Advancement Exam Study Guides

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Bishop Kenny Advancement Exam Study Guide for the Rates and Ranks Advancement Exam

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Advancement Exam Study Guides

  1. 1. Rates and Ranks Study GuideCadet Field Manual Chapter 2 pages 2-1 through 2-11; Appendix 3 and Cadet Reference Manual pages 11 through 17 1. A perched eagle and two stars over a fouled anchor denote a Cadet Master Chief Petty Officer. 2. An active duty USN Captain is designated by a collar device of silver eagle with wings spread. 3. USMC pay grade E-3 is the title of Lance Corporal. 4. Students who are entering the NJROTC program for the first time are most often assigned the grade of Cadet Seaman Recruit. 5. The Seaman rate has a collar device consisting of three silver diagonal stripes. 6. A perched eagle over three chevrons denotes Cadet Petty Officer First Class. 7. An active duty USMC Second Lieutenant is designated by a collar device of one gold bar. 8. A chevron on a collar device looks like the letter V. 9. USMC pay grade E-6 is the title of Staff Sergeant.10. An active duty USN Commander is designated by a collar device of silver oak leaf.11. A cadet Ensign is designated by a collar device of one gold bar.12. A cadet Lieutenant Commander is designated by a collar device of four attached gold bars.13. A perched eagle over a fouled anchor denotes a Cadet Chief Petty Officer.14. A perched eagle over one chevron denotes a Cadet Petty Officer Third Class.15. USMC pay grade E-5 is the title of Sergeant.16. An active duty USMC First Lieutenant is designated by a collar device of one silver bar.17. An active duty USN Admiral has 4 stars on his collar insignia.18. An active duty USN Lieutenant is designated by a collar device of two silver bars.19. An active duty USMC Captain is designated by a collar device of two silver bars.20. A Cadet Captain is the highest rank that can be attained by a cadet in NJROTC.21. USMC pay grade E-9 is the title of Master Gunnery Sergeant and a Sergeant Major.22. A Cadet Seaman Recruit is a rate in NJROTC with no collar device23. The Seaman Apprentice rate has a collar device consisting of two silver diagonal stripes.24. A cadet Lieutenant (Junior Grade) is designated by a collar device of two gold bars.25. A cadet Commander is designated by a collar device of five attached gold bars.26. An active duty USN Rear Admiral (Upper Half) has two stars on his collar insignia.27. USMC pay grade E-7 is the title of Gunnery Sergeant28. An active duty USN Lieutenant Commander is designated by a collar device of gold oak leaf.29. A perched eagle over two chevrons denotes a Cadet Petty Officer Second Class.30. An active duty USMC Lieutenant Colonel is designated by a collar device of a silver oak leaf.31. A perched eagle and a star over a fouled anchor denote a Cadet Senior Chief Petty Officer.32. An active duty USN Ensign is designated by a collar device of one gold bar.33. USMC pay grade E-8 is the title of First Sergeant and a Master Sergeant.34. A cadet Lieutenant is designated by a collar device of three attached gold bars.35. An active duty USMC Colonel is designated by a collar device of silver eagle with wings spread.36. USN pay grade E-5 is the title of Petty Officer Second Class.37. An active duty USMC General has 4 stars on his collar insignia.38. USN pay grade E-6 is the title of Petty Officer First Class.39. An active duty USN Lieutenant (Junior Grade) is designated by a collar device of one silver bar.40. An active duty USMC Major General has two stars on his collar insignia.41. USMC pay grade E-1 is the title of Private.42. An active duty USMC Lieutenant General has 3 stars on his collar insignia.43. An active duty USN Vice Admiral has 3 stars on his collar insignia.44. USN pay grade E-1 is the title of Seaman Recruit.45. An active duty USMC Major is designated by a collar device of gold oak leaf.46. USMC pay grade E-2 is the title of Private First Class.47. An active duty USN Rear Admiral (Lower Half) has one star on his collar insignia.48. USN pay grade E-2 is the title of Seaman Apprentice.49. An active duty USMC Brigadier General has one star on his collar insignia.50. USN pay grade E-3 is the title of Seaman. Introduction to Drill Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 1 & 2 pages DM-1 through DM-30 1. When marching and the command, "Left Oblique, MARCH" is given, the command of execution is given as the Left foot strikes the deck, then the command to follow is "Front, MARCH", the command of execution is given as the right foot strikes the deck.
  2. 2. 2. In NJROTC the purpose of a Training Time Out (TTO) is an appropriate means for a cadet to obtain relief if he/she is experiencing discomfort during the training exercise. 3. The purpose of quick time is to march at 112 to 120 steps per minute, normally taking 30-inch steps. 4. A file is a formation in which persons are placed one behind the other. 5. When marching and the command, "Close, MARCH" is given, the command of execution is given as the right foot strikes the deck, then the command to extend is "Extend, MARCH", the command of execution is given as the left foot strikes the deck. 6. The steps in military drill that are 15 inches in length are half step and back step. 7. The 40-inch "distance" in military drill refers to the space between the chest of one cadet and the back of the cadet ahead. 8. The term "formation" in military drill refers to an arrangement of elements of a unit "in line" or "in column." 9. When marching and the command, "By The Right Flank, MARCH" the preparatory command, "By the Right Flank," is given as the right foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the right foot strikes the deck.10. A formation in which the persons are abreast of (side by side) each other is called a rank.11. The three types of commands in military drill are preparatory, command of execution, & supplemental12. The best way to develop a command voice is to practice.13. When marching in the "Right Oblique" and the command, "Forward, MARCH" is given, the preparatory command, "Forward," is given as the right foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the left foot strikes the deck.14. The command "Column Half Right (Left), MARCH" requires a turn of 45 degrees.15. The term "element" in military drill refers to any unit which is part of a larger unit.16. The lateral distance measured between individuals from shoulder to shoulder, on the same line is called Interval.17. When marching and the command, "To the Rear, MARCH" the preparatory command, "To the Rear," is given as the left foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the right foot strikes the deck.18. The steps in military drill that are 12 inches in length are right step and left step.19. At double time marching you are taking 36- inch steps, at 180 steps per minute.20. When marching and the command, "Column Half Left, MARCH" the preparatory command, "Column Half Left," is given as the left foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the left foot strikes the deck.21. The command, "AS YOU WERE," cancels a movement or order started but not completed.22. When marching and the command, "Column Left, MARCH" the preparatory command, "Column Left," is given as the right foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the left foot strikes the deck.23. Slow time cadence is used at Funerals.24. In the Cadet Field Manual the preparatory commands are shown beginning with a capital letter followed by lower case letters, all letters in bold.25. When marching and the command, "Right Turn, MARCH" the preparatory command, "Right Turn," is given as the left foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the right foot strikes the deck. Military Customs, Courtesies, Etiquette and Ceremonies Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 3 pages 3-1 through 3-14 1. Street parades are organized and directed by a person designated as the Grand Marshall. 2. When you are in uniform and outdoors and you hear the National Anthem played and the flag is not visible, you Stand at attention, face the music and render a salute. 3. If four services (Navy, Marine, Air Force and Army) are participating jointly in an NJROTC units review, the order of march is Army, Marine, Navy and Air Force. 4. There are 31 words in the pledge of allegiance. 5. It is the universal custom to display the United States flag sunrise to sunset. 6. On Memorial Day the flag is flown at half-mast until noon. 7. When attending an outdoor event in uniform and the U.S. flag is escorted past you, you render a hand salute when the flag is 6 paces from you 8. The National Ensign may be displayed twenty-four hours a day when properly illuminated during the hours of darkness. 9. When the Ensign is to be flown at half-staff the proper procedure that must be followed is to first hoist the Ensign to the peak and then lower it to the half-mast position. 10. Indivisible is the word in the pledge of allegiance that says that our country is incapable of being divided during troublesome times.
