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  • 1. Astronomy: A Self-Teaching Guide Ch. 05: Stellar Evolution 1. Define: Stellar Evolution 2. Where do stars form? Where is a famous example? 3. What is a protostar? 4. Define: Hydrostatic Equilibrium 5. Describe the sun’s evolutionary track on the H-R Diagram. Where do stars spend most of their time on the H-R Diagram? 6. Describe nuclear fusion. 7. Which stars live shortest? Longest? What dictates a star’s life span? 8. Describe the changes in a star when it becomes a red giant. What are some “good examples” of red giant stars visible in the night sky?
  • 2. 9. Astronomers believe that elements like carbon and oxygen, which we need for life, are made where? 10. What are variable stars? What are Cepheid variable stars useful for? 11. Describe the following types of stars: RR Lyrae variables Mira variables 12. What characteristic of a star determines the way that it dies? 13. Describe the death of the following stars: Small stars (≤ 8 solar masses) Large stars (> 8 solar masses) 14. What is a famous planetary nebula? 15. What is a white dwarf? A nova?
  • 3. 16. Place the following stages in the life of the sun in order of occurrence: _____ Dead, black dwarf in space _____ Evolution to red giant when helium core forms _____ Planetary nebula, enriched hydrogen envelope ejected into space _____ Protostar, gravitational contraction of gas and dust _____ Red giant, shining by helium fusion _____ Stable, main sequence star, shining by hydrogen fusion _____ Variable star, formation of carbon core _____ White dwarf, mass packed into sphere the size of the earth 17. What kind of stars die as supernovas? 18. What types of elements are produced in supernova explosions? 19. What is a famous supernova remnant? 20. What are neutron stars? How are neutron stars related to pulsars? 21. Describe a black hole.