Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
NS1 2.5 Attitudes And Emotions
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

NS1 2.5 Attitudes And Emotions

2,390
views

Published on

Bishop Kenny NJROTC NS1 Attitudes and Emotions

Bishop Kenny NJROTC NS1 Attitudes and Emotions


0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,390
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
112
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. UNIT 2 CHAPTER 5 Attitudes and Emotions 1
  • 2. Interpreting Events and Experiences Your experience is what happens to you and what happens in the world around you. 2
  • 3. How you interpret that experience has an enormous influence on your daily life and your future as a leader. 3
  • 4. Inventor Thomas Edison President Civil-rights Activist Abraham Lincoln Rosa Parks These people made crucial decisions based on what they believed they were capable of doing. Their early life experiences helped them realize their potential. 4
  • 5. Potential What an individual is capable of doing or becoming 5
  • 6. Senator John McCain Actress General Meryl Streep Colin Powell These respected people frequently speak today about how experiences early in their lives helped them decide what they wanted 6 to do as an adult.
  • 7. Senator John McCain Actress General Meryl Streep Colin Powell That’s not to say people who achieve greatness never make mistakes—they’ll admit they’ve made plenty! 7
  • 8. Senator John McCain Actress General Meryl Streep Colin Powell They became the result of their potential. As one old saying puts it, “As the twig is bent, so grows the tree.” 8
  • 9. What is experience? A. Events that happen to you and in the world around you B. Reasons why you become fully developed and reach your potential C. Responses you have to your thoughts and the actions of other people D. Interpretations you give to your relationship with others 9
  • 10. What is experience? A. Events that happen to you and in the world around you B. Reasons why you become fully developed and reach your potential C. Responses you have to your thoughts and the actions of other people D. Interpretations you give to your relationship with others 10
  • 11. Many respected people have revealed how youthful experiences _______. A. made them believe they could accomplish anything B. convinced them that the world presented too many obstacles C. helped them determine their adult goals D. helped them avoid making mistakes as an adult 11
  • 12. Many respected people have revealed how youthful experiences _______. A. made them believe they could accomplish anything B. convinced them that the world presented too many obstacles C. helped them determine their adult goals D. helped them avoid making mistakes as an adult 12
  • 13. Growing up isn’t just about getting older. You may think it is because for some things, such as getting a driver’s license, 13 age alone is an important requirement.
  • 14. The reality of growing up and reaching maturity is much more… It means learning what’s required to develop a positive attitude and then putting that attitude to use to meet life’s challenges. 14
  • 15. Maturity The state of being fully grown or developed 15
  • 16. Reaching maturity is the process of bringing your personality and experience to bear on your life in a positive, constructive way. 16
  • 17. Personality What an individual is inside and what he or she shows to others; it includes actions, opinions, beliefs, biases, desires, and ambitions. 17
  • 18. Attaining maturity means becoming more aware of your: • Goals • Abilities • Place in the World 18
  • 19. Maturity also means understanding how your attitudes and behaviors influence others. 19
  • 20. Growing up involves developing a _______ and then using it to meet life’s challenges. A. life’s goal B. positive attitude C. satisfying career D. strong will 20
  • 21. Growing up involves developing a _______ and then using it to meet life’s challenges. A. life’s goal B. positive attitude C. satisfying career D. strong will 21
  • 22. Attitude and your personality are two different things. Experience shapes your personality, which is the foundation of your attitudes and behaviors. 22
  • 23. Attitude is a state of mind! An attitude, however, is rooted in your thoughts, feelings, or beliefs and greatly affects how you view and treat a particular situation. 23
  • 24. A behavior is an action that others can see you doing based both on your personality and your attitude at the given time. 24
  • 25. You will become more aware of how your attitudes and behaviors make you who you are and who you are becoming because of your experience. 25
  • 26. Some people humorously define experience as “that thing you get just after you need it.” This observation is, ironically, not too 26 far from the truth.
  • 27. Your experiences act as a rudder as you navigate the course of your life, and just as a skier usually does better the second time down a course, you’ll learn to make better decisions as you mature. 27
  • 28. As you mature, you become better able to interpret events and use your ever growing number of experiences to make better decisions about: • Where you want to go • What you want to do • Who you want to be. 28
  • 29. True or False: Attitude and personality are the same thing. 29
  • 30. True or False: Attitude and personality are the same thing. False 30
  • 31. The Importance of a Positive Outlook on Life “Always look on the bright side of life.” “Let a smile be your umbrella.” “When life gives you lemons, make lemonade!” 31
  • 32. These everyday phrases emphasize the importance of having a positive outlook on life . You no doubt heard people say, “Colin has such an attitude,” or “Cassandra is copping a real “tude.” 32
  • 33. Those observations reflect negatively on Colin and Cassandra. Why? How would their ongoing bad attitudes affect your friendship with Colin or Cassandra? ” 33
  • 34. Your Attitude is a Compass Remember, your attitude is rooted in your thoughts, feelings, and beliefs and is your “slant” or “angle” on life. 34
  • 35. This “slant” determines your outlook and approach to life and like a compass—you go in the direction the needle points. 35
  • 36. Your attitude is largely under your control. Attitude is not something you are born with. 36
  • 37. Some experts say that you can “program” your attitude as you do a computer, by repeatedly thinking and saying positive things about yourself and others. You can change your attitude and mood simply by changing how you think and talk. 37
  • 38. Your attitude follows your behavior. If you do positive things, you’ll slowly develop a more positive attitude. 38
  • 39. A person’s _______ is his/her “slant” or “angle” on life. A. attitude B. personality C. behavior D. experience 39
  • 40. A person’s _______ is his/her “slant” or “angle” on life. A. attitude B. personality C. behavior D. experience 40
  • 41. Which one of these behaviors is NOT a method of changing an attitude? A. Thinking positive things about yourself B. Saying positive things about others C. Doing positive things D. Wishing positive things would happen 41
  • 42. Which one of these behaviors is NOT a method of changing an attitude? A. Thinking positive things about yourself B. Saying positive things about others C. Doing positive things D. Wishing positive things would happen 42
  • 43. I’m Ok, You’re Ok. In 1969 psychologist Thomas Anthony Harris wrote a book called I'm OK, You're OK. His idea was that “you are what you think” was and still is very simple, yet it reflects what millions of people have experienced throughout their lives. 43
  • 44. He summarize personality as one of four life positions or attitudes: 1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of yourself, approving of others 44
  • 45. He summarize personality as one of four life positions or attitudes: 1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of yourself, approving of others 2. I'm not OK, you're not OK—disapproving of both yourself and others 45
  • 46. He summarize personality as one of four life positions or attitudes: 1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of yourself, approving of others 2. I'm not OK, you're not OK—disapproving of both yourself and others 3. I'm OK, you're not OK—approving of yourself, disapproving of others 46
  • 47. He summarize personality as one of four life positions or attitudes: 1. I'm not OK, you're OK—disapproving of yourself, approving of others 2. I'm not OK, you're not OK—disapproving of both yourself and others 3. I'm OK, you're not OK—approving of yourself, disapproving of others 4. I'm OK, you're OK—approving of yourself and others. 47
  • 48. What thoughts describe the “I’m not OK, you’re not OK” attitude? A. Disapproval of yourself, approval of others B. Disapproval of both yourself and others C. Approval of both yourself and others D. Approval of yourself, disapproval of others 48
  • 49. What thoughts describe the “I’m not OK, you’re not OK” attitude? A. Disapproval of yourself, approval of others B. Disapproval of both yourself and others C. Approval of both yourself and others D. Approval of yourself, disapproval of others 49
  • 50. According to Harris… Most people hold Attitude #1: "I'm not OK, you're OK." These people might lack self-esteem or self-confidence. They feel inferior to other 50 people.
