East of england factsheet
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East of england factsheet Document Transcript

  • 1. Regional FactsheetEthnic Minorities in the UK - East of England Celebrating 15 years of Action on Race 1995-2010
  • 2. About Race for Opportunity (RfO)RfO is committed to improvingemployment opportunities forethnic minorities across the UK.It is the only race diversitycampaign that has access to andinfluence over the leaders of theUK’s best known organisations.The campaign aims to:• make clear the economic and business argument for organisations investing in race diversity;• highlight the responsibility and role of leaders in delivering race diversity;• communicate the need to speed up progress on the introduction of policies that further better representation of ethnic minorities;• raise awareness of the barriers preventing the BAME community from making progress in the workplace.“There is an overwhelming opportunity foremployers who embrace race diversity andinclusion to harness the diverse talentthat exists in the UK today. The Race forOpportunity campaign in collaboration withits network members will continue to set thestage for race equality and progression inthe UK and this challenge is one that I amvery pleased to be part of.”Ruby McGregor-SmithCEO, MITIE Group PLC and Chair, Race for Opportunity.
  • 3. Regional Factsheet • East of England This factsheet is all about ethnic minority people in the East of England region and contains information that is available in the public domain. Inside [ 1 ] Landscape Data............................................................................................................ 04 1.1 The East of England picture....................................................................................... 04 1.2 An overall snapshot of the UK.................................................................................. 04 [ 2 ] Where do ethnic minority people live in the East of England?................... 05 [ 3 ] Focus on Luton.............................................................................................................. 05 [ 4 ] Education........................................................................................................................ 06 4.1 Where do ethnic minority students study in the East of England?............... 06 [ 5 ] Religion............................................................................................................................07 . 5.1 A snapshot of the East of England...........................................................................07 5.2 The UK overall picture..................................................................................................07 [ 6 ] Employment................................................................................................................... 08 6.1 Ethnic minority employment rate in the East of England................................ 08 6.2 Employment Rate - UK................................................................................................. 08 [ 7 ] Simple steps to get started on race equality.................................................... 09 Acknowledgements...................................................................................................... 10 Race for Opportunity Members.................................................................................11
  • 4. Regional Factsheet • East of England[ 1 ] Landscape Data1.1The East of England • It also has one of the fastest (18 and 10 per cent respectively). growing populations in the UK Forest Heath has a USA militaryThe East of England had a and is projected to continue base and a small overall growing at a faster rate than the population this could contributepopulation of 5.7 million in UK as a whole. It has the highest to the high proportion of Other2007, amounting to 9.3 per total net migration rate of all the English regions. White population. Source: Portrait of the East of England, ONS 2008cent of the UK population. Source: Regional Profile East of England – ONS – National Statistics online • The East of England has a higherThis is the fourth highest • The largest non-White ethnic proportion of people aged over 45 than the England averagepopulation of all regions in group in the region is Asian and this is growing. By 2021 it is or Asian British who make up predicted that 50 per cent of thethe UK after the South East 3.3 per cent of