CHAPTER 1
    Navy Ships




1
The Mission of Navy Ships




    The purpose of Navy ships is to carry
    out the military strategy of the
2
    United ...
Strategy
    A country’s top-level political
    and military plan




3
National Military Strategy of the
    United States includes three concepts:



    • Peacetime Engagement

    • Deterren...
Peacetime
      Engagement

    We deploy our
    forces overseas
    and around the
    world in peacetime
    to promote...
Stability
    Steadiness or order in the
    international or political realm




6
The presence of American ships encourages
free trade and peaceful connections among
nations by ensuring the security of th...
Deterrence is placing combat power
where it cannot be ignored so a
potential enemy is less likely to
become hostile for fe...
Deterrence
    Prevention of war by instilling
    fear in political enemies




9
Trivia:
     “Si vis pacem, para bellum.”—
     a Latin adage used by the
     Romans meaning, “If you seek
     peace, pr...
FIGHT and WIN



     “Fight and Win” underlies all military
     force efforts to be combat ready at all
     times by ma...
Which of these concepts is NOT one
 of the three elements of US national
 military strategy?

 A. Peacetime engagement
 B....
Which of these concepts is NOT one
 of the three elements of US national
 military strategy?

 A. Peacetime engagement
 B....
What element of national military
 strategy is carried out when US forces
 maintain a permanent state of
 readiness for an...
What element of national military
 strategy is carried out when US forces
 maintain a permanent state of
 readiness for an...
The Navy’s Mission




     To maintain, train, and equip combat-ready
     naval forces capable of winning wars,
     det...
Projection of
     Strategic Deterrence   Power Ashore




17       Sea Control        Naval Presence
Strategic
     Referring to a country’s long-
     range weapons or plans—the
     big picture




18
Strategic Deterrence




     The object is to convince an enemy
19   that an attack has unacceptable risk.
The Navy's strategic missile submarine
force is the best example of this deterrence.

Nuclear powered          Covert for ...
What element of national military
 strategy is carried out when US
 forces place combat power where it
 cannot be ignored,...
What element of national military
 strategy is carried out when US
 forces place combat power where it
 cannot be ignored,...
Sea Control




     • Control use of the seas for the
       United States and our allies.

     • Deny use of the seas t...
Operation anaconda during the Civil
War was a good example of sea
control:




     The Union blockaded Southern ports
   ...
Projection of Power Ashore




     The ability to deploy Naval Forces
     to carry the fight to a potential enemy




 T...
Tactical
     Referring to short-range
     weapons or to assets used in
     support of ground forces




26
Trivia:
Since the signing of the Declaration of
Independence, the United States has
only had an enemy force land on its
so...
Naval Presence
The Navy's ability to show the flag around
the world on the open seas as a show of
force, ranging from sile...
Humanitarian
     Referring to help , such as
     assistance to disaster victims,
     given individuals in need
     wit...
What term is used for using the seas
 to take the fight into the borders of a
 potential enemy, thus keeping the
 enemy aw...
What term is used for using the seas
 to take the fight into the borders of a
 potential enemy, thus keeping the
 enemy aw...
Ship Terminology




     The Navy has a lot of specialized
32   lingo, for military and nautical terms.
Civilian Language vs. Navy Language

      Upstairs        Topside
     Downstairs        Below
        Floor           De...
Directions on board a ship


     BOW
                                  AFT


                              STERN
     FOR...
If you are on the stern of a ship and
     want to go towards the bow, then you
     would be going forward.
35
If you are on the bow of a ship and
     want to go towards the stern, then
     you would be going aft.
36
Gun Mount



           Forward

        Anchor

          The ANCHOR on a ship is
          forward of the GUN MOUNT.
37
Fantail
                 Flight Deck




     The FANTAIL on a ship, is
     abaft of the FLIGHT DECK.
38
Overhead Carrier Drawing

 The yellow line represents
 the CENTERLINE.
 From aft to forward (stern
 to bow), Starboard is
...
If you go from
     the PORT side
     or STARBOARD
     side to the
     CENTERLINE,
     you are going
     INBOARD.


40
If you go from the
     CENTERLINE to the
     STARBOARD side or
     PORT side, you
     are going OUTBOARD.



41
The section around the
     midpoint area is called
     amidships.

     The extreme width of a
     ship, usually the
  ...
What phrase means to move toward
 the stern?

 A. Go forward
 B. Go aft
 C. Go abaft
 D. Go outboard




43
What phrase means to move toward
 the stern?

 A. Go forward
 B. Go aft
 C. Go abaft
 D. Go outboard




44
In ship terminology, what is a
 bulkhead?

 A. Floor
 B. Hallway
 C. Ceiling
 D. Wall




45
In ship terminology, what is a
 bulkhead?

 A. Floor
 B. Hallway
 C. Ceiling
 D. Wall




46
The crew of a ship lives IN or ON BOARD
 the ship.
 Objects, stores, and equipment are
 ABOARD a ship.
 You BOARD a ship o...
An object hanging against the side,
 bow, or stern is over the side, bow,
 or stern.
   In this picture the fishing nets a...
Ship A is off the starboard
 quarter of Ship B.

               Ship A




      Ship B




49
The USS Benefold is ahead of the
     USS Shoup and astern of the USS Shiloh




     USS Shoup DDG 86
          USS Benef...
The cook is in the
     GALLEY, not the
     kitchen.




51
Supplies and equipment are taken
 _______ a ship.

 A. aboard
 B. inboard
 C. on board
 D. on




52
Supplies and equipment are taken
 _______ a ship.

 A. aboard
 B. inboard
 C. on board
 D. on




53
Structural Terms




54
55   Backbone of a ship
Compartment




56   Supporting body of a ship
Vertical walls called bulkheads divide the
 interior of a ship’s hull into compartments
 for machinery, berthing, mess or ...
58
Hull




59   Ribs of a ship
60
BULKHEAD



     WATERTIGHT
     COMPARTMENT



61
Large ships have longitudinal side
     bulkheads to protect the
     innermost or holding bulkhead.




62
The outer tanks are usually filled
 with oil or water. The inner tanks,
 called voids, are empty.
        Outer tanks

   ...
If a torpedo were to hit the ship, the outer
     tanks, even though ruptured, would absorb
     enough of the explosion t...
WATERLINE
65
DRAFT

     The red area on the model
     represents the ship's draft, the
     vertical distance from the bottom
     of...
The freeboard is
             the distance from
             the waterline to
             the main deck.




 FREEBOARD
67
The backbone of the ship is the
 _______.

 A. bow
 B. hull
 C. beam
 D. keel




68
The backbone of the ship is the
 _______.

 A. bow
 B. hull
 C. beam
 D. keel




69
In the Navy, what direction means
 across the ship?

 A. Abaft
 B. Athwartships
 C. Fore
 D. Aft




70
In the Navy, what direction means
 across the ship?

 A. Abaft
 B. Athwartships
 C. Fore
 D. Aft




71
DECKS

                                     DECKS




     The floors of a ship are called decks.
     They divide the shi...
Berthing
       Compartment            Mess Deck
     Generally speaking, you do not use the
     word room (with some exc...
WEATHER DECK




     A deck or part of a deck exposed to the
74   weather is called a WEATHER DECK.
A deck that extends from side
to side and bow to
stern is the complete
                       FLIGHT DECK
deck.




     O...
For all ships except an aircraft carrier,
     the uppermost complete deck is the
     main deck.


                      ...
On an aircraft carrier, the hangar deck
     is the main deck. The hangar deck is
     where aircraft are stowed and servi...
A deck exposed to the elements, such
 as rain and wind, is called the
 _______.

 A. weather deck
 B. forecastle
 C. main ...
A deck exposed to the elements, such
 as rain and wind, is called the
 _______.

 A. weather deck
 B. forecastle
 C. main ...
Ladders lead from one deck level to
     another; they may or may not be
80   covered by hatches.
FOCSLE



Forecastle (focsle) (pronounced
folk'sel)—on most ships, the forward
portion of the weather deck

Poop Deck—a pa...
Quarterdeck (not an actual deck)—an area
the Commanding Officer designates for
conducting official functions while in port...
Door and Hatches




   Access through bulkheads is provided
83
   by doors and through decks by hatches.
DOGS




     All doors leading to weather decks are of
     the watertight variety. The doors are held
     closed by fit...
Which of these objects give access
 through decks?

 A. doors
 B. dogs
 C. hatches
 D. voids




85
Which of these objects give access
 through decks?

 A. doors
 B. dogs
 C. hatches
 D. voids




86
Ship Size
The size of a ship is given in terms of its
displacement in tons.
The Navy uses full-load displacement, the
cond...
Displacement
     The weight of the volume of
     water that a ship displaces
     when afloat; in other words,
     the ...
Ship
                            Identification

                            USS Nimitz
                            (CVN 6...
USS Wright (CVL 49)        A ship's hull
(Aircraft Carrier Light)   number never
                           changes unless...
Armament and Armor



     Gun Mount                   Missile
                                Launcher




     Armament ...
Armor means
protective armor.




92
                    Steel Plating
SHIP SPEED
                                   Given in knots
                                   (nautical miles
          ...
What term refers to the offensive
 weapons on a ship, such as guns and
 rockets?

 A. Armaments
 B. Armor
 C. Combatants
 ...
What term refers to the offensive
 weapons on a ship, such as guns and
 rockets?

 A. Armaments
 B. Armor
 C. Combatants
 ...
Types Of Navy Ships

     The Navy divides ships into two
     categories:
     • Combatant Ships    • Auxiliary Ships



...
The Navy further classifies combatant
 ships as warships or other combatants.

     Warships include aircraft carriers,
  ...
Types Of Warships
             Aircraft Carriers
                 Two types:
        CVNs                     CVs




    ...
A carrier can launch attack planes, recover
them and retire before an enemy spots it.
Carriers are at the center of carrie...
USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75)




              Nimitz-class CVNs
    Length: 1,090 + feet
    Displacement: 97,000 tons
  ...
Nimitz-class CVNs




  They carry various defensive systems in
  addition to their aircraft such as the 20mm
  Phalanx Cl...
—Angled flight
                     deck to launch
                     and recover
                     simultaneously


...
The modern carrier can carry out
sustained operations with:

• series of repair shops
• parts and munitions compartments
•...
"Where are the carriers?"




