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CHAPTER 2
    Naval Aviation




1
Background of Naval Aviation




                 Eugene Ely

    1910-first pilot to complete a takeoff
                 ...
The Navy tried four distinct approaches to
    integrating aircraft with the fleet: aircraft
    carriers; flying boats; l...
First era of naval aviation
    Small Carrier     Pontoons/Men of war
      Dirigibles             Flying Boats
    (simil...
Pontoon
    A floating structure, such as
    the float on a seaplane

            Men of war
    A general term for an ar...
Second era of naval aviation
    Jet Aircraft        Giant Carriers

    Helicopters          Long-range
                 ...
USS Langley
   (CV 1)




Commissioned on March 20, 1922, in Norfolk,
Virginia, the first aircraft carrier was the USS
Lan...
Who was the first pilot to complete a
    takeoff from a ship?

    A. Charles Lindbergh
    B. Chuck Yeager
    C. Eugene...
Who was the first pilot to complete a
    takeoff from a ship?

    A. Charles Lindbergh
    B. Chuck Yeager
    C. Eugene...
World War II—Air power came into its own
       Pearl Harbor—7 December 1941
 Effective long-range carrier-based air strik...
Three important Improvements in carrier
 aviation after the war include:

     • Angled flight deck-1952

     • Steam cat...
Angled flight deck-1952
   Allows simultaneous launch and
   recovery operations


USS Midway             USS Antietam
  C...
Steam catapult-1954




                     USS Hancock
                       CVA 19
      Launches a
     60,000 pound
...
Nuclear power propulsion-1961

 • Accommodate more planes and
   larger crews
 • Remain at sea longer
 • Steam at 30 knots...
What 1942 battle was the first battle
 between aircraft launched from
 carriers?

 A. Battle of Midway
 B. Battle of the C...
What 1942 battle was the first battle
 between aircraft launched from
 carriers?

 A. Battle of Midway
 B. Battle of the C...
Aircraft




     Lighter-than-air craft were used
     for scouting missions. Today,
     the Navy uses helicopters to pe...
Modern naval aircraft are divided into
     two general categories:




18   Fixed-Wing              Rotary-Wing
Fixed-Wing Aircraft Missions




• Strikes against an enemy
• Protects the fleet from enemy aircraft
  and surface ships
•...
Rotary-Wing Aircraft Missions

• Amphibious operations
• Vertical replenishment

Additional Missions
• Search and rescue
•...
Aircraft Model
     Designations
                           AV-8

All aircraft have tri-
service designations.
A given air...
Each basic designator consists of a letter
and a number. The letter specifies the
basic mission of the aircraft as follows...
The number (which may consist of one,
     two, or three digits) indicates the design
     number of the type of aircraft....
S-3B
   If a particular design is modified, another
   letter (A,B,C) follows the design number;
   this letter identifies...
When the original mission of an aircraft
  changes, a mission-modification letter
  precedes the basic mission symbol.
   ...
Drone
     An unmanned aircraft or ship
     guided by remote control

            Modification
     An alteration or adju...
A-6                   EA-6B
Some modification letters are the same
as the basic mission letters.
For example, when the Nav...
Other letters may appear before a basic
     mission symbol or mission-modification
     letter. They are ―special-use‖ sy...
Besides being used during the Korean
 War in amphibious operations in
 support of the Marines, _______ also
 delivered sup...
Besides being used during the Korean
 War in amphibious operations in
 support of the Marines, _______ also
 delivered sup...
In the aircraft designation S-3B, what
 does the letter B indicate?

 A. The antisubmarine plane is a
    modification of ...
In the aircraft designation S-3B, what
 does the letter B indicate?

 A. The antisubmarine plane is a
    modification of ...
Naval Aircraft and Missions
     Navy aircraft of the same type are
     organized into squadrons for the
     purpose of ...
Aircraft of various squadrons combine
     and deploy as operational air groups
     aboard ships. The battle group’s
    ...
Designation     Squadron        Type Aircraft

     VFA      Fighter Attack    F/A-18 Hornet

     VS        Sea Control  ...
Designation       Squadron            Type Aircraft

     VQ            Fleet Air           E-6B Mercury
                R...
Fighter/Attack Aircraft




     The single-seat F/A-18 Hornet is the
     nation’s primary carrier-launched strike
     f...
F/A-18 Hornet

                             F-14 Tomcat
     The F/A-18 Hornet replaced the F-14
     Tomcat, which was th...
The F/A-18
                    Hornet




     • 37 tactical squadrons
     • 10 aircraft carriers
39
     • Blue Angles
The Super Hornet—greater variety of
missions:
 Air superiority     Fighter escort
 Reconnaissance     Close air support
 A...
The F/A-18 Hornet proved itself in
Desert Storm, taking hits, recovering,
undergoing repairs, and flying the next day.
41
The E/F Super Hornet models of the F-18s
joined the fleet in 1995. The E is a single
seater, the F a two-seater. They are ...
The F/A-18G Growler, with the world’s
   most advanced electronic surveillance
   and jamming, will replace the EA-6B
43
4...
The Navy groups aircraft of the same
 type into _______ for training,
 maintenance, and administration.

 A. patrols
 B. a...
The Navy groups aircraft of the same
 type into _______ for training,
 maintenance, and administration.

