Context Analysis And Complexity 6 April

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Context Analysis And Complexity 6 April

  1. 1. CONTEXT ANALYSIS AND COMPLEXITY DARFUR SITUATION 2003 - 2009
  2. 3. CONTEXT DIMENSIONS <ul><li>WHO? </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNAL DISPLACED AND REFUGEES POPULATION – 2 MILLION (MEN AND WOMEN) </li></ul><ul><li>300,000 KILLED </li></ul><ul><li>GOVERNMENT </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENT TRIBES </li></ul><ul><li>NEIBHOURING GOVERNMENTS, EX-COLONIAL POWERS </li></ul><ul><li>HUMANITARIAN ACTORS (UN, NGOs) </li></ul>
  3. 4. WHAT? <ul><li>TRIBAL CONFLICT – (COMPETION FOR RESOURCES BETWEEN THE NOMADS AND AGRICULTURE FARMERS) </li></ul>
  4. 5. WHERE <ul><li>DARFUR REGION IS IN SUDAN, AFRICA. IT IS THE SIZE OF FRANCE, WITH 3 MAIN STATES, WITH A DESERT IN THE NORTH, IN THE MIDDLE IS POOR SAVANNAH AND IN THE SOUTH IS RICH SAVANNAH </li></ul>
  5. 6. WHEN? <ul><li>IN 2003 THE CONFLICT TOOK A DIFFERENT DIMENSION UNTIL NOW </li></ul>
  6. 7. WHY? <ul><li>COMPETITION OF RESOURCES </li></ul><ul><li>GOVERNMENT IGNORING THE REGION </li></ul><ul><li>THE DAFURIANS FACTIONS BELIVIED THAT THE GOVERNMENT DIDN’T PAY ENOUGH ATTENTION TO THEIR REGION AND THIS TRIGGERED THE WAR BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT IN A BIGGER SCALE </li></ul>
  7. 8. PHYSICAL <ul><li>DISCRETE CONTEXT –VAST REGION WITH DIFFERENT ETHINIC GROUPS, TRADITIONAL LEADERS, WEAK GOVERNMENT </li></ul>
  8. 9. TYPES OF CONTEXT <ul><li>SITUATIONAL STRENGTH </li></ul><ul><li>There was a perception that government favored certain groups </li></ul><ul><li>CROSS LEVEL EFFECT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ICC indictment of the Sudanese President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>which resulted in expelling 13 NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BUNDLE OF STIMULI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drought, complex history, colonial, international </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SHAPER OF MEANING </li></ul><ul><li>Social relationship changed among tribes due to the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>CONSTANT </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclical droughts (drought increased the conflict increased). </li></ul>

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