      Carriers support and operate aircraft
      that can carry out attacks on air,
      s...
Carriers can also engage in sustained
      operations in support of other forces,
      such as search-and rescue, amphib...
Aircraft carriers are deployed worldwide in
support of U.S. interests and commitments.
They are symbols of U.S. Naval supr...
True or False: The two types of Navy
  ships are combatant and auxiliary.




107
True or False: The two types of Navy
  ships are combatant and auxiliary.

  True




108
What designation is used for a
  nuclear-powered aircraft carrier?

  A. CG
  B. CV
  C. CVN
  D. DDG




109
What designation is used for a
  nuclear-powered aircraft carrier?

  A. CG
  B. CV
  C. CVN
  D. DDG




110
Cruisers
      Cruisers (CGs)
      are the modern
      Navy’s primary
      surface warfare
      platform. They
      c...
Ticonderoga (CG 47) Class



                               USS Philippine Sea
                                    (CG 58)...
Ticonderoga (CG 47) Class



                            USS Philippine Sea
                                 (CG 58)




L...
Using the Aegis system, Ticonderoga
(CG 47) class cruisers can accurately
deliver a payload on target from 200 miles
away....
Modern U.S. Navy
      guided-missile cruisers
      perform primarily in a
115
      battle force role.
Cruisers are multi-mission surface
combatants capable of:



                                 USS Port Royal
             ...
A Ticonderoga-class ship is a/an
  _______.

  A. cruiser
  B. aircraft carrier
  C. destroyer
  D. frigate




117
A Ticonderoga-class ship is a/an
  _______.

  A. cruiser
  B. aircraft carrier
  C. destroyer
  D. frigate




118
Destroyers



Known as the “greyhounds of           PT 174
the sea” for their speed, the world’s
navies developed destroye...
USS Mustin
                                  (DDG 89)




 Destroyers (DDs) and Guided-Missile
 Destroyers (DDGs) are mult...
Both types of destroyer support
      carrier battle groups, surface-action
      groups, amphibious-support groups,
121  ...
USS FARRAGUT (DDG 99)
  Destroyers are undersea, air-air, air-surface
  warfare capable, and the largest group of
  workho...
Spruance-class Destroyers




                       USS SPRUANCE
                          (DD 963)




123
Spruance-class Destroyers

                         USS SPRUANCE
                            (DD 963)


      • First comm...
Arleigh Burke-class Destroyers




      USS Arleigh Burke
          (DDG 51)




125
Arleigh Burke-class
            Destroyers


• First commissioned –1991
• Most powerful surface combatant
• Aegis Combat S...
Arleigh Burke-class destroyers
displace 9,033 tons and are powered by
four 33,600 hp gas-turbine engines turning
two contr...
What designation is used for a guided-
  missile destroyer?

  A. CG
  B. CVN
  C. DD
  D. DDG




128
What designation is used for a guided-
  missile destroyer?

  A. CG
  B. CVN
  C. DD
  D. DDG




129
Frigates
Navy’s term for ships used for open-ocean
escort and patrol.

                           USS Ingraham
           ...
Frigates

                         USS Ingraham
                           (FFG 61)




      Different classes of frigate...
Oliver Hazard Perry-class FFGs carry guns,
missiles, Phalanx (CIWS), MK-32 triple
torpedoes tubes, and .50 caliber machine...
USS Hawes
                            (FFG 53)



      Frigates protect shipping interests for
      amphibious forces, s...
Guided missile frigates have AAW
capabilities and are tough and durable.



                              USS Jarrett
    ...
An Oliver Hazard Perry-class ship is a
  _______.

  A. cruiser
  B. destroyer
  C. frigate
  D. submarine



135
An Oliver Hazard Perry-class ship is a
  _______.

  A. cruiser
  B. destroyer
  C. frigate
  D. submarine



136
Submarines
                          In the 1950’s, nuclear
                          powered submarines
                 ...
SSN             SSBN
             The Navy now
             deploys three types
             of submarines, all
          ...
Attack Submarines
            (SSN)




                    USS Norfolk
                     (SSN 714)


139
Attack Submarines
                 (SSN)




 The mission of nuclear attack submarines is
 to locate and destroy enemy shi...
Nuclear power turned the submersible
 surface ship into a true submarine that no
 longer requires frequent replenishment
 ...
SSN 23
        Jimmy Carter




Today’s submarines are even more
self-sustaining with:
    • air-revitalization equipment
...
The concept of technical superiority over
    numerical superiority was and still is the
    driving force in American sub...
Many developing countries have
 submarines able to evade many surface
 systems. While other methods can counter
 this thre...
The USS Seawolf (SSN 21) completed
145   its initial sea trials in July 1996.
Seawolf-class Attack Submarine




      Length: 353 feet (SSN 21 and 22) or
      453 feet (SSN 23)
      Displacement: 8...
The Seawolf-class is the premier attack
      sub to date with a multi-mission capability
      to seek and destroy enemy ...
What is the name of the Navy’s first
  nuclear submarine (SSN)?

  A. Triton
  B. Seawolf
  C. Ohio
  D. Nautilus




148
What is the name of the Navy’s first
  nuclear submarine (SSN)?

  A. Triton
  B. Seawolf
  C. Ohio
  D. Nautilus




149
In what decade did nuclear-powered
  submarines begin to replace diesel
  subs in the US Navy?

  A. 1940s
  B. 1950s
  C....
In what decade did nuclear-powered
  submarines begin to replace diesel
  subs in the US Navy?

  A. 1940s
  B. 1950s
  C....
Ballistic Missile Submarines
                   (SSBN)




      USS Pennsylvania
        (SSBN 735)

152
Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarines are
      nuclear-powered and armed with
153
      long-range strategic missiles.
Strategic deterrence has been the sole
      mission of the SSBN since its inception
      in 1960. It is the U.S.’s most ...
USS Nebraska
                              (SSGN 739)




    They represent the most survivable
    nuclear-strike platfo...
USS Ohio
                               (SSBN 726)



      Ohio-class submarine
      Length: 560 feet Beam: 42 feet
    ...
Ohio-class Trident capable ballistic
    missile submarines provide the
    sea-based "leg" of the triad of U.S.
157 strat...
They are the most destructive weapons
      platform in the arsenal of the United States.




158
        Trident I C-4   ...
Guided Missile   A new attack
       Submarines      submarine class,
                       called the
         (SSGN)   ...
Virginia-class Attack Submarine
    Length: 377 feet
    Displacement: 7,800 tons
    Speed: 25+ knots (28+ mph)
    Armam...
Along with the new
                                Virginia-class attack
                                submarine, the fi...
USS Florida
                            (SSGN 728)




      Now, for the first time in naval history, a
      submarine f...
Carrying Triton missiles, Ohio-class
  submarines have what designation?

  A. SSN
  B. SSBN
  C. SSGN
  D. NSSN




163
Carrying Triton missiles, Ohio-class
  submarines have what designation?

  A. SSN
  B. SSBN
  C. SSGN
  D. NSSN




164
The new Virginia-class submarines
  will have what designation?

  A. SSN
  B. SSBN
  C. SSGN
  D. NSSN




165
The new Virginia-class submarines
  will have what designation?

  A. SSN
  B. SSBN
  C. SSGN
  D. NSSN




166
Other Combatant Ships
            Mine-Warfare Ships




 USS Champion (MCM 4)   USS Robin (MHC 54)

167
USS Champion (MCM 4)      USS Robin (MHC 54)
               Mine-Warfare Ships
      The Navy currently has two types of
 ...
USS Champion (MCM 4)    USS Robin (MHC 54)

  The MCM uses both sonar and video
  systems to locate mines moored to or on
...
Mines Countermeasure (MCM)
 Length: 224 feet
 Displacement: 1,312 full load
 Speed: 14 Knots (16.1 mph)
 Crew: 84 (8 offic...
Minehunter, Coastal (MHC)
  USS Robin
   (MHC 54)




    The MHC is smaller, lighter, and slower than
    the MCM and des...
Minehunter, Coastal (MHC)

      USS Raven
       (MHC 61)




      Length: 188 feet
      Displacement: 893 tons (908 fu...
True or False: The Mines
  Countermeasure Ship (MCM) can find
  and destroy mines if they are moored
  to, but not if they...
True or False: The Mines
  Countermeasure Ship (MCM) can find
  and destroy mines if they are moored
  to, but not if they...
Amphibious Warfare




Amphibious Warfare is an attack by naval
forces and combat troops launched from the
sea. Amphibious...
AMPHIBIOUS WARFARE




 Usually begins with surface ships and planes
 bombing hostile shores. Then amphibious
 ships bring...
Amphibious Command Ships

       USS Blue Ridge
          (LCC 19)


                             Flagship 7th Fleet
     ...
USS Mount Whitney
                              Flagship 6th Fleet
    (LCC/JCC 20)
                                 Gaeta...
Amphibious Assault Ship
                 (LHA)
  USS Belleau Wood
       (LHA 3)




    An Amphibious Assault Ship is abl...
USS Belleau Wood
           (LHA 3)




  With its five-inch guns and point-defense
  missiles, the LHA can provide limite...
Amphibious Assault Ship
                     (LHD)
       USS Bataan
         (LHD 5)




      The LHD is designed to emb...
USS Bataan
         (LHD 5)




      The Navy calls this technique of using
      helicopters instead of landing vehicles...
Vertical Envelopment
      Able to place troops and supplies
      on any position accessible by the
      air




183
Amphibious Assault Ship
                     (LHD)
       USS Bataan
         (LHD 5)




      Vertical envelopment allow...
USS Essex
            (LHD 2)




    Length: 844 feet
    Displacement: 40,358 tons full load
    Speed: 20+ knots
185 Cr...
What designation is given to an
  amphibious assault ship designed to
  land troops and equipment primarily
  using transp...
What designation is given to an
  amphibious assault ship designed to
  land troops and equipment primarily
  using transp...
USS Nassau (LHA 4)    USS Essex (LHD 2)

  Beginning in 2007, as part of its Seapower
  21 program, the Navy began replaci...
Amphibious Transport Dock
                   (LPD)
      USS Denver
        (LPD 9)




The LPD has the capability to tran...
USS Ogden
                                   (LPD 5)




    Length: 680 feet
    Displacement: 24,900 tons
    Speed: 21 ...
Dock Landing Ships
                   (LSD)
USS Fort McHenry
    (LSD 43)




      The LSD is designed to transport and
 ...
USS Oak Hill
                             (LSD 51)




 Length: 609 feet Beam: 84 feet
 Displacement: 15,939 tons full loa...
Landing Craft, Air Cushioned
                  (LCAC)




      This landing craft travels on a cushion
      of air and i...
With its four gas turbine engines, the LCAC
    can transfer 60-75 tons of equipment 200
    miles at 40 knots. It can tra...
Landing Craft, Air Cushion
                (LCAC)




    Length: 88 feet
    Displacement: 87 tons
    Speed: 40 knots
19...
What is the primary load of an
  Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD)?