 A. patrols
 B. a...
True or False: The new Super Hornet
 has a longer range than earlier models
 and is even tougher than the Tomcat,
 but it ...
True or False: The new Super Hornet
 has a longer range than earlier models
 and is even tougher than the Tomcat,
 but it ...
Electronic Warfare




   The EA-6B Prowler—twin-engine, mid-
   wing aircraft designed for carrier and
   advanced base o...
The EA-6B Prowler:
• Speed 500+ knots
• Ceiling 37,600 feet
•49Range 1,150 miles
Unlike most carrier-launched Navy jets,
   the EA-6B is a four seat aircraft. It carries
   one pilot and three electronic...
Airborne Early Warning




 The E-2C Hawkeye—all-weather, carrier-
 based tactical warning and control system
 aircraft; p...
E2-C Hawkeye
  Additional Missions
      • Surveillance coordination
      • Strike-and-interceptor control
      • Search...
Surveillance
     Close observation of the
     enemy




53
New version of the E-2C Hawkeye,
 Hawkeye 2000–new mission computer,
 improved radar displays, and Cooperative
 Engagement...
The E-2C Hawkeye carries a crew of five,
     two pilots and three mission system
     operators. It can exceed 300 knots
...
E-6B Mercury—the Navy's strategic
     airborne command post. It serves as a
     communication relay for fleet ballistic
...
The E-6B Mercury:
         • Ceiling 40,000 feet
         • Range   7,500 miles
57
         • Speed     600 mph
What 4-seat aircraft protects strike
 aircraft by jamming enemy radar and
 communications in a combat zone,
 but is now ne...
What 4-seat aircraft protects strike
 aircraft by jamming enemy radar and
 communications in a combat zone,
 but is now ne...
What all-weather tactical-warning and
 control-system aircraft flies in front of
 the battle group and provides early
 war...
What all-weather tactical-warning and
 control-system aircraft flies in front of
 the battle group and provides early
 war...
Undersea Warfare




     The P-3C Orion–Navy’s only land-based
62   anti-submarine warfare aircraft.
First delivery—July 1962
     Designation changes—P3V to P-3
     Models—P-3A, P-3B, P-3C
63
     Navy upgraded multiple s...
The P-3C is being phased out (down
     from 227 to 130 aircraft) and will be
     replaced by the P-8 Multi-mission
     ...
S-3B Viking
     • Carrier based twin engine jet
     • Missions: detect/destroy submarines;
       drop mines, surveillan...
S-3B Viking




     • Speed      500 mph
     • Ceiling 40,000 feet
     • Range 2,000 miles
66
True or False: Despite the P-3C
 Orion’s numerous changes and
 upgrades since it was first delivered in
 1962, the Navy pl...
True or False: Despite the P-3C
 Orion’s numerous changes and
 upgrades since it was first delivered in
 1962, the Navy pl...
Logistics Aircraft




     The C-2A Greyhound—twin-engine
     cargo/passenger aircraft. Its primary
     mission is carr...
Logistics
     The aspect of military or
     naval operations that deals
     with the procurement,
     distribution, ma...
The C-2A Greyhound delivers up to 10,000
 pounds of cargo, passengers, or both. It is
 undergoing extensive overhauling to...
The C-9 Skytrain (DC-9)—used primarily
     for fleet logistic support.
72
The C-12F Huron—twin-engine turboprop
     aircraft used to transport equipment and
73
     passengers between naval air s...
The C-130 Hercules—four-engine
     turboprop aircraft capable of takeoffs
     and landings from short runways while
    ...
Which of these cargo aircraft has
 undergone the most design
 modifications?

 A. C-2A Greyhound
 B. C-9 Skytrain
 C. C-12...
Which of these cargo aircraft has
 undergone the most design
 modifications?

 A. C-2A Greyhound
 B. C-9 Skytrain
 C. C-12...
Trainers




 The T-34C Turbomentor—two-seat
 turboprop trainer. Its mission
 is to provide primary flight training
 for N...
The
     T-45A Goshawk—
     two-seat,
     carrier-capable,
     jet trainer aircraft
     used for
     intermediate and...
The single-engine turbo prop T- 6A
     Texan II represents the next generation
79   of primary basic trainers.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)




   The RQ-2A Pioneer—performs a wide
   variety of missions providing real-time
   reco...
USS Debuque (LPD8)         RQ-2A Pioneer
     Initially a land-based system,
     the Navy now uses it at sea as well.
   ...
What two-seat aircraft provides
 primary flight training for Navy and
 Marine Corps student pilots?

 A. T-34C Turbomentor...
What two-seat aircraft provides
 primary flight training for Navy and
 Marine Corps student pilots?

 A. T-34C Turbomentor...
Rotary-Wing Aircraft




     Since World War II, the helicopter has
     become an important part of naval
     operation...
Undersea Warfare




     The SH-60 Seahawk—twin-engine
     helicopter. Its primary mission is to
     detect and destroy...
The SH-60 Seahawk—also used for:
       • Search and Rescue
       • Advance Scouting
       • Special Operations
       •...
Mine Warfare




The MH-53E Sea Dragon—operates from
carriers and other warships. Its primary
mission is airborne mine cou...
Training
     The TH-57 Sea
     Ranger—primary
     training
     helicopter for
     students
     becoming naval
     a...
What twin-engine helicopter is used to
 detect and destroy enemy
 submarines?

 A. SH-60 Seahawk
 B. MH-53E Sea Dragon
 C....
What twin-engine helicopter is used to
 detect and destroy enemy
 submarines?

 A. SH-60 Seahawk
 B. MH-53E Sea Dragon
 C....
VTOL




The V-22 Osprey—helicopter that becomes
a propeller airplane after takeoff. A tiltrotor
aircraft with a 38 foot r...
VTOL
     Vertical takeoff and landing:
     refers to either the capability
     or the aircraft that has it




92
Rotor
     An assembly of rotating
     horizontal airfoils (wings),
     such as on a helicopter

                Nacelle...
Once airborne, nacelles rotate 90 degrees
and the Osprey becomes a high-speed, fuel
efficient turboprop. Wings rotate for
...
First flight occurred in March 1989 as the
world’s first production tiltrotor aircraft.
Planned purchases were:
     Marin...
The Osprey pushes
                          the limits of VTOL,
                          causing some to
                ...
What word does the letter V stand for
 in VTOL?

 A. Vanguard
 B. Variable
 C. Vertical
 D. Velocity




97
What word does the letter V stand for
 in VTOL?

 A. Vanguard
 B. Variable
 C. Vertical
 D. Velocity




98
Conclusion
Naval Aviation began with the first years
of flight and the first carriers in the 1920’s.
However, naval air po...
The challenge is to integrate aircraft with
 the fleet. Today the Navy relies on nuclear
 carriers, jet aircraft, helicopt...
What 1942 World War II battle
      marked a turning point in naval
      aviation when aircraft launched
      from carri...
What 1942 World War II battle
      marked a turning point in naval
      aviation when aircraft launched
      from carri...
The 7 December 1941 Japanese attack
      on Pearl Harbor demonstrated the
      effectiveness of what history-making
    ...
The 7 December 1941 Japanese attack
      on Pearl Harbor demonstrated the
      effectiveness of what history-making
    ...
In 1954, what new type of
      catapult was able to propel
      planes from aircraft carrier decks
      to a speed of 1...
In 1954, what new type of
      catapult was able to propel
      planes from aircraft carrier decks
      to a speed of 1...
What capability did the angled
      flight deck give air craft carriers?