  • 51. According to Harris… Someone with Attitude #2, “I’m not OK, you’re not OK” would not tend to “look on the bright side.” Such a person would need to do a lot of work to be happy. 51
  • 52. According to Harris… People with Attitude #3, "I'm OK, you're not OK.” might have suffered from abuse or trauma as children, and the effects of that abuse still influence their relationships with other 52 people.
  • 53. According to Harris… Attitude #4, “I’m OK, you’re OK.” is the attitude of a healthy, well-adjusted individual. 53
  • 54. According to Thomas Anthony Harris, which attitude would belong to people who lack self-esteem or self-confidence? A. Approval of both themselves and others B. Approval of themselves, disapproval of others C. Disapproval of both themselves and others D. Disapproval of themselves, approval of others 54
  • 55. According to Thomas Anthony Harris, which attitude would belong to people who lack self-esteem or self-confidence? A. Approval of both themselves and others B. Approval of themselves, disapproval of others C. Disapproval of both themselves and others D. Disapproval of themselves, approval of others 55
  • 56. Mr. Harris believed that no matter how “un-OK” your attitude is to start with, you can change it for the better. Anyone can move to Attitude #4. 56
  • 57. True or False: According to Thomas Anthony Harris, with effort everyone can achieve an attitude of “I’m OK, you’re OK.” 57
  • 58. True or False: According to Thomas Anthony Harris, with effort everyone can achieve an attitude of “I’m OK, you’re OK.” True 58
  • 59. The Value of a Positive Attitude Why is a positive attitude important? One good reason is that it increases the 59 chances that others will like you.
  • 60. People enjoy spending time with individuals who express positive attitudes. They tend to avoid individuals with an ongoing negative attitude. 60
  • 61. Psychologists use the term toxic personalities to refer to people who never have a nice thing to say about anyone or anything. 61
  • 62. Ups and downs are a normal part of life. So if your friend Aaron is in a “down” mood from time to time, you try to cheer him up, and he does the same for you. 62
  • 63. Negative Attitude! A toxic—or poisonous—attitude can rub off on others without their even being aware of it. 63
  • 64. Pick your friends wisely! The old saying, “If you lie down with dogs, you’ll get up with fleas,” points at an important truth: Bad habits, poor behaviors, and negative 64 attitudes can be contagious.
  • 65. Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding attitudes? A. Someone with a toxic personality has occasional negative moods. B. Spending time with negative people can affect your own attitude for the worse. C. People tend to avoid people with negative attitudes. D. Having a positive attitude makes it more likely that people will want to be around you. 65
  • 66. Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding attitudes? A. Someone with a toxic personality has occasional negative moods. B. Spending time with negative people can affect your own attitude for the worse. C. People tend to avoid people with negative attitudes. D. Having a positive attitude makes it more likely that people will want to be around you. 66
  • 67. A good attitude is essential for leaders. 67
  • 68. Positive Attitude! Good leaders know that “throwing out positive vibes” is essential to gaining respect and encouraging others to follow them. 68
  • 69. The saying, “If you lie down with dogs, you’ll get up with fleas,” is warning people to _______. A. stay active and avoid laziness B. choose their friends wisely C. keep motivated and goal-oriented D. make sure their attitude stays positive 69
  • 70. The saying, “If you lie down with dogs, you’ll get up with fleas,” is warning people to _______. A. stay active and avoid laziness B. choose their friends wisely C. keep motivated and goal-oriented D. make sure their attitude stays positive 70
  • 71. How Perspective Molds Your Understanding Of Life You look at things in your own individual way. That’s what makes you unique—an individual. 71
  • 72. You see the world in a way that only you can and add a perspective to your community that only you can provide. 72
  • 73. Perspective An individual’s way of seeing the world 73
  • 74. Diversity of views is one of the things that make human beings so interesting. The ability to share and compare the vast range of experiences is what has furthered mankind more than any other species on Earth and is the basis for all of modern society. 74
  • 75. Your perspective is your “take” on the world—your worldview. 75
  • 76. Your perspective includes your insight into people, things, and events, driving the way you interpret your life experiences. 76
  • 77. Your perspective helps form your attitudes and personality, guiding your behavior and further defining who you are as an individual. 77
  • 78. What term is used to refer to each individual’s unique view of the world? A. Attitude B. Personality C. Opinion D. Perspective 78
  • 79. What term is used to refer to each individual’s unique view of the world? A. Attitude B. Personality C. Opinion D. Perspective 79
  • 80. Both of these perspectives are right in their own way, and both are wrong. Some of you may be Others of you may saying, “I’m just in be saying, “I know high school, I really everything I’ll ever don’t have enough need to know and experience to have a I’ve got the right truly unique idea of how things 80 perspective.” work.”