  A. Tanks and heavy artillery
  B. Fuel and supplies
 ...
What is the primary load of an
  Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD)?

  A. Tanks and heavy artillery
  B. Fuel and supplies
 ...
An air cushioned landing craft
  transporting troops and equipment
  can travel over the waves at
  approximately how many...
An air cushioned landing craft
  transporting troops and equipment
  can travel over the waves at
  approximately how many...
AUXILIARY SHIPS




                       AOE                      ARS


      Today's fleet is highly mobile and can
   ...
Auxiliary Ships are classified by:

      First letter: A- Auxiliary

      Second letter: Indicates service
             ...
Replenishment at sea (UNREP) is the
    term applied to the transfer of fuel,
    munitions, supplies, and personnel
    f...
USS Bridge
                                         (T-AOE 10)


      An AOE is capable of supplying fuel and
      ammun...
Fast Combat Support Ship
                (AOE)

                      USNS Bridge
                       (T-AOE 10)


Rece...
USNS Arctic
   (T-AOE 8)




 The Auxiliary Fast Combat Support Ship
 (T-AOE) is the Navy’s largest combat logistic
 ship....
Rescue and Salvage Vessels
                 (ARS)
                                  USS Grapple
                          ...
USNS Grasp
                                   (ARS-51)




Their focus is to move damaged combat ship
out of hostile areas...
USNS Grasp
                                     (ARS 51)




      Part of the ARS vessels’ mission is to
      salvage sh...
Transferring fuel, munitions, supplies,
  and personnel from one ship to
  another while ships are underway is
  called __...
Transferring fuel, munitions, supplies,
  and personnel from one ship to
  another while ships are underway is
  called __...
In the fast combat support ships
  known as AOEs, the E in the
  designation stands for what word?

  A. Energy
  B. Emerg...
In the fast combat support ships
  known as AOEs, the E in the
  designation stands for what word?

  A. Energy
  B. Emerg...
Shipboard
        Customs And Courtesies
Customs are behaviors
that have been performed
for so long that they have
become ...
Courtesies are expressions of
consideration or respect for others, either
by word or action.




214
Salutes




Aboard ship:
• Sailors salute the CO or visiting officers
  senior to the CO on every meeting.
• Sailors salut...
Side Honors
    This ceremony is called side honors. Officials
    or officers boarding or leaving a ship are
    saluted ...
In this ceremony, from four to eight Sailors,
  depending on the rank of the official or
  officer, line up half on one si...
The Boatswain’s Mate of the Watch (BMOW)
  sounds a pipe and the side boys begin the
  salute on the first note of the pip...
Aboard ship, Sailors salute _______
  every time they meet.

  A. the commanding officer
  B. all ship’s officers
  C. all...
Aboard ship, Sailors salute _______
  every time they meet.

  A. the commanding officer
  B. all ship’s officers
  C. all...
Passing Honors


      Passing honors are
      performed when
      two naval vessels
      pass each other —
      withi...
When the vessels pass, “Attention” is
 called and all Sailors in view on the deck
 give a hand salute.




  Sailors rende...
Colors
      The colors
      ceremony is the
      hoisting and
      lowering of the
      national ensign,
      our na...
The colors
      ceremony is
      performed by
      a color detail,
      which usually
      consists of two
      juni...
The colors
      ceremony is
      performed twice a
      day on the fantail
      when the ship is
      NOT underway.
 ...
Who or what are being saluted in the
  ceremony known as passing honors?

  A. Naval vessels
  B. Visiting officers
  C. T...
Who or what are being saluted in the
  ceremony known as passing honors?

  A. Naval vessels
  B. Visiting officers
  C. T...
Ships not underway also raise and
      lower a flag called the jack at morning
      and evening colors. It is flown on t...
The U.S. Union Jack carries 50 white
    stars on a blue field (the upper-left
    corner of the Stars and Stripes).
    A...
First Navy Jack "Don't Tread on Me"
      flag. This powerful American symbol
      was used by the Continental Navy in
  ...
When the
      national anthem
      is played at
      morning colors,
      hoisting of the
      ensign begins
      wh...
At evening colors,
      lowering of the
      ensign starts at the
      beginning of the
      music and is
      comple...
Ships underway
      DO NOT hold
      morning or evening
      colors. The ensign
      flies day and night.



233
How Cadets
                               Render
                               Honors
                               Duri...
When in civilian clothes or athletic attire,
    face the colors standing at attention and
    place right hand/hat in han...
Where on a ship does the jack fly?

  A. At the bow
  B. At the stern
  C. From the quarterdeck
  D. Near the starboard ga...
Where on a ship does the jack fly?

  A. At the bow
  B. At the stern
  C. From the quarterdeck
  D. Near the starboard ga...
During the colors ceremony, if not in ranks
  but in uniform, cadets should take what
  action between the time they face ...
During the colors ceremony, if not in ranks
  but in uniform, cadets should take what
  action between the time they face ...
Boarding, Leaving,
      or Crossing Naval
      Vessels


      There are special
      courtesies you must
      practic...
Boarding your ship
 • When you reach the top of the brow,
   come to attention.
 • Face aft toward the national ensign (if...
If you are not in uniform, the procedure
242   is the same, but no salute is required.
If boarding a ship
      other than your
      own for the first
      time, follow the
      same procedures
      but st...
Leaving your ship




244
• Step onto the
        quarterdeck, face
        the OOD, present
        your ID card, and
        salute. Say, “I
     ...
If you are in civilian attire, the procedure
      is the same, but no salute is required.




246
Crossing Another Ship




      When crossing to another ship the
      procedure is the same as for boarding
      and le...
Military Etiquette Aboard Ship




      The quarterdeck of a ship is a
      ceremonial area. It should be
248   treated ...
Quarterdeck




      You should always be in the uniform of
      the day when you appear there, unless
249   you are ret...
• Never smoke, eat, or drink on the
   quarterdeck.
 • Do not lounge in or around the
   quarterdeck.
   • Cross the quart...
When moving through passageways, step
      aside to allow seniors to pass first. If other
      juniors are present, call...
The CO of a ship is addressed as
252   “Captain” regardless of rank.
If you are in uniform when boarding a
  Navy ship, what is the third step of the
  special courtesies you must perform?

 ...
If you are in uniform when boarding a
  Navy ship, what is the third step of the
  special courtesies you must perform?

 ...
True or False: If you are boarding or
  leaving your ship in civilian dress, you
  should follow the same practice as in
 ...
True or False: If you are boarding or
  leaving your ship in civilian dress, you
  should follow the same practice as in
 ...
Conclusion
 National Military Strategy
   1. Peaceful engagement
   2. Deterrence and conflict prevention
   3. Fight and ...
The Navy operates a wide range of ships
  to accomplish its mission.
  The aircraft carrier is the center of the
  modern ...
When US forces place combat power
      where it cannot be ignored, lessening
      the likelihood that a potential enemy
...
When US forces place combat power
      where it cannot be ignored, lessening
      the likelihood that a potential enemy
...
When US forces maintain a
      permanent state of readiness for
      any and all forms of hostile
      actions, what el...
When US forces maintain a
      permanent state of readiness for
      any and all forms of hostile
      actions, what el...
When the presence of US forces
      around the world promotes economic
      and political stability, and the
      prese...
When the presence of US forces
      around the world promotes economic
      and political stability, and the
      prese...
The high visibility of our ships
      on the open seas around the
      world accomplishes what part of
      the Navy mi...
The high visibility of our ships
      on the open seas around the
      world accomplishes what part of
      the Navy mi...
The ability to use the seas to
      take the fight into the borders of
      a potential enemy and keep the
      enemy a...
The ability to use the seas to
      take the fight into the borders of
      a potential enemy and keep the
      enemy a...
By convincing a potential enemy
      of the devastating consequence
      of attacking the US, the Navy is
      carrying...
By convincing a potential enemy
      of the devastating consequence
      of attacking the US, the Navy is
      carrying...
Keeping the seas open for the
      US and other friendly nations, as
      well as denying their use to a
      potential...
Keeping the seas open for the
      US and other friendly nations, as
      well as denying their use to a
      potential...
Help given to individuals in need
      with no military or political
      consideration is known as what
      type of a...
Help given to individuals in need
      with no military or political
      consideration is known as what
      type of a...
What term is used for the front of
      a ship?

      A. Bow
      B. Hull
      C. Keel
      D. Stern




275
What term is used for the front of
      a ship?

      A. Bow
      B. Hull
      C. Keel
      D. Stern




276
What direction refers to the left
      side of the ship when you’re
      facing forward?

      A. Inboard
      B. Outb...
What direction refers to the left
      side of the ship when you’re
      facing forward?

      A. Inboard
      B. Outb...
What name is given to the
      widest part of a ship?

      A. Stern
      B. Hull
      C. Keel
      D. Beam




279
What name is given to the
      widest part of a ship?

      A. Stern
      B. Hull
      C. Keel
      D. Beam




280
What name is given to the type
      of deck that extends from side
      to side and from bow to stern?

      A. Main de...
What name is given to the type
      of deck that extends from side
      to side and from bow to stern?

      A. Main de...
What term is used for the
      weight of a ship?

      A. Volume
      B. Gross tonnage
      C. Freeboard
      D. Disp...
What term is used for the
      weight of a ship?

      A. Volume
      B. Gross tonnage
      C. Freeboard
      D. Disp...
The term “knots” is used to
      describe what aspect of a ship?

      A. Armaments
      B. Displacement
      C. Speed...
The term “knots” is used to
      describe what aspect of a ship?

      A. Armaments
      B. Displacement
      C. Speed...
What term refers to a ship’s
      protective steel lining?

      A. Bulkheads
      B. Armaments
      C. Hull
      D. ...
What term refers to a ship’s
      protective steel lining?

      A. Bulkheads
      B. Armaments
      C. Hull
      D. ...
What designation is used for a
      guided-missile destroyer?

