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English grammar






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    English grammar English grammar Presentation Transcript

      • The verb BE has got three forms: AM, IS, ARE , which we have to use according to the pronoun or subject.
      TO BE Occupations Nouns Adjectives Places
    • AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES They are doctors. ARE They We are friends. ARE We It is a city. IS It She is my sister. IS She He is in the lab. IS He You are a student. ARE You I am a teacher . AM I Example Verb Form Subject
    • NEGATIVE SENTENCES NEGATIVE SENTENCES She is not sad They are not in the school
    • NEGATIVE SENTENCES We ’re not = We aren’t You ’re not = You aren’t They ’re not = They aren’ t We You are not They He `s not = He isn’t She ’s not = She isn’t It ’s not = It isn’t He She is not It I `m not I am not
    • YES / NO QUESTIONS are Are is Is Mary tall and thin. Mary tall and thin? Yes, she is / No, she isn’t Yes, she is tall and thin. / No, she is not tall and thin Affirmative Statement: Yes / No question: Short Answers: Full /Complete Answers: John and Peter students. John and Peter students? Yes, they are / No, they aren’t Yes, they are students. / No they are not students. Affirmative Statement: Yes / No question: Short Answers: Full /Complete Answers:
    • WH - QUESTIONS How are you? I am sad. How is Loja? It is small. State Form / manner How Where is he? In the house. Places Where Who is the director of the school? Carlos. People Who What is this? It is a book. What is your name? Robert. What do you do? I am a driver. What is he doing? He’s working Things Name Occupations Activities What Example Information about… Wh-word
    • REVIEW Are they doctors? Are we friends? Is it a city? Is she my sister? Is he in the lab? Are you a student? Am I a teacher? Yes/No Question They are not doctors. We are not friends. It is not a city. She is not my sister. He is not in the lab. You are not a student. I am not a teacher. Negative Statements Yes, they are / No they are not They are doctors. Yes, we are / No, we are not We are friends. Yes, it is / No, it is not It is a city. Yes, she is / No, she is not She is my sister. Yes, he is / No, he is not He is in the lab. Yes, I am / No, I am not You are a student. Yes, you are / No, you are not I am a teacher. Short Answers Statement
    • DEMONSTRATIVES We use THIS / THESE when the objects are near to the speaker. This is a blackboard These are papers THIS +Singular Nouns THESE + Plural Nouns
    • DEMONSTRATIVES We use THAT / THOSE when the objects are far from the speaker. That is a lake. Those are mountains THAT + Singular Nouns THOSE + Plural Nouns
    • PLURAL NOUNS cat - cats face - faces day – days Add -s most others fly - flies try - tries curry – curries Change y to i then Add –es consonant + y boss - bosses tax - taxes bush - bushes Add -es s, x, ch or sh Examples Forming the plural Noun ending
    • IRREGULAR PLURAL potato - potatoes tomato - tomatoes volcano - volcanoes Add –es Ends with - o half - halves wolf - wolves loaf - loaves Change f to v then Add –es Ends with –f knife - knives life - lives wife - wives Change f to v then Add –s Ends with -fe Examples Forming the plural Noun type
    • IRREGULAR PLURAL sheep deer fish (sometimes)‏ Singular and plural are the same Unchanging man - men foot - feet child - children person - people tooth - teeth mouse - mice Change the vowel or Change the word or Add a different ending ALL KINDS Examples Forming the plural Noun type
    • POSSESSIVE ADJTECTIVES POSSESSIVE ADJTECTIVES This is our house Her pants are blue His shirt is new This is her cat
    • POSSESSIVE FORM ‘S POSSESSIVE FORM ‘S Kevin’s wife is Rose. His wife is Rose. Charlie’s book is black. The Child’s mother is happy
    • PREPOSITION OF PLACE At the bus station at home At the door at the top At work at the end of AT (lugar específico)‏ On a shelf on a wall On a plate on the table On a balcony on a door ON (sobre una superficie)‏ In the house in a shop In a room in a town In a car in a garden IN (dentro de)‏
    • CAN / CAN’T CAN / CAN’T They can dance He can’t play the piano He can play football He can swim He can skate
    • NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS Can they walk ? Can we sing? Can it run? Can she swim? Can he play? Can you dance? Can I cook? YES/NO QUESTIONS Yes, they can / No, they can’t Yes, we can / No, we can’t Yes, it can / No, it can’t Yes, she can / No, she can’t Yes, he can / No, he can`t Yes I can / No I can’t Yes, you can / No,you can´t SHORT ANSWERS They can not walk We can not sing It can not run She can not swim He can not play You can not dance I can not cook NEGATIVE They can walk We can sing It can run She can swim He can play You can dance I can cook AFFIRMATIVE