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SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
SOC2002 Lecture 8
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SOC2002 Lecture 8

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  • Transcript

    • 1. SOC2002: Sociological Analysis and Research Methods LECTURE 8: Writing and presenting project proposals Lecturer: Bonnie Green [email_address]
    • 2. The research process: today… Reporting Topic/Object 1 2 3 4 5 6 LECTURE 8 Research question Research design Data collection Data analysis Interpretation Literature review, and/or field reconnaissance Choosing indicators & Project Planning Ethics Quality
    • 3. Writing and presenting proposals <ul><li>What is a formal project proposal? </li></ul><ul><li>What should be included in a formal project proposal? </li></ul><ul><li>How does content differ between verbal and written presentations? </li></ul><ul><li>How do assessment criteria differ between verbal and written presentations? </li></ul>
    • 4. What is a formal project proposal? <ul><li>Krathwohl (1998: 65): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;It is an opportunity for you to present your idea and proposed actions for consideration&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How the idea builds on what has been done before </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How you will proceed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How you will avoid pitfalls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why pitfalls you have not avoided are not a serious threat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What the study's consequences likely to be </li></ul></ul>
    • 5. What is a formal project proposal? <ul><li>Krathwohl (1998: 65): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;a carefully prepared, enthusiastic, interestingly written, skilled presentation&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;displays your ability to assemble the forgoing materials into an internally consistent chain of reasoning&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maxwell (1996: 100-1): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;to explain and justify your proposed study to an audience of non-experts on your topic&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It should be a 'stand-alone' document </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 6. What should be included? <ul><li>Headings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title and title page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations and delimitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consent, access, and data and participant protection </li></ul></ul>
    • 7. Verbal v. written presentations <ul><li>Written </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual, extended presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx. 1500 words (excluding references and appendices) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual mark and feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verbal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Team effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessarily shorter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Average talking speed ~150 words per minute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group mark and feedback </li></ul></ul>
    • 8. Tips for verbal presentations <ul><li>Think about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who for? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audience & Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What to include? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus & Content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structure & Visual Aids </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Motivate your audience </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 9. Tips for verbal presentations <ul><li>The two most important elements in giving a good presentation are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A clear message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good presentation behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Match the message and the medium and you’ll hit the jackpot! </li></ul>
    • 10. Tips for verbal presentations <ul><li>Structuring your talk: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>keep it simple </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Make it linear: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction: Tell them what you're going to tell them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Content: Tell them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summary: Tell them what you've told them </li></ul></ul>
    • 11. Tips for verbal presentations <ul><li>Deciding on content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s the main point you want to make? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential v. Ideal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain, support, illustrate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joining content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A sequence of first, second and third? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrasting ideas e.g. “on the one hand..., but on the other hand..?” </li></ul></ul>
    • 12. Tips for verbal presentations <ul><li>Do use powerpoint </li></ul><ul><li>But… </li></ul>
    • 13. Powerpoint: Be Normal! <ul><li>Use consistent colour and layout </li></ul><ul><li>> 50 words won’t read </li></ul><ul><li>FONT size (24 min) and type (Arial & Helvetica) </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 colours max </li></ul><ul><li>Aim for about 2 slides per minute </li></ul><ul><li>LESS is often more! </li></ul><ul><li>University of Exeter template? </li></ul>
    • 14. Powerpoint <ul><li>Use consistent colour and layout </li></ul><ul><li>> 50 words won’t read </li></ul><ul><li>Font size (24 min) and type (Arial & Helvetica) </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 colours max </li></ul><ul><li>Aim for about 2 slides per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Less is often more! </li></ul><ul><li>University of Exeter template? </li></ul>75% full
    • 15. Assessment criteria for verbal presentations <ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>Group Skills </li></ul>
    • 16. Assessment criteria for written presentations <ul><li>Clarity of argument and expression </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of reading </li></ul><ul><li>Insight into theoretical issues </li></ul><ul><li>Critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Independent personal reflection linked to practical experience in the field </li></ul><ul><li>Use of appropriate evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of theory and practice </li></ul>
    • 17. Project proposals: Summary <ul><li>What is sampling and why do we do it? </li></ul><ul><li>Two types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purposive </li></ul></ul>

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