UNIT 2 CHAPTER 5
    Attitudes and Emotions




1
Interpreting Events and Experiences




    Your experience is what happens to you and
    what happens in the world aroun...
How you interpret that experience has an
    enormous influence on your daily life and
    your future as a leader.
3
Inventor
                  Thomas Edison




   President                      Civil-rights Activist
Abraham Lincoln      ...
Potential

    What an individual is capable of
    doing or becoming




5
Senator
                   John McCain




                                    Actress
      General                     M...
Senator
                   John McCain




                                   Actress
      General                    Mer...
Senator
                   John McCain




                                      Actress
      General                    ...
What is experience?

    A. Events that happen to you and in
       the world around you
    B. Reasons why you become ful...
What is experience?

 A. Events that happen to you and in
    the world around you
 B. Reasons why you become fully
    de...
Many respected people have revealed
 how youthful experiences _______.

 A. made them believe they could
    accomplish an...
Many respected people have revealed
 how youthful experiences _______.

 A. made them believe they could
    accomplish an...
Growing up isn’t just about getting older.
     You may think it is because for some
     things, such as getting a driver...
The reality of growing up and reaching
     maturity is much more…




      It means learning what’s required to
      de...
Maturity

     The state of being fully grown or
     developed




15
Reaching maturity is the process of bringing
your personality and experience to bear on
your life in a positive, construct...
Personality

     What an individual is inside and
     what he or she shows to others;
     it includes actions, opinions...
Attaining maturity
     means becoming
     more aware of
     your:
                                      • Goals




   ...
Maturity also means
     understanding how
     your attitudes and
     behaviors influence
     others.



19
Growing up involves developing a
 _______ and then using it to meet
 life’s challenges.

 A. life’s goal
 B. positive atti...
Growing up involves developing a
 _______ and then using it to meet
 life’s challenges.

 A. life’s goal
 B. positive atti...
Attitude and
     your personality
     are two different
     things.
     Experience shapes
     your personality,
     ...
Attitude is a state of mind!




     An attitude, however, is rooted in
     your thoughts, feelings, or beliefs
     and...
A behavior is an action that others can see
     you doing based both on your personality
     and your attitude at the gi...
You will become more aware of how your
     attitudes and behaviors make you who you
     are and who you are becoming bec...
Some people humorously define experience
   as “that thing you get just after you need
   it.” This observation is, ironic...
Your experiences act
as a rudder as you
navigate the course
of your life,


                       and just as a skier
   ...
As you mature, you
                          become better able
                          to interpret events
            ...
True or False: Attitude and personality
 are the same thing.




29
True or False: Attitude and personality
 are the same thing.

 False




30
The Importance of a Positive Outlook
                   on Life




      “Always look on the bright side of life.”
      ...
These everyday phrases emphasize the
     importance of having a positive outlook on
     life .




     You no doubt hea...
Those observations reflect negatively on
     Colin and Cassandra. Why?




 How would their ongoing bad attitudes affect
...
Your Attitude is a Compass




 Remember, your attitude is rooted in your
 thoughts, feelings, and beliefs and is your
 “s...
This “slant” determines your outlook and
     approach to life and like a compass—you
     go in the direction the needle ...
Your attitude is largely under your control.
     Attitude is not something you are born with.


36
Some experts say that
                      you can “program”
                      your attitude as you do
              ...
Your attitude follows your behavior. If
     you do positive things, you’ll slowly
     develop a more positive attitude.
...
A person’s _______ is his/her “slant”
 or “angle” on life.

 A. attitude
 B. personality
 C. behavior
 D. experience




39
A person’s _______ is his/her “slant”
 or “angle” on life.

 A. attitude
 B. personality
 C. behavior
 D. experience




40
Which one of these behaviors is NOT
 a method of changing an attitude?

 A. Thinking positive things about
    yourself
 B...
Which one of these behaviors is NOT
 a method of changing an attitude?

 A. Thinking positive things about
    yourself
 B...
I’m Ok, You’re Ok.
            In 1969 psychologist
            Thomas Anthony Harris
            wrote a book called I'm
...
He summarize personality as one of four life
positions or attitudes:

1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of
   yourself...
He summarize personality as one of four life
positions or attitudes:

1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of
   yourself...
He summarize personality as one of four life
positions or attitudes:

1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of
   yourself...
He summarize personality as one of four life
positions or attitudes:

1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of
   yourself...
What thoughts describe the “I’m not
 OK, you’re not OK” attitude?

 A. Disapproval of yourself, approval of
    others
 B....
What thoughts describe the “I’m not
 OK, you’re not OK” attitude?

 A. Disapproval of yourself, approval of
    others
 B....
According to Harris…



                     Most people hold
                     Attitude #1:
                     "I'm ...
According to Harris…

                           Someone with
                           Attitude #2,
                    ...
According to Harris…



                     People with Attitude #3,
                      "I'm OK, you're not OK.”



  ...
According to Harris…



                         Attitude #4,
                         “I’m OK, you’re
                   ...
According to Thomas Anthony Harris,
 which attitude would belong to people
 who lack self-esteem or self-confidence?

 A. ...
According to Thomas Anthony Harris,
 which attitude would belong to people
 who lack self-esteem or self-confidence?

 A. ...
Mr. Harris believed
     that no matter how
     “un-OK” your
     attitude is to start
     with, you can change
     it ...
True or False: According to Thomas
 Anthony Harris, with effort everyone
 can achieve an attitude of “I’m OK,
 you’re OK.”...
True or False: According to Thomas
 Anthony Harris, with effort everyone
 can achieve an attitude of “I’m OK,
 you’re OK.”...
The Value of a Positive Attitude




     Why is a positive attitude important?
     One good reason is that it increases ...
People enjoy spending time with individuals
 who express positive attitudes. They tend to
 avoid individuals with an ongoi...
Psychologists use the term toxic personalities
 to refer to people who never have a nice thing
 to say about anyone or any...
Ups and downs are a normal part of life. So if
 your friend Aaron is in a “down” mood from
 time to time, you try to cheer...
Negative Attitude!




     A toxic—or poisonous—attitude can rub off
     on others without their even being aware of
   ...
Pick your friends wisely!




  The old saying, “If you lie down with dogs,
  you’ll get up with fleas,” points at an impo...
Which of the following statements is NOT
 true regarding attitudes?

 A. Someone with a toxic personality has
    occasion...
Which of the following statements is NOT
 true regarding attitudes?

 A. Someone with a toxic personality has
    occasion...
A good attitude is essential for leaders.
67
Positive
         Attitude!
     Good leaders know
     that “throwing out
     positive vibes” is
     essential to gaini...
The saying, “If you lie down with
 dogs, you’ll get up with fleas,” is
 warning people to _______.

 A. stay active and av...
The saying, “If you lie down with
 dogs, you’ll get up with fleas,” is
 warning people to _______.

 A. stay active and av...
How Perspective Molds Your
          Understanding Of Life




     You look at things in your own
     individual way. Th...
You see the world in a way that only you can
 and add a perspective to your community
 that only you can provide.
72
Perspective

     An individual’s way of seeing the
     world




73
Diversity of views is one of the things that
 make human beings so interesting. The ability
 to share and compare the vast...
Your perspective is your “take” on
     the world—your worldview.
75
Your perspective includes your insight into
     people, things, and events, driving the way
     you interpret your life ...
Your perspective helps form your attitudes
     and personality, guiding your behavior and
     further defining who you a...
What term is used to refer to each
 individual’s unique view of the world?

 A. Attitude
 B. Personality
 C. Opinion
 D. P...
What term is used to refer to each
 individual’s unique view of the world?

 A. Attitude
 B. Personality
 C. Opinion
 D. P...
Both of these perspectives are right in
     their own way, and both are wrong.




     Some of you may be      Others of...
As a student you are in a lively and
     interesting world of discovery that you
     largely determine for yourself, so ...
But, you still have
     many experiences
     and exciting things to
     look forward to like:
     • Getting your drive...
On the longer-term
     perspective, you may
     look forward to:
     • going to college
     • getting a job
     • mar...
In thefar distant future, you may be
     looking to retire to a home on the beach
     or a cabin in the woods somewhere....
Maturity will broaden your views on the
     world, or another way of saying it is that
     life is like climbing a mount...
As you mature and
     accumulate
     experience, you’ll
     start thinking about
     how you formed your
     unique p...
Human beings have done this since the
     beginning of history.




        Plato       Aristotle      Socrates
     The ...
What did the ancient Greek philosophers
 believe about human beings and perspective?

 A. The happiest people spend the le...
What did the ancient Greek philosophers
 believe about human beings and perspective?

 A. The happiest people spend the le...
It’s natural for you to want to understand
     why you are thinking and doing certain
     things at your age.
90
In grasping the purpose
     behind your perspective,
     you’ll gradually begin to see
     how a healthy, well-rounded,...
Right now, your
                       perspective may be
                       based largely on the
                    ...
Your friends and
     family “support
     your worldview,”
     but questioning
     assumptions is also
     important.
...
How Perspective Molds Your Purposes,
       Passions, And Practices




     Your perspective drives the purposes you
    ...
This means that your
     perspective will
     significantly affect your
     success:
     • In school
     • At work
  ...
True or False: Perspective has a
 significant effect on a person’s
 success in school, at work, and with
 friends and fami...
True or False: Perspective has a
 significant effect on a person’s
 success in school, at work, and with
 friends and fami...
By nature,
                                 human
                                 beings are
                            ...
The need to have friends and to belong is
     particularly strong among teenagers, but
     old and young people alike se...
Affiliation Need

      A desire to be and feel a part of
      a group




100
When you are young, the desire for
      affiliation can sometimes lead to actions or
      behaviors that run counter to ...
You put your perspective to the test.