  • 81. As a student you are in a lively and interesting world of discovery that you largely determine for yourself, so you really do know how things work for you. 81
  • 82. But, you still have many experiences and exciting things to look forward to like: • Getting your driver’s license • Getting a part-time job • Dating • Graduating. 82
  • 83. On the longer-term perspective, you may look forward to: • going to college • getting a job • marrying • raising a family. 83
  • 84. In thefar distant future, you may be looking to retire to a home on the beach or a cabin in the woods somewhere. 84
  • 85. Maturity will broaden your views on the world, or another way of saying it is that life is like climbing a mountain: the higher you get, the farther you can see. 85
  • 86. As you mature and accumulate experience, you’ll start thinking about how you formed your unique perspective. 86
  • 87. Human beings have done this since the beginning of history. Plato Aristotle Socrates The ancient Greek philosophers thought that the yearning for self-understanding was as essential to human life as food and water. 87
  • 88. What did the ancient Greek philosophers believe about human beings and perspective? A. The happiest people spend the least amount of time in philosophical musings. B. People have a greater need to understand other people than to understand themselves. C. People are reluctant to consider their negative traits and shortcomings. D. All people have a longing and a need to understand themselves. 88
  • 89. What did the ancient Greek philosophers believe about human beings and perspective? A. The happiest people spend the least amount of time in philosophical musings. B. People have a greater need to understand other people than to understand themselves. C. People are reluctant to consider their negative traits and shortcomings. D. All people have a longing and a need to understand themselves. 89
  • 90. It’s natural for you to want to understand why you are thinking and doing certain things at your age. 90
  • 91. In grasping the purpose behind your perspective, you’ll gradually begin to see how a healthy, well-rounded, fair-minded perspective can guide you in your: • Studies • Career • Friendships • Family relationships • Future. 91
  • 92. Right now, your perspective may be based largely on the influence of your: • Peers • Parents • Guardians • Friends • Teachers These influences give you a good foundation for growth. 92
  • 93. Your friends and family “support your worldview,” but questioning assumptions is also important. Both are the sign of a growing, dynamic perspective. 93
  • 94. How Perspective Molds Your Purposes, Passions, And Practices Your perspective drives the purposes you strive toward; your passions, or the things you feel strongly about, and the practices 94 you follow in your life.
  • 95. This means that your perspective will significantly affect your success: • In school • At work • In friendships • In family relationships. 95
  • 96. True or False: Perspective has a significant effect on a person’s success in school, at work, and with friends and family. 96
  • 97. True or False: Perspective has a significant effect on a person’s success in school, at work, and with friends and family. True 97
  • 98. By nature, human beings are social creatures. People want to belong to a group or an organization. They want to have friends— sometimes desperately so. 98
  • 99. The need to have friends and to belong is particularly strong among teenagers, but old and young people alike seek group acceptance. This natural human 99 characteristic is called an affiliation need.
  • 100. Affiliation Need A desire to be and feel a part of a group 100
  • 101. When you are young, the desire for affiliation can sometimes lead to actions or behaviors that run counter to the influence of your family and teachers. 101
  • 102. You put your perspective to the test. Sometimes peer pressure to do the wrong, unwise, or inappropriate thing is almost irresistible. Stick with the values that your parents or teachers believe best. 102
  • 103. The more you know yourself, and the better you understand what you believe and why, the better you’ll be able to pass that test. 103
  • 104. What is desired in affiliation need? A. To have children B. To be successful at work C. To be part of a group D. To be loved and supported by family 104
  • 105. What is desired in affiliation need? A. To have children B. To be successful at work C. To be part of a group D. To be loved and supported by family 105
  • 106. In what age group can the need for affiliation most often lead people to inappropriate, wrong, or unwise behavior? A. Children B. Teenagers C. Middle aged D. Elderly 106
  • 107. In what age group can the need for affiliation most often lead people to inappropriate, wrong, or unwise behavior? A. Children B. Teenagers C. Middle aged D. Elderly 107
  • 108. Cultivating a Healthy Perspective People’s beliefs and desires help shape their perspectives. A belief is a strong and deeply held idea that forms the basis for much of your thinking. 108
  • 109. Cultivating A Healthy Perspective A belief can be: • Religious • Social • Political • Personal. 109
  • 110. A desire is something you deeply want and is frequently part of your emotional and psychological motivation. 110
  • 111. A healthy perspective requires keeping an open mind. It also involves recognizing the short-term and long-term effects of mistakes or poor choices. 111
  • 112. Everyone makes mistakes—the trick is to learn from them and adjust your behavior not to repeat them. This self-correcting ability is your ticket to success, and it’s part of a healthy perspective. 112
  • 113. Want to avoid mistakes as much as possible? Pay attention to the signs along the road. 113
  • 114. Beliefs are strong and deeply held _______ that shape your thinking. A. desires B. values C. emotions D. ideas 114
  • 115. Beliefs are strong and deeply held _______ that shape your thinking. A. desires B. values C. emotions D. ideas 115
  • 116. You may have been encouraged to participate in: • School Clubs • Religious Organizations • Sport Teams As you’ve matured, your affiliation need may have led you to experiment with involvement in various kinds of groups. 116
  • 117. When it comes to affiliations, focus on the big picture, not the immediate situation. Some affiliations are dead-end streets. 117
  • 118. Affiliations like: • internet chat rooms • cliques • gangs • secret clubs are not a good breeding ground for developing a mature, positive perspective. 118
  • 119. Similarly, focusing all your attention on: • violent movies • music • video games can’t be good for your developing worldview. 119
  • 120. In the 1985 movie Witness, one character says, “What you take into your hands, you take into your heart.” This points to a direct relationship between your experience—what you see, hear, touch, taste, say, and do—and your ever-widening perspective on life. 120
  • 121. Everyone has heroes in their life! Parent Coach Teacher Your heroes set goals, got excited about them, and then worked to achieve them. You can do that, too! 121
  • 122. Which of these is NOT a poor choice for an affiliation or pastime that will help you develop a mature, positive perspective? A. Internet chat rooms and adult websites B. Violent movies, music, and video games C. School club, sports team, and religious youth organization D. Gangs, cliques, and secret clubs 122
  • 123. Which of these is NOT a poor choice for an affiliation or pastime that will help you develop a mature, positive perspective? A. Internet chat rooms and adult websites B. Violent movies, music, and video games C. School club, sports team, and religious youth organization D. Gangs, cliques, and secret clubs 123
  • 124. How Your Actions Reveal Your Attitudes You’ve probably heard the expression, “Do as I say, not as I do.” 124
  • 125. This points out the close—and at times contradictory—relationship between your attitudes: • perspectives, • purposes • beliefs and your actions: • practices • behaviors. 125
  • 126. If you’re like most people, you want your actions to be in harmony with your attitudes. “Walk the walk, talk the talk,” right? 126
  • 127. You’d seem hypocritical or two-faced if you expressed one attitude or belief and then did something that was completely contrary. 127
  • 128. Another familiar saying, “Actions speak louder than words.” Ultimately, what you do is what counts, not what you say. 128
  • 129. Your actions set your goals in motion and help you achieve what you want to achieve. 129
  • 130. The desire to achieve shows itself in: Making Getting Being Part Friends Good of A Family Grades Making a Making Winning Team Band Awards All these things may be part of how you define success. You direct your actions to achieving 130 these goals.