      A. Repairing and refueling aircraft
     ...
What capability did the angled
      flight deck give air craft carriers?

      A. Repairing and refueling aircraft
     ...
What decade began a new era in
      naval aviation with the
      introduction of nuclear power to
      aircraft carrier...
What decade began a new era in
      naval aviation with the
      introduction of nuclear power to
      aircraft carrier...
What was Eugene Ely’s major
      achievement?

      A. Designing the angled flight deck
         for aircraft carriers
 ...
What was Eugene Ely’s major
      achievement?

      A. Designing the angled flight deck
         for aircraft carriers
 ...
What was the name of the US
      Navy’s first aircraft carrier?

      A. USS Midway
      B. USS Langley
      C. USS Le...
What was the name of the US
      Navy’s first aircraft carrier?

      A. USS Midway
      B. USS Langley
      C. USS Le...
In what war was the versatility of
      helicopters first put to
      widespread use?

      A. World War I
      B. Wor...
In what war was the versatility of
      helicopters first put to
      widespread use?

      A. World War I
      B. Wor...
What is the mission of the T-45A
      Goshawk?

      A. Trainer
      B. Cargo/transport
      C. Tanker
      D. Antisu...
What is the mission of the T-45A
      Goshawk?

      A. Trainer
      B. Cargo/transport
      C. Tanker
      D. Antisu...
The designation of EA-6
      indicates that the aircraft was
      modified for what new mission?

      A. Attack
      ...
The designation of EA-6
      indicates that the aircraft was
      modified for what new mission?

      A. Attack
      ...
What does the letter C in the
      designation of E-2C indicate?

      A. It is the 3rd design of the
         aircraft
...
What does the letter C in the
      designation of E-2C indicate?

      A. It is the 3rd design of the
         aircraft
...
What is the name of the Navy’s
      carrier-based antisubmarine
      aircraft?

      A. EA-6B Prowler
      B. P-3C Ori...
What is the name of the Navy’s
      carrier-based antisubmarine
      aircraft?

      A. EA-6B Prowler
      B. P-3C Ori...
What term is used for close
      observation of the enemy?

      A. Reconnaissance
      B. Surveillance
      C. Engage...
What term is used for close
      observation of the enemy?

      A. Reconnaissance
      B. Surveillance
      C. Engage...
What aircraft served for 36
      years (1970-2006) as the Navy’s
      primary air-to-air superiority
      platform?

  ...
What aircraft served for 36
      years (1970-2006) as the Navy’s
      primary air-to-air superiority
      platform?

  ...
During Operation Desert Storm
      (1991) what aircraft took direct
      hits from missiles but was able
      to recove...
During Operation Desert Storm
      (1991) what aircraft took direct
      hits from missiles but was able
      to recove...
What term refers to the aspect
      of military operations that deals
      with acquiring, distributing,
      maintaini...
What term refers to the aspect
      of military operations that deals
      with acquiring, distributing,
      maintaini...
On what two-seat aircraft do
      Navy and Marine Corps student
      pilots receive their primary
      flight training?...
On what two-seat aircraft do
      Navy and Marine Corps student
      pilots receive their primary
      flight training?...
What aircraft is an unmanned
      aerial vehicle whose mission
      includes surveillance, target-
      acquisition, an...
What aircraft is an unmanned
      aerial vehicle whose mission
      includes surveillance, target-
      acquisition, an...
What aircraft is a helicopter that
      can turn into a propeller
      airplane after takeoff?

      A. SH-60 Seahawk
 ...
What aircraft is a helicopter that
      can turn into a propeller
      airplane after takeoff?

      A. SH-60 Seahawk
 ...
What is the primary capability of
      pontoon planes?

      A. Taking off from aircraft
         carriers
      B. Risi...
What is the primary capability of
      pontoon planes?

      A. Taking off from aircraft
         carriers
      B. Risi...
What general term is used for
      an armed naval vessel?

      A. Man of war
      B. Dirigible
      C. Corvette
     ...
What general term is used for
      an armed naval vessel?

      A. Man of war
      B. Dirigible
      C. Corvette
     ...
What aircraft does the Blue
      Angels Flight Demonstration
      Squadron fly?

      A. F-14 Tomcat
      B. F/A-18 Ho...
What aircraft does the Blue
      Angels Flight Demonstration
      Squadron fly?

      A. F-14 Tomcat
      B. F/A-18 Ho...
What aircraft serves as a
      strategic airborne command
      post and also relays
      communications to
      submar...
What aircraft serves as a
      strategic airborne command
      post and also relays
      communications to
      submar...
Following the first successful
      takeoffs and landings from a ship
      in the early 20th century, where
      did th...
Following the first successful
      takeoffs and landings from a ship
      in the early 20th century, where
      did th...
What was the first ship built as
      an angled-deck carrier?

      A. USS Antietam
      B. USS Langley
      C. USS Le...
What was the first ship built as
      an angled-deck carrier?

      A. USS Antietam
      B. USS Langley
      C. USS Le...
What was the original mission
      of the AV-8B Harrier aircraft?

      A. Antisubmarine
      B. Attack
      C. Bomber...
What was the original mission
      of the AV-8B Harrier aircraft?

      A. Antisubmarine
      B. Attack
      C. Bomber...
What term is used for a change
      or adjustment made to an
      aircraft or other vehicle?

      A. Adaptation
      ...
What term is used for a change
      or adjustment made to an
      aircraft or other vehicle?

      A. Adaptation
      ...
What was the original mission
      of the ES-3A Shadow aircraft?

      A. Antisubmarine
      B. Attack
      C. Search ...
What was the original mission
      of the ES-3A Shadow aircraft?

      A. Antisubmarine
      B. Attack
      C. Search ...
For training, maintenance, and
      administrative purposes, the
      Navy assigns aircraft of the
      same type into ...
For training, maintenance, and
      administrative purposes, the
      Navy assigns aircraft of the
      same type into ...
What is the Navy’s primary
      fighter aircraft?