      Sometimes peer pressure to do the wrong,
      unwise, or inappropriate th...
The more you know yourself, and the better
      you understand what you believe and why,
      the better you’ll be able ...
What is desired in affiliation need?

  A. To have children
  B. To be successful at work
  C. To be part of a group
  D. ...
What is desired in affiliation need?

  A. To have children
  B. To be successful at work
  C. To be part of a group
  D. ...
In what age group can the need for
  affiliation most often lead people to
  inappropriate, wrong, or unwise
  behavior?

...
In what age group can the need for
  affiliation most often lead people to
  inappropriate, wrong, or unwise
  behavior?

...
Cultivating a Healthy Perspective


                     People’s beliefs and
                     desires help shape
    ...
Cultivating A Healthy Perspective


                        A belief can be:
                        • Religious
         ...
A desire is something
      you deeply want and is
      frequently part of your
      emotional and
      psychological
 ...
A healthy perspective requires keeping an
      open mind. It also involves recognizing
      the short-term and long-term...
Everyone makes
       mistakes—the trick is to
       learn from them and
       adjust your behavior not
       to repeat...
Want to avoid mistakes as much as
      possible? Pay attention to the signs
      along the road.
113
Beliefs are strong and deeply held
  _______ that shape your thinking.

  A. desires
  B. values
  C. emotions
  D. ideas
...
Beliefs are strong and deeply held
  _______ that shape your thinking.

  A. desires
  B. values
  C. emotions
  D. ideas
...
You may have been encouraged to participate
  in:
                    • School Clubs




                                 ...
When it comes to affiliations, focus on the
      big picture, not the immediate situation.
      Some affiliations are de...
Affiliations like:
      • internet chat rooms
      • cliques
      • gangs
      • secret clubs
      are not a good
   ...
Similarly,
      focusing all your
      attention on:
      • violent movies
      • music
      • video games
      can’...
In the 1985 movie Witness, one character
      says, “What you take into your hands, you
      take into your heart.”

   ...
Everyone has heroes in their life!

      Parent                           Coach




                        Teacher


   ...
Which of these is NOT a poor choice
  for an affiliation or pastime that will
  help you develop a mature, positive
  pers...
Which of these is NOT a poor choice
  for an affiliation or pastime that will
  help you develop a mature, positive
  pers...
How Your Actions Reveal Your Attitudes



                        You’ve
                        probably heard
          ...
This points out the close—and at times
  contradictory—relationship between
  your attitudes:
                        • pe...
If you’re like most people, you want your
  actions to be in harmony with your attitudes.
  “Walk the walk, talk the talk,...
You’d seem hypocritical or two-faced if you
      expressed one attitude or belief and then
      did something that was c...
Another familiar saying, “Actions speak
  louder than words.” Ultimately, what you do
  is what counts, not what you say.
...
Your actions set your goals in motion and
      help you achieve what you want to
      achieve.
129
The desire to achieve shows itself in:
Making           Getting               Being Part
Friends           Good           ...
The expression “Do as I say, not as I
  do” demonstrates what conflict?

  A. Between parents and children
  B. Between at...
The expression “Do as I say, not as I
  do” demonstrates what conflict?

  A. Between parents and children
  B. Between at...
True or False: What people say is
  more powerful than how they act.




133
True or False: What people say is
  more powerful than how they act.

  False




134
You can’t separate actions from attitudes.
      Your actions, for better or worse, reveal
      your attitudes.
135
Showing up late
      for:
      • school
      • practice
      • work
      sends a message
      about your
      attit...
Dressing sloppy is not
      the way to express your
      individuality, and it
      probably won’t score any
      poin...
See if you can tell what each of the
  following actions might say about the
  person’s attitude:
  • Chewing and snapping...
• Never saying “Please” and “Thank you” in
   normal conversation
 • Avoiding eye contact with others
 • Putting your feet...
Actions cannot be separated from
  _______.

  A. desires
  B. values
  C. goals
  D. attitudes




140
Actions cannot be separated from
  _______.

  A. desires
  B. values
  C. goals
  D. attitudes




141
“You miss 100 percent of the
      shots you don’t take.”
 Said by           Think about your life
 ice               as a...
WINNING BREEDS
           WINNING!

      An achievement-focused
      attitude can become a
      way of life and a posit...
Winning and success motivate those who
      value winning to push themselves even
      harder.
144
Successful leaders develop a winning
      attitude not a “What’s the use?” attitude.
145
The question is, which sort of player
      are you?
                          Are you willing to
                        ...
Positive and Negative Attitudes




      The attitudes and behaviors of a healthy,
      reasonable person are usually in...
Positive thinkers make things happen!
Baseball executive Branch Ricky
once noted:

                 “Luck is the residue o...
“I’m a great believer in
                    luck, and I find the
                    harder I work, the more
            ...
The message is that a
                    positive attitude and a
                    dedication to seeing
               ...
Which of these attitudes are you least
  likely revealing when you ignore
  personal hygiene issues like bathing and
  hav...
Which of these attitudes are you least
  likely revealing when you ignore
  personal hygiene issues like bathing and
  hav...
With the proper planning and a
  positive attitude, you will find that
  _______ comes your way and that it is
  not a ran...
With the proper planning and a
  positive attitude, you will find that
  _______ comes your way and that it is
  not a ran...
Do you want to
 hang around      “I’m no good at
 with people      anything,” or “I never get
                  a break,” ...
Contagious

      Tending to spread from person
      to person




156
NJROTC helps you become a winner!




       To be a winner you need to think like a
       winner, and winning starts wit...
Defense Mechanisms




      The first trick to developing a positive
      attitude is to accept that you won’t always
  ...
The second trick is to realize that trial
      and error provide a wonderful
      opportunity to keep improving.
159
True or False: Being around people
  who whine and complain will most
  likely make you feel like a winner.




160
True or False: Being around people
  who whine and complain will most
  likely make you feel like a winner.

  False




1...
In the business world, professionals set
      goals for themselves.

                          Salespeople are often
    ...
If a baseball
                      player doesn’t
                      make every hit,




      or a lawyer
      loses...
People talk about the “practice” of law and
  medicine because those professionals are
  constantly improving their art.
1...
Architect     Pilot




 Of course, some professions have a zero
 tolerance for failure—and it’s a good thing
 they do. Yo...
Architect      Pilot




      Keep in mind everyone is entitled to follow
      a learning curve—the time necessary to
  ...
What is a learning curve?

  A. Chart that managers use to plot
     progress toward a goal
  B. Time needed to perfect a ...
What is a learning curve?

  A. Chart that managers use to plot
     progress toward a goal
  B. Time needed to perfect a ...
Why do some people
      handle their mistakes
      well, and even learn
      from them, while others
      don’t?


   ...
Defense mechanisms

      Behaviors people use to deal
      with anxiety, stress, or pressure




170
Everyone has anxieties, and defense
      mechanisms provide a way to deal with
      them, but if you’re not careful, def...
USS San Francisco
     SSN-711

 People use defense mechanisms without
 realizing it to try and convince others and
 thems...
Defense
      mechanisms are
      ways of protecting
      your self-
      confidence and
      pride when you
      are...
You probably don’t respect the athlete, or
  singer who constantly makes excuses for
  his or her shortfalls.
174
The use of defense mechanisms is not a
      bad thing as long as you take the steps to
      correct the problem.
175
The danger of
      defense
      mechanisms is
      failing to take
      responsibility for
      your actions or
     ...
This is the hallmark
      of an immature
      personality and of
      someone who still
      has some growing
      up...
What are people trying to protect
  when they use defense mechanisms?

  A. Their pride and self-confidence
  B. Their ina...
What are people trying to protect
  when they use defense mechanisms?

  A. Their pride and self-confidence
  B. Their ina...
What is the danger of constantly using
  defense mechanisms?

  A. People find themselves being given
     more and more r...
What is the danger of constantly using
  defense mechanisms?

  A. People find themselves being given
     more and more r...
Psychologists have
      identified and studied
      a number of defense
      mechanisms people
      use when they feel...
How Defense Mechanisms Affect
              Relationships




                    Consider the
                    situati...
Jack and Christine have been dating
      steadily for about a year, but they have
      a problem: Jack gets jealous any ...
He suspects she’s not really happy in
      their relationship and watches her every
      move. Christine keeps telling J...
If he’s not careful, Jack might find himself
    using one or more of the following defense
    mechanisms instead of addr...
• Displacement—transferring a feeling
        about a person or an object to another,
        less threatening object




...
• Repression—pushing disturbing thoughts,
   wishes, or experiences from one’s conscious
   awareness while the feeling co...
• Rationalization—concealing the true
   motivations for one’s thoughts, actions, or
   feelings by offering reassuring, b...
• Projection—falsely attributing to others
        your own unacceptable feelings, impulses,
        or thoughts




     ...
• Acting out—using actions, rather than
        words, to express the emotional
        conflict




       Example: Jack ...
• Denial—refusing to acknowledge some
   painful aspect of external reality or one’s own
   experience that would be appar...
What term is used to refer to the
  transference of a feeling about a
  person or an object to another, less
  threatening...
What term is used to refer to the
  transference of a feeling about a
  person or an object to another, less
  threatening...
If someone refuses to recognize some
  painful aspect of reality or his/her own
  experience that other people would
  cle...
If someone refuses to recognize some
  painful aspect of reality or his/her own
  experience that other people would
  cle...
How many of
                             these defense
                             mechanisms do
                        ...
Because defense mechanisms can be used
 unconsciously, people sometimes use them
 without even knowing it.
198
Before things can get better for Jack and
  Christine, Jack must realize that his attitude
  needs to improve.
199
Mature people don’t fall back on defense
      mechanisms—mainly because they don’t
      need them.
200
You will not
                                  always be
                                  successful.