  • 131. The expression “Do as I say, not as I do” demonstrates what conflict? A. Between parents and children B. Between attitudes and actions C. Between right and wrong D. Between maturity and immaturity 131
  • 132. The expression “Do as I say, not as I do” demonstrates what conflict? A. Between parents and children B. Between attitudes and actions C. Between right and wrong D. Between maturity and immaturity 132
  • 133. True or False: What people say is more powerful than how they act. 133
  • 134. True or False: What people say is more powerful than how they act. False 134
  • 135. You can’t separate actions from attitudes. Your actions, for better or worse, reveal your attitudes. 135
  • 136. Showing up late for: • school • practice • work sends a message about your attitude. 136
  • 137. Dressing sloppy is not the way to express your individuality, and it probably won’t score any points with your family, teachers, coaches, or employer. 137
  • 138. See if you can tell what each of the following actions might say about the person’s attitude: • Chewing and snapping gum during a lecture • Conversing above a whisper during a movie • Failing to use “Mr.,” “Mrs.,” “Ms.,” “Sir,” or “Ma’am” in talking with adults • Not using a turn signal when driving 138
  • 139. • Never saying “Please” and “Thank you” in normal conversation • Avoiding eye contact with others • Putting your feet up on furniture • Losing something that you’ve borrowed from a friend • Ignoring personal hygiene with hair, teeth, bathing, and clothing 139
  • 140. Actions cannot be separated from _______. A. desires B. values C. goals D. attitudes 140
  • 141. Actions cannot be separated from _______. A. desires B. values C. goals D. attitudes 141
  • 142. “You miss 100 percent of the shots you don’t take.” Said by Think about your life ice as a sport for a minute. hockey Are you a team legend player? Wayne Gretzky! Do you follow the rules? Take your shots? # 99 What’s your attitude? 142
  • 143. WINNING BREEDS WINNING! An achievement-focused attitude can become a way of life and a positive, contagious habit. The more you achieve, the more you’re likely to achieve. 143
  • 144. Winning and success motivate those who value winning to push themselves even harder. 144
  • 145. Successful leaders develop a winning attitude not a “What’s the use?” attitude. 145
  • 146. The question is, which sort of player are you? Are you willing to simply throw your fate to the wind and hope things work out? Or are you going to take charge of your life and make it what you want it to become? 146
  • 147. Positive and Negative Attitudes The attitudes and behaviors of a healthy, reasonable person are usually in harmony. 147
  • 148. Positive thinkers make things happen! Baseball executive Branch Ricky once noted: “Luck is the residue of design.” He meant that if you plan things right and have the right attitude, you’ll attract that mysterious power people call “luck.” 148
  • 149. “I’m a great believer in luck, and I find the harder I work, the more I have of it.” What do you think the message is in his Thomas Jefferson statement? once said, 149
  • 150. The message is that a positive attitude and a dedication to seeing your goals realized generally results in a positive outcome. Thomas Jefferson 150
  • 151. Which of these attitudes are you least likely revealing when you ignore personal hygiene issues like bathing and having clean clothes, hair, and teeth? A. That you do not have any self-respect B. That you do not care about offending other people C. That you have pride and make the effort to be presentable D. That you do not seek the approval of other people 151
  • 152. Which of these attitudes are you least likely revealing when you ignore personal hygiene issues like bathing and having clean clothes, hair, and teeth? A. That you do not have any self-respect B. That you do not care about offending other people C. That you have pride and make the effort to be presentable D. That you do not seek the approval of other people 152
  • 153. With the proper planning and a positive attitude, you will find that _______ comes your way and that it is not a random, mysterious thing after all. A. luck B. happiness C. success D. wealth 153
  • 154. With the proper planning and a positive attitude, you will find that _______ comes your way and that it is not a random, mysterious thing after all. A. luck B. happiness C. success D. wealth 154
  • 155. Do you want to hang around “I’m no good at with people anything,” or “I never get a break,” or “I don’t feel who are saying like doing anything?” things like: That kind of thinking is not only depressing: It’s contagious. 155
  • 156. Contagious Tending to spread from person to person 156
  • 157. NJROTC helps you become a winner! To be a winner you need to think like a winner, and winning starts with taking 157 some concrete steps toward your goal.
