THE TRUTH BEHIND KING TUT

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The students of BDM International have made a presentation scanning king Tut's life and after life.

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THE TRUTH BEHIND KING TUT

  1. 1. SEARCH BEGINS
  2. 2. MUMMY OVERVIEW• A mummy is a body, human or animal, whose skin and organs have been  preserved by either intentional or incidental exposure to chemicals,  extreme cold (ice mummies), very low humidity, or lack of air when bodies  are submerged in bogs, so that the recovered body will not decay further if  kept in cool and dry conditions. Some authorities restrict the use of the  term to bodies deliberately embalmed with chemicals, but the use of the  word to cover accidentally desiccated bodies goes back at least to the  1730s.• Mummies of humans and other animals have been found all around the  world, both as a result of natural preservation through unusual conditions,  and as cultural artifacts. Over one million animal mummies have been  found in Egypt, many of which are cats. The oldest known naturally  mummified human corpse is a severed head dated as 6,000 years old,  found in 1936 at the site named Inca Cueva No. 4 in South America.
  3. 3. CASE STUDY-KING TUT 1. Who was king Tut ? 2. Life 3. Tomb & its’ Discovery4. Different ruling policies 5. Death 6. Curse7. Significance of his period 8. Search on progress
  4. 4. Tutankhamun KING TUT THE EGYPTIAN PHARAOH EGYPTIAN PHAROAH Pharaoh of Egypt .Reign ca. 1332–1323 BC,18th DynastyPredecessor Smenkhkare Tutankhamun was an Egyptianpharaoh of                                                                                             the 18th dynasty (ruled ca. 1332 BC – 1323 BC in the conventional chronology), Consort(s) Ankhesenamun during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. He is Children Two stillborn daughters popularly referred to as King Tut. His original name, Tutankhaten, means  "Living Image of Aten", while Tutankhamun means "Living Image of Amun". In Father Akhenaten hieroglyphs, the name Tutankhamun was typically written Amen-tut-ankh, Mother "The Younger LadY" because of a scribal custom that placed a divine name at the beginning of a Born ca. 1341 BC phrase to show appropriate reverence.He is possibly also the Nibhurrereya of Died ca. 1323 BC (aged 18) the Amarna letters, and likely the 18th dynasty king Rathotis who, according Burial KV62 to Manetho, an ancient historian, had reigned for nine years—a figure that 
  5. 5. LIFE• Tutankhamun was the son of Akhenaten (formerly  Amenhotep IV) and one of Akhenatens sisters. As a prince he  was known as Tutankhaten. He ascended to the throne in  1333 BC, at the age of nine or ten, taking the throne name of  Tutankhamun. His wet-nurse was a woman called Maia,  known from her tomb at Saqqara• When he became king, he married his half-sister,  Ankhesenpaaten, who later changed her name  to Ankhesenamun. They had two daughters, both  stillborn. Computed tomography studies released in 2011  revealed that one daughter died at 5–6 months of pregnancy  and the other at 9 months of pregnancy. No evidence was  found in either mummy of congenital anomalies or an  apparent cause of death.
  6. 6. DIFFERENT POLICIES Domestic policyIn his third regnal year, Tutankhamun reversed several changes made during hisfathers reign. He ended the worship of the god Aten and restored the god Amun tosupremacy. The ban on the cult of Amun was lifted and traditional privileges wererestored to its priesthood. The capital was moved back to Thebes and the city ofAkhetaten abandoned.This is also when he changed his name to Tutankhamun.As part of his restoration, the king initiated building projects, in particular at Thebesand Karnak, where he dedicated a temple to Amun. Many monuments wereerected, and an inscription on his tomb door declares the king had "spent his life infashioning the images of the gods". The traditional festivals were now celebratedagain, including those related to the Apis Bull, Horemakhet, and Opet. Hisrestoration stela says:The temples of the gods and goddesses ... were in ruins. Their shrines were desertedand overgrown. Their sanctuaries were as non-existent and their courts were usedas roads ... the gods turned their backs upon this land ... If anyone made a prayer toa god for advice he would never respond