      A. F/A-18 Hornet
      B. F-14 Tomcat
      C. E-2C Hawkeye
    ...
What is the Navy’s primary
      fighter aircraft?

      A. F/A-18 Hornet
      B. F-14 Tomcat
      C. E-2C Hawkeye
    ...
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4.2 Naval Aviation

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Transcript of "4.2 Naval Aviation"

  1. 1. CHAPTER 2 Naval Aviation 1
  2. 2. Background of Naval Aviation Eugene Ely 1910-first pilot to complete a takeoff from a ship. 2 1911-first pilot to land on a ship.
  3. 3. The Navy tried four distinct approaches to integrating aircraft with the fleet: aircraft carriers; flying boats; lighter-than-air craft; pontoon aircraft that operated from non- 3 carrier ships.
  4. 4. First era of naval aviation Small Carrier Pontoons/Men of war Dirigibles Flying Boats (similar to blimps) (anti-submarine patrol) 4
  5. 5. Pontoon A floating structure, such as the float on a seaplane Men of war A general term for an armed naval vessel 5
  6. 6. Second era of naval aviation Jet Aircraft Giant Carriers Helicopters Long-range Patrol Planes 6
  7. 7. USS Langley (CV 1) Commissioned on March 20, 1922, in Norfolk, Virginia, the first aircraft carrier was the USS Langley (CV 1), a converted collier (coal carrier) known as the USS Jupiter. It was followed in 1927 by converted battle cruisers USS Lexington (CV 2) and USS Saratoga (CV 3). 7
  8. 8. Who was the first pilot to complete a takeoff from a ship? A. Charles Lindbergh B. Chuck Yeager C. Eugene Ely D. Orville Wright 8
  9. 9. Who was the first pilot to complete a takeoff from a ship? A. Charles Lindbergh B. Chuck Yeager C. Eugene Ely D. Orville Wright 9
  10. 10. World War II—Air power came into its own Pearl Harbor—7 December 1941 Effective long-range carrier-based air strikes Coral Sea—May 1942 Battle of aircraft; fleets never see each other 10
  11. 11. Three important Improvements in carrier aviation after the war include: • Angled flight deck-1952 • Steam catapult-1954 • Nuclear power propulsion-1961 11
  12. 12. Angled flight deck-1952 Allows simultaneous launch and recovery operations USS Midway USS Antietam CVB 41 CVA 36 First angled-deck America’s first 12 mock up angled-deck carrier
  13. 13. Steam catapult-1954 USS Hancock CVA 19 Launches a 60,000 pound aircraft from 0-150 mph America’s first in 2 seconds catapult carrier 13
  14. 14. Nuclear power propulsion-1961 • Accommodate more planes and larger crews • Remain at sea longer • Steam at 30 knots for long periods USS Enterprise CVA(N) 65 America’s first 14 nuclear carrier
  15. 15. What 1942 battle was the first battle between aircraft launched from carriers? A. Battle of Midway B. Battle of the Coral Sea C. Battle of Wake Island D. Battle of Leyte Gulf 15
  16. 16. What 1942 battle was the first battle between aircraft launched from carriers? A. Battle of Midway B. Battle of the Coral Sea C. Battle of Wake Island D. Battle of Leyte Gulf 16
  17. 17. Aircraft Lighter-than-air craft were used for scouting missions. Today, the Navy uses helicopters to perform scouting, rescue, and patrol missions. 17
  18. 18. Modern naval aircraft are divided into two general categories: 18 Fixed-Wing Rotary-Wing
  19. 19. Fixed-Wing Aircraft Missions • Strikes against an enemy • Protects the fleet from enemy aircraft and surface ships • Performs undersea warfare, photography, and escort • Performs reconnaissance and early 19 warning
  20. 20. Rotary-Wing Aircraft Missions • Amphibious operations • Vertical replenishment Additional Missions • Search and rescue • Minesweeping • Undersea warfare Versatility realized Korean War • Special warfare 1950-1953 20
  21. 21. Aircraft Model Designations AV-8 All aircraft have tri- service designations. A given aircraft bears the same alphanumeric F/A-18F identification symbol regardless of whether the Navy, Army, or Air Force uses the craft. 21 B-2
  22. 22. Each basic designator consists of a letter and a number. The letter specifies the basic mission of the aircraft as follows: • A-Attack • O-Observation • B-Bomber • P-Patrol • C-Cargo/transport • R-Reconnaissance • E-Special electronic • S-Antisubmarine installation • T-Trainer • F-Fighter • U-Utility • H-Helicopter • V-VTOL or STOL • K-Tanker • X-Research 22
  23. 23. The number (which may consist of one, two, or three digits) indicates the design number of the type of aircraft. For example, the designator (F-14) shows an aircraft to be the fourteenth fighter design. 23
  24. 24. S-3B If a particular design is modified, another letter (A,B,C) follows the design number; this letter identifies the number of the modification. For example, the B in S-3B tells us that the original design of this 24 antisubmarine plane has been modified.
  25. 25. When the original mission of an aircraft changes, a mission-modification letter precedes the basic mission symbol. These are as follows: • A-Attack • M-Missile carrier • C-Cargo/transport • Q-Drone • D-Director (for Control • R-Reconnaissance of drones) • S-Antisubmarine • E-Special electronic • T-Trainer installation • U-Utility • H-Search and rescue • V-Staff • K-Tanker • W-Weather • L-Cold weather 25
  26. 26. Drone An unmanned aircraft or ship guided by remote control Modification An alteration or adjustment, as of an aircraft or other vehicle 26
  27. 27. A-6 EA-6B Some modification letters are the same as the basic mission letters. For example, when the Navy modifies the attack aircraft A-6 Intruder, to be an electronic-warfare aircraft, it becomes an EA-6. 27
  28. 28. Other letters may appear before a basic mission symbol or mission-modification letter. They are ―special-use‖ symbols that indicate the special status of an aircraft. Currently, six special-use symbols are: • G-Permanently grounded (ground training) • J-Special test, temporary • N-Special test, permanent • X-Experimental stage of development • Y-Prototype (for design testing) • Z-Early stages of planning or development 28
  29. 29. Besides being used during the Korean War in amphibious operations in support of the Marines, _______ also delivered supplies, equipment, and personnel to ships at sea. A. pontoon planes B. dirigibles C. drones D. helicopters 29