      Many times...
Nobody comes into this world with a
      guaranteed perfect life, but the attitude
      you develop once you get here is...
A positive attitude
      can make it easier to
      handle life’s troubles.




203
The power of positive thinking!



                         “How you think
                         about a problem is
   ...
How do mature people deal with their
 problems?

  A. They use defense mechanisms most of
     the time like anybody else....
How do mature people deal with their
 problems?

  A. They use defense mechanisms most of
     the time like anybody else....
People with positive
      attitudes usually have
      other personality traits
      that help them meet
      life’s:
 ...
These people can call into action the
following personality traits to solve problems
and to succeed:
• Integrity
• Credibi...
Strategies for Expressing Emotions




                                         Grief
                            Joy

   ...
Strategies for Expressing Emotions

                     Anger




                                    Disgust
       Fear...
People refer
                                    to a more
                                    general kind
              ...
“Moods” are a temporary state of mind or
      feeling a general feeling of emotion.




212
Babies come into the world with the
      two most basic emotions:




           Delight          Distress
213
As you grow older, emotions
      become a very real part of you.
214
Controlling emotions is
      a challenge to everyone
      in a leadership position.




215
Emotions need to be expressed, especially
  very strong emotions.



216
You may feel like “telling off” someone or
      even physically striking the person, but
      your social conditioning t...
Constructive methods of expressing strong
      emotions include:
                                   Talking it out




  ...
Spontaneous feelings that people
  have are called _______.

  A. moods
  B. attitudes
  C. emotions
  D. outlooks




219
Spontaneous feelings that people
  have are called _______.

  A. moods
  B. attitudes
  C. emotions
  D. outlooks




220
Physical Activity
      Emotions are a very real part of you!


                             Intense Emotional
           ...
Some emotional
      outlets include:
      • Sports activity




222
• Creative projects
223
• Cleaning a house
224
• Washing the car




225
• Mowing the lawn
226
• Hunting or fishing
227
• Painting
228
• Sewing

229
• Woodworking.

230
Which of these is NOT a
  recommended physical activity to help
  deal with emotions constructively?

  A. Washing the car...
Which of these is NOT a
  recommended physical activity to help
  deal with emotions constructively?

  A. Washing the car...
Trusted friend          Teacher
                 Talking it out




       Counselor                  Parent
233
Trusted friend          Teacher
         These people can help you see
         alternatives and understand
         your ...
Sense of Humor



                Keeping your
                sense of humor
                is a big asset in
          ...
Being able to laugh at yourself
      and to laugh with others is a
      rare combination.




236
The jokester tries to
      build up his or her
      self-image in an
      attempt to feel
      superior at someone
   ...
A constructive sense
      of humor is not:
      • Cutting
      • Sarcastic
      • Hostile.
238
People using humor constructively
  focus the humor on _______, and it is
  not hostile, cutting, or sarcastic.

  A. thei...
People using humor constructively
  focus the humor on _______, and it is
  not hostile, cutting, or sarcastic.

  A. thei...
Positive Thoughts
        and Actions




         The power of
      “positive thinking!”




241
Positive attitudes begin with:
      • A healthy self-image
242
• Acknowledgement rather than denial
        of problems
243
• A conscious effort to build habits
        that will contribute to a positive
244
        personal growth.
Which of the following is NOT part of the
  process of establishing a positive
  attitude?

  A. Facing rather than ignori...
Which of the following is NOT part of the
  process of establishing a positive
  attitude?

  A. Facing rather than ignori...
Conclusion
                    Anger




                                   Disgust
      Fear

  Your success as a leader...
Will your attitude
      be positive or
      negative?
      The choice is
      yours.




248
Family member          Employee




         A positive attitude will make
         you a happier and more
         succes...
CONCLUSION




  People are attracted to and will follow
  positive thinkers who can solve problems
  for themselves and o...
A positive attitude
  can be the leader’s
  key to success.




251
What term refers to something
      that can be but has not yet been
      developed?

      A. Maturity
      B. Affiliat...
What term refers to something
      that can be but has not yet been
      developed?

      A. Maturity
      B. Affiliat...
What term is used to refer to the
      state of being fully grown or
      developed?

      A. Maturity
      B. Potenti...
What term is used to refer to the
      state of being fully grown or
      developed?

      A. Maturity
      B. Potenti...
What term is used to refer to
      what a person is inside as well
      as what he/she shows to others,
      and is com...
What term is used to refer to
      what a person is inside as well
      as what he/she shows to others,
      and is com...
A person’s _______ is rooted in
      his/her thoughts, feelings, and
      beliefs, and largely determines
      how a pe...
A person’s _______ is rooted in
      his/her thoughts, feelings, and
      beliefs, and largely determines
      how a pe...
Someone’s way of seeing the
      world is his/her _______.

      A. personality
      B. potential
      C. perspective
...
Someone’s way of seeing the
      world is his/her _______.

      A. personality
      B. potential
      C. perspective
...
A human being’s natural desire
      to feel like he/she is part of a
      group is known as _______.

      A. a defense...
A human being’s natural desire
      to feel like he/she is part of a
      group is known as _______.

      A. a defense...
What term is used to refer to
      behaviors that people use to deal
      with anxieties and stress?

      A. Defense m...
What term is used to refer to
      behaviors that people use to deal
      with anxieties and stress?

      A. Defense m...
What term is used to refer to
      taking out impulses on or
      transferring feelings about a
      person or thing to...
What term is used to refer to
      taking out impulses on or
      transferring feelings about a
      person or thing to...
What term is used to refer to a
      refusal to acknowledge the
      existence of a problem or a
      painful reality?
...
What term is used to refer to a
      refusal to acknowledge the
      existence of a problem or a
      painful reality?
...
A defense mechanism in which
      someone pushes disturbing
      thoughts from his/her conscious
      mind while the fe...
A defense mechanism in which
      someone pushes disturbing
      thoughts from his/her conscious
      mind while the fe...
What term is used to refer to the
      concealing of true motivations
      for one’s thoughts or actions by
      explai...
What term is used to refer to the
      concealing of true motivations
      for one’s thoughts or actions by
      explai...
What term is used to refer to
      falsely attributing one’s own
      unacceptable feelings or
      impulses to another...
What term is used to refer to
      falsely attributing one’s own
      unacceptable feelings or
      impulses to another...
While emotions are
      spontaneous feelings, _______
      are a more a temporary state of
      mind or general feeling...
While emotions are
      spontaneous feelings, _______
      are a more a temporary state of
      mind or general feeling...
Because expressing strong emotions is
      important, people should deal with
      them in constructive ways, such as
  ...
Because expressing strong emotions is
      important, people should deal with
      them in constructive ways, such as
  ...
What was the theme of Thomas
      Anthony Harris’ 1969 book I’m
      OK, You’re OK?

      A. Each person has a distinct...
What was the theme of Thomas
      Anthony Harris’ 1969 book I’m
      OK, You’re OK?

      A. Each person has a distinct...
According to Thomas Anthony
      Harris’ 1969 book, which of
      these attitudes reflects the
      approval both of on...
According to Thomas Anthony
      Harris’ 1969 book, which of
      these attitudes reflects the
      approval both of on...
Which of these statements about
      perspectives is accurate?

      A. People’s attitudes and personalities are
       ...
Which of these statements about
      perspectives is accurate?

      A. People’s attitudes and personalities are
       ...
When young people must decide
      between going along with the group
      and behaving in accordance with
      their v...
When young people must decide
      between going along with the group
      and behaving in accordance with
      their v...
Which of these statements about desire is
      NOT accurate?

      A. The mistakes people make in dealing
         with ...
Which of these statements about desire is
      NOT accurate?

      A. The mistakes people make in dealing
         with ...
Desires are things you want
      either for yourself or those you
      care for, while beliefs are strong
      and deep...
Desires are things you want
      either for yourself or those you
      care for, while beliefs are strong
      and deep...
To learn from a mistake, a
      healthy, well-adjusted person
      will adjust his/her behavior and
      _______.

    ...
To learn from a mistake, a
      healthy, well-adjusted person
      will adjust his/her behavior and
      _______.

    ...
Actions reveal a person’s
      _______ and cannot be
      separated from them.

      A. desires
      B. goals
      C....
Actions reveal a person’s
      _______ and cannot be
      separated from them.

      A. desires
      B. goals
      C....
With proper planning and a
      positive attitude, _______ will
      come your way, as in Thomas
      Jefferson’s state...
With proper planning and a
      positive attitude, _______ will
      come your way, as in Thomas
      Jefferson’s state...
What is a learning curve?

      A. Time needed to perfect a task or
         reach a goal
      B. Graph showing how the ...
What is a learning curve?

      A. Time needed to perfect a task or
         reach a goal
      B. Graph showing how the ...
What is the greatest danger of the
      constant use of defense mechanisms?

      A. People begin to see themselves as
 ...
What is the greatest danger of the
      constant use of defense mechanisms?

      A. People begin to see themselves as
 ...
In support of the power of
      positive thinking, Norman
      Vincent Peale wrote, “How you
      _______ is more impor...
In support of the power of
      positive thinking, Norman
      Vincent Peale wrote, “How you
      _______ is more impor...
The way that people _______
      their experiences is very
      influential on their lives and
      their ability to le...
The way that people _______
      their experiences is very
      influential on their lives and
      their ability to le...
In the process of maturing, a
      person develops a _______ and
      then uses it to meet life’s
      challenges.

   ...
In the process of maturing, a
      person develops a _______ and
      then uses it to meet life’s
      challenges.

   ...
What happens to a person’s decision-
      making skills as he/she matures?

      A. They improve with the growing
      ...
What happens to a person’s decision-
      making skills as he/she matures?

      A. They improve with the growing
      ...
Which one of these behaviors is
      NOT considered a method of
      changing an attitude?