  7. 7. TOMB AND ITS DISCOVERY• Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb that was small relative to his status. His death  may have occurred unexpectedly, before the completion of a grander royal tomb,  so that his mummy was buried in a tomb intended for someone else. This would  preserve the observance of the customary seventy days between death and burial. [• Tutankhamun seems to have faded from public consciousness in Ancient Egypt  within a short time after his death, and remained virtually unknown until the  1920s. His tomb was robbed at least twice in antiquity, but based on the items  taken (including perishable oils and perfumes) and the evidence of restoration of  the tomb after the intrusions, it seems clear that these robberies took place within  several months at most of the initial burial. Eventually the location of the tomb  was lost because it had come to be buried by stone chips from subsequent tombs,  either dumped there or washed there by floods. In the years that followed, some  huts for workers were built over the tomb entrance, clearly not knowing what lay  beneath.
  8. 8. DEATH• There are no surviving records of Tutankhamuns final  days. What caused Tutankhamuns death has been the  subject of considerable debate. Major studies have  been conducted in an effort to establish the cause of  death.• Although there is some speculation that Tutankhamun  was assassinated, the consensus is that his death was  accidental. A CT scan taken in 2005 shows that he had  badly broken his leg shortly before his death, and that  the leg had become infected. DNA analysis conducted  in 2010 showed the presence of malaria in his system.  It is believed that these two conditions (malaria and  leiomyomata) combined, led to his death.
  9. 9. CURSE• For many years, rumors of a "Curse of the  Pharaohs" (probably fueled by newspapers seeking  sales at the time of the discovery) persisted,  emphasizing the early death of some of those who  had first entered the tomb. However, a recent  study of journals and death records indicates no  statistical difference between the age of death of  those who entered the tomb and those on the  expedition who did not.
  10. 10. SIGNIFICANCE• As Tutankhamun began his reign at such an early age, his  vizier, and eventual successor Ay, was probably making most  of the important political decisions during Tutankhamuns  reign.• Tutankhamun was one of the few kings worshiped as a god  and honored with a cult-like following during his lifetime. A  stela discovered at Karnak and dedicated to Amun-Re and  Tutankhamun indicates that the king could be appealed to in  his deified state for forgiveness and to free the petitioner  from an ailment caused by wrongdoing. Temples of his cult  were built as far away as in Kaa and Faas in Nubia. The title of  the sister of the Viceroy of Kush included a reference to the  deified king, indicative of the universality of his cult.
  11. 11. Sunday, November 26. ‘Open second doorway - about 2pm - Advised Engelbach After clearing 9 metres of the descending passage, in about the middle of the afternoon, we came upon a second sealed doorway, which was almost the exact replica of the first. It bore similar seal impressions and had similar traces ofsuccessive reopenings and reclosings in the plastering. The seal impressions were ofTut.ankh.Amen and of the Royal Necropolis, but not in any way so clear as those on the first doorway. . . Feverishly we cleared away the remaining last scraps of rubbish on the floor of the passage before the doorway, until we had only the clean sealed doorway before us.In which, after making preliminary notes, we made a tiny breach in the top left handcorner to see what was beyond. Darkness and the iron testing rod told us that there was empty space. Perhaps another descending staircase, in accordance to the ordinary royal Theban tomb plan? Or may be a chamber? Candles were procured - the all important tell-tale for foul gases when opening an ancient subterranean excavation - I widened the breach and by means of the candle looked in, while Ld. C., Lady E, and Callender with the Reises waited in anxious expectation.
  12. 12. SPEAKERS: MAYUKH NANDY RITWIK PANJA ARITRA KR. GON ARKA PRAMANIKINFORMATION COLLECTORS: INDRANIL RAKTIM ROHANPOWERPOINT PRESENTATION : ADITYA PAKHIRA AVIK BOSE ARABINDA BOSE
  13. 13. Conclusion
  14. 14. :CREATED BY:AUTHENTICATORS

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