      A. CG
      B. CVN
      C. DDG
      D. DD




289
What designation is used for a
      guided-missile destroyer?

      A. CG
      B. CVN
      C. DDG
      D. DD




290
What designation is used for a
      nuclear-powered aircraft
      carrier?

      A. CG
      B. CV
      C. CVN
      D...
What designation is used for a
      nuclear-powered aircraft
      carrier?

      A. CG
      B. CV
      C. CVN
      D...
Because they are the center of
      naval operating forces, in times
      of crisis the first question is
      “Where a...
Because they are the center of
      naval operating forces, in times
      of crisis the first question is
      “Where a...
What ships are known as the
      “greyhounds of the sea” and
      were built in the early 20th
      center to counter t...
What ships are known as the
      “greyhounds of the sea” and
      were built in the early 20th
      center to counter t...
The nuclear-powered Fleet
      Ballistic Missile Submarines have
      what primary mission?

      A. Location and destr...
The nuclear-powered Fleet
      Ballistic Missile Submarines have
      what primary mission?

      A. Location and destr...
What is the name of the Navy’s
      first nuclear submarine (SSN)?

      A. Seawolf
      B. Triton
      C. Nautilus
  ...
What is the name of the Navy’s
      first nuclear submarine (SSN)?

      A. Seawolf
      B. Triton
      C. Nautilus
  ...
What is the mission of MCMs
      and MHCs?

      A. To clear mines from
         waterways
      B. To serve as command ...
What is the mission of MCMs
      and MHCs?

      A. To clear mines from
         waterways
      B. To serve as command ...
What designation is given to a
      fast combat support ship?

      A. AOE
      B. ARS
      C. LSD
      D. LCC




303
What designation is given to a
      fast combat support ship?

      A. AOE
      B. ARS
      C. LSD
      D. LCC




304
What term refers to the
      technique of using helicopters
      instead of landing vehicles to
      put troops on the ...
What term refers to the
      technique of using helicopters
      instead of landing vehicles to
      put troops on the ...
Aboard Navy ships, what name
      is given to words or actions
      expressing consideration or
      respect?

      A....
Aboard Navy ships, what name
      is given to words or actions
      expressing consideration or
      respect?

      A....
When are morning colors
      performed?

      A. At dawn
      B. 0600 hours
      C. 0700 hours
      D. 0800 hours



...
When are morning colors
      performed?

      A. At dawn
      B. 0600 hours
      C. 0700 hours
      D. 0800 hours



...
What term is given to time-
      honored behaviors that have
      become common practice
      aboard Navy ships?

     ...
What term is given to time-
      honored behaviors that have
      become common practice
      aboard Navy ships?

     ...
Where on a ship does the
      national flag fly?

      A. At the bow
      B. From the quarterdeck
      C. Amidships
  ...
Where on a ship does the
      national flag fly?

      A. At the bow
      B. From the quarterdeck
      C. Amidships
  ...
If you are boarding your ship
      while in uniform, what should
      you do first?

      A. Face the Officer of the De...
If you are boarding your ship
      while in uniform, what should
      you do first?

      A. Face the Officer of the De...
If you are boarding your ship
      while in uniform, what is the last
      step of the courtesy?

