The spiral approach is a technique oftenused in teaching where first the basicfacts of a subject are learned, withoutworrying about details. Then as learningprogresses, more and more details areintroduced, while at the same time theyare related to the basics which arereemphasized many times to help enterthem into long-term memory.What is a spiralapproach?
ROLES OF SPIRAL APPROACHIN TEACHING:Asequencingstrategy.Ateachingstrategy.
-to expose the learners toa wide variety of concepts/topics ,skills andattitudes that are deemedof “continual concern ofeveryone “until they aremastered.
A spiral curriculumdesign is one in which“key concepts arepresented repeatedlythroughout the curriculum,but with deepening layersof complexity.”
After a mastery of the initialtopic, the student “spiralsupwards” as the new knowledge isintroduced in next lessons,enabling him/her to reinforcewhat is already learned. In theend, a rich breadth and depth ofknowledge is achieved.
With this procedure, twopurposes are served :1. The previously learnedconcept is reviewed henceimproving its retention2. The topic may beprogressively elaboratedwhen it is reintroducedleading to a broadenedunderstanding and transferof learning.
In structuring a course, certainprequisite knowledge and skills must be firstmastered which in turn provides linkagesbetween each lesson as the students “spiralsupwards” in a course of study.
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The Learning SpiralIs a curriculum designframework which will helpscience teachers constructlessons, activities or projectsthat target the development ofthinking skills and dispositionswhich do not stop atidentification , instead facilitateimplementation of the desiredperformance.
• Is a curriculum design tool whichwill help develop concrete andpractical thinking-centered lessonsthat make students performancesof understanding explicit .it maybe used to structure an entireproject which can readily fit intothe regular curriculum and canhelp design thinking centeredlessons..
Learn with focus on the learners,andlearning in a real situation as theteachers facilitate their studentsto learn from experience,activities and work, leading tothe development of learners in allaspects , physical, mental,emotional, social and intellectual.The learner-centered approach is characterizedby:
In adopting the spiralapproach, the teachers will beenriched with varied experiencesin preparing every science lessonand curriculum a proper blendingof concepts, skills and valuesfrom the natural and physicalsciences and appropriatelysequenced from a start upwardaccording to the level of difficulty.
One should alwaysremember that one keepsmoving upward, but keepsreturning to thefundamentals throughreviews but adding more.
His idea was that transfer of thinkingprocesses from one context to anotherrequired students to learned thefundamental principles of subjects andto explore ideas on a deeper levelrather than just mastering facts androte learning procedures.BRUNER emphasized the gains thatcan be acquired by developing studentspowers of analysis ,judgment andmemory in order to increase capacityto transfer learning into new students.
In the spiralprogressionapproach, thefirst basicfacts of asubject arelearnedwithoutworryingabout details.In spiralteaching ,teachermovesupward butkeepsreturning tothefundamentals