Major and Minor Errors Found in Your Research Proposal-(PSM) for Final Year FPTT Students
Note 1: Scenario• This is an early notification. You are advised to do your correction now-which justify why I have your errors highlighted, albeit you still have not received your proposal.• The idea is, you start doing your correction on the major errors, when you got your research proposal returned, you have adequate time for correction on minor errors.• You can take action on this call or ignore it. This is entirely up to you.
Note 2: Scenario-I have marked your research proposal. Up to date,there are many major errors and minor errorswhich you need to take note.-Although your mark has been set for the allocationof 30% (under the subject of Research MethodBPTP4103); to comply with your subject PSM1 andSeminar 1…as well as PSM 2 and Seminar 2assessment; you are advised to start thinking aboutthese suggestions in order to improve the quality ofyour proposal and the real PSM later.
Note 3: Your responsibility-You are advised to talk to your supervisor aboutmy suggestions and start do your corrections asearly as possible.-My suggestions are merely for the sake ofimproving the quality of your PSM.-At the end, you have the right not to do so(which is entirely up to you).-The bottom line is, you are fully responsible forthe grade of your PSM1 and PSM2.
Note 4: Your action-Thus, you are not required to refer to me againabout the errors/corrections.-You may do the corrections on your own, orconsult your supervisor after take in theconsideration about my suggestions.-At the end, he/she is the one who will give youmarks on your PSM1 and PSM2. I have no rights tointervene the process.-Remember, the scientific canons will check throughyour research, and you have to comply with themall.
Note 5: Line drawn-Again, I have to stress; my part to assess yourresearch proposal is completed.-Now, you and your supervisor have to worktogether for your research.-Please do not to involve me in between you andyour supervisor.-It is unprofessional for me to intervene thesupervision process of yours.-There is a line purposely drawn between BPTP4103and the supervision process.
Note 6: Correction-The corrections you made on your researchproposal will not change the initial marks setunder my subject of BPTP4103.-It is logical, once you have the major and minorcorrections done, your proposal which you willsubmit to the subject PSM 1 in week 13 stands ahigher chance to score.
1. Title-Some of you have constructed big titles and most ofthem are not clear. You have to understand, in research,the bigger title you set, the higher expectation from yourevaluators.-Title sounds like “XXXXX in Manufacturing Industry”“YYYYYY in SME” is good.-However, you need to refine which company you want toinvestigate in your chapter 1.-This is because, when you have a big title, but you do notprovide further details, you are expect to do the surveyon the entire manufacturing industry or the entire SME(since your topic says so).
2. Title…-I found that, some of you who have the bigtitle, end up with doing only 1 company as acase study.-Hence, try to think to refine the title.-Alternatively, you have to state which company,how many companies that you intended toinvestigate in your Chapter 1 to make it preciselyclear.
2. Selection of the organisation/industry1.You need to justify why you select thisorganisation/industry at this particular location.-Justifications of:(a) The significance of this organisation/industry:it is a best managed company? Wining variousaward? Has it competitive advantage? Most profitmaking? Most active in new product development?It has its the best way in marketing/ businessmanagement/HR management etc which is/aresignificant to your research.
2. Selection of the organisation/industry…-Justification of:(b) Personal justifications are accepted. Ex: Easeof accession, you know the person well, youhave established a good networking/rapportwith the person/management team, it is a placeyou conducted your industrial training, youfamiliar with the organisation/industry.-You can explain this under the “location of yourresearch” or in your Chapter 1.
2. Selection of the organisation/industry…-Reasons like: “my supervisor asked me toinvestigate this company” is not academicallysounds. If you have been asked (in reality) to doso, then ask your supervisor to justify for youwhy he/she asked you to investigate thatcompany. I believe he/she has a good reason.
3. Research Method: Qualitative/Quantitative/Mixed Methods1.Justify how many respondents you are goingto do in your qualitative/quantitative/mixedmethods research technique(s) (interview,observation etc)
3. Research Method: Qualitative/Quantitative/Mixed Methods…2. Justify why X number of respondents you havedecided to do your qualitative/quantitative/mixedmethod research technique (interview, observationetc)Ex: Using non-probability sampling, there are 10 topmanagement in the company, so you pick x numberof them who are significantly position in themarketing/HR/R&D function that suit to yourresearch.