      A. Face the Offi...
If you are boarding your ship
      while in uniform, what is the last
      step of the courtesy?

      A. Face the Offi...
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4.1 Us Navy Ships

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4.1 Us Navy Ships

  1. 1. CHAPTER 1 Navy Ships 1
  2. 2. The Mission of Navy Ships The purpose of Navy ships is to carry out the military strategy of the 2 United States.
  3. 3. Strategy A country’s top-level political and military plan 3
  4. 4. National Military Strategy of the United States includes three concepts: • Peacetime Engagement • Deterrence and Conflict Prevention • Fight and Win 4
  5. 5. Peacetime Engagement We deploy our forces overseas and around the world in peacetime to promote economic and political stability. 5
  6. 6. Stability Steadiness or order in the international or political realm 6
  7. 7. The presence of American ships encourages free trade and peaceful connections among nations by ensuring the security of the seas. 7
  8. 8. Deterrence is placing combat power where it cannot be ignored so a potential enemy is less likely to become hostile for fear of reprisal. • Key goal of our military forces • Discourage and stop acts of aggression 8
  9. 9. Deterrence Prevention of war by instilling fear in political enemies 9
  10. 10. Trivia: “Si vis pacem, para bellum.”— a Latin adage used by the Romans meaning, “If you seek peace, prepare for war.” 10
  11. 11. FIGHT and WIN “Fight and Win” underlies all military force efforts to be combat ready at all times by maintaining a permanent state of readiness. 11
  12. 12. Which of these concepts is NOT one of the three elements of US national military strategy? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 12
  13. 13. Which of these concepts is NOT one of the three elements of US national military strategy? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 13
  14. 14. What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile action? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 14
  15. 15. What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile action? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 15
  16. 16. The Navy’s Mission To maintain, train, and equip combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining 16 freedom of the seas
  17. 17. Projection of Strategic Deterrence Power Ashore 17 Sea Control Naval Presence
  18. 18. Strategic Referring to a country’s long- range weapons or plans—the big picture 18
  19. 19. Strategic Deterrence The object is to convince an enemy 19 that an attack has unacceptable risk.
  20. 20. The Navy's strategic missile submarine force is the best example of this deterrence. Nuclear powered Covert for months Fast & maneuverable Multiple targeting 20
  21. 21. What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, making a potential enemy less likely to become hostile? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 21
  22. 22. What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, making a potential enemy less likely to become hostile? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 22
  23. 23. Sea Control • Control use of the seas for the United States and our allies. • Deny use of the seas to a 23 potential enemy.
  24. 24. Operation anaconda during the Civil War was a good example of sea control: The Union blockaded Southern ports to prevent trade with Europe. 24
  25. 25. Projection of Power Ashore The ability to deploy Naval Forces to carry the fight to a potential enemy Tomahawk missiles Tactical aircraft 25
  26. 26. Tactical Referring to short-range weapons or to assets used in support of ground forces 26
  27. 27. Trivia: Since the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the United States has only had an enemy force land on its soil only three times: • Entire Revolutionary War • War of 1812 • World War II—Attu & Kiska in the Aleutian Islands 27
  28. 28. Naval Presence The Navy's ability to show the flag around the world on the open seas as a show of force, ranging from silent threat to humanitarian assistance. The U.S. Navy keeps the seas free and ensures compliance with international law of the sea. 28
  29. 29. Humanitarian Referring to help , such as assistance to disaster victims, given individuals in need without regard to military or political concerns 29
  30. 30. What term is used for using the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy, thus keeping the enemy away from US shores? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 30
  31. 31. What term is used for using the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy, thus keeping the enemy away from US shores? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 31
  32. 32. Ship Terminology The Navy has a lot of specialized 32 lingo, for military and nautical terms.
  33. 33. Civilian Language vs. Navy Language Upstairs Topside Downstairs Below Floor Deck Ceiling Overhead Wall Bulkhead Hallway Passageway Bathroom Head 33
  34. 34. Directions on board a ship BOW AFT STERN FORE Crosswise is athwartships. 34
  35. 35. If you are on the stern of a ship and want to go towards the bow, then you would be going forward. 35
  36. 36. If you are on the bow of a ship and want to go towards the stern, then you would be going aft. 36
  37. 37. Gun Mount Forward Anchor The ANCHOR on a ship is forward of the GUN MOUNT. 37
  38. 38. Fantail Flight Deck The FANTAIL on a ship, is abaft of the FLIGHT DECK. 38
  39. 39. Overhead Carrier Drawing The yellow line represents the CENTERLINE. From aft to forward (stern to bow), Starboard is on your RIGHT and Port Starboard Port is on your LEFT. (Right) (Left) Fixtures and equipment are identified in terms of the side of the ship they are on, i.e. port anchor or starboard 39 gangway.
  40. 40. If you go from the PORT side or STARBOARD side to the CENTERLINE, you are going INBOARD. 40
  41. 41. If you go from the CENTERLINE to the STARBOARD side or PORT side, you are going OUTBOARD. 41
  42. 42. The section around the midpoint area is called amidships. The extreme width of a ship, usually the midship area, is its beam. 42
  43. 43. What phrase means to move toward the stern? A. Go forward B. Go aft C. Go abaft D. Go outboard 43
  44. 44. What phrase means to move toward the stern? A. Go forward B. Go aft C. Go abaft D. Go outboard 44
  45. 45. In ship terminology, what is a bulkhead? A. Floor B. Hallway C. Ceiling D. Wall 45
  46. 46. In ship terminology, what is a bulkhead? A. Floor B. Hallway C. Ceiling D. Wall 46
  47. 47. The crew of a ship lives IN or ON BOARD the ship. Objects, stores, and equipment are ABOARD a ship. You BOARD a ship or GO ON BOARD, supplies are TAKEN ABOARD If you climb the mast, stacks, rigging, or any other area above the highest solid structure, you go ALOFT. 47
  48. 48. An object hanging against the side, bow, or stern is over the side, bow, or stern. In this picture the fishing nets are 48 over the side.
  49. 49. Ship A is off the starboard quarter of Ship B. Ship A Ship B 49
  50. 50. The USS Benefold is ahead of the USS Shoup and astern of the USS Shiloh USS Shoup DDG 86 USS Benefold DDG 65 50 USS Shiloh CG 67
  51. 51. The cook is in the GALLEY, not the kitchen. 51
  52. 52. Supplies and equipment are taken _______ a ship. A. aboard B. inboard C. on board D. on 52
  53. 53. Supplies and equipment are taken _______ a ship. A. aboard B. inboard C. on board D. on 53
  54. 54. Structural Terms 54
  55. 55. 55 Backbone of a ship
  56. 56. Compartment 56 Supporting body of a ship
  57. 57. Vertical walls called bulkheads divide the interior of a ship’s hull into compartments for machinery, berthing, mess or dining purposes, and other purposes. 57
  58. 58. 58
  59. 59. Hull 59 Ribs of a ship
  60. 60. 60
  61. 61. BULKHEAD WATERTIGHT COMPARTMENT 61
  62. 62. Large ships have longitudinal side bulkheads to protect the innermost or holding bulkhead. 62
  63. 63. The outer tanks are usually filled with oil or water. The inner tanks, called voids, are empty. Outer tanks Inner tanks 63
  64. 64. If a torpedo were to hit the ship, the outer tanks, even though ruptured, would absorb enough of the explosion that the holding bulkhead would stay intact. 64
  65. 65. WATERLINE 65
  66. 66. DRAFT The red area on the model represents the ship's draft, the vertical distance from the bottom of the keel to the main deck. 66
  67. 67. The freeboard is the distance from the waterline to the main deck. FREEBOARD 67
  68. 68. The backbone of the ship is the _______. A. bow B. hull C. beam D. keel 68
  69. 69. The backbone of the ship is the _______. A. bow B. hull C. beam D. keel 69
  70. 70. In the Navy, what direction means across the ship? A. Abaft B. Athwartships C. Fore D. Aft 70
  71. 71. In the Navy, what direction means across the ship? A. Abaft B. Athwartships C. Fore D. Aft 71
  72. 72. DECKS DECKS The floors of a ship are called decks. They divide the ship into layers and provide additional hull strength and 72 protection for internal spaces.
  73. 73. Berthing Compartment Mess Deck Generally speaking, you do not use the word room (with some exceptions like wardroom). For instance, you never refer to the space where you sleep as the bedroom nor where you eat as the dining room. These spaces are called the berthing 73 compartment and the mess deck.
  74. 74. WEATHER DECK A deck or part of a deck exposed to the 74 weather is called a WEATHER DECK.
  75. 75. A deck that extends from side to side and bow to stern is the complete FLIGHT DECK deck. On an aircraft carrier, the uppermost 75 complete deck is the FLIGHT DECK.
  76. 76. For all ships except an aircraft carrier, the uppermost complete deck is the main deck. Main Deck 76
  77. 77. On an aircraft carrier, the hangar deck is the main deck. The hangar deck is where aircraft are stowed and serviced when not on the flight deck. 77
  78. 78. A deck exposed to the elements, such as rain and wind, is called the _______. A. weather deck B. forecastle C. main deck D. poop deck 78
  79. 79. A deck exposed to the elements, such as rain and wind, is called the _______. A. weather deck B. forecastle C. main deck D. poop deck 79
  80. 80. Ladders lead from one deck level to another; they may or may not be 80 covered by hatches.
  81. 81. FOCSLE Forecastle (focsle) (pronounced folk'sel)—on most ships, the forward portion of the weather deck Poop Deck—a partial deck above the main deck all the way aft 81
  82. 82. Quarterdeck (not an actual deck)—an area the Commanding Officer designates for conducting official functions while in port or at anchorage and where the officer of the deck is stationed 82
  83. 83. Door and Hatches Access through bulkheads is provided 83 by doors and through decks by hatches.
  84. 84. DOGS All doors leading to weather decks are of the watertight variety. The doors are held closed by fittings called dogs, which bear 84 up tight on wedges.
  85. 85. Which of these objects give access through decks? A. doors B. dogs C. hatches D. voids 85
  86. 86. Which of these objects give access through decks? A. doors B. dogs C. hatches D. voids 86
  87. 87. Ship Size The size of a ship is given in terms of its displacement in tons. The Navy uses full-load displacement, the condition of the ship ready to deploy. USS Avenger (MCM 1) 87 DISPLACEMENT = 1,312 TONS
  88. 88. Displacement The weight of the volume of water that a ship displaces when afloat; in other words, the weight of a ship by itself 88
  89. 89. Ship Identification USS Nimitz (CVN 68) USS—United States Ship Nimitz—ship’s name CVN—nuclear-powered aircraft carrier 68—hull number indicating the number of ships of the same type that have been built 89
  90. 90. USS Wright (CVL 49) A ship's hull (Aircraft Carrier Light) number never changes unless its designation also changes. USS Wright (CC 2) 90 (Command Ship)
  91. 91. Armament and Armor Gun Mount Missile Launcher Armament describes the offensive 91 weapons a ship carries.
  92. 92. Armor means protective armor. 92 Steel Plating
  93. 93. SHIP SPEED Given in knots (nautical miles per hour), never knots per hour HSV 2 Swift • Length: 331 feet 4 inches • Beam: 87 feet 5 inches • Draft: 11 feet • Displace: 1,463.6 short tons • Speed: 42 knots 93
  94. 94. What term refers to the offensive weapons on a ship, such as guns and rockets? A. Armaments B. Armor C. Combatants D. Martial platform 94
  95. 95. What term refers to the offensive weapons on a ship, such as guns and rockets? A. Armaments B. Armor C. Combatants D. Martial platform 95
  96. 96. Types Of Navy Ships The Navy divides ships into two categories: • Combatant Ships • Auxiliary Ships 96
  97. 97. The Navy further classifies combatant ships as warships or other combatants. Warships include aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, frigates, and submarines. Other combatants are Mine Warfare and Amphibious Ships. 97
  98. 98. Types Of Warships Aircraft Carriers Two types: CVNs CVs The (CVs) are multipurpose carriers and the (CVNs) are multipurpose 98 carriers with nuclear propulsion.
  99. 99. A carrier can launch attack planes, recover them and retire before an enemy spots it. Carriers are at the center of carrier battle groups. 99
  100. 100. USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) Nimitz-class CVNs Length: 1,090 + feet Displacement: 97,000 tons Crew: Approximately 6,000 with Air Wing 100 Can operate 85-90 aircraft almost indefinitely
