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4.2 Naval Aviation
 

4.2 Naval Aviation

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Bishop Kenny NJROTC Naval Science 1

Bishop Kenny NJROTC Naval Science 1

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    4.2 Naval Aviation 4.2 Naval Aviation Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 2 Naval Aviation 1
    • Background of Naval Aviation Eugene Ely 1910-first pilot to complete a takeoff from a ship. 2 1911-first pilot to land on a ship.
    • The Navy tried four distinct approaches to integrating aircraft with the fleet: aircraft carriers; flying boats; lighter-than-air craft; pontoon aircraft that operated from non- 3 carrier ships.
    • First era of naval aviation Small Carrier Pontoons/Men of war Dirigibles Flying Boats (similar to blimps) (anti-submarine patrol) 4
    • Pontoon A floating structure, such as the float on a seaplane Men of war A general term for an armed naval vessel 5
    • Second era of naval aviation Jet Aircraft Giant Carriers Helicopters Long-range Patrol Planes 6
    • USS Langley (CV 1) Commissioned on March 20, 1922, in Norfolk, Virginia, the first aircraft carrier was the USS Langley (CV 1), a converted collier (coal carrier) known as the USS Jupiter. It was followed in 1927 by converted battle cruisers USS Lexington (CV 2) and USS Saratoga (CV 3). 7
    • Who was the first pilot to complete a takeoff from a ship? A. Charles Lindbergh B. Chuck Yeager C. Eugene Ely D. Orville Wright 8
    • Who was the first pilot to complete a takeoff from a ship? A. Charles Lindbergh B. Chuck Yeager C. Eugene Ely D. Orville Wright 9
    • World War II—Air power came into its own Pearl Harbor—7 December 1941 Effective long-range carrier-based air strikes Coral Sea—May 1942 Battle of aircraft; fleets never see each other 10
    • Three important Improvements in carrier aviation after the war include: • Angled flight deck-1952 • Steam catapult-1954 • Nuclear power propulsion-1961 11
    • Angled flight deck-1952 Allows simultaneous launch and recovery operations USS Midway USS Antietam CVB 41 CVA 36 First angled-deck America’s first 12 mock up angled-deck carrier
    • Steam catapult-1954 USS Hancock CVA 19 Launches a 60,000 pound aircraft from 0-150 mph America’s first in 2 seconds catapult carrier 13
    • Nuclear power propulsion-1961 • Accommodate more planes and larger crews • Remain at sea longer • Steam at 30 knots for long periods USS Enterprise CVA(N) 65 America’s first 14 nuclear carrier
    • What 1942 battle was the first battle between aircraft launched from carriers? A. Battle of Midway B. Battle of the Coral Sea C. Battle of Wake Island D. Battle of Leyte Gulf 15
    • What 1942 battle was the first battle between aircraft launched from carriers? A. Battle of Midway B. Battle of the Coral Sea C. Battle of Wake Island D. Battle of Leyte Gulf 16
    • Aircraft Lighter-than-air craft were used for scouting missions. Today, the Navy uses helicopters to perform scouting, rescue, and patrol missions. 17
    • Modern naval aircraft are divided into two general categories: 18 Fixed-Wing Rotary-Wing
    • Fixed-Wing Aircraft Missions • Strikes against an enemy • Protects the fleet from enemy aircraft and surface ships • Performs undersea warfare, photography, and escort • Performs reconnaissance and early 19 warning
    • Rotary-Wing Aircraft Missions • Amphibious operations • Vertical replenishment Additional Missions • Search and rescue • Minesweeping • Undersea warfare Versatility realized Korean War • Special warfare 1950-1953 20
    • Aircraft Model Designations AV-8 All aircraft have tri- service designations. A given aircraft bears the same alphanumeric F/A-18F identification symbol regardless of whether the Navy, Army, or Air Force uses the craft. 21 B-2
    • Each basic designator consists of a letter and a number. The letter specifies the basic mission of the aircraft as follows: • A-Attack • O-Observation • B-Bomber • P-Patrol • C-Cargo/transport • R-Reconnaissance • E-Special electronic • S-Antisubmarine installation • T-Trainer • F-Fighter • U-Utility • H-Helicopter • V-VTOL or STOL • K-Tanker • X-Research 22
    • The number (which may consist of one, two, or three digits) indicates the design number of the type of aircraft. For example, the designator (F-14) shows an aircraft to be the fourteenth fighter design. 23
    • S-3B If a particular design is modified, another letter (A,B,C) follows the design number; this letter identifies the number of the modification. For example, the B in S-3B tells us that the original design of this 24 antisubmarine plane has been modified.