  • 158. Defense Mechanisms The first trick to developing a positive attitude is to accept that you won’t always succeed at everything you do. 158
  • 159. The second trick is to realize that trial and error provide a wonderful opportunity to keep improving. 159
  • 160. True or False: Being around people who whine and complain will most likely make you feel like a winner. 160
  • 161. True or False: Being around people who whine and complain will most likely make you feel like a winner. False 161
  • 162. In the business world, professionals set goals for themselves. Salespeople are often rewarded when they reach their sales targets, but failing to meet a goal—in business or anywhere else—doesn’t mean that you are a failure. 162
  • 163. If a baseball player doesn’t make every hit, or a lawyer loses a case, we don’t label or a doctor them failures. can’t cure every illness, 163
  • 164. People talk about the “practice” of law and medicine because those professionals are constantly improving their art. 164
  • 165. Architect Pilot Of course, some professions have a zero tolerance for failure—and it’s a good thing they do. You don’t want them to make any big mistakes. But even pilots are not always on schedule, and architects do not win every contract. 165
  • 166. Architect Pilot Keep in mind everyone is entitled to follow a learning curve—the time necessary to get better at a task or to reach a goal—as long as the time is within reason for the given task. 166
  • 167. What is a learning curve? A. Chart that managers use to plot progress toward a goal B. Time needed to perfect a task or reach a goal C. Checkpoints for new employees during their probationary period D. Graph that documents how the quality of an employee’s work reaches a peak and then declines 167 over time
  • 168. What is a learning curve? A. Chart that managers use to plot progress toward a goal B. Time needed to perfect a task or reach a goal C. Checkpoints for new employees during their probationary period D. Graph that documents how the quality of an employee’s work reaches a peak and then declines 168 over time
  • 169. Why do some people handle their mistakes well, and even learn from them, while others don’t? The difference often lies in a person’s defense mechanisms. 169
  • 170. Defense mechanisms Behaviors people use to deal with anxiety, stress, or pressure 170
  • 171. Everyone has anxieties, and defense mechanisms provide a way to deal with them, but if you’re not careful, defense mechanisms can turn into excuses. 171
  • 172. USS San Francisco SSN-711 People use defense mechanisms without realizing it to try and convince others and themselves that someone else is to blame for a mistake, or that a controllable situation was entirely outside of their ability to handle. 172
  • 173. Defense mechanisms are ways of protecting your self- confidence and pride when you are feeling inadequate or ashamed. 173
  • 174. You probably don’t respect the athlete, or singer who constantly makes excuses for his or her shortfalls. 174
  • 175. The use of defense mechanisms is not a bad thing as long as you take the steps to correct the problem. 175
  • 176. The danger of defense mechanisms is failing to take responsibility for your actions or inactions. 176
  • 177. This is the hallmark of an immature personality and of someone who still has some growing up to do, no matter what his or her age. 177
  • 178. What are people trying to protect when they use defense mechanisms? A. Their pride and self-confidence B. Their inabilities and inadequacies C. The feelings of their families, friends, and co-workers D. The identity of the other people responsible for the situation or mistake 178
  • 179. What are people trying to protect when they use defense mechanisms? A. Their pride and self-confidence B. Their inabilities and inadequacies C. The feelings of their families, friends, and co-workers D. The identity of the other people responsible for the situation or mistake 179
  • 180. What is the danger of constantly using defense mechanisms? A. People find themselves being given more and more responsibility. B. People begin to see themselves as too perfect and incapable of error. C. People keep those around them from seeing the situation clearly enough to help improve it. D. People fail to take responsibility for 180 their actions and remain immature.
  • 181. What is the danger of constantly using defense mechanisms? A. People find themselves being given more and more responsibility. B. People begin to see themselves as too perfect and incapable of error. C. People keep those around them from seeing the situation clearly enough to help improve it. D. People fail to take responsibility for 181 their actions and remain immature.
  • 182. Psychologists have identified and studied a number of defense mechanisms people use when they feel: • Anxiety • Stress • Pressure. 182
  • 183. How Defense Mechanisms Affect Relationships Consider the situation between Jack and Christine. 183
  • 184. Jack and Christine have been dating steadily for about a year, but they have a problem: Jack gets jealous any time 184 Christine even talks to another boy.
  • 185. He suspects she’s not really happy in their relationship and watches her every move. Christine keeps telling Jack that he’s imagining things. 185
  • 186. If he’s not careful, Jack might find himself using one or more of the following defense mechanisms instead of addressing his real 186 problem.
  • 187. • Displacement—transferring a feeling about a person or an object to another, less threatening object Example: Jack feels jealous anger toward Christine, so he is rude to her little sister. 187
  • 188. • Repression—pushing disturbing thoughts, wishes, or experiences from one’s conscious awareness while the feeling continues to operate on an unconscious level Example: Jack tells Christine that everything is OK and that he doesn’t want to talk about his feelings, but he still seems angry with her. 188
  • 189. • Rationalization—concealing the true motivations for one’s thoughts, actions, or feelings by offering reassuring, but incorrect, explanations Example: Jack assures Christine that the problem isn’t with her; he’s just going through a tough time at his after-school job 189 and feels frustrated about it.