  101. 101. Nimitz-class CVNs They carry various defensive systems in addition to their aircraft such as the 20mm Phalanx Close-In Weapon System or (CIWS). 101
  102. 102. —Angled flight deck to launch and recover simultaneously —Hydraulic elevators rapidly bring planes from the hanger deck to the flight deck. 102
  103. 103. The modern carrier can carry out sustained operations with: • series of repair shops • parts and munitions compartments • fast fueling equipment • logistical capabilities of power plant and engines • massive size • speed of 30 + knots • sea-keeping ability 103
  104. 104. "Where are the carriers?" Carriers support and operate aircraft that can carry out attacks on air, surface, subsurface and shore targets 104 that threaten free use of the sea.
  105. 105. Carriers can also engage in sustained operations in support of other forces, such as search-and rescue, amphibious assaults, or troops already ashore. 105
  106. 106. Aircraft carriers are deployed worldwide in support of U.S. interests and commitments. They are symbols of U.S. Naval supremacy. 106
  107. 107. True or False: The two types of Navy ships are combatant and auxiliary. 107
  108. 108. True or False: The two types of Navy ships are combatant and auxiliary. True 108
  109. 109. What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier? A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG 109
  110. 110. What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier? A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG 110
  111. 111. Cruisers Cruisers (CGs) are the modern Navy’s primary surface warfare platform. They cruise at over 30 knots) and act as escorts for surface forces and fire support for amphibious 111 operations.
  112. 112. Ticonderoga (CG 47) Class USS Philippine Sea (CG 58) They are designed to carry the Tomahawk cruise missile in addition to the two 5 inch gun mountings and dual-CIWSs to provide a heavy and sustained course of fire in the 112 event of attack.
  113. 113. Ticonderoga (CG 47) Class USS Philippine Sea (CG 58) Length: 567 feet Displacement: 10,000 tons full load Speed: 30+ knots (34.5+ mph) Crew: 364 (24 officers, 340 enlisted) 113
  114. 114. Using the Aegis system, Ticonderoga (CG 47) class cruisers can accurately deliver a payload on target from 200 miles away. USS Philippine Sea (CG 58) 114
  115. 115. Modern U.S. Navy guided-missile cruisers perform primarily in a 115 battle force role.
  116. 116. Cruisers are multi-mission surface combatants capable of: USS Port Royal (CG 73) • Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) • Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) • Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) • Expeditionary Strike Groups (ESG) • amphibious forces • reconnaissance 116 • flagship for surface-action groups
  117. 117. A Ticonderoga-class ship is a/an _______. A. cruiser B. aircraft carrier C. destroyer D. frigate 117
  118. 118. A Ticonderoga-class ship is a/an _______. A. cruiser B. aircraft carrier C. destroyer D. frigate 118
  119. 119. Destroyers Known as the “greyhounds of PT 174 the sea” for their speed, the world’s navies developed destroyers to counter the speed of torpedo boats. USS Sampson 119 (DDG 102) USS Halyer (DD 997)
  120. 120. USS Mustin (DDG 89) Destroyers (DDs) and Guided-Missile Destroyers (DDGs) are multi purpose. Fast with a variety of armament but lightly Armored; displacement is 8,300-9,000 tons. Their real advantages are speed and mobility. 120
  121. 121. Both types of destroyer support carrier battle groups, surface-action groups, amphibious-support groups, 121 and replenishment groups.
  122. 122. USS FARRAGUT (DDG 99) Destroyers are undersea, air-air, air-surface warfare capable, and the largest group of workhorses for the Navy. 122
  123. 123. Spruance-class Destroyers USS SPRUANCE (DD 963) 123
  124. 124. Spruance-class Destroyers USS SPRUANCE (DD 963) • First commissioned –1975 • Gas-turbine propulsion • Easily replaceable • No warm-up required for operation • Displacement— 8,000+ tons • 5” guns + missiles 124 • Helicopters
  125. 125. Arleigh Burke-class Destroyers USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51) 125
  126. 126. Arleigh Burke-class Destroyers • First commissioned –1991 • Most powerful surface combatant • Aegis Combat System • Integrates ships sensors and weapons • Tracks far distant aircraft movement • 56 Tomahawk cruise missiles 126 USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51)
  127. 127. Arleigh Burke-class destroyers displace 9,033 tons and are powered by four 33,600 hp gas-turbine engines turning two controlled-pitch propellers. USS Chung-Hoon (DDG 93) USS James E. Williams 127 (DDG 95)
  128. 128. What designation is used for a guided- missile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DD D. DDG 128
  129. 129. What designation is used for a guided- missile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DD D. DDG 129
  130. 130. Frigates Navy’s term for ships used for open-ocean escort and patrol. USS Ingraham (FFG 61) Similar to destroyers except: • slower • single propeller • less armament 130 • shallower draft
  131. 131. Frigates USS Ingraham (FFG 61) Different classes of frigates carry different armaments. 131
  132. 132. Oliver Hazard Perry-class FFGs carry guns, missiles, Phalanx (CIWS), MK-32 triple torpedoes tubes, and .50 caliber machine guns. USS Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG 7) USS Antrim (FFG 20) 132 USS Jack Williams (FFG 24)
  133. 133. USS Hawes (FFG 53) Frigates protect shipping interests for amphibious forces, supply groups, and merchant convoys. They are also used in anti-submarine warfare and coastal defense. 133
  134. 134. Guided missile frigates have AAW capabilities and are tough and durable. USS Jarrett (FFG 33) But they lack multi-mission capabilities and will be phased out with development of DDX 134 destroyer.
  135. 135. An Oliver Hazard Perry-class ship is a _______. A. cruiser B. destroyer C. frigate D. submarine 135
  136. 136. An Oliver Hazard Perry-class ship is a _______. A. cruiser B. destroyer C. frigate D. submarine 136
  137. 137. Submarines In the 1950’s, nuclear powered submarines began to replace diesel powered Submarines. Bonefish (SS 582) The diesels couldn’t stay submerged as long and were prone to detection when surfaced. Skate (SSN 578) 137
  138. 138. SSN SSBN The Navy now deploys three types of submarines, all nuclear: attack (SSN), ballistic missile (SSBN), and guided missile 138 SSGN (SSGN).
  139. 139. Attack Submarines (SSN) USS Norfolk (SSN 714) 139
  140. 140. Attack Submarines (SSN) The mission of nuclear attack submarines is to locate and destroy enemy ships and submarines. Their other missions range from intelligence collection to special forces and supply delivery to rescue and recon. They are the primary defense against enemy submarine attack. 140
  141. 141. Nuclear power turned the submersible surface ship into a true submarine that no longer requires frequent replenishment of fuel and supplies. The first SSN, Nautilus, traveled 62,000 miles without refueling, and Triton went 83 days submerged while 141 traveling around the globe.
  142. 142. SSN 23 Jimmy Carter Today’s submarines are even more self-sustaining with: • air-revitalization equipment changing the air • oxygen extraction from outside 142 seawater
  143. 143. The concept of technical superiority over numerical superiority was and still is the driving force in American submarine 143 development.
  144. 144. Many developing countries have submarines able to evade many surface systems. While other methods can counter this threat, “the best way to find a sub is with another sub.” 144
  145. 145. The USS Seawolf (SSN 21) completed 145 its initial sea trials in July 1996.
  146. 146. Seawolf-class Attack Submarine Length: 353 feet (SSN 21 and 22) or 453 feet (SSN 23) Displacement: 8,060 tons surfaced; 9,150 tons submerged Speed: 25+ knots (28+ mph) Armament: Tomahawk missiles, MK-48 146 torpedoes, advanced mobile mines
  147. 147. The Seawolf-class is the premier attack sub to date with a multi-mission capability to seek and destroy enemy submarines and surface ships and to fire cruise 147 missiles in support of surface forces.
  148. 148. What is the name of the Navy’s first nuclear submarine (SSN)? A. Triton B. Seawolf C. Ohio D. Nautilus 148
  149. 149. What is the name of the Navy’s first nuclear submarine (SSN)? A. Triton B. Seawolf C. Ohio D. Nautilus 149
  150. 150. In what decade did nuclear-powered submarines begin to replace diesel subs in the US Navy? A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s 150
  151. 151. In what decade did nuclear-powered submarines begin to replace diesel subs in the US Navy? A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s 151
  152. 152. Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN) USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) 152
  153. 153. Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarines are nuclear-powered and armed with 153 long-range strategic missiles.
  154. 154. Strategic deterrence has been the sole mission of the SSBN since its inception in 1960. It is the U.S.’s most survivable nuclear strike platform. 154
  155. 155. USS Nebraska (SSGN 739) They represent the most survivable nuclear-strike platform in the US military. A single SSBN could deliver several nuclear payloads on an enemy, even if all other US airborne or land-based missiles were 155 destroyed.
  156. 156. USS Ohio (SSBN 726) Ohio-class submarine Length: 560 feet Beam: 42 feet Displacement: 18,750 tons submerged Speed: 20+ knots 4 Mk 48 torpedo tubes 24 multi-targetable Ship Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs) 156
  157. 157. Ohio-class Trident capable ballistic missile submarines provide the sea-based "leg" of the triad of U.S. 157 strategic deterrent forces.
  158. 158. They are the most destructive weapons platform in the arsenal of the United States. 158 Trident I C-4 Trident II D-5
  159. 159. Guided Missile A new attack Submarines submarine class, called the (SSGN) Virginia-class, will fully support a new strategic concept. It is the first U.S. submarine to be designed for dominance across a broad spectrum of missions as well as open-ocean, "blue water" 159 missions.
  160. 160. Virginia-class Attack Submarine Length: 377 feet Displacement: 7,800 tons Speed: 25+ knots (28+ mph) Armament: Tomahawk missiles, MK-48 torpedoes, advanced mobile mines, and 160 unmanned undersea vehicles
  161. 161. Along with the new Virginia-class attack submarine, the first four Ohio-class ballistic submarines are scheduled for conversion to (SSGN) with an additional capability to transport and support special operations forces. 161 USS Michigan (SSGN 727)
  162. 162. USS Florida (SSGN 728) Now, for the first time in naval history, a submarine force is able to independently destroy targets ashore, on the surface, and beneath the waves without the use of surface ships, nuclear ordnance or the 162 need to truly surface.
  163. 163. Carrying Triton missiles, Ohio-class submarines have what designation? A. SSN B. SSBN C. SSGN D. NSSN 163
  164. 164. Carrying Triton missiles, Ohio-class submarines have what designation? A. SSN B. SSBN C. SSGN D. NSSN 164
  165. 165. The new Virginia-class submarines will have what designation? A. SSN B. SSBN C. SSGN D. NSSN 165
  166. 166. The new Virginia-class submarines will have what designation? A. SSN B. SSBN C. SSGN D. NSSN 166
  167. 167. Other Combatant Ships Mine-Warfare Ships USS Champion (MCM 4) USS Robin (MHC 54) 167
  168. 168. USS Champion (MCM 4) USS Robin (MHC 54) Mine-Warfare Ships The Navy currently has two types of Mine Warfare Ships designed to clear mines from vital waterways, the Mines Countermeasure Ship (MCM) and the 168 Minehunter, Coastal (MHC).
  169. 169. USS Champion (MCM 4) USS Robin (MHC 54) The MCM uses both sonar and video systems to locate mines moored to or on the sea floor, cable cutters to cut the mine’s moorings, and remote control detonating devices to destroy the mines. 169
  170. 170. Mines Countermeasure (MCM) Length: 224 feet Displacement: 1,312 full load Speed: 14 Knots (16.1 mph) Crew: 84 (8 officers, 76 enlisted) Armament: Mine neutralization system; two .50 caliber machine guns 170 USS Guardian (MCM 5)
  171. 171. Minehunter, Coastal (MHC) USS Robin (MHC 54) The MHC is smaller, lighter, and slower than the MCM and designed with a reinforced fiberglass hull for minesweeping in coastal waters. It has an underwater lifespan of 15 days and depends on a support ship or 171 shore facility for resupply.
  172. 172. Minehunter, Coastal (MHC) USS Raven (MHC 61) Length: 188 feet Displacement: 893 tons (908 full load) Speed: 10 knots Crew: 51 (5 officers 46 enlisted) Armament: Mine neutralization 172 system; two .50 caliber machine guns
  173. 173. True or False: The Mines Countermeasure Ship (MCM) can find and destroy mines if they are moored to, but not if they are on, the sea floor. 173
  174. 174. True or False: The Mines Countermeasure Ship (MCM) can find and destroy mines if they are moored to, but not if they are on, the sea floor. False 174
  175. 175. Amphibious Warfare Amphibious Warfare is an attack by naval forces and combat troops launched from the sea. Amphibious ships transport the troops, their weapons, and supplies to the hostile shores. 175