    • When the original mission of an aircraft changes, a mission-modification letter precedes the basic mission symbol. These are as follows: • A-Attack • M-Missile carrier • C-Cargo/transport • Q-Drone • D-Director (for Control • R-Reconnaissance of drones) • S-Antisubmarine • E-Special electronic • T-Trainer installation • U-Utility • H-Search and rescue • V-Staff • K-Tanker • W-Weather • L-Cold weather 25
    • Drone An unmanned aircraft or ship guided by remote control Modification An alteration or adjustment, as of an aircraft or other vehicle 26
    • A-6 EA-6B Some modification letters are the same as the basic mission letters. For example, when the Navy modifies the attack aircraft A-6 Intruder, to be an electronic-warfare aircraft, it becomes an EA-6. 27
    • Other letters may appear before a basic mission symbol or mission-modification letter. They are ―special-use‖ symbols that indicate the special status of an aircraft. Currently, six special-use symbols are: • G-Permanently grounded (ground training) • J-Special test, temporary • N-Special test, permanent • X-Experimental stage of development • Y-Prototype (for design testing) • Z-Early stages of planning or development 28
    • Besides being used during the Korean War in amphibious operations in support of the Marines, _______ also delivered supplies, equipment, and personnel to ships at sea. A. pontoon planes B. dirigibles C. drones D. helicopters 29
    • Besides being used during the Korean War in amphibious operations in support of the Marines, _______ also delivered supplies, equipment, and personnel to ships at sea. A. pontoon planes B. dirigibles C. drones D. helicopters 30
    • In the aircraft designation S-3B, what does the letter B indicate? A. The antisubmarine plane is a modification of its original design. B. The antisubmarine plane has been modified for use as an attack plane. C. The attack plane has been modified for use as an antisubmarine plane. D. The attack plane is a modification of its original design. 31
    • In the aircraft designation S-3B, what does the letter B indicate? A. The antisubmarine plane is a modification of its original design. B. The antisubmarine plane has been modified for use as an attack plane. C. The attack plane has been modified for use as an antisubmarine plane. D. The attack plane is a modification of its original design. 32
    • Naval Aircraft and Missions Navy aircraft of the same type are organized into squadrons for the purpose of training, maintenance, and administration. 33
    • Aircraft of various squadrons combine and deploy as operational air groups aboard ships. The battle group’s mission determines the number and types of squadrons. 34
    • Designation Squadron Type Aircraft VFA Fighter Attack F/A-18 Hornet VS Sea Control S-3B Viking VAQ Electronic Warfare EA-6B Prowler VAW Carrier Airborne E-2C Hawkeye Early Warning VP Maritime Patrol P-3C Orion 35
    • Designation Squadron Type Aircraft VQ Fleet Air E-6B Mercury Reconnaissance EP-3E Aries II VRC Fleet Logistics C-2A Greyhound Support HS Helicopter SH-60F/HH-60H Anti-submarine Seahawk HSL Helicopter SH-60B Seahawk Anti-submarine Light HC Helicopter Support MH-60 Knighthawk MH-53 Sea Dragon 36
    • Fighter/Attack Aircraft The single-seat F/A-18 Hornet is the nation’s primary carrier-launched strike fighter. It has the ability to drop bombs, 37 but is also designed as a fighter plane.
    • F/A-18 Hornet F-14 Tomcat The F/A-18 Hornet replaced the F-14 Tomcat, which was the Navy’s primary air-to-air superiority fighter for 36 38 years.