  • 190. • Projection—falsely attributing to others your own unacceptable feelings, impulses, or thoughts Example: Jack tells everyone that Christine is upset with him because he spends time shooting pool with friends. 190
  • 191. • Acting out—using actions, rather than words, to express the emotional conflict Example: Jack uses a bar of soap to draw graffiti all over Christine’s car. 191
  • 192. • Denial—refusing to acknowledge some painful aspect of external reality or one’s own experience that would be apparent to others Example: Jack doesn’t realize that he has a problem trusting other people. For example, he forgets that he broke up with his previous girlfriend, Wanda, because he was jealous of her behavior, even though his friends told him repeatedly that Wanda really liked him and that she was not a flirt. 192
  • 193. What term is used to refer to the transference of a feeling about a person or an object to another, less threatening object? A. Repression B. Rationalization C. Displacement D. Projection 193
  • 194. What term is used to refer to the transference of a feeling about a person or an object to another, less threatening object? A. Repression B. Rationalization C. Displacement D. Projection 194
  • 195. If someone refuses to recognize some painful aspect of reality or his/her own experience that other people would clearly see, he/she is _______. A. acting out B. in repression C. rationalizing D. in denial 195
  • 196. If someone refuses to recognize some painful aspect of reality or his/her own experience that other people would clearly see, he/she is _______. A. acting out B. in repression C. rationalizing D. in denial 196
  • 197. How many of these defense mechanisms do you recognize? Have you ever used any of them yourself? 197
  • 198. Because defense mechanisms can be used unconsciously, people sometimes use them without even knowing it. 198
  • 199. Before things can get better for Jack and Christine, Jack must realize that his attitude needs to improve. 199
  • 200. Mature people don’t fall back on defense mechanisms—mainly because they don’t need them. 200
  • 201. You will not always be successful. Many times, you simply have to “grin and bear it,” but growing up and developing a positive, productive attitude requires a willingness to keep working to solve an issue rather than dodge it. 201
  • 202. Nobody comes into this world with a guaranteed perfect life, but the attitude you develop once you get here is under your control. 202
  • 203. A positive attitude can make it easier to handle life’s troubles. 203
  • 204. The power of positive thinking! “How you think about a problem is more important than the problem itself—so always think positively.” Norman Vincent Peale 204
  • 205. How do mature people deal with their problems? A. They use defense mechanisms most of the time like anybody else. B. They confront their problems in an attempt to solve them. C. They wait them out, knowing that the passage of time will help them see solutions more clearly. D. They do not fear addressing problems because they know they will always be 205 successful.
  • 206. How do mature people deal with their problems? A. They use defense mechanisms most of the time like anybody else. B. They confront their problems in an attempt to solve them. C. They wait them out, knowing that the passage of time will help them see solutions more clearly. D. They do not fear addressing problems because they know they will always be 206 successful.
  • 207. People with positive attitudes usually have other personality traits that help them meet life’s: • Challenges • Frustrations • Disappointments. 207
  • 208. These people can call into action the following personality traits to solve problems and to succeed: • Integrity • Credibility • Humility • Patience • Respect • Appreciation • Focus on task completion and on people 208
  • 209. Strategies for Expressing Emotions Grief Joy Love Specific feelings you may experience 209
  • 210. Strategies for Expressing Emotions Anger Disgust Fear Specific feelings you may experience 210
  • 211. People refer to a more general kind of feeling as a “mood.” We all experience people who are in a good “mood” or bad “mood.” 211
  • 212. “Moods” are a temporary state of mind or feeling a general feeling of emotion. 212
  • 213. Babies come into the world with the two most basic emotions: Delight Distress 213
  • 214. As you grow older, emotions become a very real part of you. 214
  • 215. Controlling emotions is a challenge to everyone in a leadership position. 215
  • 216. Emotions need to be expressed, especially very strong emotions. 216
  • 217. You may feel like “telling off” someone or even physically striking the person, but your social conditioning tells you that this is not acceptable behavior. 217
  • 218. Constructive methods of expressing strong emotions include: Talking it out Positive thoughts Physical activity 218 Sense of humor
  • 219. Spontaneous feelings that people have are called _______. A. moods B. attitudes C. emotions D. outlooks 219
  • 220. Spontaneous feelings that people have are called _______. A. moods B. attitudes C. emotions D. outlooks 220
  • 221. Physical Activity Emotions are a very real part of you! Intense Emotional Buildup 221
  • 222. Some emotional outlets include: • Sports activity 222
  • 223. • Creative projects 223
  • 224. • Cleaning a house 224
  • 225. • Washing the car 225
  • 226. • Mowing the lawn 226
  • 227. • Hunting or fishing 227
  • 228. • Painting 228
  • 229. • Sewing 229
  • 230. • Woodworking. 230
  • 231. Which of these is NOT a recommended physical activity to help deal with emotions constructively? A. Washing the car B. Mowing the lawn C. Playing video games D. Cleaning house 231
  • 232. Which of these is NOT a recommended physical activity to help deal with emotions constructively? A. Washing the car B. Mowing the lawn C. Playing video games D. Cleaning house 232
  • 233. Trusted friend Teacher Talking it out Counselor Parent 233
  • 234. Trusted friend Teacher These people can help you see alternatives and understand your feelings. Counselor Parent 234
  • 235. Sense of Humor Keeping your sense of humor is a big asset in constructively expressing emotions. 235
  • 236. Being able to laugh at yourself and to laugh with others is a rare combination. 236
  • 237. The jokester tries to build up his or her self-image in an attempt to feel superior at someone else’s expense. 237
  • 238. A constructive sense of humor is not: • Cutting • Sarcastic • Hostile. 238
  • 239. People using humor constructively focus the humor on _______, and it is not hostile, cutting, or sarcastic. A. their emotion B. people close to them C. strangers D. themselves 239
  • 240. People using humor constructively focus the humor on _______, and it is not hostile, cutting, or sarcastic. A. their emotion B. people close to them C. strangers D. themselves 240
  • 241. Positive Thoughts and Actions The power of “positive thinking!” 241
  • 242. Positive attitudes begin with: • A healthy self-image 242
  • 243. • Acknowledgement rather than denial of problems 243
  • 244. • A conscious effort to build habits that will contribute to a positive 244 personal growth.