  176. 176. AMPHIBIOUS WARFARE Usually begins with surface ships and planes bombing hostile shores. Then amphibious ships bring in ground forces while landing craft and helicopters move those forces from ship to shore to quickly capture or deny the enemy use of land. 176
  177. 177. Amphibious Command Ships USS Blue Ridge (LCC 19) Flagship 7th Fleet Yokosuka, Japan Amphibious Command ships (LCCs) provide command and control for fleet operations and have become 177 the flagships of fleets.
  178. 178. USS Mount Whitney Flagship 6th Fleet (LCC/JCC 20) Gaeta, Italy Length: 634 feet Beam: 108 feet Displacement: 18,874 tons full load Speed: 23 knots (26.5 mph) 178 Crew: 842 (52 officers, 790 enlisted)
  179. 179. Amphibious Assault Ship (LHA) USS Belleau Wood (LHA 3) An Amphibious Assault Ship is able to embark, deploy, and land a marine battalion by helicopters, landing craft, amphibious vehicles, and combinations 179 of these methods.
  180. 180. USS Belleau Wood (LHA 3) With its five-inch guns and point-defense missiles, the LHA can provide limited shore bombardment and self-defense, but it relies mainly on other ships for defense. 180
  181. 181. Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD) USS Bataan (LHD 5) The LHD is designed to embark, transport, and land 2,000 troops and their equipment by means of transport helicopters in 181 vertical envelopment.
  182. 182. USS Bataan (LHD 5) The Navy calls this technique of using helicopters instead of landing vehicles to put troops on the beach vertical envelopment. This method is much more effective than the older deployment 182 methods used during World War II.
  183. 183. Vertical Envelopment Able to place troops and supplies on any position accessible by the air 183
  184. 184. Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD) USS Bataan (LHD 5) Vertical envelopment allows the landing troops and not the defenders to choose the areas of engagement, simultaneously making the process of amphibious assault easier and coastal defense 184 significantly more difficult.
  185. 185. USS Essex (LHD 2) Length: 844 feet Displacement: 40,358 tons full load Speed: 20+ knots 185 Crew: 1,108 (104 officers, 1,004 enlisted)
  186. 186. What designation is given to an amphibious assault ship designed to land troops and equipment primarily using transport helicopters? A. LCC B. LHD C. LHA D. LPD 186
  187. 187. What designation is given to an amphibious assault ship designed to land troops and equipment primarily using transport helicopters? A. LCC B. LHD C. LHA D. LPD 187
  188. 188. USS Nassau (LHA 4) USS Essex (LHD 2) Beginning in 2007, as part of its Seapower 21 program, the Navy began replacing its LHAs and LHDs with updated variants. 188
  189. 189. Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD) USS Denver (LPD 9) The LPD has the capability to transport embarked troops and their equipment together and has the facilities to move troops and equipment by landing craft from the stern or by helicopter. 189
  190. 190. USS Ogden (LPD 5) Length: 680 feet Displacement: 24,900 tons Speed: 21 knots (24.2 mph) Crew: 420 (24 officers, 396 enlisted) 190 Marine detachment: 900
  191. 191. Dock Landing Ships (LSD) USS Fort McHenry (LSD 43) The LSD is designed to transport and launch a variety of amphibious craft and vehicles with embarked crew and troops. These ships also have a 191 helicopter platform.
  192. 192. USS Oak Hill (LSD 51) Length: 609 feet Beam: 84 feet Displacement: 15,939 tons full load Speed: 20+ knots Crew: 419 officers and men Marine detachment: 402 plus 102 surge 192
  193. 193. Landing Craft, Air Cushioned (LCAC) This landing craft travels on a cushion of air and is used to transport troops 193 and equipment from ships to shore.
  194. 194. With its four gas turbine engines, the LCAC can transfer 60-75 tons of equipment 200 miles at 40 knots. It can transfer troops and equipment to over 70 percent of the world’s 194 coastline.
  195. 195. Landing Craft, Air Cushion (LCAC) Length: 88 feet Displacement: 87 tons Speed: 40 knots 195 Crew: 5
  196. 196. What is the primary load of an Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD)? A. Tanks and heavy artillery B. Fuel and supplies C. Marines and their equipment D. Amphibious craft and vehicles 196
  197. 197. What is the primary load of an Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD)? A. Tanks and heavy artillery B. Fuel and supplies C. Marines and their equipment D. Amphibious craft and vehicles 197
  198. 198. An air cushioned landing craft transporting troops and equipment can travel over the waves at approximately how many knots? A. 25 B. 30 C. 40 D. 50 198
  199. 199. An air cushioned landing craft transporting troops and equipment can travel over the waves at approximately how many knots? A. 25 B. 30 C. 40 D. 50 199
  200. 200. AUXILIARY SHIPS AOE ARS Today's fleet is highly mobile and can respond to an area of conflict quickly. Its ships cannot, however, remain on station indefinitely. Auxiliary ships are the lifeline for fuel, repairs, and supplies. 200
  201. 201. Auxiliary Ships are classified by: First letter: A- Auxiliary Second letter: Indicates service performed Third letter: Secondary service performed 201
  202. 202. Replenishment at sea (UNREP) is the term applied to the transfer of fuel, munitions, supplies, and personnel from one vessel to another while 202 ships are underway.
  203. 203. USS Bridge (T-AOE 10) An AOE is capable of supplying fuel and ammunition, as well as dry and refrigerated stores. Ships are vulnerable to attack while resupplying, so AOEs must move quickly. 203
  204. 204. Fast Combat Support Ship (AOE) USNS Bridge (T-AOE 10) Receives supplies and redistributes them Capacity: • 177,000 barrels of oil • 2,150 tons of ammunition • 500 tons of dry stores • 250 tons of refrigerated stores 204
  205. 205. USNS Arctic (T-AOE 8) The Auxiliary Fast Combat Support Ship (T-AOE) is the Navy’s largest combat logistic ship. It has the speed and armaments to keep up with carrier strike groups. 205
  206. 206. Rescue and Salvage Vessels (ARS) USS Grapple (ARS 53) Their mission is to provide fire-fighting, dewatering, battle-damage repair, and rescue towing assistance, often in combat zones or areas of high threat. 206
  207. 207. USNS Grasp (ARS-51) Their focus is to move damaged combat ship out of hostile areas and to tow them to repair ships or bases in safe areas. 207
  208. 208. USNS Grasp (ARS 51) Part of the ARS vessels’ mission is to salvage ships owned by the federal government. Sometimes it salvages 208 privately owned ships as well.
  209. 209. Transferring fuel, munitions, supplies, and personnel from one ship to another while ships are underway is called _______. A. replenishment at sea B. vertical envelopment C. amphibious platform D. engagement at sea 209
  210. 210. Transferring fuel, munitions, supplies, and personnel from one ship to another while ships are underway is called _______. A. replenishment at sea B. vertical envelopment C. amphibious platform D. engagement at sea 210
  211. 211. In the fast combat support ships known as AOEs, the E in the designation stands for what word? A. Energy B. Emergency C. Explosives D. Equipment 211
  212. 212. In the fast combat support ships known as AOEs, the E in the designation stands for what word? A. Energy B. Emergency C. Explosives D. Equipment 212
  213. 213. Shipboard Customs And Courtesies Customs are behaviors that have been performed for so long that they have become common practice. 213
  214. 214. Courtesies are expressions of consideration or respect for others, either by word or action. 214
  215. 215. Salutes Aboard ship: • Sailors salute the CO or visiting officers senior to the CO on every meeting. • Sailors salute all other officers only upon the first meeting of the day. 215
  216. 216. Side Honors This ceremony is called side honors. Officials or officers boarding or leaving a ship are saluted by a group of sailors called side boys 216 (even though they can be women).
  217. 217. In this ceremony, from four to eight Sailors, depending on the rank of the official or officer, line up half on one side and half on the other side of the ceremonial quarterdeck. 217
  218. 218. The Boatswain’s Mate of the Watch (BMOW) sounds a pipe and the side boys begin the salute on the first note of the pipe and finish together on the last note. 218
  219. 219. Aboard ship, Sailors salute _______ every time they meet. A. the commanding officer B. all ship’s officers C. all higher-ranking Sailors and ship’s officers D. all visiting officers 219
  220. 220. Aboard ship, Sailors salute _______ every time they meet. A. the commanding officer B. all ship’s officers C. all higher-ranking Sailors and ship’s officers D. all visiting officers 220
  221. 221. Passing Honors Passing honors are performed when two naval vessels pass each other — within 600 yards for ships and 400 yards for boats. 221
  222. 222. When the vessels pass, “Attention” is called and all Sailors in view on the deck give a hand salute. Sailors render passing honors to U.S. Navy and Coast Guard vessels and most foreign navy vessels. 222 222
  223. 223. Colors The colors ceremony is the hoisting and lowering of the national ensign, our national flag. The flag flies on the fantail at the stern of a ship in port. 223
  224. 224. The colors ceremony is performed by a color detail, which usually consists of two junior personnel and one petty officer. 224
  225. 225. The colors ceremony is performed twice a day on the fantail when the ship is NOT underway. Morning colors are at 0800 and evening colors Are at sunset. 225
  226. 226. Who or what are being saluted in the ceremony known as passing honors? A. Naval vessels B. Visiting officers C. The national flag and the jack D. Retiring commanding officers 226
  227. 227. Who or what are being saluted in the ceremony known as passing honors? A. Naval vessels B. Visiting officers C. The national flag and the jack D. Retiring commanding officers 227
  228. 228. Ships not underway also raise and lower a flag called the jack at morning and evening colors. It is flown on the jackstaff at the ship’s bow. 228
  229. 229. The U.S. Union Jack carries 50 white stars on a blue field (the upper-left corner of the Stars and Stripes). According to U.S. Navy regulations, the U.S. Union Jack should be the same size as the canton of the National ensign 229 flown at the ship’s stern.
  230. 230. First Navy Jack "Don't Tread on Me" flag. This powerful American symbol was used by the Continental Navy in 1775 and is being used again by the U.S. Navy in the War on Terrorism. 230
  231. 231. When the national anthem is played at morning colors, hoisting of the ensign begins when the music starts. 231
  232. 232. At evening colors, lowering of the ensign starts at the beginning of the music and is completed on the last note of the music. If no music is available, a whistle can signal the beginning and end of the ceremony. 232
  233. 233. Ships underway DO NOT hold morning or evening colors. The ensign flies day and night. 233
  234. 234. How Cadets Render Honors During Colors • In ranks, come to attention. The person in charge of the formation salutes until “carry on” is sounded. • If not in ranks but in uniform, face the colors and salute until “carry on” is sounded. • If no flag is visible, face the music and make the proper gesture until “carry on.” 234
  235. 235. When in civilian clothes or athletic attire, face the colors standing at attention and place right hand/hat in hand over your 235 heart until “carry on” is sounded.
  236. 236. Where on a ship does the jack fly? A. At the bow B. At the stern C. From the quarterdeck D. Near the starboard gangway 236
  237. 237. Where on a ship does the jack fly? A. At the bow B. At the stern C. From the quarterdeck D. Near the starboard gangway 237
  238. 238. During the colors ceremony, if not in ranks but in uniform, cadets should take what action between the time they face the colors and hear the order “Carry on”? A. Stand at Attention B. Stand at Attention and put their right hands or hats in hand over their hearts C. Render a hand salute. D. Render a hand salute and then stand at Attention. 238
  239. 239. During the colors ceremony, if not in ranks but in uniform, cadets should take what action between the time they face the colors and hear the order “Carry on”? A. Stand at Attention B. Stand at Attention and put their right hands or hats in hand over their hearts C. Render a hand salute. D. Render a hand salute and then stand at Attention. 239
  240. 240. Boarding, Leaving, or Crossing Naval Vessels There are special courtesies you must practice. 240
  241. 241. Boarding your ship • When you reach the top of the brow, come to attention. • Face aft toward the national ensign (if it is flying) and salute. • Turn and face the Officer of the Deck (OOD) and salute (even if OOD is enlisted) • While holding the salute, show your ID card and say, “I request permission to 241 come aboard sir/ma’am.”
  242. 242. If you are not in uniform, the procedure 242 is the same, but no salute is required.
  243. 243. If boarding a ship other than your own for the first time, follow the same procedures but state the purpose of your business. For instance: “Reporting as ordered.” 243
  244. 244. Leaving your ship 244