      A. Thinking positive t...
Which one of these behaviors is
      NOT considered a method of
      changing an attitude?

      A. Thinking positive t...
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NS1 2.5 Attitudes And Emotions

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Bishop Kenny NJROTC NS1 Attitudes and Emotions

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NS1 2.5 Attitudes And Emotions

  1. 1. UNIT 2 CHAPTER 5 Attitudes and Emotions 1
  2. 2. Interpreting Events and Experiences Your experience is what happens to you and what happens in the world around you. 2
  3. 3. How you interpret that experience has an enormous influence on your daily life and your future as a leader. 3
  4. 4. Inventor Thomas Edison President Civil-rights Activist Abraham Lincoln Rosa Parks These people made crucial decisions based on what they believed they were capable of doing. Their early life experiences helped them realize their potential. 4
  5. 5. Potential What an individual is capable of doing or becoming 5
  6. 6. Senator John McCain Actress General Meryl Streep Colin Powell These respected people frequently speak today about how experiences early in their lives helped them decide what they wanted 6 to do as an adult.
  7. 7. Senator John McCain Actress General Meryl Streep Colin Powell That’s not to say people who achieve greatness never make mistakes—they’ll admit they’ve made plenty! 7
  8. 8. Senator John McCain Actress General Meryl Streep Colin Powell They became the result of their potential. As one old saying puts it, “As the twig is bent, so grows the tree.” 8
  9. 9. What is experience? A. Events that happen to you and in the world around you B. Reasons why you become fully developed and reach your potential C. Responses you have to your thoughts and the actions of other people D. Interpretations you give to your relationship with others 9
  10. 10. What is experience? A. Events that happen to you and in the world around you B. Reasons why you become fully developed and reach your potential C. Responses you have to your thoughts and the actions of other people D. Interpretations you give to your relationship with others 10
  11. 11. Many respected people have revealed how youthful experiences _______. A. made them believe they could accomplish anything B. convinced them that the world presented too many obstacles C. helped them determine their adult goals D. helped them avoid making mistakes as an adult 11
  12. 12. Many respected people have revealed how youthful experiences _______. A. made them believe they could accomplish anything B. convinced them that the world presented too many obstacles C. helped them determine their adult goals D. helped them avoid making mistakes as an adult 12
  13. 13. Growing up isn’t just about getting older. You may think it is because for some things, such as getting a driver’s license, 13 age alone is an important requirement.
  14. 14. The reality of growing up and reaching maturity is much more… It means learning what’s required to develop a positive attitude and then putting that attitude to use to meet life’s challenges. 14
  15. 15. Maturity The state of being fully grown or developed 15
  16. 16. Reaching maturity is the process of bringing your personality and experience to bear on your life in a positive, constructive way. 16
  17. 17. Personality What an individual is inside and what he or she shows to others; it includes actions, opinions, beliefs, biases, desires, and ambitions. 17
  18. 18. Attaining maturity means becoming more aware of your: • Goals • Abilities • Place in the World 18
  19. 19. Maturity also means understanding how your attitudes and behaviors influence others. 19
  20. 20. Growing up involves developing a _______ and then using it to meet life’s challenges. A. life’s goal B. positive attitude C. satisfying career D. strong will 20
  21. 21. Growing up involves developing a _______ and then using it to meet life’s challenges. A. life’s goal B. positive attitude C. satisfying career D. strong will 21
  22. 22. Attitude and your personality are two different things. Experience shapes your personality, which is the foundation of your attitudes and behaviors. 22
  23. 23. Attitude is a state of mind! An attitude, however, is rooted in your thoughts, feelings, or beliefs and greatly affects how you view and treat a particular situation. 23
  24. 24. A behavior is an action that others can see you doing based both on your personality and your attitude at the given time. 24
  25. 25. You will become more aware of how your attitudes and behaviors make you who you are and who you are becoming because of your experience. 25
  26. 26. Some people humorously define experience as “that thing you get just after you need it.” This observation is, ironically, not too 26 far from the truth.
  27. 27. Your experiences act as a rudder as you navigate the course of your life, and just as a skier usually does better the second time down a course, you’ll learn to make better decisions as you mature. 27
  28. 28. As you mature, you become better able to interpret events and use your ever growing number of experiences to make better decisions about: • Where you want to go • What you want to do • Who you want to be. 28
  29. 29. True or False: Attitude and personality are the same thing. 29
  30. 30. True or False: Attitude and personality are the same thing. False 30
  31. 31. The Importance of a Positive Outlook on Life “Always look on the bright side of life.” “Let a smile be your umbrella.” “When life gives you lemons, make lemonade!” 31
  32. 32. These everyday phrases emphasize the importance of having a positive outlook on life . You no doubt heard people say, “Colin has such an attitude,” or “Cassandra is copping a real “tude.” 32
  33. 33. Those observations reflect negatively on Colin and Cassandra. Why? How would their ongoing bad attitudes affect your friendship with Colin or Cassandra? ” 33
  34. 34. Your Attitude is a Compass Remember, your attitude is rooted in your thoughts, feelings, and beliefs and is your “slant” or “angle” on life. 34
  35. 35. This “slant” determines your outlook and approach to life and like a compass—you go in the direction the needle points. 35
  36. 36. Your attitude is largely under your control. Attitude is not something you are born with. 36
  37. 37. Some experts say that you can “program” your attitude as you do a computer, by repeatedly thinking and saying positive things about yourself and others. You can change your attitude and mood simply by changing how you think and talk. 37
  38. 38. Your attitude follows your behavior. If you do positive things, you’ll slowly develop a more positive attitude. 38
  39. 39. A person’s _______ is his/her “slant” or “angle” on life. A. attitude B. personality C. behavior D. experience 39
  40. 40. A person’s _______ is his/her “slant” or “angle” on life. A. attitude B. personality C. behavior D. experience 40
  41. 41. Which one of these behaviors is NOT a method of changing an attitude? A. Thinking positive things about yourself B. Saying positive things about others C. Doing positive things D. Wishing positive things would happen 41
  42. 42. Which one of these behaviors is NOT a method of changing an attitude? A. Thinking positive things about yourself B. Saying positive things about others C. Doing positive things D. Wishing positive things would happen 42
  43. 43. I’m Ok, You’re Ok. In 1969 psychologist Thomas Anthony Harris wrote a book called I'm OK, You're OK. His idea was that “you are what you think” was and still is very simple, yet it reflects what millions of people have experienced throughout their lives. 43
  44. 44. He summarize personality as one of four life positions or attitudes: 1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of yourself, approving of others 44
  45. 45. He summarize personality as one of four life positions or attitudes: 1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of yourself, approving of others 2. I'm not OK, you're not OK—disapproving of both yourself and others 45
  46. 46. He summarize personality as one of four life positions or attitudes: 1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of yourself, approving of others 2. I'm not OK, you're not OK—disapproving of both yourself and others 3. I'm OK, you're not OK—approving of yourself, disapproving of others 46
  47. 47. He summarize personality as one of four life positions or attitudes: 1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of yourself, approving of others 2. I'm not OK, you're not OK—disapproving of both yourself and others 3. I'm OK, you're not OK—approving of yourself, disapproving of others 4. I'm OK, you're OK—approving of yourself and others. 47
  48. 48. What thoughts describe the “I’m not OK, you’re not OK” attitude? A. Disapproval of yourself, approval of others B. Disapproval of both yourself and others C. Approval of both yourself and others D. Approval of yourself, disapproval of others 48
  49. 49. What thoughts describe the “I’m not OK, you’re not OK” attitude? A. Disapproval of yourself, approval of others B. Disapproval of both yourself and others C. Approval of both yourself and others D. Approval of yourself, disapproval of others 49
  50. 50. According to Harris… Most people hold Attitude #1: "I'm not OK, you're OK." These people might lack self-esteem or self-confidence. They feel inferior to other 50 people.
  51. 51. According to Harris… Someone with Attitude #2, “I’m not OK, you’re not OK” would not tend to “look on the bright side.” Such a person would need to do a lot of work to be happy. 51
  52. 52. According to Harris… People with Attitude #3, "I'm OK, you're not OK.” might have suffered from abuse or trauma as children, and the effects of that abuse still influence their relationships with other 52 people.
  53. 53. According to Harris… Attitude #4, “I’m OK, you’re OK.” is the attitude of a healthy, well-adjusted individual. 53
  54. 54. According to Thomas Anthony Harris, which attitude would belong to people who lack self-esteem or self-confidence? A. Approval of both themselves and others B. Approval of themselves, disapproval of others C. Disapproval of both themselves and others D. Disapproval of themselves, approval of others 54
  55. 55. According to Thomas Anthony Harris, which attitude would belong to people who lack self-esteem or self-confidence? A. Approval of both themselves and others B. Approval of themselves, disapproval of others C. Disapproval of both themselves and others D. Disapproval of themselves, approval of others 55
  56. 56. Mr. Harris believed that no matter how “un-OK” your attitude is to start with, you can change it for the better. Anyone can move to Attitude #4. 56
  57. 57. True or False: According to Thomas Anthony Harris, with effort everyone can achieve an attitude of “I’m OK, you’re OK.” 57
  58. 58. True or False: According to Thomas Anthony Harris, with effort everyone can achieve an attitude of “I’m OK, you’re OK.” True 58
  59. 59. The Value of a Positive Attitude Why is a positive attitude important? One good reason is that it increases the 59 chances that others will like you.
  60. 60. People enjoy spending time with individuals who express positive attitudes. They tend to avoid individuals with an ongoing negative attitude. 60
  61. 61. Psychologists use the term toxic personalities to refer to people who never have a nice thing to say about anyone or anything. 61
  62. 62. Ups and downs are a normal part of life. So if your friend Aaron is in a “down” mood from time to time, you try to cheer him up, and he does the same for you. 62
  63. 63. Negative Attitude! A toxic—or poisonous—attitude can rub off on others without their even being aware of it. 63