  30. 30. Besides being used during the Korean War in amphibious operations in support of the Marines, _______ also delivered supplies, equipment, and personnel to ships at sea. A. pontoon planes B. dirigibles C. drones D. helicopters 30
  31. 31. In the aircraft designation S-3B, what does the letter B indicate? A. The antisubmarine plane is a modification of its original design. B. The antisubmarine plane has been modified for use as an attack plane. C. The attack plane has been modified for use as an antisubmarine plane. D. The attack plane is a modification of its original design. 31
  32. 32. In the aircraft designation S-3B, what does the letter B indicate? A. The antisubmarine plane is a modification of its original design. B. The antisubmarine plane has been modified for use as an attack plane. C. The attack plane has been modified for use as an antisubmarine plane. D. The attack plane is a modification of its original design. 32
  33. 33. Naval Aircraft and Missions Navy aircraft of the same type are organized into squadrons for the purpose of training, maintenance, and administration. 33
  34. 34. Aircraft of various squadrons combine and deploy as operational air groups aboard ships. The battle group’s mission determines the number and types of squadrons. 34
  35. 35. Designation Squadron Type Aircraft VFA Fighter Attack F/A-18 Hornet VS Sea Control S-3B Viking VAQ Electronic Warfare EA-6B Prowler VAW Carrier Airborne E-2C Hawkeye Early Warning VP Maritime Patrol P-3C Orion 35
  36. 36. Designation Squadron Type Aircraft VQ Fleet Air E-6B Mercury Reconnaissance EP-3E Aries II VRC Fleet Logistics C-2A Greyhound Support HS Helicopter SH-60F/HH-60H Anti-submarine Seahawk HSL Helicopter SH-60B Seahawk Anti-submarine Light HC Helicopter Support MH-60 Knighthawk MH-53 Sea Dragon 36
  37. 37. Fighter/Attack Aircraft The single-seat F/A-18 Hornet is the nation’s primary carrier-launched strike fighter. It has the ability to drop bombs, 37 but is also designed as a fighter plane.
  38. 38. F/A-18 Hornet F-14 Tomcat The F/A-18 Hornet replaced the F-14 Tomcat, which was the Navy’s primary air-to-air superiority fighter for 36 38 years.
  39. 39. The F/A-18 Hornet • 37 tactical squadrons • 10 aircraft carriers 39 • Blue Angles
  40. 40. The Super Hornet—greater variety of missions: Air superiority Fighter escort Reconnaissance Close air support Air defense suppression Precision strikes Longer range, tougher plane than F-14, 40% less operating costs, 75% less labor/flight hour. 40
  41. 41. The F/A-18 Hornet proved itself in Desert Storm, taking hits, recovering, undergoing repairs, and flying the next day. 41
  42. 42. The E/F Super Hornet models of the F-18s joined the fleet in 1995. The E is a single seater, the F a two-seater. They are capable of speeds over Mach 1.8, flying at altitudes up to 50,000 feet and operating at a range of over 1,300 miles. 42
  43. 43. The F/A-18G Growler, with the world’s most advanced electronic surveillance and jamming, will replace the EA-6B 43 43 Prowler by 2010.
  44. 44. The Navy groups aircraft of the same type into _______ for training, maintenance, and administration. A. patrols B. air wings C. squadrons D. operational air groups 44
  45. 45. The Navy groups aircraft of the same type into _______ for training, maintenance, and administration. A. patrols B. air wings C. squadrons D. operational air groups 45
  46. 46. True or False: The new Super Hornet has a longer range than earlier models and is even tougher than the Tomcat, but it costs 40% more to operate than the F-14. 46
  47. 47. True or False: The new Super Hornet has a longer range than earlier models and is even tougher than the Tomcat, but it costs 40% more to operate than the F-14. False 47
  48. 48. Electronic Warfare The EA-6B Prowler—twin-engine, mid- wing aircraft designed for carrier and advanced base operations; provides an umbrella of protection for strike aircraft by jamming enemy radar, electronic data 48 links, and communications.
  49. 49. The EA-6B Prowler: • Speed 500+ knots • Ceiling 37,600 feet •49Range 1,150 miles
  50. 50. Unlike most carrier-launched Navy jets, the EA-6B is a four seat aircraft. It carries one pilot and three electronic-warfare officers. Commissioned in 1977, it is soon 50 to be replaced by the F/A-18 Growler.
  51. 51. Airborne Early Warning The E-2C Hawkeye—all-weather, carrier- based tactical warning and control system aircraft; provides airborne early warning, and command and control functions for the battle group. 51
  52. 52. E2-C Hawkeye Additional Missions • Surveillance coordination • Strike-and-interceptor control • Search-and-rescue guidance 52 • Relaying communication
  53. 53. Surveillance Close observation of the enemy 53
  54. 54. New version of the E-2C Hawkeye, Hawkeye 2000–new mission computer, improved radar displays, and Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC). Flies ahead of the battle group collecting streams of data to provide commanders the big picture of battle on land or sea. 54
  55. 55. The E-2C Hawkeye carries a crew of five, two pilots and three mission system operators. It can exceed 300 knots and has a range of 1,500 miles. 55
  56. 56. E-6B Mercury—the Navy's strategic airborne command post. It serves as a communication relay for fleet ballistic missile submarines and can launch 56 land-based ICBMs.
  57. 57. The E-6B Mercury: • Ceiling 40,000 feet • Range 7,500 miles 57 • Speed 600 mph
  58. 58. What 4-seat aircraft protects strike aircraft by jamming enemy radar and communications in a combat zone, but is now nearing the end of its life expectancy? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. EA-6B Prowler C. F-14 Tomcat D. F/A-18G Growler 58
  59. 59. What 4-seat aircraft protects strike aircraft by jamming enemy radar and communications in a combat zone, but is now nearing the end of its life expectancy? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. EA-6B Prowler C. F-14 Tomcat D. F/A-18G Growler 59
  60. 60. What all-weather tactical-warning and control-system aircraft flies in front of the battle group and provides early warning and command-and-control functions? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. E-6B Mercury C. EA-6B Prowler D. E-2C Hawkeye 60
