Bernadette Duffy (2006) defines creativity as:• Ability to see things in fresh ways;• Learning from past experiences and relating thislearning to new situation;• Thinking along unorthodox lines and breakingbarriers;• Using non-traditional approaches to solvingproblems;• Going further than information given; and• Creating something unique
According to (NACCCE 1999) creativity is an imaginativeactivity fashioned so as to produce outcomes thatare both original and of value.
There are five key concepts:• Using imagination• A fashioning process• Pursuing purposes• Being original
NACCCE distinguishes categories of originality:• Historic• Relative• Judging value
Creativity and imagination maybe hard to define, butthey are part of what make teachers and studentsuniquely human beings.
Duffy (2006) said that creativity is about connecting thepreviously unconnected in ways that are new andmeaningful to the individual and imagination is aboutinternalizing perceptions and ascribing objects andeven with new meanings.
Through creative and imaginative endeavors,the learners can:• Communicate their feelings in non-verbal and pre-verbal ways• Express their thoughts• Comprehend, respond and represent theirperceptions and understanding of the world• Experience beauty and lasting value• Express their cultural heritage and increase theirunderstanding of other cultures• Solve problems and give mastery• Gain self esteem
A learner-centered creativity ischaracterized as: (LUCAS 2001)• Being respectful rather than dismissive• Encouraging active not passive learning• Engaging many learning styles• Encouraging and exploring emotionalresponses• Posing questions not statements• Offering ambiguity rather than certainties• Being open-ended, rather than closing down
• Being known as surprising, rather than predictable• Offering many patterns to varied environments• Recognizing multiple intelligences• Including visual representations as well as auditoryones• Including tactile and experience based activity• Stimulating social as well as private learning
Fostering teachers as those who:• Encourage students to learn independently• Have a co-operative socially integrative style ofteaching• Do not neglect the mastery of factual knowledge• Promote self evaluation• Takes questions seriously• Offer opportunities to work with varied materialsunder different conditions• Help students to cope with frustrations and failures• Reward courage as much as being right
Creativity is an indispensable tool of the teacher tocreate an enjoyable, productive and fun-learningenvironment. It is an instrument for the learners todigest and go beyond to what has been taught.Albert Einstein stated that imagination is moreimportant than knowledge. For knowledge is limitedwhile imagination embraces the whole world.
Presented by:Daisy NavalesGlorifel NuñezShondra PagalanEd Charles Pasia