  64. 64. Pick your friends wisely! The old saying, “If you lie down with dogs, you’ll get up with fleas,” points at an important truth: Bad habits, poor behaviors, and negative 64 attitudes can be contagious.
  65. 65. Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding attitudes? A. Someone with a toxic personality has occasional negative moods. B. Spending time with negative people can affect your own attitude for the worse. C. People tend to avoid people with negative attitudes. D. Having a positive attitude makes it more likely that people will want to be around you. 65
  66. 66. Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding attitudes? A. Someone with a toxic personality has occasional negative moods. B. Spending time with negative people can affect your own attitude for the worse. C. People tend to avoid people with negative attitudes. D. Having a positive attitude makes it more likely that people will want to be around you. 66
  67. 67. A good attitude is essential for leaders. 67
  68. 68. Positive Attitude! Good leaders know that “throwing out positive vibes” is essential to gaining respect and encouraging others to follow them. 68
  69. 69. The saying, “If you lie down with dogs, you’ll get up with fleas,” is warning people to _______. A. stay active and avoid laziness B. choose their friends wisely C. keep motivated and goal-oriented D. make sure their attitude stays positive 69
  70. 70. The saying, “If you lie down with dogs, you’ll get up with fleas,” is warning people to _______. A. stay active and avoid laziness B. choose their friends wisely C. keep motivated and goal-oriented D. make sure their attitude stays positive 70
  71. 71. How Perspective Molds Your Understanding Of Life You look at things in your own individual way. That’s what makes you unique—an individual. 71
  72. 72. You see the world in a way that only you can and add a perspective to your community that only you can provide. 72
  73. 73. Perspective An individual’s way of seeing the world 73
  74. 74. Diversity of views is one of the things that make human beings so interesting. The ability to share and compare the vast range of experiences is what has furthered mankind more than any other species on Earth and is the basis for all of modern society. 74
  75. 75. Your perspective is your “take” on the world—your worldview. 75
  76. 76. Your perspective includes your insight into people, things, and events, driving the way you interpret your life experiences. 76
  77. 77. Your perspective helps form your attitudes and personality, guiding your behavior and further defining who you are as an individual. 77
  78. 78. What term is used to refer to each individual’s unique view of the world? A. Attitude B. Personality C. Opinion D. Perspective 78
  79. 79. What term is used to refer to each individual’s unique view of the world? A. Attitude B. Personality C. Opinion D. Perspective 79
  80. 80. Both of these perspectives are right in their own way, and both are wrong. Some of you may be Others of you may saying, “I’m just in be saying, “I know high school, I really everything I’ll ever don’t have enough need to know and experience to have a I’ve got the right truly unique idea of how things 80 perspective.” work.”
  81. 81. As a student you are in a lively and interesting world of discovery that you largely determine for yourself, so you really do know how things work for you. 81
  82. 82. But, you still have many experiences and exciting things to look forward to like: • Getting your driver’s license • Getting a part-time job • Dating • Graduating. 82
  83. 83. On the longer-term perspective, you may look forward to: • going to college • getting a job • marrying • raising a family. 83
  84. 84. In thefar distant future, you may be looking to retire to a home on the beach or a cabin in the woods somewhere. 84
  85. 85. Maturity will broaden your views on the world, or another way of saying it is that life is like climbing a mountain: the higher you get, the farther you can see. 85
  86. 86. As you mature and accumulate experience, you’ll start thinking about how you formed your unique perspective. 86
  87. 87. Human beings have done this since the beginning of history. Plato Aristotle Socrates The ancient Greek philosophers thought that the yearning for self-understanding was as essential to human life as food and water. 87
  88. 88. What did the ancient Greek philosophers believe about human beings and perspective? A. The happiest people spend the least amount of time in philosophical musings. B. People have a greater need to understand other people than to understand themselves. C. People are reluctant to consider their negative traits and shortcomings. D. All people have a longing and a need to understand themselves. 88
  89. 89. What did the ancient Greek philosophers believe about human beings and perspective? A. The happiest people spend the least amount of time in philosophical musings. B. People have a greater need to understand other people than to understand themselves. C. People are reluctant to consider their negative traits and shortcomings. D. All people have a longing and a need to understand themselves. 89
  90. 90. It’s natural for you to want to understand why you are thinking and doing certain things at your age. 90
  91. 91. In grasping the purpose behind your perspective, you’ll gradually begin to see how a healthy, well-rounded, fair-minded perspective can guide you in your: • Studies • Career • Friendships • Family relationships • Future. 91
  92. 92. Right now, your perspective may be based largely on the influence of your: • Peers • Parents • Guardians • Friends • Teachers These influences give you a good foundation for growth. 92
  93. 93. Your friends and family “support your worldview,” but questioning assumptions is also important. Both are the sign of a growing, dynamic perspective. 93
  94. 94. How Perspective Molds Your Purposes, Passions, And Practices Your perspective drives the purposes you strive toward; your passions, or the things you feel strongly about, and the practices 94 you follow in your life.
  95. 95. This means that your perspective will significantly affect your success: • In school • At work • In friendships • In family relationships. 95
  96. 96. True or False: Perspective has a significant effect on a person’s success in school, at work, and with friends and family. 96
  97. 97. True or False: Perspective has a significant effect on a person’s success in school, at work, and with friends and family. True 97
  98. 98. By nature, human beings are social creatures. People want to belong to a group or an organization. They want to have friends— sometimes desperately so. 98
  99. 99. The need to have friends and to belong is particularly strong among teenagers, but old and young people alike seek group acceptance. This natural human 99 characteristic is called an affiliation need.
  100. 100. Affiliation Need A desire to be and feel a part of a group 100
  101. 101. When you are young, the desire for affiliation can sometimes lead to actions or behaviors that run counter to the influence of your family and teachers. 101
  102. 102. You put your perspective to the test. Sometimes peer pressure to do the wrong, unwise, or inappropriate thing is almost irresistible. Stick with the values that your parents or teachers believe best. 102
  103. 103. The more you know yourself, and the better you understand what you believe and why, the better you’ll be able to pass that test. 103
  104. 104. What is desired in affiliation need? A. To have children B. To be successful at work C. To be part of a group D. To be loved and supported by family 104
  105. 105. What is desired in affiliation need? A. To have children B. To be successful at work C. To be part of a group D. To be loved and supported by family 105
  106. 106. In what age group can the need for affiliation most often lead people to inappropriate, wrong, or unwise behavior? A. Children B. Teenagers C. Middle aged D. Elderly 106
  107. 107. In what age group can the need for affiliation most often lead people to inappropriate, wrong, or unwise behavior? A. Children B. Teenagers C. Middle aged D. Elderly 107
  108. 108. Cultivating a Healthy Perspective People’s beliefs and desires help shape their perspectives. A belief is a strong and deeply held idea that forms the basis for much of your thinking. 108
  109. 109. Cultivating A Healthy Perspective A belief can be: • Religious • Social • Political • Personal. 109
  110. 110. A desire is something you deeply want and is frequently part of your emotional and psychological motivation. 110
  111. 111. A healthy perspective requires keeping an open mind. It also involves recognizing the short-term and long-term effects of mistakes or poor choices. 111
  112. 112. Everyone makes mistakes—the trick is to learn from them and adjust your behavior not to repeat them. This self-correcting ability is your ticket to success, and it’s part of a healthy perspective. 112
  113. 113. Want to avoid mistakes as much as possible? Pay attention to the signs along the road. 113
  114. 114. Beliefs are strong and deeply held _______ that shape your thinking. A. desires B. values C. emotions D. ideas 114
  115. 115. Beliefs are strong and deeply held _______ that shape your thinking. A. desires B. values C. emotions D. ideas 115
  116. 116. You may have been encouraged to participate in: • School Clubs • Religious Organizations • Sport Teams As you’ve matured, your affiliation need may have led you to experiment with involvement in various kinds of groups. 116
  117. 117. When it comes to affiliations, focus on the big picture, not the immediate situation. Some affiliations are dead-end streets. 117
  118. 118. Affiliations like: • internet chat rooms • cliques • gangs • secret clubs are not a good breeding ground for developing a mature, positive perspective. 118
  119. 119. Similarly, focusing all your attention on: • violent movies • music • video games can’t be good for your developing worldview. 119
  120. 120. In the 1985 movie Witness, one character says, “What you take into your hands, you take into your heart.” This points to a direct relationship between your experience—what you see, hear, touch, taste, say, and do—and your ever-widening perspective on life. 120
  121. 121. Everyone has heroes in their life! Parent Coach Teacher Your heroes set goals, got excited about them, and then worked to achieve them. You can do that, too! 121
  122. 122. Which of these is NOT a poor choice for an affiliation or pastime that will help you develop a mature, positive perspective? A. Internet chat rooms and adult websites B. Violent movies, music, and video games C. School club, sports team, and religious youth organization D. Gangs, cliques, and secret clubs 122
  123. 123. Which of these is NOT a poor choice for an affiliation or pastime that will help you develop a mature, positive perspective? A. Internet chat rooms and adult websites B. Violent movies, music, and video games C. School club, sports team, and religious youth organization D. Gangs, cliques, and secret clubs 123
  124. 124. How Your Actions Reveal Your Attitudes You’ve probably heard the expression, “Do as I say, not as I do.” 124
  125. 125. This points out the close—and at times contradictory—relationship between your attitudes: • perspectives, • purposes • beliefs and your actions: • practices • behaviors. 125
  126. 126. If you’re like most people, you want your actions to be in harmony with your attitudes. “Walk the walk, talk the talk,” right? 126
  127. 127. You’d seem hypocritical or two-faced if you expressed one attitude or belief and then did something that was completely contrary. 127