  3. 3. 11. After the reviewing officer has taken his/her position in the reviewing area and the cadets are at attention, the commander of troops commands "Pass in Review".12. Courtesies is a traditional way by which salutes to ships, to high ranking individuals, and to nations are carried out.13. The term "half-staff" means the position of the flag is half the distance between the peak and bottom of the staff.14. Reveille is the signal for the start of the official duty day.15. Military formations never recite the Pledge of Allegiance.16. The words of the pledge of allegiance that describes a body of people associated with a particular territory, who are conscious of their unity is One Nation.17. The salute is held until the last note of the national anthem is played.18. The flag is flown at half-mast to honor and pay respect to deceased persons of national importance.19. The position of a flag when it is flown at "Half-Staff" is one-half the distance between the top and the bottom of the staff.20. A signal for the end of a duty day; also serves as a ceremony for paying respect to the flag is Retreat.21. Our flag is our companion around the world. The flag should be displayed on all days. The flag is a living thing. There is magic in its folds.22. The preferred method of destroying a flag unfit for public display is burning.23. The flag and the national anthem are symbols of all the people, their land, and their institutions.24. The U.S. flag can be displayed twenty-four hours a day when properly illuminated during the hours of darkness.25. On a military base, at the first note of the national anthem, all vehicles/passengers should come to a complete stop, then sit quietly until last note is played.26. Cadets look upon participation in a parade, especially in the civilian community, as an important part of their training because it brings credit to their school and unit27. The senior officer taking part in a ceremony is referred to as the Commander of Troops.28. The second in command during a review is the Adjutant.29. If Marine and Navy units are participating jointly in an NROTC units review, the Marine units are placed ahead of the Navy units.30. If three services (Navy, Marine, Army,) are participating jointly in an NROTC units review, the order of march is Army, Marine Corps, and Navy.31. The line on which the cadets are to form and along which they are to march in the review area is marked out by the host organization for the review.32. When performing a Pass in Review, the platoon commander executes eyes right when the platoon is 6 paces from the nearest member of the reviewing party.33. A military review consists of 4 parts.34. The formal part of a review during which an inspection is made is called Trooping the Line.35. When indoors and the national anthem or “to the Colors” is played, face the flag and take the position of attention and place your hand over your heart.36. There is no requirement for a person to stand or salute for ceremonies broadcast over radio or television.37. In military formations and ceremonies, the Pledge of Allegiance shall not be recited.38. Reciting the Pledge of Allegiance is optional for military personnel when indoors.39. Retreat signals the END of the official duty day and also serves as a ceremony for paying respect to the flag.40. A bugle call, “To the Colors” can be used instead of the National Anthem and is given the same respect as the National Anthem.41. The four parts of a review are (1) Formation of the unit; (2) Presentation and honors; (3) Inspection (trooping the line); and (4) March in review.42. Our flag signifies a people dedicated to liberty, justice, and freedom for all.43. After saluting the Reviewing Officer while marching in review, the Commander of the Troops and staff turn out of column and take a position on line with and to the right of the Reviewing Officer.44. The Grand Marshal may lead the parade the entire distance or may review the parade from a location along the parade route.45. When in uniform, do not salute flags on stationary flagstaffs except during reveille and retreat.46. The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather is inclement, except when an all weather flag is displayed.47. Formations for ceremonies may be modified by commanding officers when the nature of the grounds or exceptional circumstances require such changes.48. The line on which the cadets are to form and along which they are to march is marked out by the host organization for the review.
  4. 4. Squad Drill Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 7 pages DM-99 through DM-109 1. When marching at quick time, on the command of "By the right Flank, MARCH.", on the command of execution "MARCH," everyone takes one more 30-inch steps to the front and then pivots 90 degrees to the right stepping out on the pivot. 2. If the Squad executes a back step, the unit leader, who is facing the squad, would execute a half step. 3. When executing "To the Rear, MARCH" when at quick time take one more step on the command of execution and pivot on both feet at the same time. 4. When executing a left or a right "oblique" movement, turn 45 degrees to the right or left are the cadets turning simultaneously. 5. On the command "Close, March" squad members lower their hands for the close interval dress right dress position as soon as the person to their left has touched his/her elbow. 6. When the command "Column Right (Left), MARCH" is given the leading cadet takes One full step before pivoting on the ball of the right (left) foot. 7. "Dress Right, DRESS" is the command given to align a squad at normal interval. 8. "FALL IN" is the command given to form the squad. 9. A Squad is a group of 8- 12 individuals formed for the purpose of instruction, discipline, control, and order.10. When the Squad is armed with rifles, "Trail, ARMS" is the command given or executed automatically, when moving short distances.11. If the Squad executes a right step, the unit leader, who is facing the squad, would execute a left step.12. The unit leader must maintain proper distance (3 paces) from the Squad and remain centered on the Squad during all drill movements.13. Size the Squad Tallest to the shortest with the squad leader first.14. If the Squad is armed and a report is to be taken, the weapons will be inspected immediately following the report with the following commands: "Inspection, ARMS;" "Port, ARMS;" and "Order, ARMS"15. The command is "At Close Interval, Dress Left DRESS," everyone except the individual on the left flank smartly turn their heads to the left, look, and align themselves. At the same time they will smartly raise their left elbow to provide interval.16. The command is "Close, MARCH." The purpose of this movement is to close the interval between individuals of a Squad in line to 4 inches17. The squad leader teaches the squad to march in the oblique by having the squad members face half right/left after their initial alignment.18. For slight changes of direction, the command is “Incline to the Right / Left”.19. On the command "Close, March" the unit leader faces left in marching and marches parallel to the squad, stops when centered and faces the squad.20. The command to temporarily halt the squad in the oblique is "In Place, Halt".21. The command of execution for “To The Rear, MARCH” is given on the right foot.22. After verifying the alignment of the squad, the unit leader faces right in marching, marches to a point 3 paces beyond the squad and then faces to the left and commands, "Ready, FRONT".23. The normal formation for a squad is a single rank (Squad in line) or a single file (Squad in column).24. On the command "Dress, Left, Dress" the squad members raise their left arm and look to the left.25. On the command "Dress, Right, Dress" The squad leader continues to look straight ahead.26. After verifying the alignment of the squad, the unit leader faces right in marching, marches straight to a point 3 paces beyond the squad, halts, faces to the left and commands, "Ready, FRONT".27. On the command, "Ready, FRONT" the unit leader Marches by the most direct route to a post 3 paces front and centered on the squad.28. On the command "Close March" the squad leader puts his/her left hand on his/her hip.29. When sizing the squad for a parade or ceremony, the first member of the squad is the tallest squad member.30. A squad, not at drill, may be marched in column of twos.31. When marching at double time, on the command of "By the right Flank, MARCH.", on the command of execution "MARCH," everyone takes 2 more 36-inch steps and then two, 6-inch vertical steps in place at double time cadence. While stepping in place, everyone turns 90 degrees toward the direction commanded and then steps off in the new direction.32. If the squad is armed, members fall in with weapons at the position of order arms.33. When aligning a squad of well-drilled troops or when there is insufficient time to verify alignment, the unit leader may command “Ready, Front” from his/her normal position (3 paces and centered), without having verified alignment.34. The squad is dismissed only from a line with individuals at attention.35. Unarmed Squads are dismissed with the command “Dismissed”.