    • The F/A-18 Hornet • 37 tactical squadrons • 10 aircraft carriers 39 • Blue Angles
    • The Super Hornet—greater variety of missions: Air superiority Fighter escort Reconnaissance Close air support Air defense suppression Precision strikes Longer range, tougher plane than F-14, 40% less operating costs, 75% less labor/flight hour. 40
    • The F/A-18 Hornet proved itself in Desert Storm, taking hits, recovering, undergoing repairs, and flying the next day. 41
    • The E/F Super Hornet models of the F-18s joined the fleet in 1995. The E is a single seater, the F a two-seater. They are capable of speeds over Mach 1.8, flying at altitudes up to 50,000 feet and operating at a range of over 1,300 miles. 42
    • The F/A-18G Growler, with the world’s most advanced electronic surveillance and jamming, will replace the EA-6B 43 43 Prowler by 2010.
    • The Navy groups aircraft of the same type into _______ for training, maintenance, and administration. A. patrols B. air wings C. squadrons D. operational air groups 44
    • The Navy groups aircraft of the same type into _______ for training, maintenance, and administration. A. patrols B. air wings C. squadrons D. operational air groups 45
    • True or False: The new Super Hornet has a longer range than earlier models and is even tougher than the Tomcat, but it costs 40% more to operate than the F-14. 46
    • True or False: The new Super Hornet has a longer range than earlier models and is even tougher than the Tomcat, but it costs 40% more to operate than the F-14. False 47
    • Electronic Warfare The EA-6B Prowler—twin-engine, mid- wing aircraft designed for carrier and advanced base operations; provides an umbrella of protection for strike aircraft by jamming enemy radar, electronic data 48 links, and communications.
    • The EA-6B Prowler: • Speed 500+ knots • Ceiling 37,600 feet •49Range 1,150 miles
    • Unlike most carrier-launched Navy jets, the EA-6B is a four seat aircraft. It carries one pilot and three electronic-warfare officers. Commissioned in 1977, it is soon 50 to be replaced by the F/A-18 Growler.
    • Airborne Early Warning The E-2C Hawkeye—all-weather, carrier- based tactical warning and control system aircraft; provides airborne early warning, and command and control functions for the battle group. 51
    • E2-C Hawkeye Additional Missions • Surveillance coordination • Strike-and-interceptor control • Search-and-rescue guidance 52 • Relaying communication
    • Surveillance Close observation of the enemy 53
    • New version of the E-2C Hawkeye, Hawkeye 2000–new mission computer, improved radar displays, and Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC). Flies ahead of the battle group collecting streams of data to provide commanders the big picture of battle on land or sea. 54
    • The E-2C Hawkeye carries a crew of five, two pilots and three mission system operators. It can exceed 300 knots and has a range of 1,500 miles. 55
    • E-6B Mercury—the Navy's strategic airborne command post. It serves as a communication relay for fleet ballistic missile submarines and can launch 56 land-based ICBMs.
    • The E-6B Mercury: • Ceiling 40,000 feet • Range 7,500 miles 57 • Speed 600 mph
    • What 4-seat aircraft protects strike aircraft by jamming enemy radar and communications in a combat zone, but is now nearing the end of its life expectancy? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. EA-6B Prowler C. F-14 Tomcat D. F/A-18G Growler 58
    • What 4-seat aircraft protects strike aircraft by jamming enemy radar and communications in a combat zone, but is now nearing the end of its life expectancy? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. EA-6B Prowler C. F-14 Tomcat D. F/A-18G Growler 59
    • What all-weather tactical-warning and control-system aircraft flies in front of the battle group and provides early warning and command-and-control functions? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. E-6B Mercury C. EA-6B Prowler D. E-2C Hawkeye 60
    • What all-weather tactical-warning and control-system aircraft flies in front of the battle group and provides early warning and command-and-control functions? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. E-6B Mercury C. EA-6B Prowler D. E-2C Hawkeye 61
    • Undersea Warfare The P-3C Orion–Navy’s only land-based 62 anti-submarine warfare aircraft.
    • First delivery—July 1962 Designation changes—P3V to P-3 Models—P-3A, P-3B, P-3C 63 Navy upgraded multiple systems
    • The P-3C is being phased out (down from 227 to 130 aircraft) and will be replaced by the P-8 Multi-mission Maritime Aircraft (MMA) Poseidon 64 beginning in 2013.