  128. 128. Another familiar saying, “Actions speak louder than words.” Ultimately, what you do is what counts, not what you say. 128
  129. 129. Your actions set your goals in motion and help you achieve what you want to achieve. 129
  130. 130. The desire to achieve shows itself in: Making Getting Being Part Friends Good of A Family Grades Making a Making Winning Team Band Awards All these things may be part of how you define success. You direct your actions to achieving 130 these goals.
  131. 131. The expression “Do as I say, not as I do” demonstrates what conflict? A. Between parents and children B. Between attitudes and actions C. Between right and wrong D. Between maturity and immaturity 131
  132. 132. The expression “Do as I say, not as I do” demonstrates what conflict? A. Between parents and children B. Between attitudes and actions C. Between right and wrong D. Between maturity and immaturity 132
  133. 133. True or False: What people say is more powerful than how they act. 133
  134. 134. True or False: What people say is more powerful than how they act. False 134
  135. 135. You can’t separate actions from attitudes. Your actions, for better or worse, reveal your attitudes. 135
  136. 136. Showing up late for: • school • practice • work sends a message about your attitude. 136
  137. 137. Dressing sloppy is not the way to express your individuality, and it probably won’t score any points with your family, teachers, coaches, or employer. 137
  138. 138. See if you can tell what each of the following actions might say about the person’s attitude: • Chewing and snapping gum during a lecture • Conversing above a whisper during a movie • Failing to use “Mr.,” “Mrs.,” “Ms.,” “Sir,” or “Ma’am” in talking with adults • Not using a turn signal when driving 138
  139. 139. • Never saying “Please” and “Thank you” in normal conversation • Avoiding eye contact with others • Putting your feet up on furniture • Losing something that you’ve borrowed from a friend • Ignoring personal hygiene with hair, teeth, bathing, and clothing 139
  140. 140. Actions cannot be separated from _______. A. desires B. values C. goals D. attitudes 140
  141. 141. Actions cannot be separated from _______. A. desires B. values C. goals D. attitudes 141
  142. 142. “You miss 100 percent of the shots you don’t take.” Said by Think about your life ice as a sport for a minute. hockey Are you a team legend player? Wayne Gretzky! Do you follow the rules? Take your shots? # 99 What’s your attitude? 142
  143. 143. WINNING BREEDS WINNING! An achievement-focused attitude can become a way of life and a positive, contagious habit. The more you achieve, the more you’re likely to achieve. 143
  144. 144. Winning and success motivate those who value winning to push themselves even harder. 144
  145. 145. Successful leaders develop a winning attitude not a “What’s the use?” attitude. 145
  146. 146. The question is, which sort of player are you? Are you willing to simply throw your fate to the wind and hope things work out? Or are you going to take charge of your life and make it what you want it to become? 146
  147. 147. Positive and Negative Attitudes The attitudes and behaviors of a healthy, reasonable person are usually in harmony. 147
  148. 148. Positive thinkers make things happen! Baseball executive Branch Ricky once noted: “Luck is the residue of design.” He meant that if you plan things right and have the right attitude, you’ll attract that mysterious power people call “luck.” 148
  149. 149. “I’m a great believer in luck, and I find the harder I work, the more I have of it.” What do you think the message is in his Thomas Jefferson statement? once said, 149
  150. 150. The message is that a positive attitude and a dedication to seeing your goals realized generally results in a positive outcome. Thomas Jefferson 150
  151. 151. Which of these attitudes are you least likely revealing when you ignore personal hygiene issues like bathing and having clean clothes, hair, and teeth? A. That you do not have any self-respect B. That you do not care about offending other people C. That you have pride and make the effort to be presentable D. That you do not seek the approval of other people 151
  152. 152. Which of these attitudes are you least likely revealing when you ignore personal hygiene issues like bathing and having clean clothes, hair, and teeth? A. That you do not have any self-respect B. That you do not care about offending other people C. That you have pride and make the effort to be presentable D. That you do not seek the approval of other people 152
  153. 153. With the proper planning and a positive attitude, you will find that _______ comes your way and that it is not a random, mysterious thing after all. A. luck B. happiness C. success D. wealth 153
  154. 154. With the proper planning and a positive attitude, you will find that _______ comes your way and that it is not a random, mysterious thing after all. A. luck B. happiness C. success D. wealth 154
  155. 155. Do you want to hang around “I’m no good at with people anything,” or “I never get a break,” or “I don’t feel who are saying like doing anything?” things like: That kind of thinking is not only depressing: It’s contagious. 155
  156. 156. Contagious Tending to spread from person to person 156
  157. 157. NJROTC helps you become a winner! To be a winner you need to think like a winner, and winning starts with taking 157 some concrete steps toward your goal.
  158. 158. Defense Mechanisms The first trick to developing a positive attitude is to accept that you won’t always succeed at everything you do. 158
  159. 159. The second trick is to realize that trial and error provide a wonderful opportunity to keep improving. 159
  160. 160. True or False: Being around people who whine and complain will most likely make you feel like a winner. 160
  161. 161. True or False: Being around people who whine and complain will most likely make you feel like a winner. False 161
  162. 162. In the business world, professionals set goals for themselves. Salespeople are often rewarded when they reach their sales targets, but failing to meet a goal—in business or anywhere else—doesn’t mean that you are a failure. 162
  163. 163. If a baseball player doesn’t make every hit, or a lawyer loses a case, we don’t label or a doctor them failures. can’t cure every illness, 163
  164. 164. People talk about the “practice” of law and medicine because those professionals are constantly improving their art. 164
  165. 165. Architect Pilot Of course, some professions have a zero tolerance for failure—and it’s a good thing they do. You don’t want them to make any big mistakes. But even pilots are not always on schedule, and architects do not win every contract. 165
  166. 166. Architect Pilot Keep in mind everyone is entitled to follow a learning curve—the time necessary to get better at a task or to reach a goal—as long as the time is within reason for the given task. 166
  167. 167. What is a learning curve? A. Chart that managers use to plot progress toward a goal B. Time needed to perfect a task or reach a goal C. Checkpoints for new employees during their probationary period D. Graph that documents how the quality of an employee’s work reaches a peak and then declines 167 over time
  168. 168. What is a learning curve? A. Chart that managers use to plot progress toward a goal B. Time needed to perfect a task or reach a goal C. Checkpoints for new employees during their probationary period D. Graph that documents how the quality of an employee’s work reaches a peak and then declines 168 over time
  169. 169. Why do some people handle their mistakes well, and even learn from them, while others don’t? The difference often lies in a person’s defense mechanisms. 169
  170. 170. Defense mechanisms Behaviors people use to deal with anxiety, stress, or pressure 170
  171. 171. Everyone has anxieties, and defense mechanisms provide a way to deal with them, but if you’re not careful, defense mechanisms can turn into excuses. 171
  172. 172. USS San Francisco SSN-711 People use defense mechanisms without realizing it to try and convince others and themselves that someone else is to blame for a mistake, or that a controllable situation was entirely outside of their ability to handle. 172
  173. 173. Defense mechanisms are ways of protecting your self- confidence and pride when you are feeling inadequate or ashamed. 173
  174. 174. You probably don’t respect the athlete, or singer who constantly makes excuses for his or her shortfalls. 174
  175. 175. The use of defense mechanisms is not a bad thing as long as you take the steps to correct the problem. 175
  176. 176. The danger of defense mechanisms is failing to take responsibility for your actions or inactions. 176
  177. 177. This is the hallmark of an immature personality and of someone who still has some growing up to do, no matter what his or her age. 177
  178. 178. What are people trying to protect when they use defense mechanisms? A. Their pride and self-confidence B. Their inabilities and inadequacies C. The feelings of their families, friends, and co-workers D. The identity of the other people responsible for the situation or mistake 178
  179. 179. What are people trying to protect when they use defense mechanisms? A. Their pride and self-confidence B. Their inabilities and inadequacies C. The feelings of their families, friends, and co-workers D. The identity of the other people responsible for the situation or mistake 179
  180. 180. What is the danger of constantly using defense mechanisms? A. People find themselves being given more and more responsibility. B. People begin to see themselves as too perfect and incapable of error. C. People keep those around them from seeing the situation clearly enough to help improve it. D. People fail to take responsibility for 180 their actions and remain immature.
  181. 181. What is the danger of constantly using defense mechanisms? A. People find themselves being given more and more responsibility. B. People begin to see themselves as too perfect and incapable of error. C. People keep those around them from seeing the situation clearly enough to help improve it. D. People fail to take responsibility for 181 their actions and remain immature.
  182. 182. Psychologists have identified and studied a number of defense mechanisms people use when they feel: • Anxiety • Stress • Pressure. 182
  183. 183. How Defense Mechanisms Affect Relationships Consider the situation between Jack and Christine. 183
  184. 184. Jack and Christine have been dating steadily for about a year, but they have a problem: Jack gets jealous any time 184 Christine even talks to another boy.
  185. 185. He suspects she’s not really happy in their relationship and watches her every move. Christine keeps telling Jack that he’s imagining things. 185
  186. 186. If he’s not careful, Jack might find himself using one or more of the following defense mechanisms instead of addressing his real 186 problem.
  187. 187. • Displacement—transferring a feeling about a person or an object to another, less threatening object Example: Jack feels jealous anger toward Christine, so he is rude to her little sister. 187
  188. 188. • Repression—pushing disturbing thoughts, wishes, or experiences from one’s conscious awareness while the feeling continues to operate on an unconscious level Example: Jack tells Christine that everything is OK and that he doesn’t want to talk about his feelings, but he still seems angry with her. 188
  189. 189. • Rationalization—concealing the true motivations for one’s thoughts, actions, or feelings by offering reassuring, but incorrect, explanations Example: Jack assures Christine that the problem isn’t with her; he’s just going through a tough time at his after-school job 189 and feels frustrated about it.