  61. 61. What all-weather tactical-warning and control-system aircraft flies in front of the battle group and provides early warning and command-and-control functions? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. E-6B Mercury C. EA-6B Prowler D. E-2C Hawkeye 61
  62. 62. Undersea Warfare The P-3C Orion–Navy’s only land-based 62 anti-submarine warfare aircraft.
  63. 63. First delivery—July 1962 Designation changes—P3V to P-3 Models—P-3A, P-3B, P-3C 63 Navy upgraded multiple systems
  64. 64. The P-3C is being phased out (down from 227 to 130 aircraft) and will be replaced by the P-8 Multi-mission Maritime Aircraft (MMA) Poseidon 64 beginning in 2013.
  65. 65. S-3B Viking • Carrier based twin engine jet • Missions: detect/destroy submarines; drop mines, surveillance, refueling 65
  66. 66. S-3B Viking • Speed 500 mph • Ceiling 40,000 feet • Range 2,000 miles 66
  67. 67. True or False: Despite the P-3C Orion’s numerous changes and upgrades since it was first delivered in 1962, the Navy plans to increase its numbers after major airframe refurbishing. 67
  68. 68. True or False: Despite the P-3C Orion’s numerous changes and upgrades since it was first delivered in 1962, the Navy plans to increase its numbers after major airframe refurbishing. False 68
  69. 69. Logistics Aircraft The C-2A Greyhound—twin-engine cargo/passenger aircraft. Its primary mission is carrier on-board delivery 69 (C.O.D.).
  70. 70. Logistics The aspect of military or naval operations that deals with the procurement, distribution, maintenance, and replacement of material and personnel 70
  71. 71. The C-2A Greyhound delivers up to 10,000 pounds of cargo, passengers, or both. It is undergoing extensive overhauling to extend service life and upgrade systems including midair collision avoidance and ground (terrain) proximity warning. 71
  72. 72. The C-9 Skytrain (DC-9)—used primarily for fleet logistic support. 72
  73. 73. The C-12F Huron—twin-engine turboprop aircraft used to transport equipment and 73 passengers between naval air stations.
  74. 74. The C-130 Hercules—four-engine turboprop aircraft capable of takeoffs and landings from short runways while hauling cargo and/or personnel. 74
  75. 75. Which of these cargo aircraft has undergone the most design modifications? A. C-2A Greyhound B. C-9 Skytrain C. C-12F Huron D. C-130 Hercules 75
  76. 76. Which of these cargo aircraft has undergone the most design modifications? A. C-2A Greyhound B. C-9 Skytrain C. C-12F Huron D. C-130 Hercules 76
  77. 77. Trainers The T-34C Turbomentor—two-seat turboprop trainer. Its mission is to provide primary flight training for Navy and Marine Corps student pilots. 77
  78. 78. The T-45A Goshawk— two-seat, carrier-capable, jet trainer aircraft used for intermediate and advanced pilot training. 78
  79. 79. The single-engine turbo prop T- 6A Texan II represents the next generation 79 of primary basic trainers.
  80. 80. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) The RQ-2A Pioneer—performs a wide variety of missions providing real-time reconnaissance, surveillance, target acquisition, and battle damage assessment. Provides real-time images 80 of a battlefield or target.
  81. 81. USS Debuque (LPD8) RQ-2A Pioneer Initially a land-based system, the Navy now uses it at sea as well. RQ-2A Pioneer • Speed 100 mph • Ceiling 15,000 feet • Range 115 miles 81
  82. 82. What two-seat aircraft provides primary flight training for Navy and Marine Corps student pilots? A. T-34C Turbomentor B. T-45A Goshawk C. T-38 Talon D. T-2B Buckeye 82
  83. 83. What two-seat aircraft provides primary flight training for Navy and Marine Corps student pilots? A. T-34C Turbomentor B. T-45A Goshawk C. T-38 Talon D. T-2B Buckeye 83
  84. 84. Rotary-Wing Aircraft Since World War II, the helicopter has become an important part of naval operations. Helicopters are used in transfer of supplies, undersea warfare (USW), mine warfare, search and 84 rescue operations, and special warfare.
  85. 85. Undersea Warfare The SH-60 Seahawk—twin-engine helicopter. Its primary mission is to detect and destroy enemy submarines. 85
  86. 86. The SH-60 Seahawk—also used for: • Search and Rescue • Advance Scouting • Special Operations • Cargo Lift • Drug Interdiction It is deployed aboard cruisers, 86 destroyers, frigates and carriers.
  87. 87. Mine Warfare The MH-53E Sea Dragon—operates from carriers and other warships. Its primary mission is airborne mine countermeasures, seeking out and destroying enemy minefields, 87 but it can also deliver troops and cargo.
  88. 88. Training The TH-57 Sea Ranger—primary training helicopter for students becoming naval aviators. Also used for some photo and utility missions. 88
  89. 89. What twin-engine helicopter is used to detect and destroy enemy submarines? A. SH-60 Seahawk B. MH-53E Sea Dragon C. TH-57 Sea Ranger D. V-22 Osprey 89
  90. 90. What twin-engine helicopter is used to detect and destroy enemy submarines? A. SH-60 Seahawk B. MH-53E Sea Dragon C. TH-57 Sea Ranger D. V-22 Osprey 90
  91. 91. VTOL The V-22 Osprey—helicopter that becomes a propeller airplane after takeoff. A tiltrotor aircraft with a 38 foot rotor system and engine/transmission nacelle on each wing tip. Operates as a helicopter for takeoff and landings. 91
  92. 92. VTOL Vertical takeoff and landing: refers to either the capability or the aircraft that has it 92
  93. 93. Rotor An assembly of rotating horizontal airfoils (wings), such as on a helicopter Nacelle A separate streamlined enclosure on an aircraft for sheltering the crew or cargo or housing an engine 93
  94. 94. Once airborne, nacelles rotate 90 degrees and the Osprey becomes a high-speed, fuel efficient turboprop. Wings rotate for storage. • Ceiling 25,000 feet 94 • Speed 272+ knots
  95. 95. First flight occurred in March 1989 as the world’s first production tiltrotor aircraft. Planned purchases were: Marine Corps—360 Navy—48 95 Air Force—50
  96. 96. The Osprey pushes the limits of VTOL, causing some to question its safety record. However, the Marine Corps is committed to the V-22 Osprey to provide its heavy lifting capability for years to come. 96