the population population will be over 50 years. compared with 5.5 per cent of(8.3 million), London (7.6 the population of England. Source: BME access to skills, employment and enterprise services in the East of England, final report for MENTERmillion) and the North prepared by the Centre for Economic & Social Inclusion, Source: Portrait of the East of England, ONS 2008 June 2007West (6.9 million). • In Luton the largest ethnic groupSource: Portrait of the East of England, ONS 2008 after White British is Asian (20 per cent of the population), whereas in Forest Heath and Cambridge it is Other White1.2 Number, Representation and Proportion of Ethnic Minority PopulationAn overall snapshot in NUTS1 Regions in the UK - 2008 Proportion of UKof the UK Region Ethnic Minority Population Representation of Ethnic Minorities Ethnic Minority PopulationLondon has the East of England 435,400 7.7% 6.7%largest ethnic minority East Midlands London 371,100 2,735,800 8.5% 36.2% 5.7% 42.3%population in the UK. North East 100,900 4.0% 1.6% North West 543,500 8.0% 8.4%Of the 6.4 million ethnic Northern Ireland 29,800 1.7% 0.5% Scotland 145,700 2.9% 2.3%minorities in the UK South East 583,700 7.1% 9.0%nearly half, 42.3%, South West Wales 163,400 91,500 3.2% 3.1% 2.5% 1.4%live in London. West Midlands 792,500 14.8% 12.3% Yorkshire and 471,900 9.2% 7.3% the Humber United Kingdom 6,465,100 10.7% 100.0 Source: NOMIS – number and proportion of ethnic minority population in NUTS1 regions in the UK - 200804 I Race for Opportunity (RfO) | Regional Factsheet
  • 5. Regional Factsheet • East of England[ 2 ] Where do ethnic minority people live in the East of England?Of all the local authorities, Luton had the highest proportion ofnon-White British residents at 40 per cent followed by Forest Heath(in Suffolk) with 29 per cent and Cambridge with 26 per cent.Source: Portrait of the East of England, ONS 2008[ 3 ] Focus on LutonLuton has seen several waves of immigration. In the early part of the20th century Irish and Scottish people arrived in the town - these werefollowed by Afro-Caribbean and Asian immigrants. • More recently immigrants from Luton: Ethnicity: 2005 Office of National Statistics estimates Eastern Europe have made Luton their home. As a result of this Luton % East of England% Luton has a diverse ethnic mix, with a significant population of White 68% 92.8% Asian descent, mainly Pakistani (9.8%), Bangladeshi (4.3%) and Mixed 2.8% 1.4% Indian (4.2%). The 2005 Office Asian or Asian British 19.3% 3.1% of National Statistics figures revealed that Luton had a white Black or Black British 7.9% 1.6% population of 68% (of which Chinese or Other white British amounted 2.0% 1.1% to 61.3%). Ethnic Group Total 100% 100%More than 10% of the UK workforce is from an ethnic minoritybackground and over 20% of the emerging workforce (children inprimary and secondary school education), are from an ethnic minoritybackground. In addition to this, 16% of UK-domiciled students atuniversity in the UK are from an ethnic minority background.Britain’s current and future talent pool is racially diverse andprogressive employers understand that it makes good businesssense to utilise and grow this pool of talent.05 I Race for Opportunity (RfO) | Regional Factsheet
  • 6. Regional Factsheet • East of England[ 4 ] Education1 in 4 of pupils in primary school education in England are froman ethnic minority background. Source: DCSF release May 2009, ‘number of pupils in state maintained schools’1 in 5 of pupils in secondary school education in England isfrom an ethnic minority background. Source: DCSF release May 2009, ‘number of pupils in state maintained schools’Almost 1 in 6 (16%) of UK-domiciled students studying at UKuniversities is from an ethnic minority background.Source: 2007-08 ‘HESA Student Record’ published by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA).4.1 Where do ethnic minoritystudents study in the Ethnic Minorities at Universities in the East of England (2007 - 08)East of England? University of Bedfordshire 28.8%During the academic year 2007-2008, Anglia Ruskin University 13.2%the University of Bedfordshire hadthe highest black, Asian and minority The University of Cambridge 10.5%ethnic (BAME) student representationin the region at 28.8%. The University of East Anglia 7.9%Only one out of nine universities inthe East of England, including the University Campus Suffolk 6.5%University of Cambridge, was above The University of Lincoln 6.0%the national average of 16.0%. The Total Ethnic Minorityrepresentation of ethnic minorities Norwich University 5.0% Representation College of the Artsat nearly half of the universities was All UK Unis. - 16.0%higher than the BAME representation Writtle College 2.8% East Pop. (18-24) - 7.8%in the local population (7.8%). BAME Bishop Grossetesterepresentation at the University 2.7% University College Lincolnof Cambridge was lower than thenational average at 10.5%. 