  • 245. Which of the following is NOT part of the process of establishing a positive attitude? A. Facing rather than ignoring problems B. Repeating to yourself and your friends that you are going to become a positive thinker C. Making a conscious effort to build habits for personal growth D. Trying to keep a healthy self-image 245
  • 246. Which of the following is NOT part of the process of establishing a positive attitude? A. Facing rather than ignoring problems B. Repeating to yourself and your friends that you are going to become a positive thinker C. Making a conscious effort to build habits for personal growth D. Trying to keep a healthy self-image 246
  • 247. Conclusion Anger Disgust Fear Your success as a leader often depends on attitudes—and you can control your attitude. 247
  • 248. Will your attitude be positive or negative? The choice is yours. 248
  • 249. Family member Employee A positive attitude will make you a happier and more successful: 249 Student Citizen
  • 250. CONCLUSION People are attracted to and will follow positive thinkers who can solve problems for themselves and others. 250
  • 251. A positive attitude can be the leader’s key to success. 251
  • 252. What term refers to something that can be but has not yet been developed? A. Maturity B. Affiliation C. Perspective D. Potential 252
  • 253. What term refers to something that can be but has not yet been developed? A. Maturity B. Affiliation C. Perspective D. Potential 253
  • 254. What term is used to refer to the state of being fully grown or developed? A. Maturity B. Potential C. Affiliation D. Perspective 254
  • 255. What term is used to refer to the state of being fully grown or developed? A. Maturity B. Potential C. Affiliation D. Perspective 255
  • 256. What term is used to refer to what a person is inside as well as what he/she shows to others, and is comprised of such things as actions, opinions, and beliefs? A. Affiliation B. Personality C. Perspective D. Potential 256
  • 257. What term is used to refer to what a person is inside as well as what he/she shows to others, and is comprised of such things as actions, opinions, and beliefs? A. Affiliation B. Personality C. Perspective D. Potential 257
  • 258. A person’s _______ is rooted in his/her thoughts, feelings, and beliefs, and largely determines how a person responds to a particular situation. A. experience B. personality C. attitude D. behavior 258
  • 259. A person’s _______ is rooted in his/her thoughts, feelings, and beliefs, and largely determines how a person responds to a particular situation. A. experience B. personality C. attitude D. behavior 259
  • 260. Someone’s way of seeing the world is his/her _______. A. personality B. potential C. perspective D. affiliation 260
  • 261. Someone’s way of seeing the world is his/her _______. A. personality B. potential C. perspective D. affiliation 261
  • 262. A human being’s natural desire to feel like he/she is part of a group is known as _______. A. a defense mechanism B. gregariousness C. herd mentality D. affiliation need 262
  • 263. A human being’s natural desire to feel like he/she is part of a group is known as _______. A. a defense mechanism B. gregariousness C. herd mentality D. affiliation need 263
  • 264. What term is used to refer to behaviors that people use to deal with anxieties and stress? A. Defense mechanisms B. Affiliation needs C. Displacements D. Projections 264
  • 265. What term is used to refer to behaviors that people use to deal with anxieties and stress? A. Defense mechanisms B. Affiliation needs C. Displacements D. Projections 265
  • 266. What term is used to refer to taking out impulses on or transferring feelings about a person or thing to a less threatening, more acceptable object? A. Rationalization B. Projection C. Displacement D. Repression 266
  • 267. What term is used to refer to taking out impulses on or transferring feelings about a person or thing to a less threatening, more acceptable object? A. Rationalization B. Projection C. Displacement D. Repression 267
  • 268. What term is used to refer to a refusal to acknowledge the existence of a problem or a painful reality? A. Repression B. Acting out C. Displacement D. Denial 268
  • 269. What term is used to refer to a refusal to acknowledge the existence of a problem or a painful reality? A. Repression B. Acting out C. Displacement D. Denial 269
  • 270. A defense mechanism in which someone pushes disturbing thoughts from his/her conscious mind while the feelings continue at the subconscious level is known as _______. A. denial B. repression C. displacement D. rationalization 270
  • 271. A defense mechanism in which someone pushes disturbing thoughts from his/her conscious mind while the feelings continue at the subconscious level is known as _______. A. denial B. repression C. displacement D. rationalization 271
  • 272. What term is used to refer to the concealing of true motivations for one’s thoughts or actions by explaining them in a more reassuring way? A. Rationalization B. Displacement C. Repression D. Denial 272
  • 273. What term is used to refer to the concealing of true motivations for one’s thoughts or actions by explaining them in a more reassuring way? A. Rationalization B. Displacement C. Repression D. Denial 273
  • 274. What term is used to refer to falsely attributing one’s own unacceptable feelings or impulses to another? A. Displacement B. Denial C. Projection D. Rationalization 274
  • 275. What term is used to refer to falsely attributing one’s own unacceptable feelings or impulses to another? A. Displacement B. Denial C. Projection D. Rationalization 275
  • 276. While emotions are spontaneous feelings, _______ are a more a temporary state of mind or general feeling of some emotion. A. personalities B. affiliations C. perspectives D. moods 276
  • 277. While emotions are spontaneous feelings, _______ are a more a temporary state of mind or general feeling of some emotion. A. personalities B. affiliations C. perspectives D. moods 277
  • 278. Because expressing strong emotions is important, people should deal with them in constructive ways, such as having a sense of humor, engaging in physical activity, and _______. A. spending a lot of time alone thinking about the emotions B. releasing the pent-up emotions by “telling off” someone C. talking with someone they trust to “get it off” their chest D. sleeping and resting more than usual 278
  • 279. Because expressing strong emotions is important, people should deal with them in constructive ways, such as having a sense of humor, engaging in physical activity, and _______. A. spending a lot of time alone thinking about the emotions B. releasing the pent-up emotions by “telling off” someone C. talking with someone they trust to “get it off” their chest D. sleeping and resting more than usual 279
  • 280. What was the theme of Thomas Anthony Harris’ 1969 book I’m OK, You’re OK? A. Each person has a distinct personality. B. People should be accepted for who they are. C. All people are inherently good. D. People can change their 280 attitude for the better.
  • 281. What was the theme of Thomas Anthony Harris’ 1969 book I’m OK, You’re OK? A. Each person has a distinct personality. B. People should be accepted for who they are. C. All people are inherently good. D. People can change their 281 attitude for the better.
  • 282. According to Thomas Anthony Harris’ 1969 book, which of these attitudes reflects the approval both of oneself and of others that a healthy, well- adjusted person feels? A. I’m not OK, you’re OK. B. I’m OK, you’re not OK. C. I’m OK, you’re OK. D. I’m not OK, you’re not OK. 282
  • 283. According to Thomas Anthony Harris’ 1969 book, which of these attitudes reflects the approval both of oneself and of others that a healthy, well- adjusted person feels? A. I’m not OK, you’re OK. B. I’m OK, you’re not OK. C. I’m OK, you’re OK. D. I’m not OK, you’re not OK. 283
  • 284. Which of these statements about perspectives is accurate? A. People’s attitudes and personalities are formed separately from their perspectives. B. People want to explore the purpose behind their perspectives as they grow older. C. By the teenage years, people’s perspectives are fully formed with little or no change to be expected. D. Perspectives grow narrower over time, much like climbing down from a 284 mountain.