  97. 97. What word does the letter V stand for in VTOL? A. Vanguard B. Variable C. Vertical D. Velocity 97
  98. 98. What word does the letter V stand for in VTOL? A. Vanguard B. Variable C. Vertical D. Velocity 98
  99. 99. Conclusion Naval Aviation began with the first years of flight and the first carriers in the 1920’s. However, naval air power didn’t come into Its own until World War II. 99
  100. 100. The challenge is to integrate aircraft with the fleet. Today the Navy relies on nuclear carriers, jet aircraft, helicopters, and large long-range patrol planes. USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) 100
  101. 101. What 1942 World War II battle marked a turning point in naval aviation when aircraft launched from carriers met in battle for the first time? A. Battle of Wake Island B. Battle of Midway C. Battle of the Coral Sea D. Battle of Leyte Gulf 101
  102. 102. What 1942 World War II battle marked a turning point in naval aviation when aircraft launched from carriers met in battle for the first time? A. Battle of Wake Island B. Battle of Midway C. Battle of the Coral Sea D. Battle of Leyte Gulf 102
  103. 103. The 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor demonstrated the effectiveness of what history-making strategy? A. Long-range island-based air strikes B. Long-range carrier-based air strikes C. Use of a newly developed long- range bomber fleet D. Long-range bombardment by gas- turbine propulsion destroyer fleet 103
  104. 104. The 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor demonstrated the effectiveness of what history-making strategy? A. Long-range island-based air strikes B. Long-range carrier-based air strikes C. Use of a newly developed long- range bomber fleet D. Long-range bombardment by gas- turbine propulsion destroyer fleet 104
  105. 105. In 1954, what new type of catapult was able to propel planes from aircraft carrier decks to a speed of 150 miles per hour in two seconds? A. Steam B. Spring-operated C. Weight and derrick D. Gas turbine 105
  106. 106. In 1954, what new type of catapult was able to propel planes from aircraft carrier decks to a speed of 150 miles per hour in two seconds? A. Steam B. Spring-operated C. Weight and derrick D. Gas turbine 106
  107. 107. What capability did the angled flight deck give air craft carriers? A. Repairing and refueling aircraft more quickly B. Carrying twice as many aircraft C. Allowing higher degree of safety for crewmembers on deck D. Launching and recovering aircraft at the same time 107
  108. 108. What capability did the angled flight deck give air craft carriers? A. Repairing and refueling aircraft more quickly B. Carrying twice as many aircraft C. Allowing higher degree of safety for crewmembers on deck D. Launching and recovering aircraft at the same time 108
  109. 109. What decade began a new era in naval aviation with the introduction of nuclear power to aircraft carriers? A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s 109
  110. 110. What decade began a new era in naval aviation with the introduction of nuclear power to aircraft carriers? A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s 110
  111. 111. What was Eugene Ely’s major achievement? A. Designing the angled flight deck for aircraft carriers B. Developing the technology for VTOLs C. Being named captain of the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier D. Piloting the first successful takeoff from a ship 111
  112. 112. What was Eugene Ely’s major achievement? A. Designing the angled flight deck for aircraft carriers B. Developing the technology for VTOLs C. Being named captain of the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier D. Piloting the first successful takeoff from a ship 112
  113. 113. What was the name of the US Navy’s first aircraft carrier? A. USS Midway B. USS Langley C. USS Lexington D. USS Saratoga 113
  114. 114. What was the name of the US Navy’s first aircraft carrier? A. USS Midway B. USS Langley C. USS Lexington D. USS Saratoga 114
  115. 115. In what war was the versatility of helicopters first put to widespread use? A. World War I B. World War II C. Korean War D. Vietnam War 115
  116. 116. In what war was the versatility of helicopters first put to widespread use? A. World War I B. World War II C. Korean War D. Vietnam War 116
  117. 117. What is the mission of the T-45A Goshawk? A. Trainer B. Cargo/transport C. Tanker D. Antisubmarine 117
  118. 118. What is the mission of the T-45A Goshawk? A. Trainer B. Cargo/transport C. Tanker D. Antisubmarine 118
  119. 119. The designation of EA-6 indicates that the aircraft was modified for what new mission? A. Attack B. Search and rescue C. Special electronic installation D. Experimental 119
  120. 120. The designation of EA-6 indicates that the aircraft was modified for what new mission? A. Attack B. Search and rescue C. Special electronic installation D. Experimental 120
  121. 121. What does the letter C in the designation of E-2C indicate? A. It is the 3rd design of the aircraft B. Its mission was changed to Cargo/transport C. It is a modification of the original design. D. Its original mission was Cargo/transport. 121
  122. 122. What does the letter C in the designation of E-2C indicate? A. It is the 3rd design of the aircraft B. Its mission was changed to Cargo/transport C. It is a modification of the original design. D. Its original mission was Cargo/transport. 122
  123. 123. What is the name of the Navy’s carrier-based antisubmarine aircraft? A. EA-6B Prowler B. P-3C Orion C. S-3B Viking D. SH-60 Seahawk 123
  124. 124. What is the name of the Navy’s carrier-based antisubmarine aircraft? A. EA-6B Prowler B. P-3C Orion C. S-3B Viking D. SH-60 Seahawk 124
  125. 125. What term is used for close observation of the enemy? A. Reconnaissance B. Surveillance C. Engagement D. Interception 125
  126. 126. What term is used for close observation of the enemy? A. Reconnaissance B. Surveillance C. Engagement D. Interception 126
  127. 127. What aircraft served for 36 years (1970-2006) as the Navy’s primary air-to-air superiority platform? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. EA-6B Prowler D. F/A-18G Growler 127