  5. 5. 36. In line, the command is “Count, Off”. At the command “Off,” everyone except the squad leader, turn their heads 90 degrees over the shoulder and look to the right. The Squad leaders shout ONE. The person in the file to the left of the squad leaders turns his/her head smartly back to the front and at the same time shouts TWO, etc.37. In column, on the command “From Front to Rear, Count, Off,” the squad leader smartly turns his/her head to the right 90 degrees over the shoulder and shouts ONE as the head is turned back to the front.38. At the command “Right Oblique, March” the command of execution is given as the right foot strikes the deck.39. For the squad to resume marking in the original direction after the command “Right Oblique, March” the command if “Forward, March”.40. “By the Right/Left Flank March” may be executed from any formation that is marching at quick time or double time cadence.41. When given half step or mark time while marching in the oblique, the only commands that may be given are “Resume, March” or “In Place, Halt”.42. The command of execution for “To the Rear, March” is given as the right foot strikes the deck.43. When halted, and the command “To the Rear, March” is given, on the command of Execution “March” everyone takes one 15-inch step to the front with the left foot and then pivots 180 degrees toward the right on the balls of both feet.44. When marching at double time, and the command “To the Rear, March” is given, on the command of Execution “March” everyone takes two more 36-inch steps to the front and then four, 6-inch vertical steps st rd in place at double time cadence. On the 1 and 3 steps in place, everyone pivots 180 degrees to the right. Personnel Inspection Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 1 pages 1-9, 11-14, 17-20, 25-28 and Chapter 4 pages 4-1 through 4-6 1. The uniform your senior naval science instructor (SNSI) will direct you to wear on any given day is known as the Uniform of the Day. 2. When the platoon commander of the three squad platoon gives the command "Open Ranks, MARCH" the second squad takes one step forward and executes an immediate dress right dress. 3. At the conclusion of the inspection, the platoon commander proceeds to a position 3 paces in front of and 1 pace (s) to the side of the first ranks. 4. Upon completion of the inspection of each platoon, its commander faces left and orders "Close Ranks, MARCH." 5. An important aspect that a inspecting officer must try to keep in mind is not only what "looks" good but also what is "correct" according to the uniform regulations. 6. "Ready Front, COVER" is the command the platoon commander gives after verifying that the alignment is correct in the platoon. 7. The command is "Hand, SALUTE." To return to the position of attention the command is: "Ready, TWO." 8. The inspection officer proceeds to the first platoon and takes a position one paces in front of and facing the platoon and the platoon commander. 9. Personnel inspections often requires planning and preparation.10. The best part of the personnel inspection is that the naval science instructors get a chance to see what the cadets have learned.11. Naval science instructors and school officials can learn the condition of many aspects of training, morale, and leadership that exists in their unit by the cadets appearance.12. When the platoon commander of the three squad platoon gives the command "Open Ranks, MARCH" the third squad remains stationary.13. After verifying alignment, the platoon commander marches to a position 3 paces (s) beyond the front rank, faces left and give a command.14. “En masse” means as a whole. A unit composed of a battalion may be inspected “en masse” for special occasions.15. The company/platoon is considered to be the basic unit for inspection.16. As the inspecting officer approaches the platoon, the platoon commander turns his head and gives the command "ATTENTION"17. If you are the first platoon commander, upon the arrival of the inspection officer, you salute and report "First platoon is standing by for your inspection, Sir"18. If you are the first platoon commander, upon the arrival of the inspection officer, you salute and report. If you are armed with a sword after saluting and being inspected you will go to return sword.19. PREPARE FOR INSPECTION is the command given by the company commander to the platoon commanders at appointed time for inspection.
  6. 6. 20. While the inspecting officer inspects each squad, the platoon commander will move to a position ahead of the inspecting officer as he inspects.21. After the inspecting officer departs the platoon and the platoon has closed its ranks the platoon commander on the command “MARCH”, moves by the most direct route and takes his post six paces in front of the center of his platoon.22. When the platoon commander of the three squad platoon gives the command "Open Ranks, MARCH" the first squad takes two steps forward and executes an immediate dress right dress.23. Prior to the inspection, when all platoon commanders have taken their posts, the company commander reports the company ready for inspection. When acknowledged, he gives the command, "AT EASE".24. No two inspecting officers will inspect their platoons in the same way.25. At conclusion of the inspection, the platoon commander proceeds to a position three paces in front of and one pace to the side of the first rank, faces left (draws sword if so armed),and gives the command "ATTENTION", takes one step forward, then faces right.26. Upon completion of the inspection of each platoon, its commander faces left and orders “Close Ranks, March”. At the command “March”, the platoon commander moves by the most direct route and takes his post six paces in front of the center of the platoon.27. An important aspect that an inspecting officer must try to keep in mind is not only what looks good but also what is correct according to the uniform regulations.28. Any modifications to cadet uniforms must be approved the the area manager in advance.29. While the cap is not normally worn indoors, it is required while on official duty when wearing a guard belt and/or leggings.30. Cadets will met uniform standards whether they are standing an NJROTC inspection or attending other school classes in uniform.31. Cadet males hair will be no longer than 4 inches and the bulk shall not exceed 2 inches. Bulk is defined as the distance that the mass of the hair protrudes from the scalp.32. Sideburns shall not extend below a point level with the middle of the ear.33. Female fingernails shall not be excessive in length and nail polish color shall complement the skin tone.34. When wearing the Relaxed Fit jacket the female overblouse shall not be visible below the bottom edge of the jacket.35. Plain white crew neck or v-neck tee shirts hall be worn with all uniforms at the direction of the SNSI.36. The small fouled anchor on the garrison cap is placed 2 inches from the fore crease and 1 ½ inches from the bottom edge of the let side of the cap centered on the anchor.37. The JROTC bar and rank/rate insignias for the male’s Service Dress Blue Coat are positioned on the collar ½ inch above the notch in the lapel.38. Placement of the bottom of the ribbons on the Female Navy Service Uniform shall be 6 ¼ inches down from the intersection of the front seam and shoulder seam and centered over the front seam. Nametags are placed in the same manner on the right side of the overblouse.39. The NJROTC patch depicts a ship, an anchor and an eagle.40. Only the Leadership Academy aiguillette will be worn on the right shoulder and no more than one aiguillette may be worn on each shoulder.41. Aiguillettes will be attached to the appropriate shoulder be either a gold coat button on the SDB, or a miniature anchor (fouled) on the Service Uniforms. The button or anchor shall be placed so that the entire aiguillette hangs on the shoulder parallel to the seam of the coat or shirt.42. Rows of ribbons where more than 50% of the ribbon is covered by the SDB coat lapel, may contain two ribbons each and be aligned with the left border. Manual of Arms Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 3 pages DM-31 through DM-45 1. From "Left Shoulder, ARMS" to "Port, ARMS" while marching, you began the preparatory command "Port" as the right foot strikes the deck and command of execution "ARMS", as the right foot strikes the deck. 2. Left Shoulder Arms from Order Arms is a four-count movement 3. The position of attention with the rifle is order arms. 4. From "Left Shoulder, ARMS" to "Right Shoulder, ARMS" while marching, you began the preparatory command "Right Shoulder" as the right foot strikes the deck and command of execution "ARMS", as the right foot strikes the deck. 5. All drill movements are to be executed with snap. If performed in cadence, they should be done in quick time. 6. Port Arms from Left Shoulder Arms is a two-count movement. ON count one grasp the small of the stock with your right hand; on count two release the butt with your left hand. At the same time bring the rifle across your body and grasp the balance with your left hand as in port arms.
