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English grammar

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  • 1. ENGLISH GRAMMAR PRESENT TENSE BE, DEMONSTRATIVES, POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES, CAN, PREPOSITIONS
  • 2. PRESENT TENSE BE  The verb BE has got three forms: AM, IS, ARE, which we have to use according to the pronoun or subject. TO BE Occupations Nouns Adjectives Places
  • 3. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES They are doctors.AREThey We are friends.AREWe It is a city.ISIt She is my sister.ISShe He is in the lab.ISHe You are a student.AREYou I am a teacher.AMI ExampleVerb FormSubject
  • 4. NEGATIVE SENTENCES NEGATIVE SENTENCES She is not sad They are not in the school
  • 5. NEGATIVE SENTENCES We’re not = We aren’t You’re not = You aren’t They’re not = They aren’t We You are not They He`s not = He isn’t She’s not = She isn’t It’s not = It isn’t He She is not It I`m notI am not
  • 6. YES / NO QUESTIONS YES / NO QUESTIONS
  • 7. YES / NO QUESTIONS Mary tall and thin. Mary tall and thin? Yes, she is / No, she isn’t Yes, she is tall and thin. / No, she is not tall and thin Affirmative Statement: Yes / No question: Short Answers: Full /Complete Answers: John and Peter students. John and Peter students? Yes, they are / No, they aren’t Yes, they are students. / No they are not students. Affirmative Statement: Yes / No question: Short Answers: Full /Complete Answers: are Are is Is
  • 8. WH - QUESTIONS WH - QUESTIONS
  • 9. WH - QUESTIONS How are you? I am sad. How is Loja? It is small. State Form / manner How Where is he? In the house.PlacesWhere Who is the director of the school? Carlos. PeopleWho What is this? It is a book. What is your name? Robert. What do you do? I am a driver. What is he doing? He’s working Things Name Occupations Activities What ExampleInformation about… Wh-word
  • 10. REVIEW Are they doctors? Are we friends? Is it a city? Is she my sister? Is he in the lab? Are you a student? Am I a teacher? Yes/No Question They are not doctors. We are not friends. It is not a city. She is not my sister. He is not in the lab. You are not a student. I am not a teacher. Negative Statements Yes, they are / No they are not They are doctors. Yes, we are / No, we are not We are friends. Yes, it is / No, it is notIt is a city. Yes, she is / No, she is not She is my sister. Yes, he is / No, he is notHe is in the lab. Yes, I am / No, I am not You are a student. Yes, you are / No, you are not I am a teacher. Short AnswersStatement
  • 11. DEMONSTRATIVES We use THIS / THESE when the objects are near to the speaker. This is a blackboard These are papers THIS +Singular Nouns THESE + Plural Nouns
  • 12. DEMONSTRATIVES We use THAT / THOSE when the objects are far from the speaker. That is a lake. Those are mountains THAT + Singular Nouns THOSE + Plural Nouns
  • 13. DEMONSTRATIVES DEMONSTRATIVES
  • 14. PLURAL NOUNS cat - cats face - faces day – days Add -smost others fly - flies try - tries curry – curries Change y to i then Add –es consonant + y boss - bosses tax - taxes bush - bushes Add -ess, x, ch or sh ExamplesForming the pluralNoun ending
  • 15. IRREGULAR PLURAL potato - potatoes tomato - tomatoes volcano - volcanoes Add –esEnds with - o half - halves wolf - wolves loaf - loaves Change f to v then Add –es Ends with –f knife - knives life - lives wife - wives Change f to v then Add –s Ends with -fe ExamplesForming the pluralNoun type
  • 16. IRREGULAR PLURAL sheep deer fish (sometimes) Singular and plural are the same Unchanging man - men foot - feet child - children person - people tooth - teeth mouse - mice Change the vowel or Change the word or Add a different ending ALL KINDS ExamplesForming the pluralNoun type
  • 17. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
  • 18. POSSESSIVE ADJTECTIVES POSSESSIVE ADJTECTIVES This is our house Her pants are blue His shirt is new This is her cat
  • 19. POSSESSIVE FORM ‘S POSSESSIVE FORM ‘S Kevin’s wife is Rose. His wife is Rose. Charlie’s book is black. The Child’s mother is happy
  • 20. PREPOSITION OF PLACE At the bus station at home At the door at the top At work at the end of AT (lugar específico) On a shelf on a wall On a plate on the table On a balcony on a door ON (sobre una superficie) In the house in a shop In a room in a town In a car in a garden IN (dentro de)
  • 21. CAN / CAN’T CAN / CAN’T They can dance He can’t play the piano He can play football He can swim He can skate
  • 22. NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS Can they walk ? Can we sing? Can it run? Can she swim? Can he play? Can you dance? Can I cook? YES/NO QUESTIONS Yes, they can / No, they can’t Yes, we can / No, we can’t Yes, it can / No, it can’t Yes, she can / No, she can’t Yes, he can / No, he can`t Yes I can / No I can’t Yes, you can / No,you can´t SHORT ANSWERS They can not walk We can not sing It can not run She can not swim He can not play You can not dance I can not cook NEGATIVE They can walk We can sing It can run She can swim He can play You can dance I can cook AFFIRMATIVE

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