    • S-3B Viking • Carrier based twin engine jet • Missions: detect/destroy submarines; drop mines, surveillance, refueling 65
    • S-3B Viking • Speed 500 mph • Ceiling 40,000 feet • Range 2,000 miles 66
    • True or False: Despite the P-3C Orion’s numerous changes and upgrades since it was first delivered in 1962, the Navy plans to increase its numbers after major airframe refurbishing. 67
    • True or False: Despite the P-3C Orion’s numerous changes and upgrades since it was first delivered in 1962, the Navy plans to increase its numbers after major airframe refurbishing. False 68
    • Logistics Aircraft The C-2A Greyhound—twin-engine cargo/passenger aircraft. Its primary mission is carrier on-board delivery 69 (C.O.D.).
    • Logistics The aspect of military or naval operations that deals with the procurement, distribution, maintenance, and replacement of material and personnel 70
    • The C-2A Greyhound delivers up to 10,000 pounds of cargo, passengers, or both. It is undergoing extensive overhauling to extend service life and upgrade systems including midair collision avoidance and ground (terrain) proximity warning. 71
    • The C-9 Skytrain (DC-9)—used primarily for fleet logistic support. 72
    • The C-12F Huron—twin-engine turboprop aircraft used to transport equipment and 73 passengers between naval air stations.
    • The C-130 Hercules—four-engine turboprop aircraft capable of takeoffs and landings from short runways while hauling cargo and/or personnel. 74
    • Which of these cargo aircraft has undergone the most design modifications? A. C-2A Greyhound B. C-9 Skytrain C. C-12F Huron D. C-130 Hercules 75
    • Which of these cargo aircraft has undergone the most design modifications? A. C-2A Greyhound B. C-9 Skytrain C. C-12F Huron D. C-130 Hercules 76
    • Trainers The T-34C Turbomentor—two-seat turboprop trainer. Its mission is to provide primary flight training for Navy and Marine Corps student pilots. 77
    • The T-45A Goshawk— two-seat, carrier-capable, jet trainer aircraft used for intermediate and advanced pilot training. 78
    • The single-engine turbo prop T- 6A Texan II represents the next generation 79 of primary basic trainers.
    • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) The RQ-2A Pioneer—performs a wide variety of missions providing real-time reconnaissance, surveillance, target acquisition, and battle damage assessment. Provides real-time images 80 of a battlefield or target.
    • USS Debuque (LPD8) RQ-2A Pioneer Initially a land-based system, the Navy now uses it at sea as well. RQ-2A Pioneer • Speed 100 mph • Ceiling 15,000 feet • Range 115 miles 81
    • What two-seat aircraft provides primary flight training for Navy and Marine Corps student pilots? A. T-34C Turbomentor B. T-45A Goshawk C. T-38 Talon D. T-2B Buckeye 82
    • What two-seat aircraft provides primary flight training for Navy and Marine Corps student pilots? A. T-34C Turbomentor B. T-45A Goshawk C. T-38 Talon D. T-2B Buckeye 83
    • Rotary-Wing Aircraft Since World War II, the helicopter has become an important part of naval operations. Helicopters are used in transfer of supplies, undersea warfare (USW), mine warfare, search and 84 rescue operations, and special warfare.
    • Undersea Warfare The SH-60 Seahawk—twin-engine helicopter. Its primary mission is to detect and destroy enemy submarines. 85
    • The SH-60 Seahawk—also used for: • Search and Rescue • Advance Scouting • Special Operations • Cargo Lift • Drug Interdiction It is deployed aboard cruisers, 86 destroyers, frigates and carriers.
    • Mine Warfare The MH-53E Sea Dragon—operates from carriers and other warships. Its primary mission is airborne mine countermeasures, seeking out and destroying enemy minefields, 87 but it can also deliver troops and cargo.
