters: the subset highlighted here includes blogs more closely associated with tech news sources, including Computer World and CNet News. The Archived Blogosphere: a Snapshot from 1999 Method_ Gather outlinks from EatonWeb blogs archived in 1999, using the version closest to July 15. Perform cluster analysis and visualize network. Analysis_ Esther Weltevrede, Carolin Gerlitz, Anat Ben-David and Michael Stevenson DMI Summer ‘09_ Digital Methods and the Internet Archive
  12. 12. WRITING (WEB) HISTORY FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES 1) Single website history - Capture history of website, and playback as screencast documentary (time-lapsed photography) 2) Collection making. Build collections from _already_ archived websites (e.g., right-wing extremist sites) 3) Reconstruct periods of web history. Early blogosphere. Show what is missing from archive. Also give missing sites context. >4) Reconstruct history of the web. Tracker and cookie use by the New York Times. Study code, not content. Researcher usage of web archives - Amsterdam Digital Methods (digitalmethods.net)
  13. 13. WRITING WEB HISTORY FROM THE WEB ARCHIVES Concluding remark: With Web archives, study content, but also website features, digital objects and code. Researcher usage of web archives - Amsterdam Digital Methods (digitalmethods.net)

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