  7. 7. 7. Port Arms is the position is the rifle held across the body with the butt in front of the right hip? 8. At the position of right (left) shoulder arms, the forearm on the right (left) arm must be Parallel to the deck 9. From "Right Shoulder, ARMS" to "Left Shoulder, ARMS" while marching, you began the preparatory command "Left Shoulder" as the left foot strikes the deck and command of execution "ARMS", as the left foot strikes the deck.10. Order Arms from Right Shoulder Arms is a four-count movement11. The command is "Trail, ARMS." On the command of execution ARMS, the rifle is raised vertically 3 inches off the deck.12. When performing a Pass in Review, the platoon commander executes eyes right when the platoon is within 6 paces from the nearest member of the reviewing party.13. When the command "Present, ARMS" is given, if not armed, you execute the hand salute on the command "ARMS" Stay at that position until "Order, ARMS." is given.14. The Sling is the part of the drill rifle that is included in your grip whenever the left hand grasps the rifle at the point of balance (for example at port arms).15. From port arms to "Left Shoulder, ARMS" while marching, you began the preparatory command "Left shoulder," as the right foot strikes the deck and command of execution "ARMS", as the right foot strikes the deck.16. Left shoulder arms from order arms is executed in four counts.17. As you place the rifle on your shoulder on the command "Right Shoulder, ARMS", your left hand slides to the small of the stock. The first joint of your left forefinger should be touching the rear of the receiver.18. "Left shoulder, ARMS" from "Port ARMS" is executed in two-counts.19. From port arms to "Right Shoulder, ARMS" you give the preparatory command "Right Shoulder," as the right foot strikes the deck and command of execution "ARMS", as the right foot strikes the deck.20. Order arms from left shoulder arms is executed in five counts.21. All NJROTC cadets are expected to become proficient in the Manual of Arms during the first two years.22. "Port, ARMS." Is the rifle position must you come to when given the command, "Inspection, ARMS" and when being dismissed under arms.23. A rifle salute CANNOT be given from "Sling, ARMS."24. The command "Inspection, ARMS" when using the Daisy Springfield is a Five-count movement. When using the practice Springfield or Garand it is a Four-count movement.25. From "Right Shoulder, ARMS" to "Port, ARMS" while marching, you began the preparatory command "Port" as the left foot strikes the deck and command of execution "ARMS", as the left foot strikes the deck.26. The balance is the center of the rifle.27. When the rifle is known as “diagonally across the body” the left hand is at the balance with the thumb and fingers grasping the rifle and sling. The barrel points up and is at such an angle that it bisects the juncture of the neck and shoulder. The heel of the butt is on line with the right hip. The rifle is held at a height that allows the right forearm to be parallel to the deck when the small of the stock is grasped with the right hand. The distance of the rifle from the body depends upon your body’s natural position, but it should be about 4 inches from your belt.28. The cadence for rifle movements is 112 to 120 counts per minute.29. Present Arms from Order Arms is a two-count movement. Present Arms from Port Arms is a one-count movement.30. Order Arms from Present Arms is a three-count movement. On count one move your right hand smartly from the small of the stock to the upper hand guard; on count two, release the balance with your left hand and lower the rifle to a point where the butt is 3 inches from the deck, slightly to the right or your right foot with the muzzle pointing straight up; on count three return your left hand smartly to your left side and lower the butt gently to the deck.31. When using the Daisy Springfield Rifle step three for Inspection Arms is Open the Bolt.32. Order Arms for Right should arms is a four count movement.33. While marching at double time the rifle should be held across the body.34. The rifle is held at a height that allows the right forearm to be parallel to the deck when the small of the stock is grasped with the right hand,35. Right shoulder arms from port arms is a three-count movement.36. From Left shoulder arms to order arms, on counts one and tow, come to the position of port arms.37. Rifle salutes are a one count movement, executed when halted at order arms, trail arms, or when halted or marching at right or left shoulder arms. The command is “Rifle Salute”.38. When executing a rifle salute from order arms on the command “salute” move your left arm smartly across your body with your forearm and wrist straight, fingers extended and joined, thumb along the had with the pal down. The first joint of your forefinger touches the barrel just above the stacking swivel. When not is ranks your head turns toward the person or colors you are saluting.39. When executing a rifle salute from Right (Left) Shoulder Arms, your left (right) arm moves across the body fingers extended and joined with your palm down. The first joint of your forefinger touches the rear of the receiver and your forearm is held parallel to the deck.
  8. 8. 40. At the completion of left shoulder arms from order arms the rifle is at a 45 degree angle to the deck, with the sights up. Platoon Drill Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 8 pages DM-110 through DM-128 1. Platoon Commanders turn their heads to the right when executing halted movements. 2. The platoon commander faces to the left as in marching, and moves to a position on line with the next rank. after aligning the first rank in the platoon. 3. The commands for dismissing the platoon when under arms are: "Inspection, ARMS;" "Port, ARMS;" and "Order, ARMS" 4. Nineteen is the minimum number of people needed to form a platoon. 5. In line (when facing the front of the column), squads in a platoon numbered From Front to Rear. 6. A minimum of three people make up the Headquarters element of the Platoon, The Platoon Commander, Guide and MPO. 7. The purpose of "Close, MARCH" is to close the interval between files in a column to four inches. 8. The distance between ranks in "Open, RANKS" is 70 inches. 9. The two formations of a platoon are Line and column. 10. The mustering petty officer marches in column formation and follows the last member of the right squad. 11. In column (when facing the front of the column), squads in a platoon are numbered from Right to Left. 12. The command for counting off while in a column is "From Front to Rear, Count OFF." 13. When the platoon is formed in line at normal interval, the platoon commander is positioned 6 paces in front of and centered on the platoon 14. At a minimum, the Headquarters element of the platoon consists of a Platoon Commander, Mustering Petty Officer, and a Guide. 15. The command to temporarily halt the platoon in the oblique is "In Place, Halt". 16. All commands given by the unit leader while the platoon is halted will be 6 paces in front of the unit and centered on the element. 17. On the preparatory command "Column of Files from the Right." the third squad leader turns his/her head eyes to the right and commands "Forward." 18. To reform to a column from a physical exercise the command is "Assemble, MARCH" and "Cover." 19. To reform into a column of threes, the command is "Column of Three to the Left, MARCH." On the preparatory command, the third squad leader turns his/her head and eyes to the left and commands "Stand Fast." 20. When the platoon is in a line formation and the command is "Count, OFF”, Everyone except the guide and squad leaders turn their heads 90 degrees to the right and look to the right. The squad leaders shout ONE. The person in the file to the left of the squad leaders turns their heads smartly back to the front and at the same time shout TWO. 21. In confined arenas platoon commander are permitted to march three paces centered on the platoon on the left side of the platoon. 22. From the halt and the guide is right, to obtain close interval in column, on the command "Close, MARCH." On the command "March," member of the base (right) squad will stand fast. Members of the squad next to the base will execute two right steps. The next squad to the left will execute four right steps. 23. When given half step or mark time while marching in the oblique, the only commands that may be given to continue marching with a 30-inch step in the oblique is "Resume, MARCH." 24. The platoon commander Faces left in marching and marches parallel to the squad, stops when centered and faces the squad on the command "Close, MARCH". 25. When the command “Column Right (Left), MARCH” is given, the leading cadet advances One full step before pivoting on the ball of the right (left) foot. 26. On the command "Dress Right, DRESS", the platoon commander faces half left, as in marching, and proceeds by the most direct route to a position on line with the front rank and 1 pace to the guides right. 27. After aligning the last rank in the platoon, the platoon commander faces to the right as in marching, marches straight to a point 3 paces beyond the front rank, maintaining the 1 pace interval to the guides right, halts, faces to the left. and commands "Ready FRONT" and "COVER," 28. On the preparatory command "Column of Files From the Right." the second squad leader turns his/her head and eyes to the right and commands "Stand Fast." 29. To reform into a column of threes, the command is "Column of Three to the Left, MARCH." On the preparatory command, the second squad leader turns his/her head and eyes to the left and commands "Column Half, Left, Column Half, Right;" 30. A platoon consists of a platoon headquarters and two or more squads. 31. When in line formation squads in a platoon are numbered from front to rear in line. 32. The platoon forms in two or more ranks with a 40-inch distance.