  245. 245. • Step onto the quarterdeck, face the OOD, present your ID card, and salute. Say, “I request permission to go ashore, sir/ma’am.” • When permission is given, step onto the brow, face aft and salute the ensign (if it is flying). 245
  246. 246. If you are in civilian attire, the procedure is the same, but no salute is required. 246
  247. 247. Crossing Another Ship When crossing to another ship the procedure is the same as for boarding and leaving a ship except you request 247 permission to cross over.
  248. 248. Military Etiquette Aboard Ship The quarterdeck of a ship is a ceremonial area. It should be 248 treated with respect and honor.
  249. 249. Quarterdeck You should always be in the uniform of the day when you appear there, unless 249 you are returning from leave or liberty.
  250. 250. • Never smoke, eat, or drink on the quarterdeck. • Do not lounge in or around the quarterdeck. • Cross the quarterdeck only when 250 necessary.
  251. 251. When moving through passageways, step aside to allow seniors to pass first. If other juniors are present, call out “Gangway” so everyone can make way for the senior. 251
  252. 252. The CO of a ship is addressed as 252 “Captain” regardless of rank.
  253. 253. If you are in uniform when boarding a Navy ship, what is the third step of the special courtesies you must perform? A. Show your ID card and say, “I request permission to come aboard, sir/ma’am.” B. Come to attention C. Face aft to the flag, if it’s flying, and salute D. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute 253
  254. 254. If you are in uniform when boarding a Navy ship, what is the third step of the special courtesies you must perform? A. Show your ID card and say, “I request permission to come aboard, sir/ma’am.” B. Come to attention C. Face aft to the flag, if it’s flying, and salute D. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute 254
  255. 255. True or False: If you are boarding or leaving your ship in civilian dress, you should follow the same practice as in uniform except that no salute is required. 255
  256. 256. True or False: If you are boarding or leaving your ship in civilian dress, you should follow the same practice as in uniform except that no salute is required. True 256
  257. 257. Conclusion National Military Strategy 1. Peaceful engagement 2. Deterrence and conflict prevention 3. Fight and win Navy seeks to fulfill it’s mission through 1. Strategic deterrence 2. Sea control 3. Projection of power ashore 4. Naval presence 257 USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) Battle Group
  258. 258. The Navy operates a wide range of ships to accomplish its mission. The aircraft carrier is the center of the modern battle group. In peace or tension, it projects “forward presence.” In war, carriers can fulfill their mission before the enemy can spot them. Under the sea, the SSBNs are the backbone of strategic deterrence. 258 USS George Washington (CVN-73) Battle Group
  259. 259. When US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, lessening the likelihood that a potential enemy will become hostile, what element of national military strategy is being carried out? A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore 259
  260. 260. When US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, lessening the likelihood that a potential enemy will become hostile, what element of national military strategy is being carried out? A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore 260
  261. 261. When US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile actions, what element of national military strategy is being carried out? A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore 261
  262. 262. When US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile actions, what element of national military strategy is being carried out? A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore 262
  263. 263. When the presence of US forces around the world promotes economic and political stability, and the presence of Navy ships ensures the security of the seas, what element of national military strategy is being carried out? A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore 263
  264. 264. When the presence of US forces around the world promotes economic and political stability, and the presence of Navy ships ensures the security of the seas, what element of national military strategy is being carried out? A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore 264
  265. 265. The high visibility of our ships on the open seas around the world accomplishes what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 265
  266. 266. The high visibility of our ships on the open seas around the world accomplishes what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 266
  267. 267. The ability to use the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy and keep the enemy away from US shores is what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 267
  268. 268. The ability to use the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy and keep the enemy away from US shores is what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 268
  269. 269. By convincing a potential enemy of the devastating consequence of attacking the US, the Navy is carrying out what part of its mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 269
  270. 270. By convincing a potential enemy of the devastating consequence of attacking the US, the Navy is carrying out what part of its mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 270
  271. 271. Keeping the seas open for the US and other friendly nations, as well as denying their use to a potential enemy, is what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 271
  272. 272. Keeping the seas open for the US and other friendly nations, as well as denying their use to a potential enemy, is what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 272
  273. 273. Help given to individuals in need with no military or political consideration is known as what type of assistance? A. Humanitarian B. Stabilization C. Strategic D. Tactical 273
  274. 274. Help given to individuals in need with no military or political consideration is known as what type of assistance? A. Humanitarian B. Stabilization C. Strategic D. Tactical 274
  275. 275. What term is used for the front of a ship? A. Bow B. Hull C. Keel D. Stern 275
  276. 276. What term is used for the front of a ship? A. Bow B. Hull C. Keel D. Stern 276
  277. 277. What direction refers to the left side of the ship when you’re facing forward? A. Inboard B. Outboard C. Port D. Starboard 277
  278. 278. What direction refers to the left side of the ship when you’re facing forward? A. Inboard B. Outboard C. Port D. Starboard 278
  279. 279. What name is given to the widest part of a ship? A. Stern B. Hull C. Keel D. Beam 279
  280. 280. What name is given to the widest part of a ship? A. Stern B. Hull C. Keel D. Beam 280
  281. 281. What name is given to the type of deck that extends from side to side and from bow to stern? A. Main deck B. Complete deck C. Weather deck D. Quarterdeck 281
  282. 282. What name is given to the type of deck that extends from side to side and from bow to stern? A. Main deck B. Complete deck C. Weather deck D. Quarterdeck 282
  283. 283. What term is used for the weight of a ship? A. Volume B. Gross tonnage C. Freeboard D. Displacement 283
  284. 284. What term is used for the weight of a ship? A. Volume B. Gross tonnage C. Freeboard D. Displacement 284
  285. 285. The term “knots” is used to describe what aspect of a ship? A. Armaments B. Displacement C. Speed D. Draft 285
  286. 286. The term “knots” is used to describe what aspect of a ship? A. Armaments B. Displacement C. Speed D. Draft 286
  287. 287. What term refers to a ship’s protective steel lining? A. Bulkheads B. Armaments C. Hull D. Armor 287
  288. 288. What term refers to a ship’s protective steel lining? A. Bulkheads B. Armaments C. Hull D. Armor 288
  289. 289. What designation is used for a guided-missile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DDG D. DD 289
  290. 290. What designation is used for a guided-missile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DDG D. DD 290
  291. 291. What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier? A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG 291
  292. 292. What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier? A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG 292
  293. 293. Because they are the center of naval operating forces, in times of crisis the first question is “Where are the _______?” A. cruisers B. carriers C. submarines D. destroyers 293
  294. 294. Because they are the center of naval operating forces, in times of crisis the first question is “Where are the _______?” A. cruisers B. carriers C. submarines D. destroyers 294
  295. 295. What ships are known as the “greyhounds of the sea” and were built in the early 20th center to counter the threat of torpedo boats? A. Carriers B. Frigates C. Destroyers D. Cruisers 295
  296. 296. What ships are known as the “greyhounds of the sea” and were built in the early 20th center to counter the threat of torpedo boats? A. Carriers B. Frigates C. Destroyers D. Cruisers 296
  297. 297. The nuclear-powered Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarines have what primary mission? A. Location and destruction of enemy submarines B. Deterrence of hostilities from any nation C. Escort support of surface- action groups D. Air, surface, and undersea reconnaissance 297
  298. 298. The nuclear-powered Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarines have what primary mission? A. Location and destruction of enemy submarines B. Deterrence of hostilities from any nation C. Escort support of surface- action groups D. Air, surface, and undersea reconnaissance 298
  299. 299. What is the name of the Navy’s first nuclear submarine (SSN)? A. Seawolf B. Triton C. Nautilus D. Ohio 299
  300. 300. What is the name of the Navy’s first nuclear submarine (SSN)? A. Seawolf B. Triton C. Nautilus D. Ohio 300
  301. 301. What is the mission of MCMs and MHCs? A. To clear mines from waterways B. To serve as command ships for amphibious assaults C. To refuel and resupply ships at sea D. To carry out undersea research 301
  302. 302. What is the mission of MCMs and MHCs? A. To clear mines from waterways B. To serve as command ships for amphibious assaults C. To refuel and resupply ships at sea D. To carry out undersea research 302
  303. 303. What designation is given to a fast combat support ship? A. AOE B. ARS C. LSD D. LCC 303
  304. 304. What designation is given to a fast combat support ship? A. AOE B. ARS C. LSD D. LCC 304
  305. 305. What term refers to the technique of using helicopters instead of landing vehicles to put troops on the beach? A. Vertical extraction B. Vertical envelopment C. Vertical replenishment D. Vertical projection 305
  306. 306. What term refers to the technique of using helicopters instead of landing vehicles to put troops on the beach? A. Vertical extraction B. Vertical envelopment C. Vertical replenishment D. Vertical projection 306
  307. 307. Aboard Navy ships, what name is given to words or actions expressing consideration or respect? A. Ceremonies B. Customs C. Courtesies D. Salutes 307
  308. 308. Aboard Navy ships, what name is given to words or actions expressing consideration or respect? A. Ceremonies B. Customs C. Courtesies D. Salutes 308
  309. 309. When are morning colors performed? A. At dawn B. 0600 hours C. 0700 hours D. 0800 hours 309
  310. 310. When are morning colors performed? A. At dawn B. 0600 hours C. 0700 hours D. 0800 hours 310
  311. 311. What term is given to time- honored behaviors that have become common practice aboard Navy ships? A. Customs B. Ceremonies C. Salutes D. Courtesies 311
  312. 312. What term is given to time- honored behaviors that have become common practice aboard Navy ships? A. Customs B. Ceremonies C. Salutes D. Courtesies 312
  313. 313. Where on a ship does the national flag fly? A. At the bow B. From the quarterdeck C. Amidships D. At the stern 313
  314. 314. Where on a ship does the national flag fly? A. At the bow B. From the quarterdeck C. Amidships D. At the stern 314
  315. 315. If you are boarding your ship while in uniform, what should you do first? A. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute B. Face aft to the flag if it’s flying and salute C. Show your ID and request permission to come aboard D. Come to attention 315
  316. 316. If you are boarding your ship while in uniform, what should you do first? A. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute B. Face aft to the flag if it’s flying and salute C. Show your ID and request permission to come aboard D. Come to attention 316
  317. 317. If you are boarding your ship while in uniform, what is the last step of the courtesy? A. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute B. Face aft to the flag if it’s flying and salute C. Show your ID and request permission to come aboard D. Come to attention 317
  318. 318. If you are boarding your ship while in uniform, what is the last step of the courtesy? A. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute B. Face aft to the flag if it’s flying and salute C. Show your ID and request permission to come aboard D. Come to attention 318
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