ODISHA ADIBASI MANCHAN APEX BODY OF TRIBALS HAVING ITS PRESENSE IN 22 DISTRICTS OF ODISHACampaign at State levelby Odisha Adibasi ManchonMother Tongue basedECE in Tribal areas in 10districts-27 blocks-2700villages
ADIBASIS IN ODISHA62 TYPES OF GROUPS23% POPULATION2ndHIGHEST POPULATION AFTERCHHATTISGARH13PARTICULARLYVULNERABLE TRIBALGROUPS[PVTG]30 LANGUAGES SPOKEN32 LANGUAGES LOSTOLNY TWO TRADITIONAL LIPIS-OLCHIKI & SORA SAMPENG
Goal of the Campaign• To implement mother tongue based Multi-lingual quality early childhood education in the existinggovt. ICDS and CBCD centers of tribal pockets of Odisha for successful transition of young tribalchildren from preschool to primary school.Specific Objectives• Modified ARUNIMA should have a section for the mother tongue based multi lingual approach intribal area.• Tribal women only should be selected as Awganwadi Worker(AWW) in the tribal areas (Pleaserefer to the Supreme Court ruling on this).• The State Government should demand for bringing the children of below 6 years under thepurview of Right to Education Act• To upgrade Mini- ICDS centers in to Main ICDS centers in tribal area.• To strengthen the present Early Childhood Education component in existing ICDS centers and ifneeded, appointment of additional AWWs specifically for this purpose.• To prepare Local context TLM as per the need of Mother Tongue based ECE in every center.• Advocacy from palli sabha, gram sabha/panchayat to state level for policy changes in ECE,promoting Mother Tongue Based ECE and Multi-Lingual approaches in existing ICDS centers oftribal area of Odisha.Project Start period-April-2012
Activities[8 months]• Launching of the campaign in the presence of newly elected PRI members and OAMConvenors• Intensive Orientation of Block and District Convenors about the campaign.• Baseline survey done to assess the situation. Campaign strategies are developed on thebasis of the data analysis.• 24 Block level sensitisation workshops involving 2562 participants including BDO, ABDO,CDPO, GPO, PRI members, ICDS Supervisors, AWWs, local CBOs, NGOs, etc• 4224 palli sabha resolutions taken and sent to Governor, CM and WCD Secretary byregistered post.• 48551 post cards sent to the above persons demanding MT base MLE in AWCs.• State level workshops-2-setting out strategies and plan of action. Alliance building.• Continuous Lobbying with MLAs and Ministers and bureaucrats[Tribal Minister, WCDMinister, Tribal MLAs, Tribal Secretary, WCD Secretary, Chief Secretary, OPEPA Directorand Chief Minister and giving them memorandum].• identified community resource persons and experts to develop a context based primer intribal language mainly in Saura and Kui. Primers developed with help of PREM.• Worked as a part of the documentary on ECE campaign .• Facilitated the media campaigns at block, district and region.• Worked as a part of NACDIP in influencing Draft ECCE Policy, lobbying with Central Tribalminister, Parliamentary affairs minister, party heads of other political parties, Rajya SabhaMPs, Lok Sabha MPs, etc
Major Achievements• Govt’s decision to implement MTMLE using 10 tribal languages in Phase-Iand 19 languages in phase-II in 25000 AWCs in tribal areas.• Govt’s decision to modify Arunima-the ECCE guide book in the light of ourdemand to make it tribal context specific. OPEPA becomes the nodalagency.• State govt’s highest education authority-OPEPA includes PREM/OAM in itsteam of experts for curriculum and other T&L materials development.• Several mini-ICDS centres are upgraded to main ICDS centres.• In tribal areas, AWW appointment is from local tribal community.• Mainstream media create space for this campaign. Wide coverage from allbylines-block,dist,state,centre. Live Talk show in electronic media.• Most of the suggestions from NACDIP/OAM incorporated in WCDfeedback format.• Concerned ministers, many MLAs, ZPs and PRI members sensitised on MTbased MLE. Developed and strengthened an institutional relationship.
• To include rest of the languages in the purview of recent Govtdecision which has to be implemented in spirit.• To upgrade all Mini-ICDS centres in to Main ICDS centres intribal areas.• Appointment of additional tribal AWW specifically to lookafter ECE. Capacity building of these AWWs in MT based MLE.• Special training for existing non-tribal AWWs to work in tribalareas, including knowledge of tribal dialect;• Further sentisation of policy makers-MLAs and MPs in thestate.• To advocate for meeting the minimum quality standards asprescribed in ECCE daft policy within a time frame.• We have to strengthen the existing ICDS system and make theAWC function. There is no short cut to it…THE WAYS FORWARD….
Palli Sabha-the crux of thecampaignExplaining about the Resolutionand Post Card campaignBLOCK LEVEL SENSITIZATION WORKSHOPS