  9. 9. 33. The unit leader will march to the left and parallel to the platoon, from a position where he/she can best control the unit.34. If the platoon were executing a back step, the platoon commander would execute a half step.35. In confined areas, Unit Leaders are permitted to march three paces centered on the left side of the unit where they can best control the unit. st36. During a parade and ceremony, the unit leader takes a position in front of the 1 squad.37. When the Platoon Commander is not present the mustering Petty Officer takes the Platoon Commander’s post.38. If the squads in a platoon are evenly filled the first extra member of the platoon falls in with the first squad and the second member with the Third/fourth Squad.39. On the command “Guide, Left”, the Guide and Platoon Commander change positions. The guide crosses between the platoon commander and the platoon. The base squad is the one behind the guide.40. When a platoon in column is the the command “Column of Twos from the Left”, the guide takes position in front of the second squad as to remain at the head of the right file of the column.41. When reforming in a column of threes or fours from a column of file or twos the guide takes post at his normal position when the movement is completed.42. The mustering petty officer takes post 3 paces in front of the point where the center of the platoon will be and commands “Fall, In”. At this command, the guide takes post so that the first rank, when aligned with the guide will be centered and 3 paces from the mustering petty officer.43. If an armed platoon cannot be formed in regularly organized squads prior to forming the platoon, the mustering petty officer commands “Inspection, Arms”, “Right Shoulder, Arms:” and calls the roll.44. After the mustering petty officer delivers the report to the platoon commander the platoon commands “take Your Post”. The mustering petty officer marches by the most direct route to a post on the left of the rear flank.45. After having the platoon “Fall, In” if the platoon commander does not receive the platoon, the mustering petty officer takes 3 paces forward, faces about and assumes the post and duties of the platoon commander.46. The platoon is dismissed only from in line while at attention.47. The mustering petty officer usually dismisses the platoon.48. When forming for Physical Drill the command “From Front to Rear, Count Off” is given by the platoon commander in order to designate odd and even ranks.49. Upon completion of physical drill, the command “Assemble, March” is given. On the command of execution, the odd numbered members of the base squad stand fast. Even numbered members of the base Squad step left in marching and double time to their positions covered on the odd numbered members of the base squad.50. For slight changes of direction, the command is “Incline to the Right (Left)”. At that command, the guide changes direction as commanded. This is not a precision movement and is executed only while marching. Guidon Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 5 pages DM-57 through DM-66 1 The execution of "Carry, GUIDON" from "Order, GUIDON" is begun on the preparatory command of a movement such as "Forward, MARCH". 2 The position of ready guidon may be used as a signal for the execution of any command Except "Order, GUIDON", 3 "Carry, GUIDON" is used as a signal for helping the cadets in the execution of commands where hearing verbal commands is difficult. 4 The command "Guidon, SALUTE" is executed in one count. 5 " Guidon, SALUTE" is given when the guidon bearer moves his/her left hand, palm down, to a position approximately 18 inches above his/her right hand, keeping the left arm parallel to the ground. 6. The flagstaff topping ornament for the guidon is the spearhead. 7. The command is “Parade, REST.” It may be given only when halted at attention. 8. "Double time, MARCH" is the movement the platoon is performing when the guidon bearer brings the staff of the guidon diagonally across his/her body with the flagstaff topping ornament to the left. 9. The guidon is NORMALLY displayed when carried in formation, Between morning and evening colors, and during fair weather.10. When at route step, the Guidon can be carried with either hand.11. The Guidon is an identification flag12. The guidon is carried on a eight- foot staff.13. The SNSI or NSI selects the guidon bearer.
  10. 10. 14. When acting as guidon bearer, the individual is considered under arms and therefore does not have to carry a weapon.15. There are four parts to the guidon.16. The two grasps of the guidon are identified as the “V” grip and the strong grip.17. The flat part of the spearhead of a guidon should always face to the front.18. When the ferrule rests on the ground touching your shoe and you are holding the staff whereby your thumb and fingers form a “V” the position is called "Order, GUIDON".19. "Carry, GUIDON" is the normal position of the guidon while marching at quick time.20. "Present, ARMS" is the command is for the guidon to be lowered straight to the front until the staff is resting in the guidon bearers right armpit and horizontal to the ground.21. Carry Guidon from Order Guidon, on the preparatory command reach across the body and grasp the staff with the left hand, change the grasp to the strong grip, while raising the staff with the left hand until the ferrule is six inches above the deck.22. The command is “Parade REST.” On the command of execution “REST,” slide the right hand up the staff to shoulder height. The staff remains in place and vertical. Without lost of motion, straighten the right arm so the staff of the guidon tilts forward at 30 degrees.23. When at “Carry GUIDON” while marching at quick time, the ferrule is six-inches above the deck and the flat side of the spearhead facing front.24. "FALL IN" is the command given from fall out when the guidon bearer goes back to his/her position in the formation and stands at attention at order guidon.25. When at “Order ARMS,” the ferrule rests on the ground, touching the right shoe to the right of the toe.26. From “FALL, OUT,” the command is “FALL IN.” Upon the command, go back to your position in formation and stand at attention at "Order, GUIDON".27. The command “Parade, REST” for the guidon bearer is executed in one count.28. Characteristics that make a good guidon bearer are bearing, snap, and appearance.29. "Present, ARMS" is the command given, when the right arm is extended until the lower portion of the staff rests in the pit of the right arm and the entire staff is horizontal to the deck, and the sharp edge of the spearhead faces down.30. The measurement of the guidon flag is 20 3/4 " X 28"31. For marching at double time, on the preparatory command, “Double, Time” bring the staff across the body with the spearhead to the left. The right hand grasps the same spot as at carry.32. Ready Guidon from order or carry guidon is the movement that is used as a signal for helping the cadets in the execution of commanders where hearing verbal commands is difficult.33. Ready guidon may be used as a signal for the execution of any command except present arms and eyes right (left) since the guidon is also rendering honors at that time.34. Order guidon from carry guidon is a two-count movement executed without command at the completion of any movement that required the guidon bearer to come to carry guidon.35. From order guidon, “Present, Arms” is executed in one count.36. On “Present, Arms” on the command of execution “Arms” lower the guidon straight to the front. The right are is extended until the lower portion of the staff rests in the pit of the right arm and the entire staff is horizontal to the deck.37. On “Present, Arms” on the command of execution “Arms”, as the Staff is lowered rotate the staff to the right so that the sharp edge of the spearhead faces down.38. On the command “Eyes, Right (Left)”, if the guidon bearer is marching one pace to the left and one pace to the rear of the unit leader, the Guide will turn his/her head 45 degrees to the Right/ Left as the guidon is lowered.39. On the command “Eyes, Right”, if the guidon bearer is marching in the extreme right file the guide keeps his/her head and eyes to the front as the guidon is lowered.40. To return to carry guidon from “Present, Guidon” the command is “Ready, Front”.41. During Officers, Center on the Command “Carry” the guide will grasp the staff with the left hand and on the command of execution “Swords”, will bring the staff back to the carry guidon position.42. On the Command “Guidon, Salute”, on the command of execution “Salute” move the left hand, palm down, smartly to a position above the right hand with the left arm parallel to the deck. Keep the thumb and fingers straight and together. Touch the staff with the first finger of the forefinger. Turn the head and eyes toward the person being saluted.43. Parade Rest from Order Guidon is executed in one count.44. When given the command “Parade, Rest”, on the command of execution “Rest” slide the right hand up the staff to shoulder height. The staff remains in place and vertical.45. When given the command “Parade, Rest”, the flat side of the spearhead remains facing front.46. At ease or Rest from Order Guidon is executed in two counts.47. At ease or Rest from Order Guidon may only be given when halted at attention.48. If the Guide is under arms the weapon will either be slung or holstered.
