The transition to Finch - the implications for academic libraries

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  • 1. The transition to Finch – the implications foracademic librariesJude EnglandHead of Social Sciences, The British LibraryNovember 2012
  • 2. Some statistics……979 academic libraries Total number of serials titles4,000 + public libraries academic libraries subscribed to almost6 national (legal deposit) libraries tripled to 1.5m in 10 yrs(CILIP 2008-09) to 07-08British Library 150 million items:13m books, 1m journals; Ave, price of UK academic book 08-5m reports, theses and conference 09 £48.57. Range from £45.64papers; 1.5 million visitors; 16,000 humanities to £67.57 in technologyusers every dayEthos – Database of 300,000 theses Typically serials have built-in price increase of 5%; exchangePhase One of UKRR released 11,000+ rates been recent problem – RINmetres of shelving ; aims to release 100 km 2009 calculated 15% increaseby the end of 2013 (in reverse at present) Expenditure on academic libraries: 322m, 3% of total university expenditure Expenditure on print only in 97- 98; by 07-08, 550m, 2.1% of total and combined print and digital (SCONUL and HESA) serials falling
  • 3. Challenges to Academic Libraries RIN 2009After decade of growth expecting sustained period of cutsStrategic thinking on: Balance of staffing and expenditure on resources Service development with a user focus (and what to cut), and how to make best use of resources for data curation, OA and training Tight acquisition budgets and meeting demands, plus the difficulties of sustaining journal provision and subscription costs Greater cooperation and collaboration across the sector
  • 4. Looking to 2020….. Smaller, distributed network of specialist guidesFunding Opportunity for consumers to pay what they want for content Stories conveyed through interactive computer games Research funding allocated on basis of economic/ socialResearch impact STM research will continue to be well funded Increase in collaborative, multi/ inter-disciplinary researchHigher Different universities will focus on different disciplinesEducation Growth in distance and online learning Collaborative partnerships with private sector Very tough for cultural institutions and HEAccess New business models may yield new revenue streams Demonstration of value critical to ensuring funding 4
  • 5. Research and learning becoming increasinglycollaborative and open 5
  • 6. Openly connecting Researchers with with their research objects2 year project funded under EC FP7 Coordination and Action ProgrammeORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID Initiative)Datacite Consortium – BL is UK registration agentPartners: ORCID, Datacite, BL, CERN, Dryad, arXiv, ANDSBuild on Orcid and Datacite initiatives to uniquely identify and connectscientists and datasets‘Datasets’ has a broad definition (anything but journals) so can include greyliterature, presentations, code etc.Connect information across multiple services and infrastructures for scholarlycommunications
  • 7. Openly connecting Researchers with with their research objectsInfrastructure already exists for researchers to build up anopen portfolio of research objectsRegister an ORCID ID www.orcid.org and link published papersusing ORCID’s toolsNon published outputs (working papers, datasets) can bedeposited in figshare http://figshare.com/ given a DataCite DOIand linked back and added to ORCID profileODIN wants to expand on this principle and engage with datacentres and institutional repositories to allow easier moreopen discovery of non-traditional research outputs.
  • 8. Fate of Print to 2020……UK Books - Children, Fiction & Leisure100%80%60% UK Newspapers40%20% 100% 0% 80% 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 60% 40% 20% Digital only 0% 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Parallel Physical only Source: Outsell, British Library 8 forecasts
  • 9. Fate of Print to 2020…… UK Journals100%80%60%40% UK HE Monographs20% 100% 0% 80% 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 60% 40% Digital only 20% 0% Parallel 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Physical only Source: Outsell, British Library forecasts 9
  • 10. Scenarios for 2050 10
  • 11. Scenarios for 2050 11
  • 12. … and not forgetting the consumer…. 12
  • 13. Access to research and technical information inDenmarkMore than 2/3rds had difficulty accessing market researchreports; 62% technical reports from government agenciesLinks with universities and colleges were relied on to provideaccess to articlesUse of Open Access materials widespread: more than half usedinstitutional repositories or subject repositories and OA journalsmonthly or more regularlyAlmost 4 in 10 always or frequently had difficulty accessingresearch articles; a further 4 in 10 sometimes had difficultiesAccess to academic research brings benefits: 27% of products and19% of processes introduced or developed would have beendelayed – and cost
  • 14. Open Access and LibrariesCharles W. Bailey 2008OA does not require that libraries do anything for it to existFull OA ‘good thing’: content owned not licensed rights and permissions clear and promote access no need for authentication barriers no need to err on the side of non-use no need to seek permission for reproduction no need to negotiate for prices or licenses, nor cancel subscriptions
  • 15. An open access future: the role of academic librariesApril 2012, 14 senior librarians and industry experts Agreed that OA growth, speed and spread dependent on policy directions and will vary between subjects Stressed the importance of discoverability of OA as key to its usefulness Attitudes of researchers key: still mistrustful, lack understanding and may be reluctant to comply unless funder requirement and benefits communicated but, also operate in OA world and expect it Opportunity to open up and share resources beyond institutional walls
  • 16. An open access future: the role of academic librariesOA will impact budgets but libraries also well placed to support management ofgold access budgetsOA reduce the importance of libraries developing institutional collections butincrease role in management of institutional repositoriesManagement of metadata critical for discoverability of OA resources; metadatamanagement and preservation increasingly likely on a web scale not institutionallevelQuality of provision and services will be more important that the content of thelibrary; value will be added via digitisation of unique collectionsLibraries will increasingly work together and share functions and services ‘The information professional is the library of the future.’
  • 17. What are the implications then?Yes, costs, but libraries no strangers to goodbudget management User behaviour Creation of andConnecting core: global landscape and need to expectations new knowledgemove past artificial and existing boundariesDon’t assume that researchers understand OA,especially differences between gold and green,access, embargos, archiving Information Collection Preservation lifecycle and curationDiscoverability, usability, good metadata andappropriate rights management centralLibraries key in creation of discovery, usabilityand access, as well as building, curating and Connecting Organisationsustaining digital repositories people and to content descriptionEssential to monitor and understand userexpectations and changing environment
  • 18. Don’t Panic!
  • 19. The British Library andSocial SciencesJude England (0)20 7412 7670Alt ext.: 7487Email: jude.england@bl.ukHead Social SciencesThe British Library96 Euston RoadLondon NW1 2DB @BLHdSocSci Our hashtag: #BLSocSci ©British Library Website 19