  190. 190. • Projection—falsely attributing to others your own unacceptable feelings, impulses, or thoughts Example: Jack tells everyone that Christine is upset with him because he spends time shooting pool with friends. 190
  191. 191. • Acting out—using actions, rather than words, to express the emotional conflict Example: Jack uses a bar of soap to draw graffiti all over Christine’s car. 191
  192. 192. • Denial—refusing to acknowledge some painful aspect of external reality or one’s own experience that would be apparent to others Example: Jack doesn’t realize that he has a problem trusting other people. For example, he forgets that he broke up with his previous girlfriend, Wanda, because he was jealous of her behavior, even though his friends told him repeatedly that Wanda really liked him and that she was not a flirt. 192
  193. 193. What term is used to refer to the transference of a feeling about a person or an object to another, less threatening object? A. Repression B. Rationalization C. Displacement D. Projection 193
  194. 194. What term is used to refer to the transference of a feeling about a person or an object to another, less threatening object? A. Repression B. Rationalization C. Displacement D. Projection 194
  195. 195. If someone refuses to recognize some painful aspect of reality or his/her own experience that other people would clearly see, he/she is _______. A. acting out B. in repression C. rationalizing D. in denial 195
  196. 196. If someone refuses to recognize some painful aspect of reality or his/her own experience that other people would clearly see, he/she is _______. A. acting out B. in repression C. rationalizing D. in denial 196
  197. 197. How many of these defense mechanisms do you recognize? Have you ever used any of them yourself? 197
  198. 198. Because defense mechanisms can be used unconsciously, people sometimes use them without even knowing it. 198
  199. 199. Before things can get better for Jack and Christine, Jack must realize that his attitude needs to improve. 199
  200. 200. Mature people don’t fall back on defense mechanisms—mainly because they don’t need them. 200
  201. 201. You will not always be successful. Many times, you simply have to “grin and bear it,” but growing up and developing a positive, productive attitude requires a willingness to keep working to solve an issue rather than dodge it. 201
  202. 202. Nobody comes into this world with a guaranteed perfect life, but the attitude you develop once you get here is under your control. 202
  203. 203. A positive attitude can make it easier to handle life’s troubles. 203
  204. 204. The power of positive thinking! “How you think about a problem is more important than the problem itself—so always think positively.” Norman Vincent Peale 204
  205. 205. How do mature people deal with their problems? A. They use defense mechanisms most of the time like anybody else. B. They confront their problems in an attempt to solve them. C. They wait them out, knowing that the passage of time will help them see solutions more clearly. D. They do not fear addressing problems because they know they will always be 205 successful.
  206. 206. How do mature people deal with their problems? A. They use defense mechanisms most of the time like anybody else. B. They confront their problems in an attempt to solve them. C. They wait them out, knowing that the passage of time will help them see solutions more clearly. D. They do not fear addressing problems because they know they will always be 206 successful.
  207. 207. People with positive attitudes usually have other personality traits that help them meet life’s: • Challenges • Frustrations • Disappointments. 207
  208. 208. These people can call into action the following personality traits to solve problems and to succeed: • Integrity • Credibility • Humility • Patience • Respect • Appreciation • Focus on task completion and on people 208
  209. 209. Strategies for Expressing Emotions Grief Joy Love Specific feelings you may experience 209
  210. 210. Strategies for Expressing Emotions Anger Disgust Fear Specific feelings you may experience 210
  211. 211. People refer to a more general kind of feeling as a “mood.” We all experience people who are in a good “mood” or bad “mood.” 211
  212. 212. “Moods” are a temporary state of mind or feeling a general feeling of emotion. 212
  213. 213. Babies come into the world with the two most basic emotions: Delight Distress 213
  214. 214. As you grow older, emotions become a very real part of you. 214
  215. 215. Controlling emotions is a challenge to everyone in a leadership position. 215
  216. 216. Emotions need to be expressed, especially very strong emotions. 216
  217. 217. You may feel like “telling off” someone or even physically striking the person, but your social conditioning tells you that this is not acceptable behavior. 217
  218. 218. Constructive methods of expressing strong emotions include: Talking it out Positive thoughts Physical activity 218 Sense of humor
  219. 219. Spontaneous feelings that people have are called _______. A. moods B. attitudes C. emotions D. outlooks 219
  220. 220. Spontaneous feelings that people have are called _______. A. moods B. attitudes C. emotions D. outlooks 220
  221. 221. Physical Activity Emotions are a very real part of you! Intense Emotional Buildup 221
  222. 222. Some emotional outlets include: • Sports activity 222
  223. 223. • Creative projects 223
  224. 224. • Cleaning a house 224
  225. 225. • Washing the car 225
  226. 226. • Mowing the lawn 226
  227. 227. • Hunting or fishing 227
  228. 228. • Painting 228
  229. 229. • Sewing 229
  230. 230. • Woodworking. 230
  231. 231. Which of these is NOT a recommended physical activity to help deal with emotions constructively? A. Washing the car B. Mowing the lawn C. Playing video games D. Cleaning house 231
  232. 232. Which of these is NOT a recommended physical activity to help deal with emotions constructively? A. Washing the car B. Mowing the lawn C. Playing video games D. Cleaning house 232
  233. 233. Trusted friend Teacher Talking it out Counselor Parent 233
  234. 234. Trusted friend Teacher These people can help you see alternatives and understand your feelings. Counselor Parent 234
  235. 235. Sense of Humor Keeping your sense of humor is a big asset in constructively expressing emotions. 235
  236. 236. Being able to laugh at yourself and to laugh with others is a rare combination. 236
  237. 237. The jokester tries to build up his or her self-image in an attempt to feel superior at someone else’s expense. 237
  238. 238. A constructive sense of humor is not: • Cutting • Sarcastic • Hostile. 238
  239. 239. People using humor constructively focus the humor on _______, and it is not hostile, cutting, or sarcastic. A. their emotion B. people close to them C. strangers D. themselves 239
  240. 240. People using humor constructively focus the humor on _______, and it is not hostile, cutting, or sarcastic. A. their emotion B. people close to them C. strangers D. themselves 240
  241. 241. Positive Thoughts and Actions The power of “positive thinking!” 241
  242. 242. Positive attitudes begin with: • A healthy self-image 242
  243. 243. • Acknowledgement rather than denial of problems 243
  244. 244. • A conscious effort to build habits that will contribute to a positive 244 personal growth.
  245. 245. Which of the following is NOT part of the process of establishing a positive attitude? A. Facing rather than ignoring problems B. Repeating to yourself and your friends that you are going to become a positive thinker C. Making a conscious effort to build habits for personal growth D. Trying to keep a healthy self-image 245
  246. 246. Which of the following is NOT part of the process of establishing a positive attitude? A. Facing rather than ignoring problems B. Repeating to yourself and your friends that you are going to become a positive thinker C. Making a conscious effort to build habits for personal growth D. Trying to keep a healthy self-image 246
  247. 247. Conclusion Anger Disgust Fear Your success as a leader often depends on attitudes—and you can control your attitude. 247
  248. 248. Will your attitude be positive or negative? The choice is yours. 248
  249. 249. Family member Employee A positive attitude will make you a happier and more successful: 249 Student Citizen
  250. 250. CONCLUSION People are attracted to and will follow positive thinkers who can solve problems for themselves and others. 250
  251. 251. A positive attitude can be the leader’s key to success. 251
  252. 252. What term refers to something that can be but has not yet been developed? A. Maturity B. Affiliation C. Perspective D. Potential 252
  253. 253. What term refers to something that can be but has not yet been developed? A. Maturity B. Affiliation C. Perspective D. Potential 253
  254. 254. What term is used to refer to the state of being fully grown or developed? A. Maturity B. Potential C. Affiliation D. Perspective 254
  255. 255. What term is used to refer to the state of being fully grown or developed? A. Maturity B. Potential C. Affiliation D. Perspective 255
  256. 256. What term is used to refer to what a person is inside as well as what he/she shows to others, and is comprised of such things as actions, opinions, and beliefs? A. Affiliation B. Personality C. Perspective D. Potential 256
  257. 257. What term is used to refer to what a person is inside as well as what he/she shows to others, and is comprised of such things as actions, opinions, and beliefs? A. Affiliation B. Personality C. Perspective D. Potential 257
  258. 258. A person’s _______ is rooted in his/her thoughts, feelings, and beliefs, and largely determines how a person responds to a particular situation. A. experience B. personality C. attitude D. behavior 258
  259. 259. A person’s _______ is rooted in his/her thoughts, feelings, and beliefs, and largely determines how a person responds to a particular situation. A. experience B. personality C. attitude D. behavior 259
  260. 260. Someone’s way of seeing the world is his/her _______. A. personality B. potential C. perspective D. affiliation 260
  261. 261. Someone’s way of seeing the world is his/her _______. A. personality B. potential C. perspective D. affiliation 261
  262. 262. A human being’s natural desire to feel like he/she is part of a group is known as _______. A. a defense mechanism B. gregariousness C. herd mentality D. affiliation need 262
  263. 263. A human being’s natural desire to feel like he/she is part of a group is known as _______. A. a defense mechanism B. gregariousness C. herd mentality D. affiliation need 263
  264. 264. What term is used to refer to behaviors that people use to deal with anxieties and stress? A. Defense mechanisms B. Affiliation needs C. Displacements D. Projections 264
  265. 265. What term is used to refer to behaviors that people use to deal with anxieties and stress? A. Defense mechanisms B. Affiliation needs C. Displacements D. Projections 265
  266. 266. What term is used to refer to taking out impulses on or transferring feelings about a person or thing to a less threatening, more acceptable object? A. Rationalization B. Projection C. Displacement D. Repression 266
  267. 267. What term is used to refer to taking out impulses on or transferring feelings about a person or thing to a less threatening, more acceptable object? A. Rationalization B. Projection C. Displacement D. Repression 267
