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Ooi, B. J. and Chew, B.C. 2012. Managing the Transition of Fossil Fuels to Renewable Energy: Application of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion at Sabah. In Power & Energy Conversion Symposium (PECS)......

Ooi, B. J. and Chew, B.C. 2012. Managing the Transition of Fossil Fuels to Renewable Energy: Application of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion at Sabah. In Power & Energy Conversion Symposium (PECS) 2012. Melaka, Malaysia 17 December 2012.
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  • 1. MANAGING THE TRANSITION OF FOSSIL FUELS TO RENEWABLE ENERGY: APPLICATION OF OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION AT SABAH Bun Jian Ooi and Boon Cheong Chew Faculty of Technology management and Technopreneurship University of Technical Malaysia Melaka Hang Tuah Jaya 76100 Durian Tunggal Melaka
  • 2. Renewable Energy (OTEC)Fossil Fuels going to run generate continuous out some day energy with less environment impact.OTEC utilize gradient of Ocean as largest solartemperature in ocean to panel stored 80% of solardrive a turbine for power thermal from sun light generation. Sabah with wide coastal zone (27549 km² ) have potential to apply Ocean Energy.
  • 3. Research Question:How effective the implementation of OTEC will benefits the people of Sabah to observe the transition of fossil to renewable energy? Sabah peoples gain benefits or What is the criteria How OTEC can advantage with affecting the implement inimplementation of feasibility of OTEC? Sabah? OTEC?
  • 4. 1. To investigate the technical criteria andsocial response of the application of OTEC inSabah, compare with fossil. 2. To examine how to implement the OTEC in Sabah. 3. To suggest an innovative solution to overcome the weakness of OTEC and enable its application.
  • 5.  Scope: ◦ Investigate social acceptance, technical criteria and also potential of OTEC. Respondent: ◦ 20 Sabah peoples for social acceptance ◦ 10 TNBR members for accurate and reliable data Limitation: ◦ Discuss on application of OTEC at Sabah only. ◦ Respondent been assumed had answered with logical and honestly.
  • 6. Observe transition of fossil to renewable energy (OTEC) to generate continuous green energy in Sabah.Generate platform of study for adoption of renewable technology in Sabah. Raise awareness of peoples in Sabahtoward energy and environment issues.
  • 7.  This chapter discuss the framework of OTEC. Overview of OTEC and fossil briefly discussed. Technical criteria, social acceptance and potential of OTEC been the elements in framework. Theoretical framework of OTEC implementation constructed in this chapter.
  • 8. Criteria OTEC Fossil FuelsEfficiency Approximately low. Average 39.3% of fuel been transformed Only 2-3% of actual efficiency. into power. More than 90% of thermal energy is “wasted" in ocean.Effectiveness High effectiveness as clean energy Power generated is only 39.3% with generator. 100% of input. Produce energy that exceed demand of Fossil fuels are not fully utilize human if fully developed. Effectiveness will decrease regarding the reserves of fossil fuels in Earth are dropping.Environment Benign power production technologies. Burning of fossil fuels is dirty process.Impacts No noxious by-products are generated. Produce particulates, smog, acid rain, Very low carbon emission. and causing global warming. Might cause sea surface temperature anomalies and ecosystem affected.
  • 9. High concern and awareness Concern Level Low concern and lack awarenessSocial Acceptance on Renewable Technology Able to adopt. Utility Level Unable to adopt.
  • 10. TechnicalCriteria• Energy Efficiency• Effectiveness• Environment Impacts OTEC
  • 11.  Project belong to exploratory study. Implementation of OTEC in Sabah is main finding of the study. Framework is setup for specifying the relations among the study variables. The blueprint that outlines each procedure from the beginning of the analysis data is setup.
  • 12. In-depth interviewing that usually conversational rather than structured. It is belong to qualitative data collection, which purpose to obtain expert opinions that represent as high quality of information from TNBR.Quantitative questionnaire on publicsocial response with trends ofacceptance. Quantitative data collectionproviding a trend of circumstances withan exact value and statistic. Acceptancelevel of Sahah people can be obtain withthis quantitative questionnaire.
  • 13.  Case study applied as research strategy. Suitable for exploratory research. Case study on Sabah provides an opportunity to observe and analysis phenomena on OTEC which include social response and feasibility of technology
  • 14.  Qualitative Data ◦ In-depth interview with members from TNBR. ◦ 10 respondents been selected for interview, base on their field of study/working and experience. Quantitative Data ◦ Quantitative questionnaire being applied. ◦ 20 Sabah residents invited to answer designed questionnaire for investigation of social acceptance.
  • 15. 1. Bun Jian OoiEmail: bjooi@mail.comLinkedIN: Boon Cheong ChewEmail: BCChew for some of his work.BCChew’s primary research interests:(a) Renewable Energy Development and Deployment;(b) Clean Technologies Innovation and Implementation(c) Green and Sustainability PracticesAll of them are angled from social science and managementperspectives.