5 10 15 20 25 30 Source: 2007-08 ‘HESA Student Record’ published by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA). “More BAME students join the unemployed after graduation than White graduates and male Chinese and Pakistani students are twice as likely as the average to be unemployed” (2006) Source: www.aimhigher.ac.uk/sites/practitioner/resources/Conf%20Summary%20Report%20final%20(2).pdf06 I Race for Opportunity (RfO) | Regional Factsheet
  • 7. Regional Factsheet • East of England[ 5 ] Religion5.1 A snapshot of the East of EnglandThe Census in 2001, for the first time, included a question about faiths.The results of from this question paint an interesting picture. Across theEastern Region 72% of the population gave their religion as Christian,with Muslims forming the second-largest faith group (1.46%). Thosewith no religion form nearly 17% of the population, while 7.75% chosenot to answer this question. Source: Census 2001• At the sub-regional level there are significant variations from this pattern: for example, Muslims account for 15% of the population in Luton, 11% in Hertsmere and 6% in Peterborough, while Jews account for 11% of the population in Hertsmere. Source: http://www.eefaithscouncil.org.uk/faithc.htm• A measure of religious diversity is the proportion of the population who belong to the non- Christian religions. On this measure, Mid Suffolk (0.62%) and North Norfolk (0.60%) have the lowest religious diversity. Urban areas tend so show greater religious diversity, the highest figures being: Luton (19.04%) Hertsmere (15.70%) Watford (10.14%) Peterborough (7.64%) Bedford (7.49%) Source: http://www.eefaithscouncil.org.uk/faithc.htm Religions within the UK 5.2 The UK overall picture In the UK, 2.7% of the Christian - 71.6% population stated their No Religion/ Religion not stated - 23% religion as Muslim making Other - 0.3% Sikh - 0.6% this the most common Muslim - 2.7% religion after Christianity. Jewish - 0.5% Hindu - 1% Figures for England alone, Buddhist - 0.3% show that 3.1% of the population stated their religion as Muslim.Source: Census 2001 – Profiles - UK07 I Race for Opportunity (RfO) | Regional Factsheet
  • 8. Regional Factsheet • East of England[ 6 ] Employment6.1 Ethnic minority employment rate in the East of EnglandThe Cenusus 2001 revealed that the BAME employment rate in the East of Englandwas 64.3 per cent which was above the England and Wales average of 60 per cent.Unemployment was lower in the Eastern region than nationally for both Whiteand non-White groups.Source: BME access to skills, employment and enterprise services in the East of England, final report for MENTER prepared by the Centre for Economic & Social Inclusion, June 2007• Bangladeshi and Pakistani women were Employment Rates for different Groups most likely to be unemployed, while the 0.8 lowest rates of unemployment were found amongst Chinese males. The high 0.7 rates of unemployment for Bangladeshi and Pakistani women were consistent 0.6 throughout the region, although higher rates were found among Other Black males in Essex and Mixed White and Black 0.5 Caribbean males in Hertfordshire. 0.4• Regional statistics for 2004 0.3 revealed that 75 per cent of Bangladeshi and 69 per cent of 0.2 Pakistani women were neither 0.1 working nor seeking work compared to 25 per cent of White All People Female Non-white Disabled Pakistani/ Bangladeshi British women and 26 per cent Source: East of England Regional Development Agency Single Equality Scheme 2009-12, ninth draft 31 August 2009 of Black Caribbean women. 6.2 Employment Rate - UK• In the East of England, economic activity rates were highest for Indian males, The ethnic minority employment gap as of Q3 2009 with 77.9 per cent and the lowest for Bangladeshi females with 26.3 per cent. was 13.8 percentage points.• The 2001 census also indicated that the The UK ethnic minority employment rate is 59.2% majority of BME groups were located in the wholesale and retail trade, and repair of Young ethnic minorities (aged 16 – 24 years) appear motor vehicle industries. Health and social to be particularly affected by the recession, as the work were the second largest industry for BME employees. ethnic minority employment rate for young people Source: BME access to skills, employment and enterprise services in has fallen by 5.2 percentage points since 2008. the East of England, final report for MENTER prepared by the Centre for Source: ‘Ethnic Minorities in the Labour Market: Quarter 3, 2009 - Ethnic Minority Analysis Team, Economic & Social Inclusion, June 2007 November 200908 I Race for Opportunity (RfO) | Regional Factsheet