  11. 11. 49. When at route step or at ease march, the guidon may be carried in either hand.50. The guidon staff should be marked with two thumbtacks. The first tack marks the position of the guidon bearer’s right thumb position at order guidon. The second thumbtack is placed 6 inches below the first tack to mark the guidon bearer’s right thumb position at carry guidon. Physical Fitness Study Guide CFM Chapter 5, NS I Textbook Pages 175-204, & CRM Pages 33-39 1. For cardio respiratory improvement, exercise within your target heart range for 20-30minutes, but to burn fat, exercise at least 30 minutes. 2. The Gold lamp is awarded to the cadet who has an overall point score of “outstanding” and achieves the minimum requirements to be satisfactory in each event. 3. The NJROTC Physical Fitness Ribbon will be presented to cadets who attain the 50th percentile rating or better in all PFT events. 4. The Bronze lamp is awarded to the cadet who has an overall point score of “good” and achieves the minimum requirements to be satisfactory in each event. 5. If a cadet earns the silver lamp on the PFT with an overall point score of “excellent,” but then scores only a “satisfactory” point score on all portions of the PFT the next time he/she takes the test, the silver lamp is removed and the cadet wears just the PFT ribbon. 6. Isotonic is the term used to refer to exercise that builds muscle strength by using resistance with joint movement. 7. Isometric is the term used to refer to exercise that builds muscle strength by using resistance without joint movement. 8. An example of an isometric exercise is when you try to pull your locked hands apart because you contract your muscles but do not move any joints. 9. Most weight training is a form of isotonic exercise.10. Through repetition of isotonic exercises you can develop muscle strength.11. Isokinetic exercises are exercises that involve moving a muscle through a range of motion against a resistance, or weight that changes. Unlike isotonic exercise, Isokinetic exercises always use special machinery to provide the resistance.12. A perfect score on the Cadet Fitness Challenge is 295.13. During the 1.0-mile-run a standard quarter-mile running track can be used vice a straight distance14. A valid medical reason is the only reason permitted for a make-up PFT.15. The "upper torso" muscular endurance is indicated by the Push-ups test.16. The "abdominal muscle group endurance" is indicated by the curl-up test.17. The commander of a physical fitness team wears a Gold Anchor on the Physical Fitness Ribbon.18. Swimming places the highest demands on cardio respiratory endurance.19. The push-ups are done to a metronome (or audio tape, clapping, drums) with one complete push-up every Three seconds.20. Cadets must try to complete as many curl-ups as possible in 60 seconds.21. Anaerobic is the term used to refer to exercise in which adequate amounts of oxygen are not being delivered to the muscles.22. The "cardiorespiratory endurance" is indicated by the 1.0 mile run/walk test.23. The length of time you can hold a particular weight or the number of times you can lift it is a measure of your muscular endurance.24. Regular exercise decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease, helps control stress and anxiety, and increases bone strength.25. The Silver lamp is awarded to the cadet who has an overall point score of “excellent” and achieves the minimum requirements to be satisfactory in each event.26. Select the set that best completes this sentence: To perform the curl-up, sit up from a lying position until your elbows touch your thighs.27. The Physical Fitness Test can be conducted once in the fall and once in the spring, for most units.28. To receive benefits from an exercise program, you should exercise at least three times per week.29. 40 percent of children between the ages of 5 and 8 show at least one heart disease risk factor, ie.g., obesity, elevated cholesterol, or high blood pressure.30. Approximately 50 percent of girls ages 6 to 17 and 30 percent of boys ages 6 to 17 cannot run a mile in less than 10 minutes.31. 55 percent of girls ages 6 to 17 and 25 percent of boys ages 6 to 17 cannot run do a pull-up.32. Boys generally perform better than girls on fitness tests, except in the area of flexibility.33. Girls’ scores increase until age 14, where they plateau and then decrease (except for flexibility, which continues to improve to age 17).34. The FIT Principle stands for: F – Frequency of Exercise; I – Intensity of Exercise; T – Exercise Time
  12. 12. 35. If your goal is increase Cardiorespiratory endurance, you must work your cardiovascular and respiratory systems with greater-than-normal effort through aerobic exercise.36. Your maximum heart rate is your heart’s top speed, or your heart rate when you have exercised to the point of exhaustion. For teenagers, this rate is about 200 beats per minute. You should try to work out at your maximum heart rate, since exercise at that intensity puts a strain on your heart.37. The “talk test” is an easy way to check your exercise intensity. If you are so out of breath while exercising that you cannot talk, your exercise level is too intense. You are working at the proper intensity if you can talk comfortably.38. Once your exercise program is well established most research suggests that 20-30 minutes of vigorous exercise four times a week will lead to greater fitness.40. If your goal is Cardiorespiratory improvement, you must exercise within your target heart range for 20 to 30 minutes each session. If your goal is to reduce body fat, your exercise period should be a minimum of 30 minutes exercising at about 60 percent of your maximum heart rate because at a moderate level of intensity your muscles tend to use body fat as an energy source.41. Before doing any type of exercise you must warm up for 5-10 minutes by performing mild exercise that prepares your body for vigorous exercise.42. Someone with average cardiovascular fitness has a resting heart rate between 72 and 84 bats per minute.43. in 2007, President George W. Bush started the President’s Challenge Program for the purpose of encouraging all Americans to make being active a part of their everyday lives.44. By earning a score in 85 percent or higher on all five areas of the test, you are eligible for the Presidential Physical Fitness Award (PPFA). The five events are curl-ups (or partial curl-ups), pull-ups (or right angle push-ups), v-site reach, shuttle run, and a one mile run.45. If you achieve a standard of 84 percent or below, but more than 50 percent, you qualify for the National Physical Fitness Award (NPFA). You may also use a flexed-arm hang vice pull-ups or push-ups. Color Guard Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 6 pages DM-67 through DM-98 1. When referring to the national ensign, you are referring to The American flag. 2. The correct way to fold the flag is to fold the flag the long way so the crease parallels the red and white stripes. 3. "Carry, COLORS" to "Present, COLORS" on count one the Right Rifle Stands Fast and the Left Rifle Re- grasps the Small of the Stock. 4. During evening colors, the ensign is lowered slowly. 5. The part of the flagstaff that the halyards are secured to is the cleats. 6. "Present, COLORS” to "Carry, COLORS" on count three both Rifles are moved to the Shoulder. 7. The American flag is called the National Colors when mounted on a staff and carried by individuals on foot. 8. The color guard marches at the normal cadence of 120 thirty-inch steps per minute (quick time). 9. The staff ornament for the national ensign, when displayed in the NJROTC color guard is The Battle-ax on the 9 ½ foot pole or the Spearhead on the 8 foot pole.10. "Present, COLORS" to "Carry, COLORS" on count two the Left Rifle Stands Fast. And the Right Rifle Grasps the Butt of the Rifle.11. The size of the color guard may vary in size.12. The command given when changing from, "Present, COLORS" to "Order, COLORS" is "Order, COLOR (ARMS)"13. The command is "Countermarch, MARCH" on the command of execution, the entire color guard takes one step forward with the right foot and the organizational color bearer takes half step(s) forward pivots to the right outside the national color bearer, moving into the position formerly occupied by the national color bearer.14. "Carry, COLORS" to "Order, COLORS" on count one the right Rifle Stands Fast and the left Rifle Re- grasps the Small of the Stock.15. "Eyes, RIGHT (LEFT)" is given only when halted at "Order, COLORS" or while marching at "Carry, COLORS".16. "Countermarch, MARCH" is executed while halted, marking time or marching. When marking time or marching, this command is given as the left foot strikes the deck.17. When at "Present, COLORS", the organizational color staff is inclined to the front.18. On the command "Present, ARMS” the National Color executes, "Present” on the preparatory command.
