SOC2002 Lecture 10

651 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
651
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
14
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • SOC2002 Lecture 10

    1. 1. SOC2002: Sociological Analysis and Research Methods <ul><li>LECTURE 10: Data Collection (5) </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographic and observational methods </li></ul>Lecturer: Bonnie Green [email_address]
    2. 2. The research process: today… Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10 Reporting Topic/Object 1 2 3 4 5 6 LECTURES 5, 6, 7, 9 & 10 Research question Research design Data collection Data analysis Interpretation Literature review, and/or field reconnaissance Choosing indicators & Project Planning Ethics Quality
    3. 3. Data Collection (5): Overview <ul><li>Ethnography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it, and how is it linked to observational methodologies? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Observational methods of data collection: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participant observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practical aspects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bemtology </li></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10
    4. 4. Ethnography: What is it? <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10 “ We see the term as referring primarily to a particular method or set of methods” involving “the ethnographer participating ... in people’s daily lives for an extended period of time , watching what happens, listening to what is said, asking questions - in fact collecting whatever data are available to throw light on the the issues that are the focus for research” (Hammersley and Atkinson, 1995: 1)
    5. 5. Ethnography: What is it? <ul><li>Key features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The researcher participates in the day-to-day life of a community in order to understand some aspect of it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But... </li></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10
    6. 6. What do we mean by participation? <ul><li>Collins (1984) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Several ways of conceptualising participant observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pearsall (1970): </li></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10 Complete observer Complete participant Observer-as-participant Participant-as-observer ethnocentrism ‘ going native’ the fruitful ‘middle ground’
    7. 7. What do we mean by participation? <ul><li>Collins prefers the distinction between: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unobtrusive observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ investigators want to observe the actions of others while disturbing those actions as little as possible” (Collins, 1984: 56) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participant comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ he investigator him/herself should come to be able to act in the same way as the native members ‘as a matter of course’ ” ( Ibid. : 61) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Contrasts them in terms of positivism and naturalism </li></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10
    8. 8. Participation: Unobtrusive observation & participant comprehension <ul><li>Collins (1984): </li></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10 <ul><li>Where are you? </li></ul>Participant comprehension Unobtrusive observation Compromise positions Bonnie Green
    9. 9. Ethnography: What is it? <ul><li>Key features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traditionally, the data collection phases of ethnographic research takes place over weeks, months or years </li></ul></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10
    10. 10. Ethnography: What is it? <ul><li>Key features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple inputs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watching, listening and asking questions </li></ul></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10
    11. 11. Ethnography: What is it? <ul><li>Key features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple inputs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple data types: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Documentary, audio-visual, artefactual, experiential </li></ul></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10
    12. 12. Data Collection (5): Overview <ul><li>Ethnography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it, and how is it linked to observational methodologies? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Observational methods of data collection: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participant observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practical aspects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bemtology </li></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10
    13. 13. Practical aspects of participant observation <ul><li>What is it like to be a ‘participant observer’? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I gain access to the field? </li></ul><ul><li>What do I do when I get there? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I record my data? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fieldnotes and audio-visual records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subjective diaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do I end the observation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaving the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicative validation </li></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10
    14. 14. Data Collection (5): Summary <ul><li>Ethnography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A data collection method which involves extended participant observation in a community of interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves the collection of multi-modal data by watching, listening and asking questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practical considerations in participant observation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Being there’, access, recording, subjectivity </li></ul></ul>Friday January 18th 2008 SOC2002: Sociological Analysis & Research Methods Lecture 10

    ×