  • 9. Regional Factsheet • East of England[ 7 ] Simple steps to get started on Race EqualityLeadership Community Involvement• Consider appointing a Diversity / Race Diversity • Review the community impact work being done by Champion to lead on the race agenda your organisation and check whether they impact within your organisation. on diverse communities.• Develop a clear business case for working on race • As education and skills are the critical components and link it to business objectives. of any workforce, consider partnering with a local• Develop an action plan on race and integrate it into school where ethnic minority children could benefit the key performance indicators of your managers. from increased educational attainment. • Develop links with local universities that have relatively high proportions of ethnic minorityPeople and Employees students and offer work placements/experiences.• Tell your recruitment agencies, recruitment consultants and head-hunters that your organisation Supplier Diversity is committed to racial equality and ask them to send you lists containing diverse candidates. • Do an audit of your current suppliers to find out• Explicitly state in your recruitment marketing whether you have awarded any contracts to ethnic materials that individuals from diverse backgrounds minority owned businesses. are welcome in your organisation. • Consider publishing clear guidance notes to help• Monitor the ethnicity of your workforce and compare ethnic minority businesses tender for contracts it to the local population. with your organisation. • Send your procurement officers to local supplier events to raise their awareness of products/servicesCustomers, Clients and Service Users available from local ethnic minority suppliers.• Ensure your marketing teams or policy makers are signed up to your organisation’s commitment to race equality.• Review your advertising and promotional material to ensure they reflect the diverse marketplace, both in the content and images used.• Consider including ethnic minorities in your focus groups and evaluation sessions for promotional or marketing campaigns.09 I Race for Opportunity (RfO) | Regional Factsheet
  • 10. Regional Factsheet • East of England”Quite simply, communities equal customers andpotential employees. If you rely on traditionalperceptions of who these groups are, you limityour pool of talent and your target market.”Mike Brophy, BITC Regional Director, East of EnglandAcknowledgementsThis publication has been made possible through funding from the Department forLocal Communities and Government (DCLG) Tackling Race Inequalities Fund (TRIF)10 I Race for Opportunity (RfO) | Regional Factsheet
  • 11. Race for Opportunity Members 2010Accenture Education Leeds Northumbrian WaterAddecco English Partnerships North West Development AgencyAddleshaw Goddard LLP Enterprise Rent-A-Car Nottingham Trent UniversityAdvantage West Midlands Environment Agency OCS GroupAmerican Express PLC Ernst & Young LLP OfComArriva plc Eversheds Office of Fair TradingASDA Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer Office of National StatisticsAston Carter FSA One NorthEastAvon & Somerset Constabulary Fujitsu Services Open UniversityAvon Fire Brigade GlaxoSmithKline Orange PCSB&Q Goldman Sachs International OTC Computing LtdBaker & McKenzie Government Office For The North West Pearson plcBank of England Google Pertemps Recruitment PartnershipsBarclays Bank PLC Guardian Media Group PricewaterhouseCoopersBBC Healthcare Commission Procter & GambleBDO Stoy Hayward Herbert Smith Provident FinancialBIS (Department for Business, Home Office PrudentialInnovation & Skills) HM Revenue & Customs Rolls-Royce Military Aero EnginesBiotechnology & Biological Science HM Treasury Royal Air ForceResearch Council HSBC Bank Plc Royal Bank of Scotland GroupBirmingham City University IBM UK Ltd Royal NavyBP International John Lewis Partnership