  268. 268. What term is used to refer to a refusal to acknowledge the existence of a problem or a painful reality? A. Repression B. Acting out C. Displacement D. Denial 268
  269. 269. What term is used to refer to a refusal to acknowledge the existence of a problem or a painful reality? A. Repression B. Acting out C. Displacement D. Denial 269
  270. 270. A defense mechanism in which someone pushes disturbing thoughts from his/her conscious mind while the feelings continue at the subconscious level is known as _______. A. denial B. repression C. displacement D. rationalization 270
  271. 271. A defense mechanism in which someone pushes disturbing thoughts from his/her conscious mind while the feelings continue at the subconscious level is known as _______. A. denial B. repression C. displacement D. rationalization 271
  272. 272. What term is used to refer to the concealing of true motivations for one’s thoughts or actions by explaining them in a more reassuring way? A. Rationalization B. Displacement C. Repression D. Denial 272
  273. 273. What term is used to refer to the concealing of true motivations for one’s thoughts or actions by explaining them in a more reassuring way? A. Rationalization B. Displacement C. Repression D. Denial 273
  274. 274. What term is used to refer to falsely attributing one’s own unacceptable feelings or impulses to another? A. Displacement B. Denial C. Projection D. Rationalization 274
  275. 275. What term is used to refer to falsely attributing one’s own unacceptable feelings or impulses to another? A. Displacement B. Denial C. Projection D. Rationalization 275
  276. 276. While emotions are spontaneous feelings, _______ are a more a temporary state of mind or general feeling of some emotion. A. personalities B. affiliations C. perspectives D. moods 276
  277. 277. While emotions are spontaneous feelings, _______ are a more a temporary state of mind or general feeling of some emotion. A. personalities B. affiliations C. perspectives D. moods 277
  278. 278. Because expressing strong emotions is important, people should deal with them in constructive ways, such as having a sense of humor, engaging in physical activity, and _______. A. spending a lot of time alone thinking about the emotions B. releasing the pent-up emotions by “telling off” someone C. talking with someone they trust to “get it off” their chest D. sleeping and resting more than usual 278
  279. 279. Because expressing strong emotions is important, people should deal with them in constructive ways, such as having a sense of humor, engaging in physical activity, and _______. A. spending a lot of time alone thinking about the emotions B. releasing the pent-up emotions by “telling off” someone C. talking with someone they trust to “get it off” their chest D. sleeping and resting more than usual 279
  280. 280. What was the theme of Thomas Anthony Harris’ 1969 book I’m OK, You’re OK? A. Each person has a distinct personality. B. People should be accepted for who they are. C. All people are inherently good. D. People can change their 280 attitude for the better.
  281. 281. What was the theme of Thomas Anthony Harris’ 1969 book I’m OK, You’re OK? A. Each person has a distinct personality. B. People should be accepted for who they are. C. All people are inherently good. D. People can change their 281 attitude for the better.
  282. 282. According to Thomas Anthony Harris’ 1969 book, which of these attitudes reflects the approval both of oneself and of others that a healthy, well- adjusted person feels? A. I’m not OK, you’re OK. B. I’m OK, you’re not OK. C. I’m OK, you’re OK. D. I’m not OK, you’re not OK. 282
  283. 283. According to Thomas Anthony Harris’ 1969 book, which of these attitudes reflects the approval both of oneself and of others that a healthy, well- adjusted person feels? A. I’m not OK, you’re OK. B. I’m OK, you’re not OK. C. I’m OK, you’re OK. D. I’m not OK, you’re not OK. 283
  284. 284. Which of these statements about perspectives is accurate? A. People’s attitudes and personalities are formed separately from their perspectives. B. People want to explore the purpose behind their perspectives as they grow older. C. By the teenage years, people’s perspectives are fully formed with little or no change to be expected. D. Perspectives grow narrower over time, much like climbing down from a 284 mountain.
  285. 285. Which of these statements about perspectives is accurate? A. People’s attitudes and personalities are formed separately from their perspectives. B. People want to explore the purpose behind their perspectives as they grow older. C. By the teenage years, people’s perspectives are fully formed with little or no change to be expected. D. Perspectives grow narrower over time, much like climbing down from a 285 mountain.
  286. 286. When young people must decide between going along with the group and behaving in accordance with their values, their _______ are tested. A. behavior and belonging in a group B. parents’ influences and lessons C. personality and attitude D. self-knowledge and perspective 286
  287. 287. When young people must decide between going along with the group and behaving in accordance with their values, their _______ are tested. A. behavior and belonging in a group B. parents’ influences and lessons C. personality and attitude D. self-knowledge and perspective 287
  288. 288. Which of these statements about desire is NOT accurate? A. The mistakes people make in dealing with desires fortunately always have only short-term effects. B. Desires often are sources of psychological and emotional motivation. C. In the process of fulfilling desires, people often make mistakes and poor choices. D. Dealing wisely with desires requires a perspective that allows people to see things as they really are. 288
  289. 289. Which of these statements about desire is NOT accurate? A. The mistakes people make in dealing with desires fortunately always have only short-term effects. B. Desires often are sources of psychological and emotional motivation. C. In the process of fulfilling desires, people often make mistakes and poor choices. D. Dealing wisely with desires requires a perspective that allows people to see things as they really are. 289
  290. 290. Desires are things you want either for yourself or those you care for, while beliefs are strong and deeply held _______ that shape your thinking. A. emotions B. values C. ideas D. perceptions 290
  291. 291. Desires are things you want either for yourself or those you care for, while beliefs are strong and deeply held _______ that shape your thinking. A. emotions B. values C. ideas D. perceptions 291
  292. 292. To learn from a mistake, a healthy, well-adjusted person will adjust his/her behavior and _______. A. attribute it to chance and bad luck B. determine not to repeat it C. hope it will not happen again D. pinpoint who should share the blame 292
  293. 293. To learn from a mistake, a healthy, well-adjusted person will adjust his/her behavior and _______. A. attribute it to chance and bad luck B. determine not to repeat it C. hope it will not happen again D. pinpoint who should share the blame 293
  294. 294. Actions reveal a person’s _______ and cannot be separated from them. A. desires B. goals C. values D. attitudes 294
  295. 295. Actions reveal a person’s _______ and cannot be separated from them. A. desires B. goals C. values D. attitudes 295
  296. 296. With proper planning and a positive attitude, _______ will come your way, as in Thomas Jefferson’s statement, the harder he worked, the more of it he had. A. success B. wealth C. luck D. happiness 296
  297. 297. With proper planning and a positive attitude, _______ will come your way, as in Thomas Jefferson’s statement, the harder he worked, the more of it he had. A. success B. wealth C. luck D. happiness 297
  298. 298. What is a learning curve? A. Time needed to perfect a task or reach a goal B. Graph showing how the quality of an employee’s work reaches a peak and then declines over time C. Checkpoints for new employees during their probationary period D. Chart that managers use to plot progress toward a goal 298
  299. 299. What is a learning curve? A. Time needed to perfect a task or reach a goal B. Graph showing how the quality of an employee’s work reaches a peak and then declines over time C. Checkpoints for new employees during their probationary period D. Chart that managers use to plot progress toward a goal 299
  300. 300. What is the greatest danger of the constant use of defense mechanisms? A. People begin to see themselves as too perfect and incapable of error. B. People find themselves being given more and more responsibility and are not able to handle it. C. People fail to take responsibility for their actions and remain immature. D. People prevent co-workers and friends from seeing a situation clearly enough to improve it. 300
  301. 301. What is the greatest danger of the constant use of defense mechanisms? A. People begin to see themselves as too perfect and incapable of error. B. People find themselves being given more and more responsibility and are not able to handle it. C. People fail to take responsibility for their actions and remain immature. D. People prevent co-workers and friends from seeing a situation clearly enough to improve it. 301
  302. 302. In support of the power of positive thinking, Norman Vincent Peale wrote, “How you _______ is more important than the problem itself.” A. face a problem B. deal with a problem C. solve a problem D. think about a problem 302
  303. 303. In support of the power of positive thinking, Norman Vincent Peale wrote, “How you _______ is more important than the problem itself.” A. face a problem B. deal with a problem C. solve a problem D. think about a problem 303
  304. 304. The way that people _______ their experiences is very influential on their lives and their ability to lead. A. interpret B. remember C. show D. discuss 304
  305. 305. The way that people _______ their experiences is very influential on their lives and their ability to lead. A. interpret B. remember C. show D. discuss 305
  306. 306. In the process of maturing, a person develops a _______ and then uses it to meet life’s challenges. A. strong will B. positive attitude C. fulfilling career D. life goal 306
  307. 307. In the process of maturing, a person develops a _______ and then uses it to meet life’s challenges. A. strong will B. positive attitude C. fulfilling career D. life goal 307
  308. 308. What happens to a person’s decision- making skills as he/she matures? A. They improve with the growing ability to interpret events and use experiences. B. They continue to be inconsistent as difficulties arise throughout life. C. They reach a plateau where making the right decision becomes almost automatic. D. They slowly deteriorate as life becomes inevitably more 308 complicated.
  309. 309. What happens to a person’s decision- making skills as he/she matures? A. They improve with the growing ability to interpret events and use experiences. B. They continue to be inconsistent as difficulties arise throughout life. C. They reach a plateau where making the right decision becomes almost automatic. D. They slowly deteriorate as life becomes inevitably more 309 complicated.
  310. 310. Which one of these behaviors is NOT considered a method of changing an attitude? A. Thinking positive things about yourself B. Saying positive things about others C. Wishing positive things would happen D. Doing positive things 310
  311. 311. Which one of these behaviors is NOT considered a method of changing an attitude? A. Thinking positive things about yourself B. Saying positive things about others C. Wishing positive things would happen D. Doing positive things 311
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