  128. 128. What aircraft served for 36 years (1970-2006) as the Navy’s primary air-to-air superiority platform? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. EA-6B Prowler D. F/A-18G Growler 128
  129. 129. During Operation Desert Storm (1991) what aircraft took direct hits from missiles but was able to recover, undergo repairs, then fly missions again the next day? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. F/A-18G Growler D. EA-6B Prowler 129
  130. 130. During Operation Desert Storm (1991) what aircraft took direct hits from missiles but was able to recover, undergo repairs, then fly missions again the next day? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. F/A-18G Growler D. EA-6B Prowler 130
  131. 131. What term refers to the aspect of military operations that deals with acquiring, distributing, maintaining, and replacing materiel and personnel? A. Replenishment B. Surveillance C. Envelopment D. Logistics 131
  132. 132. What term refers to the aspect of military operations that deals with acquiring, distributing, maintaining, and replacing materiel and personnel? A. Replenishment B. Surveillance C. Envelopment D. Logistics 132
  133. 133. On what two-seat aircraft do Navy and Marine Corps student pilots receive their primary flight training? A. T-2B Buckeye B. T-34C Turbomentor C. T-38 Talon D. T-4A Goshawk 133
  134. 134. On what two-seat aircraft do Navy and Marine Corps student pilots receive their primary flight training? A. T-2B Buckeye B. T-34C Turbomentor C. T-38 Talon D. T-4A Goshawk 134
  135. 135. What aircraft is an unmanned aerial vehicle whose mission includes surveillance, target- acquisition, and battle-damage assessment? A. V-22 Osprey B. MH-53E Sea Dragon C. RQ-2A Pioneer D. P-8A MMA Poseidon 135
  136. 136. What aircraft is an unmanned aerial vehicle whose mission includes surveillance, target- acquisition, and battle-damage assessment? A. V-22 Osprey B. MH-53E Sea Dragon C. RQ-2A Pioneer D. P-8A MMA Poseidon 136
  137. 137. What aircraft is a helicopter that can turn into a propeller airplane after takeoff? A. SH-60 Seahawk B. V-22 Osprey C. TH-57 Sea Ranger D. RQ-2A Pioneer 137
  138. 138. What aircraft is a helicopter that can turn into a propeller airplane after takeoff? A. SH-60 Seahawk B. V-22 Osprey C. TH-57 Sea Ranger D. RQ-2A Pioneer 138
  139. 139. What is the primary capability of pontoon planes? A. Taking off from aircraft carriers B. Rising vertically using rotors C. Skimming the waves using pockets of air D. Taking off and landing from water 139
  140. 140. What is the primary capability of pontoon planes? A. Taking off from aircraft carriers B. Rising vertically using rotors C. Skimming the waves using pockets of air D. Taking off and landing from water 140
  141. 141. What general term is used for an armed naval vessel? A. Man of war B. Dirigible C. Corvette D. Nacelle 141
  142. 142. What general term is used for an armed naval vessel? A. Man of war B. Dirigible C. Corvette D. Nacelle 142
  143. 143. What aircraft does the Blue Angels Flight Demonstration Squadron fly? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. EA-6B Prowler D. F-5N/F Adversary 143
  144. 144. What aircraft does the Blue Angels Flight Demonstration Squadron fly? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. EA-6B Prowler D. F-5N/F Adversary 144
  145. 145. What aircraft serves as a strategic airborne command post and also relays communications to submarines? A. EA-6B Prowler B. C-9 Skytrain C. E-6B Mercury D. C-130 Hercules 145
  146. 146. What aircraft serves as a strategic airborne command post and also relays communications to submarines? A. EA-6B Prowler B. C-9 Skytrain C. E-6B Mercury D. C-130 Hercules 146
  147. 147. Following the first successful takeoffs and landings from a ship in the early 20th century, where did the Navy focus its efforts? A. Developing undersea vessels and strategies B. Experimenting with aircraft design C. Combining aircraft with the fleet D. Investigating Germany’s 147 classified naval technology
  148. 148. Following the first successful takeoffs and landings from a ship in the early 20th century, where did the Navy focus its efforts? A. Developing undersea vessels and strategies B. Experimenting with aircraft design C. Combining aircraft with the fleet D. Investigating Germany’s 148 classified naval technology
  149. 149. What was the first ship built as an angled-deck carrier? A. USS Antietam B. USS Langley C. USS Lexington D. USS Midway 149
  150. 150. What was the first ship built as an angled-deck carrier? A. USS Antietam B. USS Langley C. USS Lexington D. USS Midway 150
  151. 151. What was the original mission of the AV-8B Harrier aircraft? A. Antisubmarine B. Attack C. Bomber D. VTOL 151
  152. 152. What was the original mission of the AV-8B Harrier aircraft? A. Antisubmarine B. Attack C. Bomber D. VTOL 152
  153. 153. What term is used for a change or adjustment made to an aircraft or other vehicle? A. Adaptation B. Modification C. Qualification D. Reconstruction 153
  154. 154. What term is used for a change or adjustment made to an aircraft or other vehicle? A. Adaptation B. Modification C. Qualification D. Reconstruction 154
  155. 155. What was the original mission of the ES-3A Shadow aircraft? A. Antisubmarine B. Attack C. Search and rescue D. Special electronic installation 155
  156. 156. What was the original mission of the ES-3A Shadow aircraft? A. Antisubmarine B. Attack C. Search and rescue D. Special electronic installation 156
  157. 157. For training, maintenance, and administrative purposes, the Navy assigns aircraft of the same type into groups called what? A. Air wings B. Operational air groups C. Patrols D. Squadrons 157
  158. 158. For training, maintenance, and administrative purposes, the Navy assigns aircraft of the same type into groups called what? A. Air wings B. Operational air groups C. Patrols D. Squadrons 158
  159. 159. What is the Navy’s primary fighter aircraft? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. F-14 Tomcat C. E-2C Hawkeye D. S-3B Viking 159
  160. 160. What is the Navy’s primary fighter aircraft? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. F-14 Tomcat C. E-2C Hawkeye D. S-3B Viking 160
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