Sainsbury’s Supermarkets LtdBritannia Building Society JP Morgan SantanderBritish Airways KPMG Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA)British Army Law Society England and Wales Severn TrentBritish Energy Learning & Skills Council Sheffield Hallam UniversityBritish Library Legal & General Investment Mgmt Shell Companies in the UKBristol City Council Leicestershire Constabulary Simmons & SimmonsBT Linklaters Slaughter & MayBUPA Lloyds Banking Group SodexhoCapgemini London 2012 State Street CorporationCapital One London Ambulance The Insolvency ServiceCentrica London Borough of Brent Thomson ReutersCisco Lovells Transport for LondonCiti Marks & Spencer plc UBS Investment BankCitizens Advice McDonald’s Restaurants Ltd University of BradfordCommunities & Local Government Merrill Lynch Europe University of BristolCo-operative Financial Services plc Metropolitan Police University of Central LancashireCo-operative (The) Michael Page Financial Services University of DurhamCredit Suisse Midcounties Co-operative (The) University of TeessideCummins Engine Company Ltd Midlands Heart University of West of EnglandDeloitte LLP Ministry of Defence Unum ProvidentDepartment for Children, Schools Ministry of Justice Vodafone Ltdand Families MITIE Welsh Assembly GovernmentDepartment for Environment, MDPGA (MoD Police & Guarding Agency) West Midlands PoliceFood & Rural Affairs Morgan Stanley International Ltd Westminster City CouncilDepartment for Work and Pensions National Grid WPPDepartment of Health National Museum of Science and Industry Wragge & CoDerby College National Portrait GalleryDeutsche Bank Nationwide Building SocietyEast of England Development Agency Network Rail Champion Members are in BOLDEDF Energy NHS Employers List of RfO Members 08/03/201011 I Race for Opportunity (RfO) | Regional Factsheet
  • 12. Race for Opportunity Board MembersMITIE Appointment CommissionMs Ruby McGregor-Smith Ms Anne WattsCEO and Chair RfO CBE, ChairASDA ParadoesMs Sarah Dickins Mr Denys RaynerRetail People Director CEOBarclays Bank PLC Pertemps People ManagementMr Vivek Ramachandran Ms Carmen Watson,Head of UK Cash and Trade Managing Director - Commercial DivisionBritish Army RoastColonel Mark Abraham Mr Iqbal WahhabAssistant Director Employment CEOBT Sainsbury’s Supermarkets LtdMr Ray Lerclerq Mr Jat SahotaChief Financial Officer, Global Services Head of Corporate ResponsibilityEDF Energy Shell Companies in the UKMr Patrick Clarke Mr James Smith,Director of Connections ChairmanKPMG The Royal Bank of Scotland GroupMs Michelle Quest Mr Ron TeerlinkHead of People for the UK Chief Administrative OfficerDepartment of Health Transport for LondonMr Surinder Sharma Mr Andrew QuinceyNational Director for Director of Group ProcurementEquality & Human RightsFor further information on the Race for Opportunity campaign.Please visit www.raceforopportunity.org.uk or telephone 020 7566 8661 Business in the Community -- mobilising business for good. Business in the Community mobilising business for good. Business in the Community Business in the Community We inspire, engage, support and challenge We inspire, engage, support and challenge 137 Shepherdess Walk 137 Shepherdess Walk companies on responsible business, working companies on responsible business, working London N1 7RQ London N1 7RQ through four areas: Marketplace, Workplace, through four areas: Marketplace, Workplace, T +44 (0) 20 7566 8650 T +44 (0) 20 7566 8650 Environment and Community. With more than Environment and Community. With more than F +44 (0) 20 7253 1877 F +44 (0) 20 7253 1877 850 companies in membership, we represent 1 in 5 850 companies in membership, we represent 1 in 5 E information@bitc.org.uk E information@bitc.org.uk of the UK private sector workforce and convene a of the UK private sector workforce and convene a Registered Detailsopportunity nowRace for Opportunity network of global partners. network of global partners. October 2008London N1 7RQ. October 2008 137 Shepherdess Walk, Telephone: 020 7566 8650 Registered Charity No: 297716.is part of Business Business www.opportunitynow.org.uk www.bitc.org.uk Company Limited by Guarantee No: 1619253in the Community Community information@bitc.org.uk opportunitynow@bitc.org.ukdesigned for Opportunity March 2010 | designt: 01323 471050© Race and produced by scs marketing ltd and print 471050designed and produced by scs marketing ltd || t: 01323 OSCCreativeProduct code: 01RfO000436Product code: 01OPP000435Product code: 01OPP000435