  13. 13. 19. On the command of execution of "Order, COLORS" from "carry, COLORS", all color bearers should simultaneously grip the staff above the lower ferrule with the left hand and remove the ferrule from the sling socket.20. On the command "Carry, COLORS” the color guard (with rifles) execute "Right and Left Shoulder, ARMS".21. The correct sequence for the movement of "Order COLORS" from "Carry, COLORS" is to remove the Ferrule; Lower the Staff; Trim the Colors; and Cut22. On "Right Turn, MARCH" the Right Rifleman acts as the stationary pivot.23. If a female is part of the color guard, for uniformity she wears trousers and not a skirt.24. "Present, COLORS" to "Carry, COLORS" on count one both rifles are rotated to "Port, ARMS"25. "Order, COLORS" to "Present, COLORS" is a two count movement.26. NJROTC Units are equipped with a National Flag and an Organizational Flag.27. The term “Colors” means either or both the National Colors and the Organizational Colors,28. The use of the Plural form of the word color (colors) to designate a single flag, ensign, standard, or pennant comes from the ancient tradition of referring to the multiple colors found on these types of standards.29, In garrison or on board ship, the colors of an organization, when no in use are kept by the Commanding Officer.30. Whenever practicable, colors should be uncased and displayed in the office of the Commanding Officer, or other appropriate place.31. Whenever the colors are brought forward of the line of troops (e.g., trooping the colors, for retirements, awards, etc) the command must present arms.32. During training and rehearsals (except full dress rehearsals), colors will be cased.33. A detail of 3 or more cadets will hoist and lower the ensign.34. Technically, an ensign at any position other than at the peak of the mast is at half-mast.35. If the ensign is to be flown at half-mast it is slowly lowered to this position after the last note of the National Anthem is played.36. The halyards are not secured to the cleat until after the last note of the National Anthem is played.37. If it becomes necessary to replace the ensign after morning colors and the flagstaff only has one halyard, two color details are used. One to Lower the current ensign and the second to raise the replacement ensign.38. If covered and not in uniform and the National Anthem is played, males will stand, and remove their headdress with the right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, so that the right hand is over the heart.39. The color bearers should not wear medals or ribbons and badges because the slings will destroy them.40. If it is not possible to adjust the slings so that the colors are the same height, the national colors will be slightly higher than the organizational colors.41. The color guard does not execute to the rear, about face, flanking movements or fix bayonets. When the unit to which the color guard is attached executes these movements, the senior color bearer orders a movement appropriate for the color guard.42. If the aisles are too narrow for the color guard to march in normal formation the color guard would then march in by two’s or in column of ones. If a column of twos, then the color bearers lead followed by the rifle bearers.43. If marching in a column of ones the order of march is ALWAYS right color guard (rifle bearer), national color bearer, organization color bearer, left color guard (rifle bearer).44. Color Guard rifle bearers DO NOT carry rifles inside a chapel/church, etc. When participating in a ceremony inside a chapel/church, the color guard will be unarmed and uncovered.45. From Carry Colors to Present Colors. On count four Both Rifles are Rotated to Present Arms.46. When carrying the colors at trail arms, the staff is raised 6 inches off the deck. Manual of the Sword Cadet Field Manual Chapter 4 pages DM-46 through DM-56 1. The command is "Return, SWORD." On the preparatory command "Return," grip the scabbard just below the upper ring mounting with your left hand. Turn the scabbard clockwise and tilt it forward to form an angle 45 degrees with the deck. 2. The most serious breach of sword etiquette is dropping a sword when making the sword salute 3. When performing the movement “Eyes, RIGHT” the position of the sword on the command "Eyes" is level and 6 inches in front of the neck at a 30 degree angle 4. During the command “Eyes, RIGHT” as your left foot strikes the deck you raise the sword to the level of and 6 inches in front of the neck at a 30 degree angle. 5. Originally, allowing the point of the sword to descend to the ground signaled the act of submission. 6. In 1954 the sword returned as part of the Navy’s dress uniform for commissioned and warrant officers.
  14. 14. 7. Customarily, 6 or 8 cadets form the sword detail for the Arch of Swords. 8. The arch of swords and the cutting of a cake are commonly conducted at the annual Military Ball. 9. The command "Present, SWORD (ARMS)" directs the cadet to bring the point of the sword down smartly to a position three inches above the ground and slightly right of the right foot?.10. On the command "Present, SWORD (ARMS)", the sword bearer straightens the arm so the knuckle bow is against the trouser seam. The blade inclined down and to the front with the true edge to the left, and the point 3 inches from the deck and slightly right of the right foot.11. The sword held at arm’s length was originally used to signify the first salute to a superior.12. Bringing the sword hilt to the mouth or chin was originally used to signify the custom of kissing the cross.13. On the command "Order, SWORD (ARMS)" the sword bearer will turn the true edge down. The right arm hangs naturally with the thumb along the trouser seam. The blade slants down to the front with the point 3 inches from the deck.14. When not in formation and it is impractical to carry the sword and scabbard rigged at the side, the sheathed sword should be carried under the left arm.15. The position of the senior cadet usher on the Arch of Swords is on the left rank at the end of the arch exit point.16. During "Carry, SWORD" the false edge of the blade is against your shoulder seam, blade vertical back of the grip to the rear, with the arm nearly extended?.17. The sword is a symbol of authority and badge of office.18. The etiquette of the sword is more often called which of the Manual of the Sword.19. The sword salute is probably from crusader origin.20. The sword grip is made of bone, ivory, or special hard white plastic.21. The sword is stored in the scabbard when not in formation.22. The command is "Draw, SWORD." On the preparatory command "Draw," grip the scabbard just below the upper ring mounting with your left hand. Turn the scabbard clockwise about 180 degrees and tilt it forward to form an angle of 45 degrees with the deck. Grasp the sword grip with your right hand and pull it about six inches out of the scabbard.23. Eyes, RIGHT (LEFT)" is given ONLY when halted at order sword or when marching at carry sword?24. The command to go to the position of "Present, SWORD" is given by commands of "Present, SWORD"; Present, ARMS" or "Eyes, RIGHT (LEFT)".25. "Platoon, ATTENTION" is the command given when the platoon is at ease or rest.26. "Parade, REST" is the command that is normally given to the platoon from "Order, SWORD"?27. The command of execution to push smartly down on the grip so it will slide all the way into the scabbard is "SWORD".28. The command for returning the sword to the scabbard is given when only at carry or order sword.29. The command given for drawing the sword is "Draw, SWORD".30. At the ball there is usually a cake cutting ceremony. The company commanders date will cut the cake with the commanders sword. The first piece of cake is given to the wife of the Senior Naval Science Instructor, the wife of the principal of the wife of the School Board President, etc. (Whichever is the most senior).31. During a wedding with the Arch of Swords” only the bride and groom pass under the arch. As the newlyweds approach the last two ushers, they slowly lower their swords to halt the couple. The senior usher then congratulates the couple and then announces the new coupe to those assembled.32. A usual feature at some military balls is the Grand March which is sometimes called the John Paul Jones or Grand Promenade.33. When in formation, officers draw and return swords without command when the commander of their unit does.34. Unless they are members of the commander’s staff, other unit officers execute all other movements of the sword manual on the commander’s command to the entire unit.35. The command is "Draw, SWORD." On the preparatory command "Draw," after you’ve completed all of the procedures mentioned in #22 your right forearm should be parallel to the deck and your left had should be holding the scabbard against your side.36. The command is "Draw, SWORD." On the Command of execution “Sword” the sword is drawn smartly out of the scabbard raising your right arm to its full length in front of you at an angle of 45 degrees with the sword in a straight line with your arm and shoulder.37. The command is "Draw, SWORD." After the command of execution “Sword” has been completed the sword should touch your right shoulder simultaneously with action of the right hand’s placement along the trouser seam. You will end up in the position of carry sword.38. “Present, Sword” is only given when halted at order sword or carry sword.39. “Present, Sword” is a two count movement. On the command “Present” raise the right hand to the level of and 6 inches in front of the neck.40. On the command “Present, Sword”, the blade should be inclined at a 30 degree angel from vertical.
