What is an e-Portfolio?“e-Portfolios are personalized, online collectionsof your work, chosen by you to represent todiverse audiences your knowledge, skills andinterests.”(UBC Portfolio Community of Practice, accessed 2013)
E-Portfolios may include• Presentations, papers, projects• Multimedia images, videos• Reflections on learning / work• Selective collaboration and feedback• Customization for different audiences
Many e-portfolio systemsTRU – Mahara & WordPress
Educational uses of e-portfolios• Job search• Learning assessment• Course evaluation• Plan educational programs• Track development within a program• Document „KSA‟ and learning• Monitor and evaluate performance(Barrett, 2007; Lorenzo & Ittleson , ELI, 2005)
Major Uses of Student e-Portfolios• Career preparation• Showcase accomplishments• Capture the learning process• Document specific learning outcomes• Learning representation, reflection and revision(Barrett, 2007; Lorenzo & Ittleson, ELI, 2005)
Critical Parts of Learning PortfoliosDocument, reflect, and collaborate:• Individual learning artifacts• Overall story of learning(Barrett, 2007; Zubizaretta, 2004, cited in Barrett)
So…what are the benefits of usinge-portfolios for learning?
Potential Benefits• Engage students in active learning• Help students become critical thinkers• Help develop writing and communication skills• Help develop information and digital literacy• Promote deep learning• Integrate learning across multiple contexts• Enable life-long learning(Lorenzo & Ittleson , ELI, 2005; Tosh et al., 2005)
Shared Challenges• Multiple purposes & stakeholders• Ownership issues• Assessment issues – what, how, why?• Multiple new technologies• Workload – time and effort• Training and support access• Interoperability – silos vs. collaborative COP• Storage capacity(Goodine, 2010; EIfEL team blog, 2009; Barrett 2007)
Assessment Purposes Tension2 main purposes:• Assessment of learning• Assessment for learning(Barrett 2007)
Assessment of learning• Document achievement of standards, e.g.learning outcomes, competencies• Assume meaning is constant across users,contexts and purposes• Measure prescribed learning(Barrett, 2007)
Assessment for learning• Invite digital stories of deep learning• Provide structure for systematic criticalreflection on learning process over time• Improve /negotiate learning(Barrett, 2007)
Things to think about• Can tension be resolved?• What learning outcomes do you want to assess?• What kind of assessment is appropriate?
Supporting Multiple Needs3 interconnected systems:• Archive of student work• Authoring environment for creative learning• Institutional assessment management system(Barrett, 2007)
Challenges for Students• Buy-in• Motivation• Assessment• Technology(Tosh et al., 2005)
Buy-in / Motivation Concerns• Weak induction and instructions• Didn‟t understand reasons for collecting info• Need to know „What‟s in it for me?‟
Assessment Concerns• Sensitive to grading of personal reflections• Didn‟t understand what was wanted• Tension between trying to give what was wantedand meaningful learning• Grade weight / workload imbalance
Technology Concerns• Time required to learn system• Difficult to customize• Public vs. private access – when public, concernfor appearance trumped content and learning
Challenges for Faculty• What is purpose?• How to assess• Tech overload• Time shortage• Training & support
Pause for thought• How many of you have made an e-portfolio orused them in student assessment?• What are some of your experiences?• What technology did you use?
AAEEBL e-Portfolio Survey 2012Ass‟n for Authentic Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning• 243 responses from 13 countries representing 97 institutionsWho responded?• US (80%)• UK (20)• Canada (9)• Australia (8)
Emerging Trends• Program vs. course-based• Collaborative assessment• More learner/learning-centred beliefs- Student responsibility for learning- Student choices in what, how & how to represent- Cross-disciplinary evaluation teams- Assess multiple examples of student work(Brown, Chen & Gordon, IJeP, 2012)
Lessons from ResearchFirst step: Define your purpose
Lessons from ResearchEngage learning• Explain and demo how students can benefit• Show examples – good, messy, your own• Align with course & program• Give feedback, support and time to reflect• Connect classroom, community & work learning
Lessons from ResearchGuide assessment• Scaffold skills in how to reflect• Clear assessment criteria• Self-assessment to develop reflection and self-management skills• Peer review to develop thinking,communication, and collaboration skills
Lessons from ResearchFaculty• Build an evidence-based learning culture• Validate learning evidence• Collaborate on what works and why
Lessons from ResearchTech• Focus on learning vs. „look & feel‟• Use flexible, user-friendly systems• Enable multimedia file use• Ensure selective permissions/multiple views• Separate authoring and official record systems• Need active technology coordinator & equipment(Johnson, 2012; Barrett, 2007; Tosh et al., 2005)
Future research• What is valid evidence that e-portfolios supportsuccessful learning & assessment?• What is evidence of deep learning in e-portfolios?• How does learning-centred practice impactstudent critical reflection and agency?• Explore systems that differentiate student-ownede-portfolios from official records
Faculty buy-in/uptake in yourinstitution?TRU-OL:• Mahara and WordPress are supported• Pockets in Communications, Education, Englishand Nursing• PLIRC research
More Discussion Questions• How do different portfolio systems support andinfluence learning?• What do we know about how students fromdifferent cultural backgrounds response to e-portfolios?• How long should e-portfolios be kept on server?• How well do current practices meet challenges?
Key References• Barrett, H.C. 2007. Researching electronic portfolios and learner engagement: The REFLECTInitiative. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy (JAAL) 50:6 March 2007. doi:10.1598/JAAL.50.8.2• Brown, G., Chen, H. & Gordon, A. 2012. The Annual AAEEBL Survey at Two: Looking Back andLooking Ahead. International Journal of ePortfolio, Vol 2 Number 2, 129-138. Accessed at:http://www.theijep.com• Chen, H. 2009. ePortfolios: emerging definitions. Accessed at:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KKd5pDuGDJA• EIfEL team blog. 2009. Learning Futures: 10 ePortfolio challenges. Accessed at:http://www.learningfutures.eu/2009/09/10-eportfolio-challenges.html• Goodine, M. 2010. Eportfolios: In Search of a Silver Bullet. Accessed at:https://portfolios.kwantlen.ca/view/view.php?id=515
Key References• Johnson, H.L. 2012. Making Learning Visible with ePortfolios: Coupling the Right Pedagogy withthe Right Technology. International Journal of ePortfolio, Vol 2, Number 2, 139-148.• Lorenzo, G. & Ittleson, J. 2005. (D. Oblinger, Ed.). An Overview of E-Portfolios, EDUCAUSELearning Initiative (ELI). Accessed at:. http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/overview-e-portfolios• Tosh, D., Light, T., Fleming, K. & Haywood, J. 2005. Engagement with Electronic Portfolios:Challenges from the Student Perspective. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, V31(3)Fall, 2005.• UBC website. E-Portfolios @UBC – Archive of Projects. Accessed at:http://blogs.ubc.ca/projectportfolio/