If you plan to use the Mixed Methods-You should explain how will you use your mixedmethods. Remember, the research method isaimed to materialise your research objectives.-Find example from text book pg.167 Box5.3
4. Do not get confused with Research Strategy-There are 8 research strategies.-Case study is only focus on ONE organisation (deepinvestigation); while survey is spreading across anumber samples from the entire population.-If you are doing mixed method: Firstly, semi-structured/in-depth interview is used to interview Ynumber of respondents. Secondly, X number of self-administrated questionnaire are distributed to Xnumber of respondents (NOT SURVEY)
4. Do not get confused with Research Strategy…-This is because, case study and survey are twodifferent research strategies.-Each of them are difficult and vast enough that cantake a lot of time for your study.-Imagine if you opt for survey which should beapproximately >100 respondents, then you conductin-depth interview on 20 respondents, you need tospent much time for data analysis (unless you wantto use these two research strategies and yoursupervisor asks/agrees you to do so).
4. Do not get confused with Research Strategy…-Instead use “X number of semi-structuredquestionnaire were used while Y number of self-completed questionnaire were distributed forthese mixed methods.-Do not misuse the word “Survey” unless youknow it is one of the research strategies and youknow how to do it.
4. Do not get confused with Research Strategy…-If you mixing survey, case study, archivalresearch, then you know you have burdenedyourself much.-Each of the research strategy is big and timeconsuming for your data collection and dataanalysis.
5. Scientific Canons-You have explained well about reliability, constructvalidity, external validity and internal validity.-Yet, most of your did not include the way “How areyou going to achieve them”.-If you do a case study, you should refer to theauthor named Robert Yin. Without referring hiswork, this means your justification for case study isweak.
In your real field work-Keep your mind clear how to achieve thescientific canons when you in your field work.Make sure you aware the errors, biases whichyou have learned from my lectures.-Besides, take note additional scientific canon(apart from the usual 4) that appears:#observation (ecology validity),#questionnaire (content validity, predictivevalidity)
In your real field work…-Avoid the errors, biases, taking notes….etc arethose you need to do.-Since you know them, act and show yourevaluator/supervisor how you have overcomethem.-You can put them in your appendix of your realPSM (after you have completed your field work) todemonstrate you have achieved the scientificcanons successfully.-Field notes can be put in your appendix.
6. References-Standardise the format of your referencing, andstick to ONE TYPE only (APA or Harvard)-Get yourself ready to justify why you have thereferences made which are before year2000/2002 (since you understand the referencesyou made should be ranged within 10 yearsfrom 2012). Unless that is the key theory!-Arrange your references in an alphabeticalorder.
6. References…-Although your word processor has a readiedmade Harvard or APA format, do not take forgranted. Most of you who used it, ended upwith showing the format which is not consistent.Check with the format. I have Harvardreferencing put on my teching blog. Find at theright top of my teaching blog.
Minor errors1. Avoid using “&”, instead “and”2. Avoid using don’t, can’t instead do not and cannot3. You are encouraged to state the sources of your tables and figures4. Do ask your supervisor to help your grammar.
Minor errors…-Initially, I allowed you to submit your Chapter 2with few readings done. Yet, your literaturereview must not stop here.-At the end of your literature review, you mustbe able to produce the theoretical framework(appears in model, diagram, table, chart) whichpulls in all the theories you will use. Therefore,until you can come up with the theoreticalframework, you are advised to keep reading.
How did I mark your research proposal?1. Abstract 10%2. Chapter 1: Introduction 30%3. Chapter 2: Literature Review 20%4. Chapter 3: Research Method 80%-where Scientific Canons takes up 40%5. References 10%Total: 150%, then convert to 30%
Take note Since we are running against time, if I found out more errors, I will launch the second powerpoint which I will upload on my slideshare. Do check my teachingblog for further information from time to time.I wish you all the best for your PSM 1, seminar 1,PSM 2 and Seminar 2.