    • Training The TH-57 Sea Ranger—primary training helicopter for students becoming naval aviators. Also used for some photo and utility missions. 88
    • What twin-engine helicopter is used to detect and destroy enemy submarines? A. SH-60 Seahawk B. MH-53E Sea Dragon C. TH-57 Sea Ranger D. V-22 Osprey 89
    • What twin-engine helicopter is used to detect and destroy enemy submarines? A. SH-60 Seahawk B. MH-53E Sea Dragon C. TH-57 Sea Ranger D. V-22 Osprey 90
    • VTOL The V-22 Osprey—helicopter that becomes a propeller airplane after takeoff. A tiltrotor aircraft with a 38 foot rotor system and engine/transmission nacelle on each wing tip. Operates as a helicopter for takeoff and landings. 91
    • VTOL Vertical takeoff and landing: refers to either the capability or the aircraft that has it 92
    • Rotor An assembly of rotating horizontal airfoils (wings), such as on a helicopter Nacelle A separate streamlined enclosure on an aircraft for sheltering the crew or cargo or housing an engine 93
    • Once airborne, nacelles rotate 90 degrees and the Osprey becomes a high-speed, fuel efficient turboprop. Wings rotate for storage. • Ceiling 25,000 feet 94 • Speed 272+ knots
    • First flight occurred in March 1989 as the world’s first production tiltrotor aircraft. Planned purchases were: Marine Corps—360 Navy—48 95 Air Force—50
    • The Osprey pushes the limits of VTOL, causing some to question its safety record. However, the Marine Corps is committed to the V-22 Osprey to provide its heavy lifting capability for years to come. 96
    • What word does the letter V stand for in VTOL? A. Vanguard B. Variable C. Vertical D. Velocity 97
    • What word does the letter V stand for in VTOL? A. Vanguard B. Variable C. Vertical D. Velocity 98
    • Conclusion Naval Aviation began with the first years of flight and the first carriers in the 1920’s. However, naval air power didn’t come into Its own until World War II. 99
    • The challenge is to integrate aircraft with the fleet. Today the Navy relies on nuclear carriers, jet aircraft, helicopters, and large long-range patrol planes. USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) 100
    • What 1942 World War II battle marked a turning point in naval aviation when aircraft launched from carriers met in battle for the first time? A. Battle of Wake Island B. Battle of Midway C. Battle of the Coral Sea D. Battle of Leyte Gulf 101
    • What 1942 World War II battle marked a turning point in naval aviation when aircraft launched from carriers met in battle for the first time? A. Battle of Wake Island B. Battle of Midway C. Battle of the Coral Sea D. Battle of Leyte Gulf 102
    • The 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor demonstrated the effectiveness of what history-making strategy? A. Long-range island-based air strikes B. Long-range carrier-based air strikes C. Use of a newly developed long- range bomber fleet D. Long-range bombardment by gas- turbine propulsion destroyer fleet 103
    • The 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor demonstrated the effectiveness of what history-making strategy? A. Long-range island-based air strikes B. Long-range carrier-based air strikes C. Use of a newly developed long- range bomber fleet D. Long-range bombardment by gas- turbine propulsion destroyer fleet 104
    • In 1954, what new type of catapult was able to propel planes from aircraft carrier decks to a speed of 150 miles per hour in two seconds? A. Steam B. Spring-operated C. Weight and derrick D. Gas turbine 105
    • In 1954, what new type of catapult was able to propel planes from aircraft carrier decks to a speed of 150 miles per hour in two seconds? A. Steam B. Spring-operated C. Weight and derrick D. Gas turbine 106
    • What capability did the angled flight deck give air craft carriers? A. Repairing and refueling aircraft more quickly B. Carrying twice as many aircraft C. Allowing higher degree of safety for crewmembers on deck D. Launching and recovering aircraft at the same time 107
    • What capability did the angled flight deck give air craft carriers? A. Repairing and refueling aircraft more quickly B. Carrying twice as many aircraft C. Allowing higher degree of safety for crewmembers on deck D. Launching and recovering aircraft at the same time 108
    • What decade began a new era in naval aviation with the introduction of nuclear power to aircraft carriers? A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s 109
