Kill-a-watt and Kilowatts
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Kill-a-watt and Kilowatts Kill-a-watt and Kilowatts Presentation Transcript

  • Kill-a-watt and Kilowatts:Energy Efficiency, Solar, and Sustainability
    Alex Chase, Energy Solutions
    Tomakin Archambault, SunEdison
    March 30, 2011
    Bellarmine Sustainability Teach-In
  • Who We Are
    Alex
    Tomakin
    Undergrad: Environmental Engineering, Northwestern University
    Grad: Civil and Environmental Engineering (Energy focus), Stanford University
    Met Tomakin at Rocky Mountain Institute
    Currently work at Energy Solutions
    Undergrad: Mechanical Engineering, University of Denver
    Grad: Civil and Environmental Engineering (Energy focus), Stanford University
    Met Alex at Rocky Mountain Institute
    Currently work at SunEdison
    2
  • How do we know Mr. McCullough?
    3
  • 300 Years of FOSSIL FUELS in 300 Seconds
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJ-J91SwP8w
    From the Post Carbon Institute
    4
  • April 2010:Upper Big Branch Coal Mine Explosion, West Virginia
    5
    The entrance to the Upper Big Branch Coal Mine in West Virginia right after 25 workers were killed in an explosion on April 5, 2011.
    The worst mine accident in the United States in more than two decades.
  • April 2010: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Gulf of Mexico
    Fire boats battled a fire at the offshore oil rig Deepwater Horizon on April 21, 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Louisiana. For more than 80 days, millions of gallons of oil spewed into the gulf, raising concerns about long-term environmental damage.
    6
  • March 2011:Japanese Nuclear Plant Partial Meltdown
    Emergency workers prepare to treat workers exposed to radiation. 
    A Tokyo Power and Electric Company photograph showing extensive damage to the buildings housing reactor No. 3, left, and reactor No. 4 at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant.
    7
  • March 2011:Libyan Oil Refinery Burning
    8
    A cloud of black smoke from a burning oil storage facility in the refinery at RasLanuf in Libya stretched over 50 miles west.
  • Any Solutions?
    9
    Energy Efficiency and Renewables = The Twin Pillars of Sustainability
  • Electric vehicles can help us shift from dirty to cleaner fuel sources
    10
    In June of 2010, Tesla (TSLA) held an IPO for a company focused on high-end electric cars
    By the end of 2011, over 9 models of electric car will be available to the mass market
  • Wind energy can lower our dependence on coal, natural gas, and nuclear power
    11
    45GW expected installation in 2011 according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance
  • Solar is a cleaner and safer power source
    12
    2010 was best year ever for solar PV installations, maintaining 40% CAGR
  • Energy Efficiency is biggest, fastest, and cheapest, strategy to reduce global warming pollution
    13
    “Available untapped efficiency can save half U.S. oil and gas, and three-fourths of electricity, at one-sixth today’s average cost of buying them” –Amory Lovins
  • Pop Quiz
    What percent of total U.S. energy consumption comes from solar and wind?
    A) 0.8%
    B) 1.8%
    C) 3.8%
    D) 18%
    A, 0.8%
    14
  • Pop Quiz
    What percent of total U.S. energy consumption comes from dirty fossil fuels?
    A) 3%
    B) 8%
    C) 38%
    D) 83%
    D, 83%
    15
  • Where are we at today?
    16
  • The Challenge
    Today
    Fossil Fuels & Nuclear = 92%
    Renewables = 8%
    Future???
    Fossil Fuels & Nuclear = 8%
    Renewables = 92%
    How do we get there?
    YOU!
    17
  • What do you want energy for?
    Who wants to have their own oil drums?
    Who wants a sack of coal?
    Who wants nuclear fuel pellets?
    18
  • What do you want energy for?
    Who likes to check their facebook account?
    Who likes to listen to their iPod?
    Who likes hot showers?
    19
  • What do we want energy for?
    We want the servicesthat energy provides:
    Facebook
    iPods
    Hot showers
    Mobility
    Warmth or coolth
    Cooking
    Light
    Etc….
    20
  • So, how can we can get the same service but use less energy to get it?
    ENERGY EFFICIENCY
    21
  • What’s the difference between energy efficiency and energy conservation?
    Energy Conservation
    Energy conservation is turning down the thermostat in the winter
    (Less service & Less energy)
    Energy Efficiency
    22
    Energy efficiency is using a more efficient furnace
    (Same service & Less energy)
  • What’s the difference between energy efficiency and energy conservation?
    Energy Conservation
    Energy conservation is saving energy by watching less TV
    (Less service & Less energy)
    Energy Efficiency
    23
    Energy efficiency is saving energy by watching a program on an efficient TV
    (Same service & Less energy)
  • Supply and Demand
    24
    55% wasted
  • TV Example (new LED backlights)
    25
  • TV Example (new plasmas)
    26
  • TVs: what is driving innovation?
    ENERGY STAR
    Consumer demand
    Codes & Standards
    Incentive Programs
    27
  • Set-Top Box Example
    28
  • Supply and Demand
    29
    8% renewables
  • Electricity Energy Losses
    30
    Saving energy on demand side has a multiplier effect on the supply side
  • What is Solar Energy (two types)
    31
    PV = Photovoltaics = Electricity = Facebook
    Solar thermal = heat from the sun = hot showers
  • People, riends, & Energy Demand
    32
    Quadrillion BTU
    Population growth is highest in developing countries.
    Growth in energy consumption in Non-OECD countries will experience highest growth
    People like to Friend.
  • Africa: an example of the clean energy opportunity
    33
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    The Challenge:
    1 Billion people
    Lowest rate of electrification of any continent (less than 40% with access)—home to 1/3 of all people without access, worldwide
    Aging energy infrastructure
    The Opportunity:
    Some of the best solar irradiance in the world
    Clean slate
    Leap-frogging?
    Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Turkey,  and UAE
    SunEdison is in active dialogue regarding solar programs in all of the early regional entrants
    52
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    OSLO
    BERLIN
    LONDON
    MADRID
    LISSON
    ROME
    KRAKOW
    GENEVA
    AMSTERDAM
    ATHENS
    BUDAPEST
    VIENNA
    ISTANBUL
    ABU DHABI
    PERTH
    MELBOURNE
    BRISBANE
    MEXICO CITY
    MIAMI
    LOS ANGELES
    NEW YORK
    SEATTLE
    TUSCON
    BUENOS AIRES
    CAPE TOWN
    NAIROBI
    BANGALORE
    DEL HI
    TOKYO
    SINGAPORE
    HONG KONG
    MOSCOW
    Solar is ubiquitous.
  • Solar is expensive……but how valuable is the service?
    34
    Using the sun to keep cool.
    A mobile medicine delivery vehicle camel keeps medicine cool with PV.
    PV provides services to a rural village.
  • Case Study: PV at ScaleRovigo: 70 MW in Italy = 16,500 homes
    35
  • Solar’s Challenges
    Expensive declining cost curves
    Doesn’t generate all day coupling with storage, controls, and electric vehicles
    36
  • Conclusion & Questions
    37