  15. 15. 41. The command is “Present, Sword”, on the command of execution “Sword” bring the point down smartly, without whipping, to a position three inches above the deck and slightly right of the right foot. Straighten the arm so the knuckle bow is against the trouser seam. 42. “Order, Sword” is executed in one count. 43. Carry sword is the position to which you will move the sword when (1) Giving Commands, (2) Changing position in formation at quick time, (3) Addressing or being addressed by a senior , (4) The preparatory command for quick time (“Forward” ) has been given. 44. “Carry Sword” may only be given when halted at order or present Sword. Cadets armed with the sword would also execute carry sword when the unit is given any manual of arms movement (i.e. port, let/right shoulder arms). 45. The command is “Eyes, Right”, the preparatory command “Eyes” is given as the right foot strikes the deck. As the left foot strikes the deck raise the right hand to the level of and 6 inches in front of the neck with the blade at a 30 degree angle. 46. The command is “Eyes, Right”. The command of execution “Right” is given as the right foot strikes the deck. 47. The command “At Ease” may be given from any position of the sword. 48. If the command “Parade Rest” is given while at carry sword on the preparatory command “Parade” go to Order Sword. On the Command “Rest” move the left foot smartly 12 inches to the left while simultaneously lowering the point of the sword to the deck while placing the left hand behind your back. 49. The command is "Return, SWORD." On the preparatory command "Return," raise the right hand and sword to a position six inches in front of the neck. 50. While marching, after you lower the sword on the command “Eyes, Right” straighten the arm so the knuckle bow is near but not touching the trouser seam to prevent the sword from moving while marching. The right arm does not swing, the left arm swings naturally. 51. The command is “Ready, Front” The preparatory command “ready” is given as the left foot strikes the deck. As the right foot strikes the deck turn the true edge of the sword down. The command of execution “Front” is given as the left foot strikes the deck. As the right foot strikes the deck raise the sword to carry. Company Drill Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 9 pages DM-129 through DM-144 1. In company drill, when executing halted movements, such as the manual of arms, the Company Commander turn his/her head and eyes to the right. 2. A company consists of a company staff and two or more platoons. 3. While the company is marching in a column, the Company Commander orders, "Column Right, MARCH." On the preparatory command, the leading platoon commander gives the supplementary command, "Column Right." The remaining platoon commanders gives the supplementary command "Continue to March,". 4. In all formations, the guidon bearer is one pace/s to the rear and one pace/s to the left of the company commander. 5. If platoons cannot be formed in regularly organized squads prior to forming the company, the mustering petty officers command, "Inspection, ARMS;" "Right Shoulder, ARMS;" and calls the roll. Each cadet answers "here," and goes to order arms as their name is called. 6. When the company is initially formed by the company commander, in a line formation, the company commander takes post 12 paces front and center and facing the point where the center of the company is to be formed. 7. When the company commander directs the company executive officer to "TAKE YOUR POST." The XO takes his/her post to the rear of the company. 8. For the company awards presentation the priority sequence will normally be: Cadet awards; Promotions/Advancements; and Other certificates 9. Being at a halt and at the order in line, to form column, the company commander orders "Right, FACE."10. The Senior Enlisted Cadet forms the companys awardees for the presentations of awards11. With the Company in column or line formation, there are 4 paces between platoons.12. Normally, the company is initially formed by the Senior Enlisted Cadet or the mustering petty officer.13. When the company is initially formed by the senior enlisted cadet, the senior enlisted cadet takes post 9 paces front and center and facing the point where the center of the company is to be formed.14. With the Company in Column formation, there are 6 paces between the Company Commander and the First Platoon Guide and Platoon Commander.15. When the command "DRESS CENTER" is given, the commander of the center platoon, which is the base platoon for this movement, aligns the platoon to the center of the company. The Second platoon is the base platoon for this movement for a four platoon company.
  16. 16. 16. When the company is formed in line the personnel to receive awards are posted in a single rank behind the last squad of the first platoon. They are arranged in reverse sequence of presentation.17. In company drill, when the preparatory command of the company commander is "Company," the platoon commanders give the preparatory command "Platoon."18. When the command "Cadets to Receive Awards, Center, MARCH" is given, the cadets will march until the rank of awardees is centered on the company commander, at which time the senior cadet will command "Mark Time, MARCH;" "Detail, HALT;" "Right, FACE;" and "Hand, SALUTE."19. The position of the senior enlisted cadet after cadets have received their awards is 1 pace behind the last rank of the last platoon.20. Being at a halt and at the order in column, to form line, the company commander orders "Left, FACE."21. With the Company in column formation, the company commander takes post 6 paces in front of the first platoon?22. When the company is initially formed the platoon commanders takes post 6 paces front and center and facing the point where the center of the platoon is to be formed.23. The Platoon is the basic drill unit for a company.24. In company drill, for movements that involve marching, (e.g., forming from column into mass, mass into column or column movements) the platoon commander turns his/her head and eyes to the direction of the movement to give supplemental command.25. In company drill, to align the company when in line at a halt, with four platoons the company commander commands, "DRESS RIGHT." The first platoon is the base platoon.26. Most NJROTC units will have three platoons in their company. Some units choose to make a separate platoon out of the unit’s drill teams and have them march under arms in major parades.27. For drill and ceremonies, the following minimum key billets within the company must be filled: Company Commander, Guidon Bearer, and Senior Enlisted Cadet in the Company Staff; and a platoon commander, mustering petty officer, and guide for each platoon, plus one squad leader per squad within each platoon.28. For drill and ceremonies, the company Guidon is carried by the Guidon bearer. In all formations, the Guidon bearer is 1 pace to the rear and 1 pace to the left of the company commander or senior enlisted cadet, as appropriate.29. When in mass formation, platoon commander repeat preparatory command only when the order will require independent movement by a platoon.30. When forming the Company by Senior Enlisted cadets the Senior Enlisted Cadet takes post 9 paces in front of the point where the center of the company is to be.31. When the company is initially formed by the Company Commander, the Company Commander takes post 12 paces front and centered and facing the points where the center of the company is to be.32. If the Senior Enlisted Cadet is to dismiss the company on the command “Senior Enlisted Cadet”, the senior enlisted cadet moves by the most direct route to a point 3 paces from the company commander (9 paces in front of the center of the company), halts and salutes. The company commander returns the salute and on the command “Dismiss the Company”, the Senior Enlisted Cadet and Commander exchange salutes and the Company commander Returns sword is so armed and falls out, Other officers of the company return sword is so armed and fall out at the same time. Platoon MPO’s take their post 3 paces in front of the platoon.33. For slight changes in direction, on the command of the Company Commander to “Incline to the right (Left)” the guide of the leading platoon changes direction as commanded. Succeeding platoons march forward and change direction on the same ground as the leading platoon. No supplementary commands are given by the platoon commanders.34. When in column, if the company is faced to the right, platoons and squads become inverted. Therefore to form line facing the right flank of a column, the company should first be marched by executing necessary changes in direction, so that after halting the left line will be formed facing the desired direction/35. To align the company when in column, platoon in column, the command is “Cover”. At that command, the nd 2 and following platoons obtain the proper 4 pace distances between platoon and cover on the files of the leading platoon.

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