    • What decade began a new era in naval aviation with the introduction of nuclear power to aircraft carriers? A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s 110
    • What was Eugene Ely’s major achievement? A. Designing the angled flight deck for aircraft carriers B. Developing the technology for VTOLs C. Being named captain of the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier D. Piloting the first successful takeoff from a ship 111
    • What was Eugene Ely’s major achievement? A. Designing the angled flight deck for aircraft carriers B. Developing the technology for VTOLs C. Being named captain of the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier D. Piloting the first successful takeoff from a ship 112
    • What was the name of the US Navy’s first aircraft carrier? A. USS Midway B. USS Langley C. USS Lexington D. USS Saratoga 113
    • What was the name of the US Navy’s first aircraft carrier? A. USS Midway B. USS Langley C. USS Lexington D. USS Saratoga 114
    • In what war was the versatility of helicopters first put to widespread use? A. World War I B. World War II C. Korean War D. Vietnam War 115
    • In what war was the versatility of helicopters first put to widespread use? A. World War I B. World War II C. Korean War D. Vietnam War 116
    • What is the mission of the T-45A Goshawk? A. Trainer B. Cargo/transport C. Tanker D. Antisubmarine 117
    • What is the mission of the T-45A Goshawk? A. Trainer B. Cargo/transport C. Tanker D. Antisubmarine 118
    • The designation of EA-6 indicates that the aircraft was modified for what new mission? A. Attack B. Search and rescue C. Special electronic installation D. Experimental 119
    • The designation of EA-6 indicates that the aircraft was modified for what new mission? A. Attack B. Search and rescue C. Special electronic installation D. Experimental 120
    • What does the letter C in the designation of E-2C indicate? A. It is the 3rd design of the aircraft B. Its mission was changed to Cargo/transport C. It is a modification of the original design. D. Its original mission was Cargo/transport. 121
    • What does the letter C in the designation of E-2C indicate? A. It is the 3rd design of the aircraft B. Its mission was changed to Cargo/transport C. It is a modification of the original design. D. Its original mission was Cargo/transport. 122
    • What is the name of the Navy’s carrier-based antisubmarine aircraft? A. EA-6B Prowler B. P-3C Orion C. S-3B Viking D. SH-60 Seahawk 123
    • What is the name of the Navy’s carrier-based antisubmarine aircraft? A. EA-6B Prowler B. P-3C Orion C. S-3B Viking D. SH-60 Seahawk 124
    • What term is used for close observation of the enemy? A. Reconnaissance B. Surveillance C. Engagement D. Interception 125
    • What term is used for close observation of the enemy? A. Reconnaissance B. Surveillance C. Engagement D. Interception 126
    • What aircraft served for 36 years (1970-2006) as the Navy’s primary air-to-air superiority platform? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. EA-6B Prowler D. F/A-18G Growler 127
    • What aircraft served for 36 years (1970-2006) as the Navy’s primary air-to-air superiority platform? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. EA-6B Prowler D. F/A-18G Growler 128
    • During Operation Desert Storm (1991) what aircraft took direct hits from missiles but was able to recover, undergo repairs, then fly missions again the next day? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. F/A-18G Growler D. EA-6B Prowler 129
    • During Operation Desert Storm (1991) what aircraft took direct hits from missiles but was able to recover, undergo repairs, then fly missions again the next day? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. F/A-18G Growler D. EA-6B Prowler 130
    • What term refers to the aspect of military operations that deals with acquiring, distributing, maintaining, and replacing materiel and personnel? A. Replenishment B. Surveillance C. Envelopment D. Logistics 131
    • What term refers to the aspect of military operations that deals with acquiring, distributing, maintaining, and replacing materiel and personnel? A. Replenishment B. Surveillance C. Envelopment D. Logistics 132
    • On what two-seat aircraft do Navy and Marine Corps student pilots receive their primary flight training? A. T-2B Buckeye B. T-34C Turbomentor C. T-38 Talon D. T-4A Goshawk 133
    • On what two-seat aircraft do Navy and Marine Corps student pilots receive their primary flight training? A. T-2B Buckeye B. T-34C Turbomentor C. T-38 Talon D. T-4A Goshawk 134