  • 285. Which of these statements about perspectives is accurate? A. People’s attitudes and personalities are formed separately from their perspectives. B. People want to explore the purpose behind their perspectives as they grow older. C. By the teenage years, people’s perspectives are fully formed with little or no change to be expected. D. Perspectives grow narrower over time, much like climbing down from a 285 mountain.
  • 286. When young people must decide between going along with the group and behaving in accordance with their values, their _______ are tested. A. behavior and belonging in a group B. parents’ influences and lessons C. personality and attitude D. self-knowledge and perspective 286
  • 287. When young people must decide between going along with the group and behaving in accordance with their values, their _______ are tested. A. behavior and belonging in a group B. parents’ influences and lessons C. personality and attitude D. self-knowledge and perspective 287
  • 288. Which of these statements about desire is NOT accurate? A. The mistakes people make in dealing with desires fortunately always have only short-term effects. B. Desires often are sources of psychological and emotional motivation. C. In the process of fulfilling desires, people often make mistakes and poor choices. D. Dealing wisely with desires requires a perspective that allows people to see things as they really are. 288
  • 289. Which of these statements about desire is NOT accurate? A. The mistakes people make in dealing with desires fortunately always have only short-term effects. B. Desires often are sources of psychological and emotional motivation. C. In the process of fulfilling desires, people often make mistakes and poor choices. D. Dealing wisely with desires requires a perspective that allows people to see things as they really are. 289
  • 290. Desires are things you want either for yourself or those you care for, while beliefs are strong and deeply held _______ that shape your thinking. A. emotions B. values C. ideas D. perceptions 290
  • 291. Desires are things you want either for yourself or those you care for, while beliefs are strong and deeply held _______ that shape your thinking. A. emotions B. values C. ideas D. perceptions 291
  • 292. To learn from a mistake, a healthy, well-adjusted person will adjust his/her behavior and _______. A. attribute it to chance and bad luck B. determine not to repeat it C. hope it will not happen again D. pinpoint who should share the blame 292
  • 293. To learn from a mistake, a healthy, well-adjusted person will adjust his/her behavior and _______. A. attribute it to chance and bad luck B. determine not to repeat it C. hope it will not happen again D. pinpoint who should share the blame 293
  • 294. Actions reveal a person’s _______ and cannot be separated from them. A. desires B. goals C. values D. attitudes 294
  • 295. Actions reveal a person’s _______ and cannot be separated from them. A. desires B. goals C. values D. attitudes 295
  • 296. With proper planning and a positive attitude, _______ will come your way, as in Thomas Jefferson’s statement, the harder he worked, the more of it he had. A. success B. wealth C. luck D. happiness 296
  • 297. With proper planning and a positive attitude, _______ will come your way, as in Thomas Jefferson’s statement, the harder he worked, the more of it he had. A. success B. wealth C. luck D. happiness 297
  • 298. What is a learning curve? A. Time needed to perfect a task or reach a goal B. Graph showing how the quality of an employee’s work reaches a peak and then declines over time C. Checkpoints for new employees during their probationary period D. Chart that managers use to plot progress toward a goal 298
  • 299. What is a learning curve? A. Time needed to perfect a task or reach a goal B. Graph showing how the quality of an employee’s work reaches a peak and then declines over time C. Checkpoints for new employees during their probationary period D. Chart that managers use to plot progress toward a goal 299
  • 300. What is the greatest danger of the constant use of defense mechanisms? A. People begin to see themselves as too perfect and incapable of error. B. People find themselves being given more and more responsibility and are not able to handle it. C. People fail to take responsibility for their actions and remain immature. D. People prevent co-workers and friends from seeing a situation clearly enough to improve it. 300
  • 301. What is the greatest danger of the constant use of defense mechanisms? A. People begin to see themselves as too perfect and incapable of error. B. People find themselves being given more and more responsibility and are not able to handle it. C. People fail to take responsibility for their actions and remain immature. D. People prevent co-workers and friends from seeing a situation clearly enough to improve it. 301
  • 302. In support of the power of positive thinking, Norman Vincent Peale wrote, “How you _______ is more important than the problem itself.” A. face a problem B. deal with a problem C. solve a problem D. think about a problem 302
  • 303. In support of the power of positive thinking, Norman Vincent Peale wrote, “How you _______ is more important than the problem itself.” A. face a problem B. deal with a problem C. solve a problem D. think about a problem 303
  • 304. The way that people _______ their experiences is very influential on their lives and their ability to lead. A. interpret B. remember C. show D. discuss 304
  • 305. The way that people _______ their experiences is very influential on their lives and their ability to lead. A. interpret B. remember C. show D. discuss 305
  • 306. In the process of maturing, a person develops a _______ and then uses it to meet life’s challenges. A. strong will B. positive attitude C. fulfilling career D. life goal 306
  • 307. In the process of maturing, a person develops a _______ and then uses it to meet life’s challenges. A. strong will B. positive attitude C. fulfilling career D. life goal 307
  • 308. What happens to a person’s decision- making skills as he/she matures? A. They improve with the growing ability to interpret events and use experiences. B. They continue to be inconsistent as difficulties arise throughout life. C. They reach a plateau where making the right decision becomes almost automatic. D. They slowly deteriorate as life becomes inevitably more 308 complicated.
  • 309. What happens to a person’s decision- making skills as he/she matures? A. They improve with the growing ability to interpret events and use experiences. B. They continue to be inconsistent as difficulties arise throughout life. C. They reach a plateau where making the right decision becomes almost automatic. D. They slowly deteriorate as life becomes inevitably more 309 complicated.
  • 310. Which one of these behaviors is NOT considered a method of changing an attitude? A. Thinking positive things about yourself B. Saying positive things about others C. Wishing positive things would happen D. Doing positive things 310
  • 311. Which one of these behaviors is NOT considered a method of changing an attitude? A. Thinking positive things about yourself B. Saying positive things about others C. Wishing positive things would happen D. Doing positive things 311