    • What aircraft is an unmanned aerial vehicle whose mission includes surveillance, target- acquisition, and battle-damage assessment? A. V-22 Osprey B. MH-53E Sea Dragon C. RQ-2A Pioneer D. P-8A MMA Poseidon 135
    • What aircraft is an unmanned aerial vehicle whose mission includes surveillance, target- acquisition, and battle-damage assessment? A. V-22 Osprey B. MH-53E Sea Dragon C. RQ-2A Pioneer D. P-8A MMA Poseidon 136
    • What aircraft is a helicopter that can turn into a propeller airplane after takeoff? A. SH-60 Seahawk B. V-22 Osprey C. TH-57 Sea Ranger D. RQ-2A Pioneer 137
    • What aircraft is a helicopter that can turn into a propeller airplane after takeoff? A. SH-60 Seahawk B. V-22 Osprey C. TH-57 Sea Ranger D. RQ-2A Pioneer 138
    • What is the primary capability of pontoon planes? A. Taking off from aircraft carriers B. Rising vertically using rotors C. Skimming the waves using pockets of air D. Taking off and landing from water 139
    • What is the primary capability of pontoon planes? A. Taking off from aircraft carriers B. Rising vertically using rotors C. Skimming the waves using pockets of air D. Taking off and landing from water 140
    • What general term is used for an armed naval vessel? A. Man of war B. Dirigible C. Corvette D. Nacelle 141
    • What general term is used for an armed naval vessel? A. Man of war B. Dirigible C. Corvette D. Nacelle 142
    • What aircraft does the Blue Angels Flight Demonstration Squadron fly? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. EA-6B Prowler D. F-5N/F Adversary 143
    • What aircraft does the Blue Angels Flight Demonstration Squadron fly? A. F-14 Tomcat B. F/A-18 Hornet C. EA-6B Prowler D. F-5N/F Adversary 144
    • What aircraft serves as a strategic airborne command post and also relays communications to submarines? A. EA-6B Prowler B. C-9 Skytrain C. E-6B Mercury D. C-130 Hercules 145
    • What aircraft serves as a strategic airborne command post and also relays communications to submarines? A. EA-6B Prowler B. C-9 Skytrain C. E-6B Mercury D. C-130 Hercules 146
    • Following the first successful takeoffs and landings from a ship in the early 20th century, where did the Navy focus its efforts? A. Developing undersea vessels and strategies B. Experimenting with aircraft design C. Combining aircraft with the fleet D. Investigating Germany’s 147 classified naval technology
    • Following the first successful takeoffs and landings from a ship in the early 20th century, where did the Navy focus its efforts? A. Developing undersea vessels and strategies B. Experimenting with aircraft design C. Combining aircraft with the fleet D. Investigating Germany’s 148 classified naval technology
    • What was the first ship built as an angled-deck carrier? A. USS Antietam B. USS Langley C. USS Lexington D. USS Midway 149
    • What was the first ship built as an angled-deck carrier? A. USS Antietam B. USS Langley C. USS Lexington D. USS Midway 150
    • What was the original mission of the AV-8B Harrier aircraft? A. Antisubmarine B. Attack C. Bomber D. VTOL 151
    • What was the original mission of the AV-8B Harrier aircraft? A. Antisubmarine B. Attack C. Bomber D. VTOL 152
    • What term is used for a change or adjustment made to an aircraft or other vehicle? A. Adaptation B. Modification C. Qualification D. Reconstruction 153
    • What term is used for a change or adjustment made to an aircraft or other vehicle? A. Adaptation B. Modification C. Qualification D. Reconstruction 154
    • What was the original mission of the ES-3A Shadow aircraft? A. Antisubmarine B. Attack C. Search and rescue D. Special electronic installation 155
    • What was the original mission of the ES-3A Shadow aircraft? A. Antisubmarine B. Attack C. Search and rescue D. Special electronic installation 156
    • For training, maintenance, and administrative purposes, the Navy assigns aircraft of the same type into groups called what? A. Air wings B. Operational air groups C. Patrols D. Squadrons 157
    • For training, maintenance, and administrative purposes, the Navy assigns aircraft of the same type into groups called what? A. Air wings B. Operational air groups C. Patrols D. Squadrons 158
    • What is the Navy’s primary fighter aircraft? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. F-14 Tomcat C. E-2C Hawkeye D. S-3B Viking 159
    • What is the Navy’s primary fighter aircraft? A. F/A-18 Hornet B. F-14 Tomcat C. E-2C Hawkeye D. S-3B Viking 160